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Theses/Dissertations

2013

Cell and Developmental Biology

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Shroom3 Deficient Mice Show Congenital Heart Defects, Rami R. Halabi Aug 2013

Shroom3 Deficient Mice Show Congenital Heart Defects, Rami R. Halabi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are associated with a number of genetic and environmental risk factors affecting approximately 1% of newborns. Shroom3 is an actin binding and microtubule organizing protein essential for neural tube closure in mouse, Xenopus and chick. In Xenopus shroom3 expression is found within the forming heart and loss of activity results in malformed hearts. In addition, SHROOM3 has recently been associated with heterotaxy in a human patient. Mice homozygous for the Shroom3 gene trap die at birth due to exencephaly and here, I provide evidence that the majority of these mice have CHDs, including septal defects, semilunar ...


Susceptibility Of Apoptotic Cells To Hydrolysis By Spla2: Molecular Basis And Mechanisms Defined, Elizabeth Gibbons Jul 2013

Susceptibility Of Apoptotic Cells To Hydrolysis By Spla2: Molecular Basis And Mechanisms Defined, Elizabeth Gibbons

Theses and Dissertations

Secretory phospholipase A2 hydrolyzes phospholipids at a lipid-water interface, resulting in pro-inflammatory products being released from cell membranes. Healthy cells are resistant to cleavage by this enzyme, but apoptotic cells become susceptible to its activity. Only bilayers with certain characteristics are able to be hydrolyzed. Most recently, studies in this lab have emphasized the idea that the biophysical state of the bilayer (in terms of lipid order, spacing, and fluidity) is relevant in determining the probability of one phospholipid escaping the membrane to be hydrolyzed. Prior to this study, it had been shown that apoptotic cells undergo biophysical alterations that ...