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Theses/Dissertations

2013

Cell and Developmental Biology

All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Mechanism Of The Gastric Epithelial Stem Cell Response To Metaplastic Injury, Shradha Sachin Khurana Oct 2013

The Mechanism Of The Gastric Epithelial Stem Cell Response To Metaplastic Injury, Shradha Sachin Khurana

All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)

Almost nothing is known about the identity of the epithelial stem cell of the gastric corpus, either during normal turnover or in response to injury. Our lab has shown that injection of the selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen leads to near complete atrophy of parietal cells by 3 days and induces expansion of an undifferentiated cell population within the normal stem cell niche in the isthmus of the gastric unit. Here we show that CD44 labels the membranes of such undifferentiated isthmal cells, both in the normal gastric epithelium and when those cells expand fourfold upon injury with tamoxifen. Loss ...


Glucosensing, Hypoglycemia, And The Brain, Candace Reno Feb 2013

Glucosensing, Hypoglycemia, And The Brain, Candace Reno

All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)

Glucose homeostasis can be peripherally and centrally mediated. Within the periphery, GLUT4 in muscle and adipose tissue is required for normal glucose homeostasis and disruption of GLUT4 translocation in these tissues leads to glucose intolerance and insulin resistance, hallmarks of Type 2 diabetes. Within the brain, specialized glucose sensing neurons regulate whole body glucose homeostasis. Unlike GLUT4's role in the periphery, brain GLUT4 regulation of glucose tolerance is not well defined. Understanding how brain glucose sensing, mediated by GLUT4, regulates glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity will aid in the development of treatment strategies to protect against the pathogenesis of ...