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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Role Of K63-Linked Ubiquitination Cycles In Akt Kinase Activation, Wei-Lei Yang Aug 2013

The Role Of K63-Linked Ubiquitination Cycles In Akt Kinase Activation, Wei-Lei Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Akt (also known as protein kinase B) serves a central regulator in PI3K/Akt signaling pathways to regulate numerous physiological functions including cell proliferation, survival and metabolism. Akt activation requires the binding of Akt to phospholipid PIP3 on the plasma membrane and subsequent phosphorylation of Akt by its kinases. Growth factor-mediated membrane recruitment of Akt is a crucial step for Akt activation. However, the mechanism of Akt membrane translocation is unclear. Protein ubiquitination is a significant posttranslational modification that controls many biological functions such as protein trafficking and signaling activation. Therefore, we hypothesize that ubiquitination may be involved in Akt ...


Control Of The Tumor Suppressor P53 By Regulating Mdm2 Activity And Stability, Ruchira S. Ranaweera Jan 2013

Control Of The Tumor Suppressor P53 By Regulating Mdm2 Activity And Stability, Ruchira S. Ranaweera

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

p53 is a tumor suppressor that is widely mutated or deleted in cancer cells. Mdm2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is the master regulator of p53. It targets p53 for proteasomal degradation, restraining the potent activity of p53 and enabling cell survival and proliferation. There are complex regulatory mechanisms balancing the activity and stability of Mdm2 in a cell. Mdm2 has an extremely short half-life in the unstressed cell and its regulation is not well understood. Like most E3 ligases, Mdm2 can autoubiquitinate. Previously, the sole function of autoubiquitination was thought to be to signal Mdm2 degradation. Here I show that ...


Regulation Of The Glycine Transporter 1 (Glyt1) By Pkca-Dependent Ubiquitination, Susana Barrera Jan 2013

Regulation Of The Glycine Transporter 1 (Glyt1) By Pkca-Dependent Ubiquitination, Susana Barrera

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Glycine is one of the major inhibitory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. It is implicated in the regulation of motor-sensory function such as; pain perception, reflex responses, and is essential for early development of the CNS. In addition to its inhibitory actions, it acts as an obligatory co-agonist for the activation of glutamatergic NMDARs, which are of pivotal importance in the process of learning and memory, its dysfunction leads to several neurodegenerative diseases. Two high affinity Na+/Cl- dependent transporters GlyT1 and GlyT2 tightly regulate the availability of glycine present at the synapse for the activation of NMDARs and ...