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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Regulation Of Nuclear Localization Of The Sole Sumo-Conjugating Enzyme, Ubc9, Palak Sekhri Jan 2013

Regulation Of Nuclear Localization Of The Sole Sumo-Conjugating Enzyme, Ubc9, Palak Sekhri

Wayne State University Theses

The covalent and reversible conjugation of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteins to hundreds of different cellular proteins is catalyzed by a cascade of enzymes including an E1-activating enzyme (SAE1/SAE2), an E2-conjugating enzyme (Ubc9) and multiple E3 ligases. As the only E2 enzyme for SUMO-conjugation, Ubc9 localizes mainly in the nucleus and plays an essential role in regulation of many cellular processes including cell cycle progression through mitosis, cell migration, genome stability, stress response, transcription, and nuclear transport in eukaryotic cells. It is hypothesized that the nuclear localization of Ubc9 is required for efficient sumoylation inside the nucleus because both ...


Influence Of Mechanical Cues And The Extracellular Matrix On Cell Migration Patterns And The Proliferation Rates Of Cells, Tara Shane Alger Jan 2013

Influence Of Mechanical Cues And The Extracellular Matrix On Cell Migration Patterns And The Proliferation Rates Of Cells, Tara Shane Alger

Wayne State University Theses

The mechanical environment of a cell and its tissue can impact multiple biological processes including development, wound healing, and metastasis. Specific cellular behaviors influenced by the mechanical microenvironment include differentiation, morphology, apoptosis, migration, and proliferation. In this thesis I have focused specifically on the effect of environmental stiffness and applied mechanical forces on cellular migration and proliferation, respectively. Using two different applications, both tailored to evaluate the mechanical forces alone on cellular behavior, I attempted to simulate the mechanical composition of the in vivo tissue microenvironments in vitro using polyacrylamide hydrogels. To test whether cells maintain a mechanical memory for ...


Defining The Mechanism Of Enhanced Cellular Invasion Induced By Mechanical Stimulation, Snehal Sunil Ozarkar Jan 2013

Defining The Mechanism Of Enhanced Cellular Invasion Induced By Mechanical Stimulation, Snehal Sunil Ozarkar

Wayne State University Theses

Metastasis is a multistep process driven by various biochemical and mechanical factors, which eventually leads to formation of secondary tumors. The tumor mass is surrounded by basement membrane (BM) and stroma made of various extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. During metastasis tumor cells disseminate from the primary tumor, breach the BM, invade the stroma, travel through blood and lymph and colonize tissues distant from the primary tumor. Formation of secondary tumors by metastasis is a leading cause of death in cancer patients. Even though plenty of research has been focused on biochemical factors affecting metastasis, information on role of mechanical factors ...


Studies Of Regulated Exocytosis From Neuroendocrine Cells, Madhurima Das Jan 2013

Studies Of Regulated Exocytosis From Neuroendocrine Cells, Madhurima Das

Wayne State University Theses

In this thesis we study cargo release and fusion pore dilation during calcium triggered exocytosis and the co-localization of calcium sensing proteins essential for exocytosis, in neuroendocrine cells.

Pancreatic beta cells secrete several hormones, the most studied one being insulin. C-peptide is a protein which is co-stored with and secreted from the same vesicles as insulin. It is found in the soluble phase unlike insulin, which is found in the dense core. The pancreatic beta cells also secrete the Chromogranin B (CgB) which is mostly found in the dense cores of secretory vesicles. In chapter 1, we found that CgB ...


Optimization Of Labeling Techniques; Determination Of Best Parameter For Olfactory Mucosal Progenitor Cell Delivery And Study Of Effects Of Methylene Blue And Polyethylene Glycol In An Animal Model Of Spinal Cord Injury, Kiran Kumar Rokkappanavar Jan 2013

Optimization Of Labeling Techniques; Determination Of Best Parameter For Olfactory Mucosal Progenitor Cell Delivery And Study Of Effects Of Methylene Blue And Polyethylene Glycol In An Animal Model Of Spinal Cord Injury, Kiran Kumar Rokkappanavar

Wayne State University Theses

In the United States, the incidence of TSCI is about 40 per million persons per year, with approximately 250,000 living survivors of TSCI in the United States in July 2005. A number of human clinical trials (85) are ongoing using stem cells to evaluate the methods to reduce the injury following TBI. Among the stem cells, olfactory mucosal progenitor cells have several advantages with respect to ease of obtaining, fate of cells, etc. Our study was intended to optimize the labeling technique and to determine the best parameter to deliver the stem cells to the site of injury. We ...