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Theses/Dissertations

2013

Biology

Western University

Age-structured model

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Modeling Leafhopper Populations And Their Role In Transmitting Plant Diseases., Ji Ruan Aug 2013

Modeling Leafhopper Populations And Their Role In Transmitting Plant Diseases., Ji Ruan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This M.Sc. thesis focuses on the interactions between crops and leafhoppers.

Firstly, a general delay differential equations system is proposed, based on the infection age structure, to investigate disease dynamics when disease latencies are considered. To further the understanding on the subject, a specific model is then introduced. The basic reproduction numbers $\cR_0$ and $\cR_1$ are identified and their threshold properties are discussed. When $\cR_0 < 1$, the insect-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable. When $\cR_0 > 1$ and $\cR_1 < 1$, the disease-free equilibrium exists and is locally asymptotically stable. When $\cR_1>1$, the disease will persist.

Secondly, we derive another general delay differential equations system to examine how different life stages of leafhoppers affect crops. The basic reproduction numbers $\cR_0$ is determined ...