Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Role Of Camkii In Pancreatic Alpha Cells, Brooke A. Buckland Aug 2013

Role Of Camkii In Pancreatic Alpha Cells, Brooke A. Buckland

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) has been identified as an important modulator in controlling electrical activity in neurons and the heart; however, a role for CaMKII in pancreatic alpha cell signaling has not been previously reported. Upon activation by calcium/calmodulin, CaMKII phosphorylates proteins involved in intracellular calcium homeostasis by inducing downstream effects such as an increase in AMPA-receptor single channel conductance, potentiation of L-type voltage dependent calcium channels, and enhanced surface expression of inhibitory GABAA-receptors. In the pancreas, an increase in intracellular calcium drives secretion of glucagon from alpha cells within the Islets of Langerhans. α-cells ...


Evolution Of Xenopus Tropicalis Mc2r: Expression And Activation, Perry Victoria Davis Aug 2013

Evolution Of Xenopus Tropicalis Mc2r: Expression And Activation, Perry Victoria Davis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The structure and functional relationship between the melanocortin-2 receptor (MC2R) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is the most complex of the melanocortin gene family. Prior studies had been done on amniote tetrapod MC2Rs (e.g., mammals); this study analyzed the expression and activation of MC2R by an anamniote tetrapod, Xenopus tropicalis (xtMC2R). An immunofluorescence approach, done on the expression of xtMC2R in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells (CHO cells), indicated that the trafficking of xtMC2R to the plasma membrane required co-expression with a tetrapod MRAP1(melanocortin-1 receptor accessory protein). A cAMP-reporter assay was used to show that xtMC2R can activated by human ...


Vegetation Response After Invasive Tamarix Spp. Removal In The Riparian Zone And Semi-Arid Rangeland Ecosystems, Hisham Nagi El Waer Aug 2013

Vegetation Response After Invasive Tamarix Spp. Removal In The Riparian Zone And Semi-Arid Rangeland Ecosystems, Hisham Nagi El Waer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Removal of Tamarix spp. (a.k.a. tamarisk, saltcedar, Athel) invasion is often involved in restoration of Western, riparian habitat; however monitoring of vegetation after removal is often neglected and thus opportunity for adaptive management lost. To address this need, I have conducted three and half years of monitoring vegetation response after invasive Tamarix removal in twenty-five sites on the East and Western Colorado, starting fall 2009. I am also comparing six different methodologies: Point intercept, line transect, nearest neighbor, meter-square quadrats, nested Whittaker plots, and densitometer with the objective of developing monitoring protocols that can be used by scientists ...


Mitochondrial Glutathione Transport: Implications For Bcl-2 And Neuronal Survival, Heather Marie Wilkins Jan 2013

Mitochondrial Glutathione Transport: Implications For Bcl-2 And Neuronal Survival, Heather Marie Wilkins

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Oxidative stress is a contributing factor to many neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, mitochondria are a key source of oxidative stress due to electron leakage at the level of the electron transport chain. To combat the endogenous production of reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species mitochondria are equipped with several redox-cycling systems, such as glutathione (GSH). Mitochondrial GSH has been shown to be a critical reservoir of this antioxidant, where selective depletion of mitochondrial GSH can induce apoptosis in several systems. Many studies have intricately linked Bcl-2 to cellular GSH status and it has been previously shown that Bcl-2 is a ...


A Role For Dynamin-Dependent Endocytosis During Drosophila Gastrulation, Marissa Kay Kuhl Jan 2013

A Role For Dynamin-Dependent Endocytosis During Drosophila Gastrulation, Marissa Kay Kuhl

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Gastrulation, a process conserved among many higher organisms, is the directed migration of cells into layers that will establish various tissues targeted to become anatomical structures. This process is accomplished through another conserved morphogenetic event, known as cell intercalation. Early in development, this movement of cells within an organized tissue leads to unique cellular arrangements where neighboring cells contract their shared interfaces in order to meet at a shared vertex. In this thesis, I present work that demonstrates a requirement for Dynamin-dependent endocytosis during these contraction events. Using quantitative analysis, I have identified varied cell behaviors during experiments which knockdown ...


Evolution Of Melanocortin-2 Receptor Activations: Studies On A Mammal And A Fish, Liang Liang Jan 2013

Evolution Of Melanocortin-2 Receptor Activations: Studies On A Mammal And A Fish, Liang Liang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The structure and function relationship between melanocortin-2 receptor (MC2R) and ACTH are the most complicated in melanocortin receptor gene family. A comparative study on the activation of human and rainbow trout MC2R will provide a useful model system for understanding how ACTH emerged as the sole ligand for the MC2R of bony vertebrates. This dissertation will discuss how studies utilizing analogs of hACTH(1-24) have revealed two critical amino acid motifs in this ligand (HFRW and KKRRP) which are required for the activation of MC2R. In addition, the KKRRP motif functioned as the unique binding site for MC2R that directly ...