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Theses/Dissertations

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

2001

Fresh Water Studies

Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Evaluation Of Opercular Bones For Aging Eight Species Of Chesapeake Bay Fishes, Ann M. Sipe Jan 2001

Evaluation Of Opercular Bones For Aging Eight Species Of Chesapeake Bay Fishes, Ann M. Sipe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Marine Reserves On Exploited Species With Complex Life Histories: A Modeling Study Using The Caribbean Spiny Lobster In Exuma Sound, Bahamas, William T. Stockhausen Jan 2001

The Impact Of Marine Reserves On Exploited Species With Complex Life Histories: A Modeling Study Using The Caribbean Spiny Lobster In Exuma Sound, Bahamas, William T. Stockhausen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Most benthic invertebrates and reef-associated fish undergo a dispersive, planktonic larval stage prior to settlement and metamorphosis into the juvenile and adult stages. In some species, settlement may be decoupled from adult abundance at local spatial scales if hydrodynamic conditions or larval behavior do not promote local retention. Similarly, spatial variability in postsettlement mortality or secondary dispersal by juveniles and adults may decouple spatial patterns of adult abundance from those of settlement. as a consequence, spatial patterns of settlement and adult abundance may be functionally related in a complex fashion. Whether biotic/environmental factors control spatial patterns of abundance may ...


Vitellogenin -- A Biomarker Of Exposure To Environmental Estrogens For Mummichog (Fundulus Heteroclitus) From A Creosote-Contaminated Site?, Sara Mirabilio Jan 2001

Vitellogenin -- A Biomarker Of Exposure To Environmental Estrogens For Mummichog (Fundulus Heteroclitus) From A Creosote-Contaminated Site?, Sara Mirabilio

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Vitellogenin (VTG) is widely used as a biomarker for environmental estrogens and reproductive disruption in fish. Vitellogenesis is the process by which yolk is formed. The endpoint is most sensitive in male fish where vitellogenesis is an abnormal process. Research examining effects of environmental mixtures of chemicals (e.g. creosote) on vitellogenesis is limited. This study examines plasma VTG expression in both male and female mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus, collected from a creosote-contaminated site and two reference sites in lower Chesapeake Bay, USA, and in wild-caught male reference fish exposed in the laboratory to creosote-contaminated sediment. Further, this study uses tissue ...


Use Of Pop-Up Satellite Tag Technology To Estimate Survival Of Blue Marlin (Makaira Nigricans) Released From Pelagic Longline Gear, David Kerstetter Jan 2001

Use Of Pop-Up Satellite Tag Technology To Estimate Survival Of Blue Marlin (Makaira Nigricans) Released From Pelagic Longline Gear, David Kerstetter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Age, Growth, And Mortality Of Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias Undulatus, In The Chesapeake Bay Region, John R. Foster Jan 2001

Age, Growth, And Mortality Of Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias Undulatus, In The Chesapeake Bay Region, John R. Foster

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Molecular Characterization Of Cultured Perkinsus Marinus Isolates, Gwynne D. Brown Jan 2001

Molecular Characterization Of Cultured Perkinsus Marinus Isolates, Gwynne D. Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Perkinsus marinus is the causative agent of the oyster disease Dermo in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica. In vitro propagation of the parasite has led to the establishment of multiple isolates by several investigators. Little work, however, has been done to characterize different isolates. In this study multiple isolates were examined for genetic and biochemical diversity. at two loci, the ITS region and the ATAN region, there was as much intra-isolate genetic variation among DNA sequences of some isolates as there was inter-isolate variation. Variation was also observed at a third loci, a subtilisin-like serine protease gene. This is the ...


Nursery Delineation, Habitat Utilization, Movements, And Migration Of Juvenile Carcharhinus Plumbeus In Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, United States Of America, R. Dean. Grubbs Jan 2001

Nursery Delineation, Habitat Utilization, Movements, And Migration Of Juvenile Carcharhinus Plumbeus In Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, United States Of America, R. Dean. Grubbs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Chesapeake Bay is possibly the largest summer nursery for Carcharhinus plumbeus in the western Atlantic. Longline sampling conducted from 1990--1999 was used to delineate this nursery spatially and temporally. Catch data from 83 longline stations sampled throughout the Virginia Chesapeake Bay were analyzed as a function of nine physical and environmental variables to delineate this nursery spatially. Tree-based models determined which variables best discriminated between stations with high and low catches and indicated that complex distribution patterns could be adequately modeled with few variables. The highest abundance of juvenile sharks was predicted where salinity was greater than 20.5 and ...


Heat Shock Protein (Hsp70) Response In The Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea Virginica, Exposed To Various Contaminants (Pahs, Pcbs And Cadmium), Luis A. Cruz Rodriguez Jan 2001

Heat Shock Protein (Hsp70) Response In The Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea Virginica, Exposed To Various Contaminants (Pahs, Pcbs And Cadmium), Luis A. Cruz Rodriguez

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The stress protein response has been proposed as a general indicator of exposure to stress as their expression might integrate overall biological impact and interactions among multiple stressors. as a marker of contaminant effects, a major advantage is the premise of higher sensitivity over other indices such as condition index, scope for growth and survival. Laboratory exposure to suspended field contaminated sediments (SFCS) elicited a stress protein response (HSP70) in the eastern oyster, ( Crassostrea virginica). The stress response probably resulted from the combined effect of various contaminants including PAHs, metals and PCBs. Exposure to 1--2g suspended clay particles spiked with ...


Growth Patterns Of Three Species Of Catfish (Ictaluridae) From Three Virginia Tributaries Of The Chesapeake Bay, William J. Connelly Jan 2001

Growth Patterns Of Three Species Of Catfish (Ictaluridae) From Three Virginia Tributaries Of The Chesapeake Bay, William J. Connelly

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Reproductive Biology Of Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias Undulatus, In The Chesapeake Bay, Elizabeth Shaw Watkins Jan 2001

Reproductive Biology Of Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias Undulatus, In The Chesapeake Bay, Elizabeth Shaw Watkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Life History Attributes Of Mid-Atlantic Menidia Menidia (Pisces: Atherinidae) And A Comparison With Northern (Massachusetts) And Southern (South Carolina) Populations, Richard K. Holmquist Jan 2001

Life History Attributes Of Mid-Atlantic Menidia Menidia (Pisces: Atherinidae) And A Comparison With Northern (Massachusetts) And Southern (South Carolina) Populations, Richard K. Holmquist

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.