Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effects Of Sunlight And Seasonal Temperature On Persistence Of Four Bacteriophages In An Estuarine Environment, Terri A. Muller Jan 1995

Effects Of Sunlight And Seasonal Temperature On Persistence Of Four Bacteriophages In An Estuarine Environment, Terri A. Muller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Artificial Reef Associates On Macrobenthic Community Structure In Florida Bay, Heinz Michael Proft Jan 1995

Impact Of Artificial Reef Associates On Macrobenthic Community Structure In Florida Bay, Heinz Michael Proft

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Uptake, Biotransformation, And Elimination Of Benzo[A]Pyrene By The Gammarid Amphipod Leptocheirus Plumulosus, Caryn M. Huszai Jan 1995

Uptake, Biotransformation, And Elimination Of Benzo[A]Pyrene By The Gammarid Amphipod Leptocheirus Plumulosus, Caryn M. Huszai

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Movements And Ecology Of Summer Flounder, Paralichthys Dentatus, Tagged In The Southern Mid-Atlantic Bight, Joseph C. Desfosse Jan 1995

Movements And Ecology Of Summer Flounder, Paralichthys Dentatus, Tagged In The Southern Mid-Atlantic Bight, Joseph C. Desfosse

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

A total of 12,323 summer flounder were tagged and released in Chesapeake Bay, the coastal waters off Virginia Beach, and the Eastern Shore during 1987-89. Excluding immediate recaptures, a total of 675 were recaptured for an overall return rate of 5.5%. Returns from the commercial fishery (56.2%) outnumbered those from the recreational fishery (35.7%). The majority of returns (47.1%) came from either Virginia waters or areas to the south, while only 12.8% were from areas to the north of Virginia. offshore returns accounted for 8.5% of the total. Returns with insufficient location data ...


Studies On Processes Controlling The Input Of Agricultural Chemicals In Groundwater To Surface Waters, Edward Laurence Libelo Jan 1995

Studies On Processes Controlling The Input Of Agricultural Chemicals In Groundwater To Surface Waters, Edward Laurence Libelo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation describes several studies of groundwater quality, the fate and transport of nutrients and atrazine in groundwater systems and physical processes at the sediment-water interface which impact on groundwater discharge. Groundwater monitoring wells were installed at the Goodwins Island and Catlett Island NERRS sites in Virginia and agricultural, suburban and forest land use sites in the York and James River Basins. Groundwater was analyzed for nutrients, pH, salinity and trace organics. Shoreline land use, associated nutrient loading and an estimate of total groundwater flux suggest that groundwater contributes up to 30% of the total nitrogen input to the Chesapeake ...


Nutrition And Feeding In Striped Bass Morone Saxatilis Larvae: Lipid And Fatty Acid Requirements And Microencapsulated Diets, Sureyya Ozkizilcik Jan 1995

Nutrition And Feeding In Striped Bass Morone Saxatilis Larvae: Lipid And Fatty Acid Requirements And Microencapsulated Diets, Sureyya Ozkizilcik

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There has been a growing interest in the commercial aquaculture of striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Little is known, however, about the nutritional requirements and feeding physiology of striped bass larvae. The objectives of this study were (a) to evaluate the efficiency of the live food enrichment techniques in studying the nutritional requirements for polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), phospholipids and free amino acids, (b) to determine the ontogenetic changes of lipolytic enzymes, and (c) to develop a microencapsulated diet for striped bass larvae as full or partial replacement of live food. Three enrichment techniques, namely, microencapsulated fish oil, yeast/fish oil ...


Effects Of Substrate On Hatching Success In Black Skimmers, Rynchops Niger, At The Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel, Hampton, Virginia, Crystal Dawn Matthews Jan 1995

Effects Of Substrate On Hatching Success In Black Skimmers, Rynchops Niger, At The Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel, Hampton, Virginia, Crystal Dawn Matthews

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Vascular Flora Of The Carrotoman River Watershed, Lancaster County, Virginia, Troy W. Weldy Jan 1995

The Vascular Flora Of The Carrotoman River Watershed, Lancaster County, Virginia, Troy W. Weldy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Adrenal Zona Reticularis Changes Associated With Pubertal Transition In Control Versus Population-Inhibited Prairie Deermice, Bradley Alan Cherry Jan 1995

Adrenal Zona Reticularis Changes Associated With Pubertal Transition In Control Versus Population-Inhibited Prairie Deermice, Bradley Alan Cherry

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Tidepool Value As Foraging Patches For Breeding And Migrating Birds In Tidal Salt Marshes In The Lower Chesapeake Bay, Amanda Susan Allen Jan 1995

Tidepool Value As Foraging Patches For Breeding And Migrating Birds In Tidal Salt Marshes In The Lower Chesapeake Bay, Amanda Susan Allen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Elevated Temperatures Perturb Lipopolysaccharide Leading To Increased Serum Complement Sensitivity In Most Gram-Negative Bacteria, Lori Snyder Dudgeon Jan 1995

Elevated Temperatures Perturb Lipopolysaccharide Leading To Increased Serum Complement Sensitivity In Most Gram-Negative Bacteria, Lori Snyder Dudgeon

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Determination Of The Natal Origin And Genetic Stock Composition Of A Juvenile Feeding Population Of The Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta Caretta) In Chesapeake Bay, Jeffrey Worner Norrgard Jan 1995

Determination Of The Natal Origin And Genetic Stock Composition Of A Juvenile Feeding Population Of The Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta Caretta) In Chesapeake Bay, Jeffrey Worner Norrgard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Correlated Lm/Sem Method For The Morphological Characterization Of Gene Expression In Xenopus Laevis, Laura Rochmis Jan 1995

A Correlated Lm/Sem Method For The Morphological Characterization Of Gene Expression In Xenopus Laevis, Laura Rochmis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Phylogenetic Implications Of Sporogenesis Ultrastructure In The Genus Bossiella (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), Kimberly Joy Karnas Jan 1995

Phylogenetic Implications Of Sporogenesis Ultrastructure In The Genus Bossiella (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), Kimberly Joy Karnas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Serum Corticosterone Concentrations Related To Seasonal Variation In Reproductive Development In Natural Populations Of Peromyscus Leucopus Noveboracensis, Serena Khosla Jan 1995

Serum Corticosterone Concentrations Related To Seasonal Variation In Reproductive Development In Natural Populations Of Peromyscus Leucopus Noveboracensis, Serena Khosla

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Determinants Of Great Blue Heron (Andea Herodias) Colony Size And Location Along The James And Chickahominy Rivers In Virginia, Kristine Elise Holoman Clements Jan 1995

Determinants Of Great Blue Heron (Andea Herodias) Colony Size And Location Along The James And Chickahominy Rivers In Virginia, Kristine Elise Holoman Clements

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Ultra Structural Study Of Sporogenesis, Vegatative Morphology, And Host-Parasite Interactions In Choreonema Thuretii (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), Elizabeth Anne Lapointe Jan 1995

An Ultra Structural Study Of Sporogenesis, Vegatative Morphology, And Host-Parasite Interactions In Choreonema Thuretii (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), Elizabeth Anne Lapointe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Finfish Communities Of Two Intertidal Marshes Of The Goodwin Islands, York River, Virginia, Lisa Ann Ayers Jan 1995

Finfish Communities Of Two Intertidal Marshes Of The Goodwin Islands, York River, Virginia, Lisa Ann Ayers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The finfish communities using the intertidal surfaces of a bay-exposed marsh and a sheltered, channel marsh of the Goodwin Islands, York River, Virginia were studied from May to November 1994. Samples were taken approximately twice monthly using a flume weir at three stations in each marsh. Species composition, abundance and biomass were estimated, and growth patterns and production rates were described for the dominant species. A total of 3001 fish were collected from 11 species and 8 families. Fundulus heteroclitus dominated both marshes and accounted for 83.07% of the total number of fish caught, and 84.83% of the ...


Reproductive And Feeding Biology Of Selected Syngnathids (Pisces: Teleostei) Of The Western Atlantic, Rogerio Luiz Teixeira Jan 1995

Reproductive And Feeding Biology Of Selected Syngnathids (Pisces: Teleostei) Of The Western Atlantic, Rogerio Luiz Teixeira

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The reproductive and feeding biology of five syngnathid species of the western Atlantic were studied: the pipefishes Syngnathus fuscus, S. floridae, the lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus of Chesapeake Bay; and the pipefishes S. folletti and Oostethus lineatus, from southern and southeast Brazil, respectively. Male syngnathids incubate eggs received from females in a ventral brood pouch, females do not play any additional role in parental care after mating. This natural sex role reversal is a unique characteristic that all male syngnathids have. In other fishes, parental care is usually a female prerogative. Most pipefishes are polygamous, while seahorses are monogamous. Syngnathus ...


A Study Of The Histozoic Oyster Parasite, Perkinsus Marinus: I. Disease Processes In American Oysters (Crassostrea Virginica). Ii. Biochemistry Of Perkinsus Marinus, Aswani K. Volety Jan 1995

A Study Of The Histozoic Oyster Parasite, Perkinsus Marinus: I. Disease Processes In American Oysters (Crassostrea Virginica). Ii. Biochemistry Of Perkinsus Marinus, Aswani K. Volety

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Numerous studies have investigated the disease processes of Perkinsus marinus in the oyster, Crassostrea virginica. However, the transmission dynamics and factors affecting P. marinus infection are still unclear. The objectives of this study were to investigate: (1) the principal and most effective lifestage of P. marinus, (2) the synergistic effects of temperature, salinity and P. marinus dose on disease prevalence, (3) suppression of host reactive oxygen intermediates by P. marinus, (4) the localization of acid phosphatase in the parasite, (5) the effects of temperature and salinity on acid phosphatase secretion, and (6) the P. marinus lipid and fatty acid composition ...


Effects Of Simulated Sediment Resuspension Events On The Abundance Of Water Column Bacteria Of Tomales Bay, California, Christopher J. Collumb Jan 1995

Effects Of Simulated Sediment Resuspension Events On The Abundance Of Water Column Bacteria Of Tomales Bay, California, Christopher J. Collumb

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Immigration Variability And Post-Settlement Processes Of The Spiny Lobster, Panulirus Argus, In The Exuma Cays, Bahamas, Luis Coba-Cetina Jan 1995

Immigration Variability And Post-Settlement Processes Of The Spiny Lobster, Panulirus Argus, In The Exuma Cays, Bahamas, Luis Coba-Cetina

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Genetic Relationships Among Geographically Isolated Populations Of Bluefish (Pomatamus Saltatrix), Catherine N. O'Neill Jan 1995

Genetic Relationships Among Geographically Isolated Populations Of Bluefish (Pomatamus Saltatrix), Catherine N. O'Neill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Early Life Histories Of Three Families Of Cephalopods (Order Teuthoidea) And An Examination Of The Concept Of A Paralarva, Elizabeth Keane Shea Jan 1995

The Early Life Histories Of Three Families Of Cephalopods (Order Teuthoidea) And An Examination Of The Concept Of A Paralarva, Elizabeth Keane Shea

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Crassostrea Virginica On Constructed Intertidal Oyster Reefs: The Effects Of Tidal Height And Substrate Level On Settlement, Growth, And Mortality, Ian K. Bartol Jan 1995

Crassostrea Virginica On Constructed Intertidal Oyster Reefs: The Effects Of Tidal Height And Substrate Level On Settlement, Growth, And Mortality, Ian K. Bartol

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Filtration Of Oysters In Patches: Effects Of Water Flow And Seston Composition, Deborah Armitage Harsh Jan 1995

Filtration Of Oysters In Patches: Effects Of Water Flow And Seston Composition, Deborah Armitage Harsh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Spawning And Ecology Of Early Life Stages Of Black Drum, Pogonias Cormis, In Lower Chesapeake Bay, Louis Broaddus Daniel Iii Jan 1995

Spawning And Ecology Of Early Life Stages Of Black Drum, Pogonias Cormis, In Lower Chesapeake Bay, Louis Broaddus Daniel Iii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

During spring 1990 and 1991, ichthyoplankton surveys were conducted in lower Chesapeake Bay to estimate seasonal egg production, population biomass and the impact of predation by gelatinous zooplankton on early life stages of black drum, Pogonias cromis. Rearing experiments indicated that at least three species of sciaenid (silver perch, Bairdiella chrysoura; weakfish, Cynoscion regalis and P. cromis) were spawning in the survey area during both years. Specific identification of eggs based on previously published ranges of outside egg diameter (OED) were not reliable due to considerable overlap in diameter distributions. Analysis of weekly OED frequency revealed the presence of three ...