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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Mercury Reduces Avian Reproductive Success Through Direct Embryotoxicity Rather Than Altered Parental Behavior, Stephanie Yen Chin Jan 2015

Mercury Reduces Avian Reproductive Success Through Direct Embryotoxicity Rather Than Altered Parental Behavior, Stephanie Yen Chin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Sub Lethal Methylmercury Exposure On Pigment Coloration In A Model Songbird, Jessica Lynn Spickler Jan 2014

Effects Of Sub Lethal Methylmercury Exposure On Pigment Coloration In A Model Songbird, Jessica Lynn Spickler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Using A Sonic Net To Deter Pest Bird Species: Excluding European Starlings From Food Sources By Disrupting Their Acoustic Environment, Ghazi Mahjoub Jan 2014

Using A Sonic Net To Deter Pest Bird Species: Excluding European Starlings From Food Sources By Disrupting Their Acoustic Environment, Ghazi Mahjoub

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Mercury Exposure On Birds And The Effect Of Molt On Mercury Depuration In Songbirds, Margaret Crossley Whitney Jan 2014

Impact Of Mercury Exposure On Birds And The Effect Of Molt On Mercury Depuration In Songbirds, Margaret Crossley Whitney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Methylmercury Exposure Affects Risk-Taking Behaviors In Zebra Finches: Tradeoffs Between Eating And Being Eaten, Megan Elizabeth Kobiela Jan 2013

Methylmercury Exposure Affects Risk-Taking Behaviors In Zebra Finches: Tradeoffs Between Eating And Being Eaten, Megan Elizabeth Kobiela

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Sublethal Effects Of Methylmercury On Flight Performance And Molt In European Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris), Jenna Rae Carlson Jan 2013

Sublethal Effects Of Methylmercury On Flight Performance And Molt In European Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris), Jenna Rae Carlson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Distribution And Impacts Of Invasive Bivalve Corbicula Fluminea In Tidal Freshwater York River Tributaries, Matthew Ryan Freedman Jan 2013

Distribution And Impacts Of Invasive Bivalve Corbicula Fluminea In Tidal Freshwater York River Tributaries, Matthew Ryan Freedman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Asian clam, Corbicula fluminea, is one of the most invasive bivalves in the world but there is limited research on its presence in tidal freshwater systems. Despite its introduction into Chesapeake Bay tributaries in the 1970s, the initial colonization and subsequent development of populations of C. fluminea in the Mattaponi and Pamunkey sub-tributaries of the York River, Virginia, is mostly undocumented. This study assessed the spatial distribution and population structure of C. fluminea in tidal freshwater sections of these rivers (~45km) with benthic surveys during summer 2011 – 2012. Benthic grabs (2.4L, 0.023m2) taken at 40 sites in ...


Sublethal Effects Of Methylmercury On The Songbird Immune Response: An Experimental Study, Catherine Ann Lewis Jan 2012

Sublethal Effects Of Methylmercury On The Songbird Immune Response: An Experimental Study, Catherine Ann Lewis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Microburst Damage Assessment And Forest Composition Reconstruction After Hurricane Isabel In The College Woods, Williamsburg, Va, Kjarstin Alane Carlson-Drexler Jan 2012

Microburst Damage Assessment And Forest Composition Reconstruction After Hurricane Isabel In The College Woods, Williamsburg, Va, Kjarstin Alane Carlson-Drexler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Persistent Organic Pollutants (Pops) And Mercury In The West Antarctic Peninsula (Wap) Food Web, With A Focus On Antarctic Fur Seals (Arctocephalus Gazella), Emily K. Brault Jan 2012

Evaluating Persistent Organic Pollutants (Pops) And Mercury In The West Antarctic Peninsula (Wap) Food Web, With A Focus On Antarctic Fur Seals (Arctocephalus Gazella), Emily K. Brault

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Golf Course Landscapes On The Occupancy And Reproductive Success Of Eastern Bluebirds, Marie Louise Pitts Jan 2011

The Influence Of Golf Course Landscapes On The Occupancy And Reproductive Success Of Eastern Bluebirds, Marie Louise Pitts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Mercury Exposure Assessment Of South River Floodplain Birds, Jincheng Wang Jan 2011

Mercury Exposure Assessment Of South River Floodplain Birds, Jincheng Wang

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The studies involved in this thesis expanded the current project being conducted in Dr. Newman’s laboratory that aimed to define and quantify the impacts of mercury movement in contaminated aquatic and terrestrial food webs in the South River watershed (Virginia, USA). This expansion involved a two phase study, which fulfilled the requirement of a master thesis.

Previous research in our lab documented mercury biomagnification in the river itself and two floodplain locations on the South River watershed. Predictive models were built for mercury concentration in members of these food webs. These studies reached a preliminary conclusion that mercury biomagnification ...


Effects Of Dietary Mercury Exposure On Spatial Memory Of Zebra Finches, Taeniopygia Guttata, Amanda Mae Bessler Jan 2011

Effects Of Dietary Mercury Exposure On Spatial Memory Of Zebra Finches, Taeniopygia Guttata, Amanda Mae Bessler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Lateral Extent And Spatial Variation Of Mercury Exposure In Birds And Their Prey Near A Polluted River, Mikaela Gioia Selene Howie Jan 2010

The Lateral Extent And Spatial Variation Of Mercury Exposure In Birds And Their Prey Near A Polluted River, Mikaela Gioia Selene Howie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Songbirds, Pesticides, And Golf Courses: Exposure And Effects, Ryan Brennan Burdge Jan 2009

Songbirds, Pesticides, And Golf Courses: Exposure And Effects, Ryan Brennan Burdge

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Mercury Levels In Newly Independent Songbirds, Anne Moire Condon Jan 2008

Mercury Levels In Newly Independent Songbirds, Anne Moire Condon

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Urban Development On Breeding Bird Diversity: The Role Of Diet And Migration, Elise Anne Larsen Jan 2008

Effects Of Urban Development On Breeding Bird Diversity: The Role Of Diet And Migration, Elise Anne Larsen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Mercury Exposure In Terrestrial Insectivorous Birds, Scott Lawrence Friedman Jan 2007

Mercury Exposure In Terrestrial Insectivorous Birds, Scott Lawrence Friedman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Mercury On The Nesting Success And Return Rate Of Tree Swallows (Tachycineta Bicolor), Rebecka L. Brasso Jan 2007

The Effects Of Mercury On The Nesting Success And Return Rate Of Tree Swallows (Tachycineta Bicolor), Rebecka L. Brasso

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Mercury On Condition And Coloration Of Belted Kingfishers, Ariel Elizabeth White Jan 2007

Effects Of Mercury On Condition And Coloration Of Belted Kingfishers, Ariel Elizabeth White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Predation On The Nesting Ecology Of Diamondback Terrapins (Malaclemys Terrapin) In The Lower Chesapeake Bay, Victoria Ann Ruzicka Jan 2006

The Influence Of Predation On The Nesting Ecology Of Diamondback Terrapins (Malaclemys Terrapin) In The Lower Chesapeake Bay, Victoria Ann Ruzicka

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Human Disturbance On The Breeding Success Of Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia Sialis), Caitlin Rebecca Kight Jan 2005

Effects Of Human Disturbance On The Breeding Success Of Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia Sialis), Caitlin Rebecca Kight

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Meiofauna Abundance And Distribution In Chesapeake Bay: Relationships With Environmental Stressors, Sediment Toxicity And Macrofauna, William J. Metcalfe Jan 2005

Meiofauna Abundance And Distribution In Chesapeake Bay: Relationships With Environmental Stressors, Sediment Toxicity And Macrofauna, William J. Metcalfe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Macrofauna-based biocriteria to assess impairment in aquatic communities are well-developed and have been widely accepted as useful for coastal monitoring programs worldwide. Meiofauna-based methods are not as well developed, but meiofauna are intimately associated with sediments through their life cycles and are functionally important. Thus, an understanding of meiofauna relationships with environmental quality is also important. Relationships between the abundance and composition of major meiofauna taxa for two shallow water habitat types (protected, with muddy sediment; exposed, with sandy sediment) were investigated along gradients associated with changing land use, sediment contamination and environmental stressors in Chesapeake Bay. Principal component analysis ...


Bird Conservation Value Of Golf Courses, Joshua Elliott Leclerc Jan 2004

Bird Conservation Value Of Golf Courses, Joshua Elliott Leclerc

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Distribution, Abundance, And Home Range Of The Whip-Poor-Will (Caprimulgus Vociferus) In A Managed Forest Landscape, Michael Daniel Wilson Jan 2003

Distribution, Abundance, And Home Range Of The Whip-Poor-Will (Caprimulgus Vociferus) In A Managed Forest Landscape, Michael Daniel Wilson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Avian Communities Of Created And Natural Wetlands: Saltmarshes Of Southeast Virginia, David William Desrochers Jan 2003

Avian Communities Of Created And Natural Wetlands: Saltmarshes Of Southeast Virginia, David William Desrochers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Long Term Permanent Vegetation Plot Studies In The Matoaka Woods, Williamsburg, Virginia : Establishment And Initial Data Analysis Of Plots Established With The North Carolina Vegetation Survey Protocol, Resampling Of Single Circular Plots And A Comparison Of Results From North Carolina Vegetation Survey Protocol And Single Circular Plot Methods, Jacob Robert George Kribel Jan 2003

Long Term Permanent Vegetation Plot Studies In The Matoaka Woods, Williamsburg, Virginia : Establishment And Initial Data Analysis Of Plots Established With The North Carolina Vegetation Survey Protocol, Resampling Of Single Circular Plots And A Comparison Of Results From North Carolina Vegetation Survey Protocol And Single Circular Plot Methods, Jacob Robert George Kribel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Habitat Fragmentation On The Utilization Of Eelgrass (Zostera Marina) By Mobile Epifauna And Macrofauna, Scott R. Marion Jan 2002

Effects Of Habitat Fragmentation On The Utilization Of Eelgrass (Zostera Marina) By Mobile Epifauna And Macrofauna, Scott R. Marion

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The threat to biodiversity posed by increasing rates of anthropogenic habitat fragmentation necessitates an understanding of the consequences of spatial pattern for natural communities. Reduction of patch size, loss of habitat, changes in the quantity and proportion of habitat edge, and reduced connectivity among habitats can all shape ecological processes and faunal behavior. Seagrass habitats provide a natural model system for examining spatial inf1uences on marine fauna, but separating the effects of habitat structure, environmental conditions, and spatial pattern is difficult because shoot density, percent cover, and hydrodynamic regime often co-vary with patch size. This study used experimentally manipulated seagrass ...


Vitellogenin -- A Biomarker Of Exposure To Environmental Estrogens For Mummichog (Fundulus Heteroclitus) From A Creosote-Contaminated Site?, Sara Mirabilio Jan 2001

Vitellogenin -- A Biomarker Of Exposure To Environmental Estrogens For Mummichog (Fundulus Heteroclitus) From A Creosote-Contaminated Site?, Sara Mirabilio

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Vitellogenin (VTG) is widely used as a biomarker for environmental estrogens and reproductive disruption in fish. Vitellogenesis is the process by which yolk is formed. The endpoint is most sensitive in male fish where vitellogenesis is an abnormal process. Research examining effects of environmental mixtures of chemicals (e.g. creosote) on vitellogenesis is limited. This study examines plasma VTG expression in both male and female mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus, collected from a creosote-contaminated site and two reference sites in lower Chesapeake Bay, USA, and in wild-caught male reference fish exposed in the laboratory to creosote-contaminated sediment. Further, this study uses tissue ...


Use Of Pop-Up Satellite Tag Technology To Estimate Survival Of Blue Marlin (Makaira Nigricans) Released From Pelagic Longline Gear, David Kerstetter Jan 2001

Use Of Pop-Up Satellite Tag Technology To Estimate Survival Of Blue Marlin (Makaira Nigricans) Released From Pelagic Longline Gear, David Kerstetter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.