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Theses/Dissertations

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Biochemistry

1991

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Immunological Identification Of A Centrin Homologue In The Red Alga Gracilaria Tikvahiae, Christopher Lee Dassler Jan 1991

Immunological Identification Of A Centrin Homologue In The Red Alga Gracilaria Tikvahiae, Christopher Lee Dassler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of A Technique To Quantify Lipids In Bivalve Larvae Crassostrea Virginica Gmelin, Using Nile Red And Epiflourescence Microscopy, Laura Liliana Castell Perez Jan 1991

Evaluation Of A Technique To Quantify Lipids In Bivalve Larvae Crassostrea Virginica Gmelin, Using Nile Red And Epiflourescence Microscopy, Laura Liliana Castell Perez

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Monooxygenase Induction And Lethality As Endpoints In Aquatic Toxicology, Daniel W. Sved Jan 1991

Monooxygenase Induction And Lethality As Endpoints In Aquatic Toxicology, Daniel W. Sved

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Spot, Leiostomus xanthurus, were exposed to suspended sediments (&\approx&20 mg/L) contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in a laboratory flow-through system to evaluate the applicability of hepatic ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) induction as an indicator of PAH exposure. PAH sources tested were coal-tar creosote (CTC), a low molecular weight fraction of creosote (LMWF), and a high molecular weight fraction of creosote (HMWF). A standard 96-h acute toxicity test was conducted to ensure that PAH concentrations tested in induction studies were sub-acutely toxic. The 96-h LC50 for spot was 1740 &\mu&g PAH/L (95% confidence interval = 1480-2060 &\mu&g PAH/L). The lowest concentration producing an observable effect in 96 h was 560 &\mu&g PAH/L; no effects were observed for spot exposed to 250 &\mu&g PAH/L for 96 h. Induction of hepatic EROD activity occurred rapidly in fish exposed to high environmentally realistic concentrations of CTC or the HMWF, but not the LMWF. Maximal induction (30-fold) occurred in fish exposed for 48 h to 150 &\mu&g PAH/L. Induction was concentration-dependent up to 150 &\mu&g PAH/L; at 320 &\mu&g PAH/L induction was 14-fold. EROD activity decreased upon further exposure; by day 7, EROD activity was not significantly different than that on day 0. EROD activity in fish exposed to 16 &\mu&g PAH/L was not consistently higher than that in control fish. Spot exposed to at least 70 &\mu&g PAH/L from CTC or the HMWF experienced severe fin erosion, epidermal lesions, and mortality beginning a few days after maximal EROD induction occurred. No relationship between EROD induction and whole animal responses is implied, only that EROD induction ...