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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Patterns Of Morphological Plasticity In Metriaclima Zebra And Danio Rerio Suggest Differently Canalized Phenotypes Due To Form-Function Relationships, Dylan Jockel Oct 2019

Patterns Of Morphological Plasticity In Metriaclima Zebra And Danio Rerio Suggest Differently Canalized Phenotypes Due To Form-Function Relationships, Dylan Jockel

Masters Theses

In order to ascertain the degree of compatibility in developmental restructuring and behavioral plasticity between two fish species frequently made subject of laboratory research (Metriaclima zebra & Danio rerio), alternative trophic niche exposure experiments utilizing novel three-prong feeding treatments were conducted to obtain morphometric data, which demonstrated both species do bear some degree of plasticity. The results are somewhat complicated by differences in locality of detectable restructuring, which may be due to disparity in the form-function relationship for each species’ lineage. Each is notable in the manner of respective species’ jaw protrusion, as it is driven by anterior kinethmoid rotation in ...


Partial Craniofacial Cartilage Rescue In Ace/Fgf8 Mutants From Compensatory Signaling From The Ventricle Of Danio Rerio, Douglas A. Calenda Ii Oct 2017

Partial Craniofacial Cartilage Rescue In Ace/Fgf8 Mutants From Compensatory Signaling From The Ventricle Of Danio Rerio, Douglas A. Calenda Ii

Masters Theses

Examples of asymmetric organs are found throughout the animal kingdom. Whether it is superficial like the fiddler crab’s claw or within an organism like our visceral organs, asymmetries have repeatedly evolved in nature. However, the genetic and developmental origins for asymmetric organ development remain unclear, especially for superficially paired structures. Within zebrafish, a striking example of asymmetry occurs within the ace/fgf8 mutant. The pharyngeal cartilages of these mutants develop asymmetrically 35% of the time, with more cartilages developing on the left or right side of the head, but the origins of this asymmetry are unknown. A significant proportion ...


An Adult Zebrafish Brain Atlas To Investigate Shh Mediated Cell-Cell Signaling In Neurogenic Zones, Alyssa P. Lutservitz Mar 2017

An Adult Zebrafish Brain Atlas To Investigate Shh Mediated Cell-Cell Signaling In Neurogenic Zones, Alyssa P. Lutservitz

Masters Theses

Adult neurogenesis occurs in proliferative zones of the brain that contain neural progenitor cell populations capable of differentiating into specific cell types. However, we remain limited in our understanding of the signals that regulate neural progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation in adults. Recently zebrafish (Danio rerio) have emerged as an excellent model for studying the molecular mechanisms behind adult neurogenesis, because sixteen proliferative zones remain active in the adult brains. Thousands of fluorescent transgenic reporter lines have been generated in zebrafish that reveal gene expression patterns of cell-cell signaling systems, some of which may regulate neurogenesis in these brain regions ...


How To Build A Spinal Cord: Exploring Radial Glial Proliferation And Their Contribution To Embryonic Neurogenesis, Kimberly A. Johnson Nov 2015

How To Build A Spinal Cord: Exploring Radial Glial Proliferation And Their Contribution To Embryonic Neurogenesis, Kimberly A. Johnson

Doctoral Dissertations

During embryonic neural development, the concerted actions of neural stem cells (NSCs) populate and pattern the tissues that will give rise to the brain and spinal cord. This heterogeneous NSC population initially consists of neuroepithelial cells, which will generate the first neurons present in the central nervous system (CNS) prior to transitioning into radial glial cells. Classically, radial glial cells are known to play a wide range of roles during CNS development, from maintaining neuronal homeostasis, as a scaffold for neuronal migration, and as a permissive growth substrate for directed axon pathfinding. Recently, radial glial cells have been proposed to ...


Identification And Functional Characterization Of The Zebrafish Gene Quetschkommode (Que), Timo Friedrich Sep 2012

Identification And Functional Characterization Of The Zebrafish Gene Quetschkommode (Que), Timo Friedrich

Open Access Dissertations

Locomotion in vertebrates depends on proper formation and maintenance of neuronal networks in the hind-brain and spinal cord. Malformation or loss of factors required for proper maintenance of these networks can lead to severe neurodegenerative diseases limiting or preventing locomotion. A powerful tool to investigate the genetic and cellular requirements for development and/or maintenance of these networks is a collection of zebrafish mutants with defects in motility. The zebrafish mutant quetschkommode (que) harbors a previously unknown gene defect leading to abnormal locomotor behavior. Here I show that the que mutants display a seizure-like behavior starting around four days post ...