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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Silver Mirror Substrate And Rolling Method For Improved Surface-Enhanced Raman Spesctroscopic Analysis In Food, Yanqi Qu Oct 2019

Silver Mirror Substrate And Rolling Method For Improved Surface-Enhanced Raman Spesctroscopic Analysis In Food, Yanqi Qu

Doctoral Dissertations

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, short for SERS, is an emerging technology with great potential in food analysis due to rapid detection, high sensitivity, portable instrumentation, and simple sample preparation. However, it is always a bottleneck to obtain reproducible SERS measurements in real analytical cases due to the complicity of food systems and inhomogeneous aggregation of colloidal nanoparticles. To improve its performance for practical applications in food analysis, efforts have been made in improving the reproducibility, enhancing the selectivity and reducing the matrix interference to the analyte. Herein, a self-assembly silver nanoparticles mirror substrate was fabricated to improve the and the quantitative ...


Hybridized Polymeric Nano-Assemblies: Key Insights Into Addressing Mdr Infections, Ryan Landis Mar 2019

Hybridized Polymeric Nano-Assemblies: Key Insights Into Addressing Mdr Infections, Ryan Landis

Doctoral Dissertations

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria contribute to more than 700,000 annual deaths world-wide. Millions more suffer from limb amputations or face high healthcare treatment costs where prolonged and costly therapeutic regimens are used to counter MDR infections. While there is an international push to develop novel and more powerful antimicrobials to address the impending threat, one particularly interesting approach that has re-emerged are essential oils, phytochemical extracts derived from plant sources. While their antimicrobial activity demonstrates a promising avenue, their stability in aqueous media, limits their practical use in or on mammals. Inspired by the versatility of polymer nanotechnology and the ...


Design And Synthesis Of Polymeric Nanoparticles For Drug And Protein Delivery, Judy A. Ventura Aug 2015

Design And Synthesis Of Polymeric Nanoparticles For Drug And Protein Delivery, Judy A. Ventura

Doctoral Dissertations

Nanoparticles are emerging as carriers in biological applications due to advances in their preparation, size control, surface modification and encapsulation capabilities. In addition, nanomaterials improve bioavailability by enhancing aqueous solubility of the guest molecule and increasing resistance time in the body. However, the delivery of guest molecules is still challenging due to the intrinsic characteristics of the guest molecule including large size and propensity to denature or degradation in the case of biomolecules and the encapsulation stability of the small guest molecules.

Our group recently reported the preparation of self-cross-linked polymeric nanogels possessing surface functionalization capabilities. In this dissertation we ...


Structure-Property Relationships At The Nano-Bio Interface: Engineering The Nanoparticle Surface For Immunomodulation, Daniel Fernando Moyano Marino Aug 2015

Structure-Property Relationships At The Nano-Bio Interface: Engineering The Nanoparticle Surface For Immunomodulation, Daniel Fernando Moyano Marino

Doctoral Dissertations

Each year, a variety of novel nanomaterials are being developed with the objective of treating different diseases. However, since nanomaterials are foreign to the human body, one of the principal factors that limit their use is the encounter with the first line of defense from the body: the immune system. If this interaction is not taken into account, an undesired recognition takes place and the efficiency of nanoparticle based therapies is dramatically reduced. As such, understanding the rules that govern this recognition is of prime importance in the field of nanomedicine. Following this line of thoughts (the driving force), the ...


Modification Of Gold Nanoparticles For Sers Application In Emulsion And Lipid Systems, Michael J. Driver Nov 2014

Modification Of Gold Nanoparticles For Sers Application In Emulsion And Lipid Systems, Michael J. Driver

Masters Theses

Gold nanoparticles produced using the Turkevich method were able to have their hydrophobicity modified using octanethiol in a novel method for SERS application. Both amphiliphic GNPs and hydrophobic GNPs were produced and differentiated by Raman signals. The amphiliphic GNPs were able to enhance the SERS signals of the protein emulsifier in the emulsion in situ and the hydrophobic GNPs were able to enhance the SERS signals from canola oil. Further purification of the hydrophobic GNPs proved to have higher enhancement and sensitivity, but still poor consistency which is typical of SERS. Monitoring lipid oxidation using Raman and SERS using alternative ...


Bacterial Toxicity Of Oxide Nanoparticles And Their Effects On Bacterial Surface Biomolecules, Wei Jiang May 2011

Bacterial Toxicity Of Oxide Nanoparticles And Their Effects On Bacterial Surface Biomolecules, Wei Jiang

Open Access Dissertations

Toxicity of nano-scaled Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2 and ZnO to bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas fluorescens) was examined and compared to that of their respective bulk (micro-scaled) counterparts. All nanoparticles (NPs) but TiO2 showed higher toxicity than their bulk counterparts. Toxicity of released metal ions was differentiated from that of the oxide particles. ZnO was the most toxic among the three NPs, causing 100% mortality to the three tested bacteria. TEM images showed attachment of NPs to the bacteria, suggesting that the toxicity was affected by bacterial attachment.

The effects of oxide NPs on bacteria cells and bacterial surface ...