Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Observing The Molecular Basis Of Thin Filament Activation With A Three Bead Laser Trap Assay, Thomas Longyear Mar 2018

Observing The Molecular Basis Of Thin Filament Activation With A Three Bead Laser Trap Assay, Thomas Longyear

Doctoral Dissertations

Muscle contracts after calcium (Ca++) is released into the muscle cell, resulting from a cascade of events which result in myosin, the molecular motor of muscle, to produce force and motion. Myosin cyclically binds to a regulated thin filament, using the chemical energy of ATP to produce force and motion. Perturbations in muscle, such as a build-up of metabolic by-products or point mutations in key contractile proteins, can inhibit these functions in both skeletal and cardiac muscle either acutely or chronically. Despite the many years we have studied skeletal and cardiac muscle, we still do not have a clear picture ...


Mammalian Egg Activation: The Roles Of Trpv3 Channels And Plcz1, Hoi Chang Lee Mar 2016

Mammalian Egg Activation: The Roles Of Trpv3 Channels And Plcz1, Hoi Chang Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

Calcium channels at the plasma membrane have been suggested to mediate Ca2+ influx during egg activation. The transient receptor potential (TRP) Ca2+ channel, TRPV3, is differentially expressed in oocytes during maturation, being fully active at MII stage. Specific stimulation of TRPV3 channels in mouse eggs promotes Ca2+ influx sufficient to induce egg activation and parthenogenesis. In chapter 2, we explore the function and distribution dynamics of the TRPV3 channel protein during oocyte maturation. Using dsRNA, TrpV3 overexpression, and inhibitors of protein synthesis, we modified the native expression of the channel and showed that the TRPV3 protein is ...


Chemical Biology-Based Probes For The Labeling Of Targets On Live Cells, Amanda M. Hussey Nov 2015

Chemical Biology-Based Probes For The Labeling Of Targets On Live Cells, Amanda M. Hussey

Doctoral Dissertations

Proper detection is the key to studying any processes on the cellular scale. Nowhere is this more evident than in the tight space which confines the synaptic cleft. Being able to ascertain the location of receptors on live neurons is fundamental to our understanding of not only how these receptors interact and move inside the cell but also how neurons function. Most detection methods rely on significantly altering the receptor; both tagging with a fluorescent protein or targeting the receptor by a fluorescent reporter in the form of a small molecule causes significant difficulties. These localization techniques often result in ...


Notch 1 Mediated Inhibition Of Nur77-Induced Apoptosis: Implications For T-Cell Leukemia, Jonathan George Rud May 2010

Notch 1 Mediated Inhibition Of Nur77-Induced Apoptosis: Implications For T-Cell Leukemia, Jonathan George Rud

Open Access Dissertations

It is widely accepted that activating mutations of genes encoding the Notch family of transmembrane receptors, specifically Notch1, are associated with oncogenic transformation. Previous data from our lab has shown that an active form of Notch1 (NICD) provides protection against apoptosis in D011.10 T cells; and that this effect may be attributed to NICD binding the pro-apoptotic protein Nur77. Nur77 is an immediate early gene that is upregulated during both negative selection of thymocytes and activation-induced apoptosis in D011.10 T cells. Nur77 upregulation is tightly regulated and requires MEF2D, NFAT, and the transcriptional co-activator, p300, to effectively respond ...