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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Modifications Of Myofilament Structure And Function During Global Myocardial Ischemia, Mike K. Woodward Nov 2016

Modifications Of Myofilament Structure And Function During Global Myocardial Ischemia, Mike K. Woodward

Masters Theses

Cardiac arrest is a prevalent condition with a poor prognosis, attributable in part to persistent myocardial dysfunction following resuscitation. The molecular basis of this dysfunction remains unclear. We induced cardiac arrest in a porcine model of acute sudden death and assessed the impact of ischemia and reperfusion on the molecular function of isolated cardiac contractile proteins. Cardiac arrest was electrically induced, left untreated for 12 min, and followed by a resuscitation protocol. With successful resuscitations, the heart was reperfused for 2 h (IR2) and the muscle harvested. In failed resuscitations, tissue samples were taken following the failed efforts (IDNR). Actin ...


Characterizing The Inhibition Of Katanin Using Tubulin Carboxy-Terminal Tail Constructs, Corey E. Reed Nov 2016

Characterizing The Inhibition Of Katanin Using Tubulin Carboxy-Terminal Tail Constructs, Corey E. Reed

Masters Theses

Understanding how the cellular cytoskeleton is maintained and regulated is important to elucidate the functions of many structures such as the mitotic spindle, cilia and flagella. Katanin p60, microtubule-severing enzymes from the ATPase associated with cellular activities (AAA+) family, has previously been shown in our lab to be inhibited by free tubulin as well as α- and β-tubulin carboxy-terminal tail (CTT) constructs. Here we investigate the inhibition ability of several different tubulin CTT sequences. We quantify the effect of the addition of these constructs on the severing and binding activity of katanin. We find that some constructs inhibit katanin better ...


Novel Advancements For Improving Sprout Safety, Kyle S. Landry Jul 2016

Novel Advancements For Improving Sprout Safety, Kyle S. Landry

Doctoral Dissertations

All varieties of bean sprouts (mung bean, alfalfa, broccoli, and radish) are classified as a “super-food” and are common staples for health conscious consumers. Along with the proposed health benefits, there is also an inherent risk of foodborne illness. When sprouts are cooked, there is little risk of illness. The purpose of this dissertation was to explore novel techniques to minimize or prevent the incidence of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of sprouts. Three areas were investigated: 1) the use of a biocontrol organism, 2) the use of a novel spontaneous carvacrol nanoemulsion, and 3) the influence of the ...


Photolysis Of Triazenylbenzoic Acids For Click Chemistry, Adam Gann Jul 2016

Photolysis Of Triazenylbenzoic Acids For Click Chemistry, Adam Gann

Doctoral Dissertations

Copper catalyzed cycloaddition of terminal alkynes and azides has revolutionized the field of bioconjugate chemistry. Unfortunately, typical copper catalysts are known to disrupt relevant biological systems, so it has become necessary to develop new, copper-free methods that are less cytotoxic. particular interest are "click" probes which can be activated with an outside light source, giving the user spatial and temporal control over the system being investigated. We have developed a method in which an aryl diazonium salt is rapidly generated using photolysis of the triazene functional group, and subsequently coupled with an electron rich aromatic nucleophile to yield an azobenzene ...


Exploring The Impact Of The E. Coli Proteostasis Network On The Folding Fate Of Proteins With Different Intrinsic Biophysical Properties, Kristine Faye R. Pobre Mar 2016

Exploring The Impact Of The E. Coli Proteostasis Network On The Folding Fate Of Proteins With Different Intrinsic Biophysical Properties, Kristine Faye R. Pobre

Doctoral Dissertations

The three-dimensional (3D) native structure of most proteins is crucial for their functions. Despite the complex cellular environment and the variety of challenges that proteins experience as they fold, proteins can still fold to their native states with high fidelity. The reason for this is the presence of the cellular proteostasis network (PN), consisting of molecular chaperones and degradation enzymes, that collaborates to maintain proteostasis, in which the necessary levels of functional proteins are optimized. Although extensive research has been carried out on the mechanisms of individual components of the proteostasis network, little is known about how these components contribute ...