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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Biopolymer Electrospun Nanofiber Mats To Inactivate And Remove Bacteria, Katrina Ann Rieger Nov 2016

Biopolymer Electrospun Nanofiber Mats To Inactivate And Remove Bacteria, Katrina Ann Rieger

Doctoral Dissertations

The persistence of antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens remains a primary concern for immunocompromised and critically-ill hospital patients. Hospital associated infections can be deadly and reduce the successes of medical advancements, such as, cancer therapies and medical implants. Thus, it is imperative to develop materials that can (i) deliver new antibiotics with accuracy, as well as (ii) uptake pathogenic microbes. In this work, we will demonstrate that electrospun nanofiber mats offer a promising platform for both of these objectives because of their high surface-to-volume ratio, interconnected high porosity, gas permeability, and ability to contour to virtually any surface. To provide ...


Morphological And Material Effects In Van Der Waals Interactions, Jaime C. Hopkins Jul 2016

Morphological And Material Effects In Van Der Waals Interactions, Jaime C. Hopkins

Doctoral Dissertations

Van der Waals (vdW) interactions influence a variety of mesoscale phenomena, such as surface adhesion, friction, and colloid stability, and play increasingly important roles as science seeks to design systems on increasingly smaller length scales. Using the full Lifshitz continuum formulation, this thesis investigates the effects of system materials, shapes, and configurations and presents open-source software to accurately calculate vdW interactions.

In the Lifshitz formulation, the microscopic composition of a material is represented by its bulk dielectric response. Small changes in a dielectric response can result in substantial variations in the strength of vdW interactions. However, the relationship between these ...


Synthesis And Applications Of Non-Migratory Metal Chelating Active Packaging, Maxine J. Roman Jul 2016

Synthesis And Applications Of Non-Migratory Metal Chelating Active Packaging, Maxine J. Roman

Doctoral Dissertations

Many packaged foods use synthetic chelators (e.g. ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, EDTA) to inhibit metal promoted oxidation and/or microbial growth that may cause food spoilage. Consumer demand for foods without synthetic additives has prompted growing interest in alternative preservation methods. Our research group has previously developed non-migratory metal chelating active packaging materials by surface immobilization of polymeric chelators and demonstrated their ability to inhibit lipid oxidation in model food emulsions. The work presented in this dissertation investigates the synthesis, performance stability, and practical application of metal chelating surface modifications to optimize design of non-migratory metal chelating active packaging materials.

Metal ...


Enzyme Stabilization In Hierarchical Biocatalytic Food Packaging And Processing Materials, Dana Erin Wong Jul 2016

Enzyme Stabilization In Hierarchical Biocatalytic Food Packaging And Processing Materials, Dana Erin Wong

Doctoral Dissertations

The partnership of biocatalysts and solid support materials provides many opportunities for bioactive packaging and bioprocessing aids beneficial to the agricultural and food industries. Biocatalysis, or reactions modulated by enzymes, allows bioactive materials to assist in bringing a substrate to product. Enzymes are proteins which catalyze reactions by lowering the activation energy required to drive the production of a desired product. Enzymes are commonly utilized in food processing as catalysts with specificity in order to enhance product quality through the production of beneficial food components, and to break down undesirable components that may be harmful or may decrease product quality ...