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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Dried Whole Plant Artemisia Annua As A Novel Antimalarial Therapy, Mostafa A. Elfawal Nov 2014

Dried Whole Plant Artemisia Annua As A Novel Antimalarial Therapy, Mostafa A. Elfawal

Doctoral Dissertations

Dried Whole plant Artemisia annua as a novel antimalarial therapy

September 2014

Mostafa Ahmed Elfawal

Ph.D., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Professor Stephen M. Rich

Malaria is one of the worst vector-borne parasitic diseases in the developing world. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 215 million cases of malaria occurred, with >655,000 deaths; half the world’s population is at risk of contracting the disease. Drugs are primary weapons for reducing malaria in human populations. Successful drugs are highly efficacious and inexpensive to manufacture synthetically. However, emergence of resistant parasites has repeatedly curtailed the lifespan of ...


Volatile Profiles And Resistance To Herbivory In Eastern Hemlock, Elizabeth A. Mckenzie Nov 2014

Volatile Profiles And Resistance To Herbivory In Eastern Hemlock, Elizabeth A. Mckenzie

Masters Theses

Eastern hemlock hosts the hemlock woolly adelgid, an introduced sap-feeding insect that causes rapid deterioration of the host. Like most conifers, eastern hemlock produces a variety of constitutive and induced defenses, primarily terpenoids. To explore the relationship of terpenoid defenses with adelgid infestations, we artificially infested hemlocks at a forest site and a plantation site, and compared their terpenoid concentrations to those in control trees. Infested trees showed lower terpenoid concentrations than control trees, suggesting that eastern hemlock not only fails to induce production of terpenoids in response to adelgid infestation, but becomes less able to produce carbon-based defenses due ...


Effect Of Spring And Winter Temperatures On Winter Moth (Geometridae: Lepidoptera) Larval Eclosion In New England, Emily L. Hibbard Nov 2014

Effect Of Spring And Winter Temperatures On Winter Moth (Geometridae: Lepidoptera) Larval Eclosion In New England, Emily L. Hibbard

Masters Theses

Field and laboratory experiments were conducted to elucidate various factors influencing the temperature-dependent larval eclosion of winter moth, Operophtera brumata L, in New England. We found no difference in duration of the embryonic stage of eggs reared from larvae collected in Massachusetts (MA) and on Vancouver Island, British Columbia (BC), where winter temperatures are rarely below freezing. The number of growing degree days (GDD) required for larval eclosion declined with the number of days chilled in the laboratory and number of days below freezing in the field, confirming the findings of previous studies. Thus, eggs hatched with fewer GDD, when ...