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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Characterization Of Red Mangrove Proproot Epibiont Communities Of St. Johns Usvi, Alan M. Buob Aug 2019

Characterization Of Red Mangrove Proproot Epibiont Communities Of St. Johns Usvi, Alan M. Buob

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

In May 1989, Hurricane Hugo impacted St. Johns USVI destroying the Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) Forest of Great Lameshur Bay. The impact restricted the tidal flow and caused massive destruction in the mangroves. Hurricane Marilyn (1995) hit St. John causing the storm wall formed by Hugo to be washed out. It returned limited tidal flow to the dead forest. It was not until a subsequent hurricane in 2010 broke down the sediment wall and natural flow returned. Up to that point, water quality restricted any fouling organisms’ survival on the prop roots. By using photo identification, three different bays of ...


Impacts Of A Natural Disturbance On Coral Reefs In The Florida Keys And Subsequent Recovery Potential Of The Sea Urchin Diadema Antillarum, Julia Nicole Kobelt Aug 2019

Impacts Of A Natural Disturbance On Coral Reefs In The Florida Keys And Subsequent Recovery Potential Of The Sea Urchin Diadema Antillarum, Julia Nicole Kobelt

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Ecosystem resilience is a measure of an ecosystem’s capacity to resist abrupt change and recover following a disturbance. While stochastic disturbances can contribute to normal ecosystem functioning, mounting natural and anthropogenic stressors are simultaneously intensifying the severity of disturbances and reducing the capacity for ecosystem recovery. Here, I examine the impacts of hurricane disturbance on a coral reef ecosystem and the potential for post-storm population recovery of a keystone herbivore, the sea urchin Diadema antillarum. Grazing pressure exerted by dense populations of D. antillarum is critical to coral reef ecosystem health by preventing (or reversing) an ecological regime shift ...


Predictive Biomarkers Demonstrating The Effect Of Levels Of Copper And Zinc From Exposure To World Trade Center 9/11 Particulate Matter On Human Esophageal Cells In Vitro, Rossara Nunez Aug 2019

Predictive Biomarkers Demonstrating The Effect Of Levels Of Copper And Zinc From Exposure To World Trade Center 9/11 Particulate Matter On Human Esophageal Cells In Vitro, Rossara Nunez

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The World Trade Center Attack on September 11th, 2001 was the largest environmental attack that has ever happened in New York City. In the aftermath of the collapse of the twin towers, many first responders and rescue workers were exposed to the resulting clouds of dust. This toxic material has been shown to be responsible for membrane damage in human lung cells and can possibly become the cause of increased oxidative stress. The underlying factors that produce these findings are thought to the synergistic effects of the many components found within the market street sample. Complete analysis of the heavy ...


The Effect Of Grind Size And Brew Time Upon Antioxidant Potential, Sensory Profile, And Consumer Likability Of Cold Brew Coffee, Angela Morresi May 2019

The Effect Of Grind Size And Brew Time Upon Antioxidant Potential, Sensory Profile, And Consumer Likability Of Cold Brew Coffee, Angela Morresi

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. Cold brew coffee has grown in popularity among the recent years. PURPOSE: To determine the effects of grind size and extraction time on the antioxidant potential, sensory profile, and consumer likability of cold brew coffee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 138 adults participated in randomized sample consumer assessment of the likeability of 18 different cold brew coffee samples based on appearance, aroma, flavor, and overall. The samples were made with 2 different types of beans, 3 different grind sizes (0.65mm, 1.15mm, and 1.65mm), and 3 different brewing ...


Effects Of Astragaloside Iv On Gsk-3Β And S6k1 Phosphorylation In C2c12 Muscle Cells, Kyle James Tuohy May 2019

Effects Of Astragaloside Iv On Gsk-3Β And S6k1 Phosphorylation In C2c12 Muscle Cells, Kyle James Tuohy

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Saponins are a broad class of functionally diverse phytochemicals that have been shown to exhibit antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. Through in vitro and in vivo experimentation, Astragaloside IV (AsIV) has been shown to regulate glycogen synthesis through protein kinase B (AKT)-mediated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3-beta (GSK-3β). Along with control of glucose homeostasis, AKT activation is also an important regulator of protein synthesis via the downstream phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ribosomal protein S6 kinase beta-1 (S6K1). Because AsIV can activate this pathway to stimulate glucose metabolism, it is possible that it can ...


The Potential Synergistic Effect F Egcg-S And Antibiotics On The Eskape Bacteria Group, Summer Elsayed May 2019

The Potential Synergistic Effect F Egcg-S And Antibiotics On The Eskape Bacteria Group, Summer Elsayed

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The primary etiology of nosocomial infections derives from the following pathogenic ESKAPE organisms: Enterococcus faecium/faecalis, Staphyloccoccus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanni, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter species. These opportunistic organisms are multidrug resistant and have the ability to form biofilm, which pose a great threat to clinical medicine. Evidence has shown catechins found in green tea (Camellia sinensis), have antibacterial activity. In this study, a modified polyphenolic catechin compound Epigallocatechin-3-gallate stearate (EGCG-S) was used to research its potential to inhibit ESKAPE growth and biofilm formation. In addition, synergistic ability of EGCG-S with antibiotics was also studied. Disk diffusion and colony ...


Curcumin And Hispolon As Potential Antibacterial Agents, Haleigh Elizabeth Sullivan May 2019

Curcumin And Hispolon As Potential Antibacterial Agents, Haleigh Elizabeth Sullivan

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Antibiotic resistant bacteria are becoming an increasing threat worldwide, particularly in the healthcare setting. This has led researchers and healthcare providers to begin looking elsewhere for solutions. Research suggests that curcumin, a phenolic compound from the spice turmeric, has antibacterial properties that may be able to treat potentially life-threatening hospital infections, such as those caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Turmeric has been used in Asian medicine for thousands of years as a general antimicrobial. Curcumin was utilized in this study, along with hispolon, another phenolic compound isolated from various mushrooms, such as Inonotus hispidus and Phellinus linteus, a ...


Assessing The Influence Of Salt Marsh Enhancement On Nekton Communities, Evan Thomas Kwityn May 2019

Assessing The Influence Of Salt Marsh Enhancement On Nekton Communities, Evan Thomas Kwityn

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Resiliency projects are being implemented throughout coastal communities with the intention of reducing the loss of salt marsh habitat. Salt marsh enhancement projects may have the benefit of minimizing physical coastal impacts, but enhancement activities are not fully understood as a result of potential impacts on salt marsh ecosystems, particularly nekton or fish and decapod communities. Questions involving salt marsh enhancement remain in regard to negative impacts on nekton communities and hydrologic habitat connectivity. To evaluate the impacts of salt marsh enhancement in reference to nekton community structures, I compared nekton density in restored and non-restored locations on two salt ...


Do Indirect Predator Cues Affect Behavior Of The Freshwater Clam Sphaerium Simile?, Jesse Bruce Eichler May 2019

Do Indirect Predator Cues Affect Behavior Of The Freshwater Clam Sphaerium Simile?, Jesse Bruce Eichler

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Freshwater bivalves provide important ecosystem services, like filtering water and cycling nutrients. Predators affecting the behavior of bivalve prey, therefore, could potentially impact the structure and function of ecological communities. Because little is known about the antipredator responses of sphaeriid clams, I examined the behavior of juvenile and adult freshwater clams, Sphaerium simile, when exposed to two types of indirect predator cues: effluent of a crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) and damaged conspecific clams. Adult clams responded to crayfish effluent by significantly reducing burrowing behavior. Juvenile clams, however, buried indiscriminately regardless of experimental treatment and significantly more often/more quickly than adults ...


Targeted Resequencing Of Crispr Cas9 Mediated Icer Knockout In Sk-Mel-24 Cells, Justin Wheelan Jan 2019

Targeted Resequencing Of Crispr Cas9 Mediated Icer Knockout In Sk-Mel-24 Cells, Justin Wheelan

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Inducible cAMP Early Repressor (ICER) is a small transcription factor that originates from an intronic promoter within the cAMP Response Element Modulator (CREM) gene (Molina et al., 1993). ICER acts as a putative tumor suppressor by mediating cAMP antiproliferative activity by competitively binding to cAMP Response Elements (CRE’s) and repressing transcription of genes involved in cell division (Mémin et al., 2002). ICER has been shown to be effectively absent in cancer and suspected to be targeted for proteasomal degradation via ubiquitination (Healey et al., 2013). ICER is most likely regulated via post-translational modifications as a result of mutations on ...


Inhibition Of Hsv-1 Binding By Egcg-Stearate, Valerie Paschalis Jan 2019

Inhibition Of Hsv-1 Binding By Egcg-Stearate, Valerie Paschalis

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is the causative agent of oral herpes, and is able to establish lifelong latent infection along with painful, recurring symptoms. Epigallocatechin-3- gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant polyphenol derived from green tea (Camellia sinensis), whose anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and antiviral properties have been widely studied. Although EGCG is not chemically stable and has poor hydrophobicity, lipophilic derivatives of EGCG have shown increased stability as well as increased antiviral efficacy against HSV. Previous studies have demonstrated that EGCG stearate (EGCG-S), a derivative of EGCG esterified at the 4’ position with stearic acid, is able to ...


Do Density And Food Availability Influence Survivorship And Reproduction In The Freshwater Bivalve, Sphaerium Simile?, Lauren O’Neil Aug 2018

Do Density And Food Availability Influence Survivorship And Reproduction In The Freshwater Bivalve, Sphaerium Simile?, Lauren O’Neil

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The small freshwater bivalve Sphaerium simile, like most “fingernail clams” (Sphaeriidae), does not exhibit a planktonic larval stage but instead offspring are brooded inside the valves of the parent. The species is generally regarded as reproductively specialized, or relatively “K” selected along the r‐K continuum. Multiple offspring can develop simultaneously, but brooding siblings are commonly at different developmental stages. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the relative success of brooding offspring and adults in different adult densities and feeding regimes. A controlled laboratory experiment examined four treatment groups, with adult density and feeding frequency as independent variables. There were ...


A Promising Novel Method Targeting Prosthetic Joint Infections, Shanice Otieno Aug 2018

A Promising Novel Method Targeting Prosthetic Joint Infections, Shanice Otieno

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Approximately 1-2% of patients have complications due to bacterial infection. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the three bacteria responsible for approximately 75% of biofilm-related infections. These three microorganisms can adhere to stainless steel and orthopedic screws. Biofilms are produced by an accumulation of bacteria which can attach to a surface, accumulate and form an extracellular polymeric substance.

Green tea extracts from plant Camellia sinensis have long been studied for their antimicrobial effect on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Polyphenols found in green tea, specifically epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG), are the most important component in targeting biofilm. However, this compound can ...


The Antimicrobial Activity Of Lipophilic Green Tea Polyphenols On S. Mutans And The Eskape Pathogens, Mathew Milad Abtahi Aug 2018

The Antimicrobial Activity Of Lipophilic Green Tea Polyphenols On S. Mutans And The Eskape Pathogens, Mathew Milad Abtahi

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Dental caries, or cavities, is a highly prevalent disease affecting societies of different economic and geographic status across the globe. This disease is caused by dental decay by bacteria fermenting the carbohydrates in food and producing acid end-products that dissolve the enamel. Though there are a few different bacteria that can cause cavities, Streptococcus mutans is the main etiological cause of dental caries. The earliest stages of cavity formation are typically marked with biofilm development, in which the thick slime layer confers bacteria greater adherence to the enamel surface, the ability to adapt to more adverse conditions, and quorum sensing ...


Effects Of World Trade Center Particulate Matter From September 11, 2001 On Biochemical Pathways Associated With Apoptosis And Cell Viability, Eric Tobias Aug 2018

Effects Of World Trade Center Particulate Matter From September 11, 2001 On Biochemical Pathways Associated With Apoptosis And Cell Viability, Eric Tobias

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The dust that resulted from the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers on September 11th, 2001 contained organic and inorganic compounds. The survivors and first responders were breathing these compounds while fleeing and rescuing others. Some of the particles that were inhaled were small enough to affect the alveolar region of the lungs. This study looks at the effect that World Trade Center dust has on MRC-5 human lung fibroblasts. Cell viability is observed over time using an alamarBlue® assay. Previous studies have shown that MRC-5 cells that are exposed to WTC dust lose viability after 24 hours ...


An Assessment Of Daily Plain Water Intake Level And Its Association With Total Energy Intake Among College Students, Maria Alanazi May 2018

An Assessment Of Daily Plain Water Intake Level And Its Association With Total Energy Intake Among College Students, Maria Alanazi

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Water is an essential nutrient for humans with several vital roles including maintaining body functions, temperature and preventing dehydration. Nevertheless, many population groups in the United States do not drink the recommended amount of water on a daily basis. The literature notes that drinking water is associated with better dietary practices including reduced sugar-sweetened beverages consumption, but few studies investigated the impact of drinking water on the total energy (calories) intake. In this study, an assessment of the intake of both plain water (pure water) and total water (water from pure water, beverages, and foods) is performed, and the intake ...


A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Extinct And Extant Pan-Alcidae (Charadriiformes: Aves), Alexandria A. Digiacomo May 2018

A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Extinct And Extant Pan-Alcidae (Charadriiformes: Aves), Alexandria A. Digiacomo

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Pan-Alcidae is a clade of birds consisting of the crown-clade Alcidae and the extinct Mancallinae. They include 24 extant species, 1 recently extinct species, and a fossil record extending as far back as the Eocene. All extinct and extant Pan-alcid diversity exhibit an exclusively Holarctic distribution with the majority of extant diversity found in the Pacific. The relationships of the Pan-Alcidae have been a long-standing subject of debate. Early systematic hypotheses placed Pan-Alcidae as close relatives of various water birds, however modern phylogenetic hypotheses have supported their placement within Charadriiformes. Their exact placement within Charadriiformes has yielded multiple hypotheses with ...


Green Tea Polyphenol Egcg-S As An Antimicrobial Agent, Theresa Renee Aponte May 2018

Green Tea Polyphenol Egcg-S As An Antimicrobial Agent, Theresa Renee Aponte

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

In recent years, a growing concern in the medical field has been the ability to treat infectious diseases. The microorganisms that cause these diseases have developed invasive mechanisms that elude possible treatments and increase their virulence. Some virulent factors that have been observed in microorganisms are biofilm and endospore formation. Development of new antimicrobial agents are needed to combat these microorganisms.

Green tea from the leaves of Camellia sinensis, has many health benefits, such as anti-bacterial, anti-spore, anti-cariogenic and anti-viral properties. Epigallocatechin-3- gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant catechin and contributes to these effects. Due to the instability of EGCG ...


The Role Of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi In Urban Brownfield Soils, Jennifer Rosalia Balacco May 2018

The Role Of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi In Urban Brownfield Soils, Jennifer Rosalia Balacco

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

AMF are symbionts to a majority of terrestrial plants and can improve plant nutrient uptake, water relations, and stress tolerance. This study evaluated the effects of AMF in heavy metal contaminated soils via a growth chamber experiment to determine the interactions between soil and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) affecting plant growth. Rye grass was grown in two contaminated soils from Liberty State Park, an urban brownfield, and one non-contaminated commercial soil, to which half of the treatments received AMF inoculum. Dried plant biomass, root:shoot ratio, and soil phosphatase activity were measured at the completion of the experiment. Soil contamination ...


The Study And Analysis Of Historic Allegheny Woodrat (Neotoma Magister) Sites, Elizabeth Grietzer May 2018

The Study And Analysis Of Historic Allegheny Woodrat (Neotoma Magister) Sites, Elizabeth Grietzer

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Allegheny woodrats (Neotoma magister) once ranged throughout most of the eastern United States, however in recent years their populations have experienced dramatic declines. Several mutually inclusive hypotheses may explain the decline of the woodrat populations, including habitat fragmentation and disturbance, decreased food availability, and increased exposure to the deadly raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis). Select historic locations were evaluated for habitat characteristics, the prevalence of raccoon roundworm and the presence of predators and competitors, in order to evaluate the impacts of each of the three hypotheses. The results indicated that raccoon roundworm and decreased hard mast availability are the main drivers ...


Elucidation Of Substrate Binding To Photolyase From Sulfolobus Solfataricus Using Isothermal Titration Calorimetry, Amanda Rose Kuerzi May 2018

Elucidation Of Substrate Binding To Photolyase From Sulfolobus Solfataricus Using Isothermal Titration Calorimetry, Amanda Rose Kuerzi

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

DNA photolyase is a DNA repair enzyme commonly found across the kingdom of life. Binding studies for the hyperthermophilic photolyase derived from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsPL) may serve to illuminate how DNA photolyase can adapt over a large temperature range. In the first section of this study, the thermodynamics of substrate binding for SsPL in a choline chloride buffer were determined using isothermal titration calorimetry. Using the Counter-Ion Condensation Concept as a model, ionic strength studies were performed to separate the binding interactions into electrostatic, and nonelectrostatic components. The electrostatic interactions do not appear to make a significant contribution to the ...


Evidence Of Pogo Transposable Elements In The Atlantic Bay Nettle (Chrysaora Chesapeakei) Genome, Jonathan C. Medina May 2018

Evidence Of Pogo Transposable Elements In The Atlantic Bay Nettle (Chrysaora Chesapeakei) Genome, Jonathan C. Medina

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The Atlantic Bay Nettle, Chrysaora chesapeakei, is a Scyphozoan found commonly in the bays and brackish waters of estuaries of the eastern United States. Research has shown that there has been a significant increase in jellyfish populations over the past decade, likely the result of factors such as global climate change, eutrophication, overfishing, and the explosive growth of hardened surfaces for polyp attachment.

Transposable elements (TEs) are mobile genetic elements that are widespread and conserved throughout the biological world. Although TEs often comprise a large portion of eukaryotic genomes, their exact function is uncertain but they may provide a mechanism ...


Guided-Inquiry In Biochemistry Laboratory Course Improves Lab Math Skills, Grishma Deven Patel May 2018

Guided-Inquiry In Biochemistry Laboratory Course Improves Lab Math Skills, Grishma Deven Patel

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Biochemistry graduates pursuing research-related careers must master basic quantitative skills. Laboratory courses present students opportunities to practice lab math skills such as dilution and solution calculations. Employers and researchers have reported inadequate math skills among bioscience graduates and there is a need to evaluate the effectiveness of laboratory teaching approaches in increasing students’ lab math skills. In this threeyear study, we examined the impact of guided-inquiry learning on students’ ability to perform laboratory calculations required for experimental design. An upper-level undergraduate biochemistry laboratory course was divided into sections taught using an inquiry approach where students design their own experiments or ...


Establishing A Method To Detect Fragile X Cgg Repeats Within The Fmr1 Gene Of Embryo Trophectoderm Biopsies, Jenna Bedard May 2018

Establishing A Method To Detect Fragile X Cgg Repeats Within The Fmr1 Gene Of Embryo Trophectoderm Biopsies, Jenna Bedard

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is an X-linked disorder characterized by a CGG trinucleotide repeat located within the 5’ untranslated region of the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 gene (FMR1). The FMR1 gene is further categorized into classifications of protein function such as normal, intermediate, premutation or full mutation depending on the number of CGG repeats present23. A normal FMR1 gene exhibits anywhere between 5 and 44 repeats. An allele in intermediate range displays 45-54 repeats. A premutation allele occurs when 55-200 CGG repeats are present and levels of the FMR1 gene product, Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP) start ...


Is The Trail-Following Behavior Of Juvenile Physa Acuta Influenced By Kinship And Familiarity?, Tiana Bonventre May 2018

Is The Trail-Following Behavior Of Juvenile Physa Acuta Influenced By Kinship And Familiarity?, Tiana Bonventre

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Trail-following behavior is exhibited by many species ranging from insects to gastropods. In gastropods, this behavior serves many functions such as the facilitation of movement, homing, mate and conspecific location, organization, aggregation, and protection. Kin recognition is also a behavior that is exhibited by a wide variety of species including both vertebrate and invertebrate animals. Kin recognition serves many functions including social interactions and status, discrimination, which can lead to outcrossing, and cooperative behaviors that can increase the likelihood of survival. Familiarity with individuals may also contribute to survival through protection and enhanced cooperation. Kin recognition can involve familiarity in ...


Behavioral Response Of Adult And Larval Wood Frogs (Lithobates Sylvaticus) To A Common Road De-Icer, Nacl, Dylan Jones May 2018

Behavioral Response Of Adult And Larval Wood Frogs (Lithobates Sylvaticus) To A Common Road De-Icer, Nacl, Dylan Jones

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Amphibians are highly vulnerable to aquatic pollutants. Due to the permeability of their skin and their aquatic larval stages, pollutants are easily absorbed into the body, which can have adverse effects on performance, survival, and fitness. This has prompted research on how environmental pollutants affect amphibian populations, especially road deicers such as sodium chloride (NaCl). Elevated NaCl can have a negative physiological impact on both adult and larval stages of amphibians, leading to reduced breeding success, morphological abnormalities, and even mortality. However, less is known about the behavioral responses of adults and especially larval amphibians to increased environmental salinity. Earlier ...


Novel Bryophyte Auxin Conjugate Amidohydrolases From Physcomitrella Patens And Marchantia Polymorpha And Their Role In The Evolution Of Auxin Metabolism, Stephanie Lyn Kurdach May 2018

Novel Bryophyte Auxin Conjugate Amidohydrolases From Physcomitrella Patens And Marchantia Polymorpha And Their Role In The Evolution Of Auxin Metabolism, Stephanie Lyn Kurdach

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Auxin (indole-3-acetic acid) was the first phytohormone to be discovered, and today is still regarded as one of the most widely understood plant hormones. Auxin has the ability to stimulate, promote, delay, or inhibit many of a plant’s physiological processes. The concentration of the hormone within in a plant is critical; low concentrations of IAA positively impact plants’ physiological processes, but high concentrations of IAA are inhibitory and toxic to plants. For this reason, auxin metabolism must be tightly regulated. Plants can regulate their endogenous concentration of auxin via conjugation to sugars, amino acids, or peptides. Indole-3-acetic acid is ...


The Non-Additive Effect Of Food And Wine In The Spanish Diet On Total Antioxidant Capacity Of The Spanish Mediterranean Diet, Carol Majkrzak May 2018

The Non-Additive Effect Of Food And Wine In The Spanish Diet On Total Antioxidant Capacity Of The Spanish Mediterranean Diet, Carol Majkrzak

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

With an increase in mortality rates related to obesity, cardiovascular disease, heart disease, and other related diseases, a greater understanding of the Mediterranean diet may be important to dietary treatment of these illnesses and comorbidities. While the foods in the Mediterranean diet have been studied in depth for their great health benefits, the potential role of wine in this diet is under examined. Interest in wine and its health benefits has increased within the past decade. While wine is a common component of the Mediterranean diet, very few studies have looked at the possible effects and outcomes of consuming wine ...


A Population Characterization Of Allegheny Woodrats (Neotoma Magister) In The Hudson River Palisades Of New Jersey, Amanda Menasion May 2018

A Population Characterization Of Allegheny Woodrats (Neotoma Magister) In The Hudson River Palisades Of New Jersey, Amanda Menasion

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Allegheny woodrats (Neotoma magister) are an endangered species within New Jersey, with a limited number of individuals found within one small area of suitable habitat along the Hudson River Palisades. There are very little detailed datum on the number of woodrats living at this location, however new conservation measures are being instituted to sustain this last remaining population in New Jersey. To gather additional data on the extent of the population of woodrats at this location, wildlife camera monitoring was conducted in two-week intervals at 10 separate locations that appeared to have satisfactory habitat for the woodrats but had not ...


The Expression Of Icer Under The Control Of The Ovarian Cyp19a1 Promoter In Zebrafish Ovaries Danio Rerio, James Reilly May 2018

The Expression Of Icer Under The Control Of The Ovarian Cyp19a1 Promoter In Zebrafish Ovaries Danio Rerio, James Reilly

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Infertility, according to the World Health Organization, is defined as the failure to conceive after twelve months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. A recent study measuring the prevalence of female infertility estimated that 48.5 million women were affected globally (World Health Organization). To even begin to understand infertility is a colossal undertaking. Before we can hope to cure this disorder in humans we must first understand its pathogenesis in animal models. For this purpose, a study will be undertaken in zebrafish, Danio rerio, a popular model organism for reproductive studies (Segner, 2009). Based on a previous study in mouse ...