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Kinesiology

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Articles 2161 - 2190 of 2252

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Selected Anthropometric, Cardiorespiratory, And Hematological Parameters In Health Care Personnel, Mary Eileen Bashara Jan 1986

Selected Anthropometric, Cardiorespiratory, And Hematological Parameters In Health Care Personnel, Mary Eileen Bashara

Ithaca College Theses

Fitness parameters of health-care employees and physicians at a small rural hospital were investigated. Subjects (N = 82), aged 22-75 years, were health-care deliverers at Tompkins Community Hospital in Ithaca, New York. The study examined anthropometric, cardiorespiratory, and hematological para­meters of the two groups of subjects over a 4-month period. During this time they engaged in an exercise program that was developed according to the wellness concept, aiming at improved health through preventive medicine. The parameters of interest were body composition, blood pressure, cholesterol/HDL ratio, and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max). The subjects were tested using the Balke (substandard ...


Physical Activity And Cardiovascular Fitness In The Elderly, Nomi Fridman Jan 1986

Physical Activity And Cardiovascular Fitness In The Elderly, Nomi Fridman

Ithaca College Theses

In this study, the relationships between past and present activity levels and cardiovascular fitness in the elderly were examined. The relationships between primary cardiac risk factors and cardiovascular fitness and between primary cardiac risk factors and present activity level were investigated as well.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Physiological And Psychological Responses To Preferred Auditory Stimulation During Submaximal Exercise, Susan Carol Stohrer Jan 1986

Physiological And Psychological Responses To Preferred Auditory Stimulation During Submaximal Exercise, Susan Carol Stohrer

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate physiological and psychological responses to preferred auditory stimulation during submaximal exercise.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


The Effects Of Exercise Training On Basal Metabolic Rate, Pamela Sue Evans Jan 1986

The Effects Of Exercise Training On Basal Metabolic Rate, Pamela Sue Evans

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated the effects of exercise training on basal metabolic rate (BMR)

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Stress And Anxiety Levels Of Exercising Versus Sedentary Male Adults, Michael James Hanley Jan 1986

Stress And Anxiety Levels Of Exercising Versus Sedentary Male Adults, Michael James Hanley

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare stress and anxiety levels of exercising and sedentary male adults at Eastern Illinois University in Charleston, Illinois.

Forty-four male adults were selected as subjects for the study. Thirty-two subjects were chosen from an Adult Fitness group and comprised the exercising group. The sedentary group, chosen at random, consisted of twelve staff members who were not currently in a regular exercise program.

The Anxiety Scale Questionnaire developed by the Institute for Personality and Ability Testing (IPAT) was used. Using a provided answer key, a raw score was obtained for each participant. Raw scores ...


Exercise Versus Non-Exercise During Pregnancy : The Influence On Selected Maternal And Newborn Infant Parameters, Ellen Ann Coughlin Jan 1985

Exercise Versus Non-Exercise During Pregnancy : The Influence On Selected Maternal And Newborn Infant Parameters, Ellen Ann Coughlin

Ithaca College Theses

Thirty pregnant women participated in this study to deterrnine the effects of exercise versus non-exercise during pregnancy on the maternal parameters of body weight and systolic and diastolic blood pressure changes at 3,6, and 9 months of pregnancy. Half the participants (n = l5) were involved in a prenatal aerobic dance class which met bi-weekly throughout the pregnancy, the other half (n = l5) were only involved in activities for daily living.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Rehabilitation Adherence, Mary Ann Domm Jan 1985

Rehabilitation Adherence, Mary Ann Domm

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated the character differences between rehabilitation adherers and non-adherers. [This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


The Effect Of Caffeine Ingestion On Cardiovascular And Thermoregulatory Function During Maximal And Submaximal Exercise, Jeff Miller Jan 1985

The Effect Of Caffeine Ingestion On Cardiovascular And Thermoregulatory Function During Maximal And Submaximal Exercise, Jeff Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Characteristics And Motives Of Ragbrai Participants, Racquel Alyce Miller Jan 1985

An Investigation Of The Characteristics And Motives Of Ragbrai Participants, Racquel Alyce Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Persuasion Through The Use Of Subliminal Suggestions In A Weight Loss Videotape Program, Margaret E. Treimer Jan 1985

The Effectiveness Of Persuasion Through The Use Of Subliminal Suggestions In A Weight Loss Videotape Program, Margaret E. Treimer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Differences In Maximal Performance Between An Exercise Test On A Monark Bicycle Ergometer And A Racermate Wind Load Simulator, Carmen J. Ritz Haas Jan 1985

Differences In Maximal Performance Between An Exercise Test On A Monark Bicycle Ergometer And A Racermate Wind Load Simulator, Carmen J. Ritz Haas

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether any significant difference in performance exists between a maximal exercise test on a Monark 868 bicycle ergometer and a Racermate II wind load simulator. Performance was measured according to three parameters: maximum oxygen consumption, maximum heart rate and test duration.

Nine trained subjects, five men and four women participated in the study. All subjects bad recently been involved in bicycling for training purposes.

Testing consisted of two trials for each subject, one trial on the bicycle ergometer using a standard protocol and one trial on the wind load simulator using a ...


A Comparison Of Two Training Programs In Preparing For The Army Physical Readiness Test, Herbert E. Lattimore Jan 1985

A Comparison Of Two Training Programs In Preparing For The Army Physical Readiness Test, Herbert E. Lattimore

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare two training programs on male Reserve Officers Training Corps students as it is related to a passing score on the Army Physical Readiness Test.

The subjects were sixteen volunteer students who were randomly placed in two groups, formal and informal. Both groups were given a pretest, before beginning the study, to determine if they were equal.

The subjects in both groups trained for four weeks to prepare for the Army physical fitness test. Each group trained three times a week during the training period. The formal group's training was restricted to ...


The Effects Of Augmented Attentional Focus On The Performance With Practice Of A Closed Perceptual-Motor Task For Individuals Who Differ In Task Mastery, John Allen Richards Aug 1984

The Effects Of Augmented Attentional Focus On The Performance With Practice Of A Closed Perceptual-Motor Task For Individuals Who Differ In Task Mastery, John Allen Richards

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of augmented attentional focus on the performance with practice, of a closed perceptual-motor task for individuals who differ in task mastery. Sixty-four male volunteers were assigned to either the beginning or advanced task mastery group (n = 32) based on bowling averages (≤ 130, ≥ 150 respectively). Each subject in the task mastery groups was randomly assigned to one of four augmented focus of attention conditions, i.e., focus on: (a) environmental results of the movement that was performed (KR); (b) the movement that was performed (KP); (c) self via presence of VTR ...


A Comparison Of Hypnotic Susceptibility Levels And The Acceptance Of Placebo Suggestions During A Submaximal Exercise Test, Ronald T. Racey Jan 1984

A Comparison Of Hypnotic Susceptibility Levels And The Acceptance Of Placebo Suggestions During A Submaximal Exercise Test, Ronald T. Racey

Ithaca College Theses

The relationship between hypnotic susceptibility and the acceptance of placebo suggestions was investigated.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


The Effect Of Nautilus Training On Baseball Throwing Velocity, Karl Steffen Jan 1984

The Effect Of Nautilus Training On Baseball Throwing Velocity, Karl Steffen

Ithaca College Theses

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Responses To Weight Training In Prepubescent And Adult Males, Margaret M. Sailors Jul 1983

Comparison Of Responses To Weight Training In Prepubescent And Adult Males, Margaret M. Sailors

Student Work

The effect of overload training on adults has been considered for thousands of years. Centuries before Christ, Milo of Crotona carried a calf on his back daily until the animal was full-grown, resulting in one of the earliest accounts of the overload principle (Bergan & Scoles, 1979). Results of overload training on adults have been well documented (Tanner, 1952; Hellebrandt & Houtz, 1958; Berger,1962a; 1962b; Rasch & Pierson, 1963; Berger & Hardage, 1967; Stull & Clark, 1970; Leighton, Holmes, Benson, Wooten & Schmerer, 1967; Wilmore, 1975; Gettman, Ward & Hager, 1982). However, how overload affects children and adolescents is barely touched upon in the literature. The concept of an overload training threshold age or point of threshold maturity is virtually a matter of speculation.

There is general agreement that there are certain indicators which are at least moderately related to strength, including maturity and structural measures (Jones, 1946; Wickens, 1958; Hunsicker & Greey, 1957; Clarke & Petersen, 1961; Clarke & Harrison, 1962; Rarick & Oyster, 1964). Although not logically developed by exercise these traits should be considered when judging the· physical potential of boys and girls. On the contrary, muscular strength is a developmental trait which can be improved through the right kind and amount of exercise (President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, 1974). The value of overload training in both a rehabilitative and developmental sense has been noted for teenage boys (Gallagher, Andover & Delorme, 1949; Fisher, 1966). Unfortunately, it was not documented whether any or all of these boys had reached puberty. Since puberty has generally been considered to be·that point at which strength gains are enhanced (Jones, 1946 ...


Stretch-Hypertrophy In The Corturnix Quail, William Matthews Jan 1983

Stretch-Hypertrophy In The Corturnix Quail, William Matthews

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated the muscle fiber type composition of the biceps brachii, the patagalias, and the cranial portion of the latissimus dorsi, and the effect of stretch on those muscles in the cortunix quail.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


The Correlation Between Expressive Language Delay In Children And Their Motor Abilities, Gail G. Cunningham Jan 1983

The Correlation Between Expressive Language Delay In Children And Their Motor Abilities, Gail G. Cunningham

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of the present study was to determine the correlation between expressive language delay in children and their gross and fine motor skills. Twenty children five years through six years, eleven months with a diagnosed expressive language delay, were selected to participate in the study. Each was screened on the basis of normal hearing, receptive vocabulary skills, motor functioning, and an expressive language delay of one year or more. After screening procedures, each child was administered the Preschool Language Scale-PLS (Zimmerman, et al., 1969) and the short form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-BOMP (Bruininks, 1978). The data ...


A Comparison Of The Cardiorespiratory Responses Of Prepubescent Boys And Adult Men To Similar Exercise Programs, Mary Marlene Petratis Nov 1982

A Comparison Of The Cardiorespiratory Responses Of Prepubescent Boys And Adult Men To Similar Exercise Programs, Mary Marlene Petratis

Student Work

The cardiorespiratory effects of exercise training in adults have been widely researched (26,39,53,56,57). Through training, the adult experiences an increase in maximum aerobic power (V 02 max), a decrease in resting and submaximum heart rate and an increase in maximum cardiac output (26,36,53,54,59,60). These physiological changes result in an increase in physical working capacity and an enhanced tolerance to all exercise workloads.

Factors contributing to the training effect in the adult include the intensity, the duration, and the frequency of exercise (1, 2). The recommended type of exercise involves activities which ...


The Physiological And Physical Effects Of A Seven Week Summer Wrestling Camp On Experienced Prepubescent Wrestlers, Wade Hoyt Thomson May 1982

The Physiological And Physical Effects Of A Seven Week Summer Wrestling Camp On Experienced Prepubescent Wrestlers, Wade Hoyt Thomson

Student Work

Participation by children in competitive sports programs has increased considerably within the past 20 years, in part because of the increased number of competitive sports programs available for children (59). Fur­thermore, children are becoming increasingly involved at younger ages (48). Frequently, these programs are very physical, and actively compet­itive with little consideration given to how the children may respond or adapt to the strenuous exercise. It is tacitly assumed that children sports participants will experience the same physiological and physical benefits as would adult participants .


Cognitive Control Of Perceived Exertion, Janice Satterley Jan 1982

Cognitive Control Of Perceived Exertion, Janice Satterley

Ithaca College Theses

Individual psychoeducational strategies were developed for 13 femail endurance athletes in an attempt to alter their perceived exertion.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


An Overhand Passing Test For Girls Volleyball, Jarielle L. Harner Jan 1982

An Overhand Passing Test For Girls Volleyball, Jarielle L. Harner

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to construct and validate an overhand passing test for experienced volleyball players. The test designed in this study required each player to pass to two different targets, 90 degrees from each other.

The two targets were three feet from the junction of two unobstructed walls. On each wall a horizontal line was taped three feet long and ten feet above the floor. At the end of each horizontal line, a vertical line was taped, extending three feet above the ten foot line and perpendicular to it.

Sixty-three high school girls at Stewardson-Strasburg High School ...


Menstrual Cycle Effects On Blood Pressure, Body Weight And Heart Rates During Rest, Exercise And Recovery On College Athletes, Dawn J. Shutter Jan 1982

Menstrual Cycle Effects On Blood Pressure, Body Weight And Heart Rates During Rest, Exercise And Recovery On College Athletes, Dawn J. Shutter

Masters Theses

Ten members of the Eastern Illinois University women's track team were used as subjects to determine the relationship of body weight, blood pressure and heart rate during rest, exercise and recovery to menstruation.

The subjects were tested on two different occasions. The first test was administered within twenty-four hours of the onset of menstruation. The second test was conducted seven days later. During both testing periods blood pressure, body weight and resting heart rate measurements were taken before beginning the treadmill protocol (progressive grade and speed increases up to 4% and 8 mph, respectively). The subjects ran on a ...


Anuran Activity Energetics, Scott R. Landrey Jan 1982

Anuran Activity Energetics, Scott R. Landrey

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis presents two separate experiments concerning aerobic and anaerobic amphibian energetics. The first study (Part I) investigates differential alterations in the kinetics of the anaerobic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase, in nine species of anurans with varying natural histories. The second study (Part II) studies changes in different anaerobic and aerobic physiological parameters in a single species (Rana catesbeiana) after six weeks of chronic exercised, unexercised-captive and for field frogs. The common theme of these two experiments involves the potential for physiological changes due to environmental stress. Part I examines different species to infer a possible evolutionary relationship to environmental stresses ...


The Reliability Of The Swimming Ergometer In Obtaining Vo₂ Max Of Male And Female Age-Group Swimmers, Thomas J. Meade Jr. Jan 1981

The Reliability Of The Swimming Ergometer In Obtaining Vo₂ Max Of Male And Female Age-Group Swimmers, Thomas J. Meade Jr.

Ithaca College Theses

This study was designed to test the reliability of the swimming ergonometer in obtaining VO2 max of male and female age-group swimmers.


Rate Of Perceived Exertion As A Predictor Of Physiological Variables During Jogging, Leslie M. Leonard Jan 1981

Rate Of Perceived Exertion As A Predictor Of Physiological Variables During Jogging, Leslie M. Leonard

Ithaca College Theses

Rate of perceived exertion (RPE) was examined as a predictor of physiological values during jogging.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Cognitive Mediation Of Perceived Exertion, Dulce-Maria Fernandez Jan 1981

Cognitive Mediation Of Perceived Exertion, Dulce-Maria Fernandez

Ithaca College Theses

Specific cognitive strategies (a combination of relaxed attention, self-directed verbalization, and self-directed visualization) were utilized to alter perceptions of physical exertion. [This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


A Factor Analysis Of Physical Fitness Components For Seventh Grade Chinese Students, Chen-Hsing Huang Jan 1981

A Factor Analysis Of Physical Fitness Components For Seventh Grade Chinese Students, Chen-Hsing Huang

Masters Theses

The main purpose of this study is to explore the basic elements of physical fitness, which can serve as a source for the construction of a physical fitness test for Chinese students. The subjects of this study are 100 male seventh grade students of junior high school in Kaohsiung City, Republic of China.

A physical fitness test consisting of 29 subtests was devised and used as the basis for the investigation. Data collected from tests were analyzed by means of factor analysis and resulting in the following:

I. Seven basic elements that account for physical fitness were found. They were ...


The Effects Of Three Stretching Techniques On Flexibility, Mark Edward Wortman Sep 1980

The Effects Of Three Stretching Techniques On Flexibility, Mark Edward Wortman

Student Work

According to deVries (11), flexibility is defined as the range of possible movement in a joint or series of joints. The assessment of flexibility is a concern for both physical education and. the medical professions·. Apparently, an adequate amount of flexibility is essential for rehabilitation from injury,.prevention of injury and superior athletic performance (2, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16, 19, 21, 25, 31, 37, 43, 45). Presently, three stretching techniques are available: 1) static or slow sustained; 2) ballistic or bounce; 3) pro­-prioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). However, there appears to be no uniform agreement as to the best ...


The Effect Of Walk Or Jog Recovery From Anaerobic Work On Blood Lactate Levels And Subsequent Two-Minute Run Performance, Rick Alan Livesey Jan 1980

The Effect Of Walk Or Jog Recovery From Anaerobic Work On Blood Lactate Levels And Subsequent Two-Minute Run Performance, Rick Alan Livesey

Masters Theses

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a walk or jog recovery on two-minute run performances and the concentrations of blood lactate.

Eight highly trained male subjects were selected from the Eastern Illinois University Track Team. The test procedure consisted of two, maximal two-minute runs on the track for distance, separated by a 30-minute recovery. The recovery consisted of a walk at 20-minutes per mile pace or a jog at 7½ to 8 minutes per mile pace. Venous blood samples were drawn three minutes after the first run, two minutes prior to the second run, and ...