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Theses/Dissertations

Kinesiology

2019

Arterial stiffness

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Acute Effects Of Artificially-Sweetened Beverages On Cardiovascular Health, Adria Mulligan May 2019

The Acute Effects Of Artificially-Sweetened Beverages On Cardiovascular Health, Adria Mulligan

Honors Theses

Consuming artificially-sweetened beverages instead of sugar-sweetened beverages is becoming increasingly popular among those who want to lose weight, have medical conditions that prohibit intake of sugar, or want to improve overall health. However, little research has been conducted on the repercussions of the intake of these diet drinks, specifically on how they affect the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of artificially-sweetened beverages on cardiovascular health. Eight participants with no pre-existing heart conditions underwent two separate appointments, one where they consumed a 12 oz. water and one where they consumed a 12 oz ...


Associations Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness And Muscular Strength With Arterial Stiffness In Older Adults, Emma Elizabeth Albin Jan 2019

Associations Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness And Muscular Strength With Arterial Stiffness In Older Adults, Emma Elizabeth Albin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular strength (MS) with arterial stiffness (AS) in older adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 427 older adults aged ≥65 years (mean age 72). CRF was assessed by time (seconds) to complete a 400-m walk test and MS by overall grip strength (maximum out of 3 trials on each hand, averaged; Jamar Plus+ 12-064). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was used to assess AS (AtCor, Sphygmocor Xcel). High AS was defined as a PWV of 10 m/s or greater, as it has been established as a ...