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Associations Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness And Muscular Strength With Arterial Stiffness In Older Adults, Emma Elizabeth Albin Jan 2019

Associations Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness And Muscular Strength With Arterial Stiffness In Older Adults, Emma Elizabeth Albin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular strength (MS) with arterial stiffness (AS) in older adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 427 older adults aged ≥65 years (mean age 72). CRF was assessed by time (seconds) to complete a 400-m walk test and MS by overall grip strength (maximum out of 3 trials on each hand, averaged; Jamar Plus+ 12-064). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was used to assess AS (AtCor, Sphygmocor Xcel). High AS was defined as a PWV of 10 m/s or greater, as it has been established as a ...


Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash Jan 2019

Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Around three million concussions happen in the United States from sport and recreational activity alone, and it is estimated 50% of concussions go undiagnosed. Collegiate athletes have been found to not report their symptoms of concussion mainly because they felt their symptoms were not severe enough and they did not think there were any long-term consequences from continuing to play. This study attempts to find if preseason concussion education for collegiate hockey players and club athletes changes their perceptions about concussions, and if these changes are maintained after returning to sport/competition. This study used three identical surveys over three ...


Effects Of Boxing On Force Characteristics In The Upper Extremities In People With Parkinson’S Disease Compared To Healthy Younger And Healthy Older Adults, Olivia Meyer Jan 2019

Effects Of Boxing On Force Characteristics In The Upper Extremities In People With Parkinson’S Disease Compared To Healthy Younger And Healthy Older Adults, Olivia Meyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to the nature of Parkinson’s disease (PD), force output characteristics of the muscles may become impaired in people with PD. Forced exercise and power-based resistance training exercise are trending modalities used to target the physiological effects of PD on muscle activity as an alternative to pharmaceutical and surgical treatments. Movements performed in boxing incorporate high-ballistic motions similar to those utilized in power-training. The objective of this is study is to determine the effects of an acute session of boxing on muscle activity in the upper extremities of persons with PD compared to healthy older adults and healthy younger ...


Associations Of Muscular Strength And Cardiorespiratory Fitness With Bone Mineral Density In Older Adults, Hyunsoo Kim Jan 2019

Associations Of Muscular Strength And Cardiorespiratory Fitness With Bone Mineral Density In Older Adults, Hyunsoo Kim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of muscular strength (MS) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with bone mineral density (BMD) in older adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 353 older adults (189 women and 164 men) aged 65 years or older (mean ages 72 and 71 in women and men, respectively). MS was assessed by grip strength (average of the highest force values after three trials on each hand, Jamar+ digital hand dynamometer, Patterson Medical) and CRF was assessed by the 400-meter walk test (minutes to complete 400-meter walking). Whole-body BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, Hologic ...


Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortical Hemodynamics, Cognitive Inhibition, And Affective Responses To Exercise Among Children: Implications For Pediatric Exercise Prescription, Matthew A. Ladwig Jan 2019

Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortical Hemodynamics, Cognitive Inhibition, And Affective Responses To Exercise Among Children: Implications For Pediatric Exercise Prescription, Matthew A. Ladwig

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Preliminary evidence suggests that children may report decreasing pleasure throughout incremental exercise tests. This pattern of affective responses might be related to the deviation of incremental and prolonged patterns of exercise from the innate propensity of children for intermittent movement. Furthermore, the self-regulation of affective responses during exercise may require cognitive strategies underpinned by cortical networks still under development during childhood. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to examine (1) whether dorsolateral prefrontal cortical (dlPFC) activity is associated with affective responses during an incremental cycling exercise test, and (2) whether theoretically relevant covariates moderate affective responses and dlPFC activation ...


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk Is Modified By The Timing Of The Successful Identification Of Directional Cues, Mitchell Lewis Stephenson Jan 2019

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk Is Modified By The Timing Of The Successful Identification Of Directional Cues, Mitchell Lewis Stephenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite our best efforts, anterior cruciate ligament injury rates remain high in many athletic populations. Over the past two decades, investigations have sought to identify the potential role cognition may play in the functional injury mechanism. Across the body of literature, there is a general consensus that rapid, reactive environments found in team sports increase injury risk. But the precise biomechanical change in lower extremity control has been inconsistently identified across multiple investigations. We previously identified that an important, often uncontrolled component of rapid reactive movements is the timing of the directional cue to which the athlete responds. Reductions in ...


Methods And Evaluation Of A Health Coach Training Practicum Experience For Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Change, Kathryn Kathryn Deshaw Jan 2019

Methods And Evaluation Of A Health Coach Training Practicum Experience For Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Change, Kathryn Kathryn Deshaw

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The promotion of healthy lifestyle behaviors is a high public health priority due to the strong links to chronic disease and the associated impacts on health and quality of life. Motivational interviewing-based health coaching is a popular behavior change strategy to work toward encouraging healthy-decision making and provide accountability in making progress toward health goals and outcomes. A key priority in the field of health coaching is proper training to ensure proficient health coaches to engage with clients, participants, or patients for healthy lifestyle change. The purposes of this dissertation were to: 1) develop and implement an effective semester-based course ...


Evaluating The Effects Of External Load, Incline And Walking Speed On Iliotibial Band Strain In Wildland Firefighters, Laura Stacy Jan 2019

Evaluating The Effects Of External Load, Incline And Walking Speed On Iliotibial Band Strain In Wildland Firefighters, Laura Stacy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wildland firefighters (WFF) and military personnel encounter extreme environments and working conditions as part of their occupation. High rates of overuse knee injury have been recorded in both populations, with Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS) being the highest reported overuse injury within the military. However, occupational demands that could contribute to such rates of ITBS have not been evaluated. PURPOSE: To evaluate if the effects of slow walking speed, external load carriage and incline increase strain and strain impulse of the ITB as a predictor of ITBS risk and to update the current ITB model to include the active components of ...


Biomechanical Effects Of Shod Vs. Unshod Deadlift In Males, Jacob La Marche Jan 2019

Biomechanical Effects Of Shod Vs. Unshod Deadlift In Males, Jacob La Marche

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There are many forms of resistance training, with the barbell squat, bench press, and deadlift being three of the most popular exercises. The squat and bench press have been examined extensively, while the deadlift has not. The purpose of this study was to examine participants performing the barbell deadlift while wearing their normal lifting shoes and while barefoot. Thirty male participants aged 18-30 and with at least one year of deadlift experience were recruited for this study. An eight camera system and a force platform was used to measure three-dimensional movements and ground reaction forces during 80% one repetition maximum ...