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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Treatment Of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Using The Myokinesthetic System: A Case Serie, Sara Thistle May 2018

Treatment Of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Using The Myokinesthetic System: A Case Serie, Sara Thistle

Senior Honors Theses

Objective: The purpose of this case series was twofold: to compare and identify the physiological and muscular differences between those with MTSS and those without MTSS as well as assess the MyoKinesthetic System’s (MYK) effect on medial tibial stress syndrome in a physically active population compared to ice massage and stretching the gastrocnemius/soleus complex and plantar fascia.
Methods: The case series was completed in a state college athletic training facility. Six participants, all physically active, were included in the study. Two of the participants were included in the experimental groups due to complaints of MTSS pain and 4 ...


Understanding Youth Athletes’ Readiness For Competition: A Review Of Literature And Best Practices For Coaches And Parents, Brianna Klinger May 2018

Understanding Youth Athletes’ Readiness For Competition: A Review Of Literature And Best Practices For Coaches And Parents, Brianna Klinger

Senior Honors Theses

In today’s society, youth sport is a popular social practice, with about 75% of families with elementary aged children participating. However, while many of these children enjoy playing and being active, not all children are ready to participate in a competitive sport environment. Indeed, current youth trends are to start competitive athletics earlier and to specialize in one sport year round, which can cause injury and burnout. Currently, 70 percent of youth athletes stop playing sports at the age of 13, which is a discerning number. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive background on the ...


Distal Biceps Tendon Ruptures: A Comparison Of Surgical Techniques And Outcomes, Alexandra Bednarz May 2018

Distal Biceps Tendon Ruptures: A Comparison Of Surgical Techniques And Outcomes, Alexandra Bednarz

Senior Honors Theses

The rupture of a distal biceps tendon is a traumatic acute injury, that is also relatively rare. Because of this rarity, there remains a significant amount of controversy over which method of fixation is the preferred option. In addition to the controversy over which surgical method to use, it has been recently discovered that the distal biceps tendon actually consists of two tendons, which contribute individually to the movements of the forearm. The current most common methods of fixation include: interosseous tunnel, interference screw, cortical button, and cortical button with an interference screw. Although all of the options available serve ...


Oxygen Consumption During Rehearsal And Performance In Collegiate Dancers, Mikela Nylander-French May 2018

Oxygen Consumption During Rehearsal And Performance In Collegiate Dancers, Mikela Nylander-French

Senior Honors Theses

Dance requires multiple physical attributes along with technical skill. One physical attribute that often gets left behind is aerobic condition even though it is a key component for optimal performance. Volume of oxygen consumption (VO2) during dance class and rehearsal has been well documented. Dancers work at a lower VO2 during class than rehearsal (5, 8, 9, 12, 16). However, there are few comparisons between rehearsal and performance of VO2. PURPOSE: To identify and compare a difference in intensity during performance and rehearsal for collegiate dancers. METHODS: Seven collegiate dancers who were currently in rehearsal for an ...


Ncaa Division Iii Athletes' Perceptions Of Athletic Trainers: An Examination Of Athletes With And Without Exposure To Athletic Training Services In High School, Zachary Dunbar May 2018

Ncaa Division Iii Athletes' Perceptions Of Athletic Trainers: An Examination Of Athletes With And Without Exposure To Athletic Training Services In High School, Zachary Dunbar

Senior Honors Theses

Nearly 70 years ago, the field of athletic training was founded, and has since been recognized by many governing bodies, including the American Medical Association (NATA, 2018). Although the field has grown and evolved since 1950, today less than 50% of high schools in the United States employ an athletic trainer on staff (Pryor et al., 2015). With such an underrepresentation of athletic trainers in high schools, many athletes enter college with little understanding of what athletic trainers do. But does earlier exposure to athletic training services result in better understanding of athletic training services and use of those services ...


The Impact Of Sedentary Behavior On Arterial Stiffness In Physically Active College Students, Kayla Michnoff May 2018

The Impact Of Sedentary Behavior On Arterial Stiffness In Physically Active College Students, Kayla Michnoff

Senior Honors Theses

Previous research has linked sedentary behavior (SB) to increased arterial stiffness (AS) and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Yet few studies have examined the AS of healthy individuals who are currently engaging in daily moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA).
Purpose: To examine the impact of SB on AS in physically active college students. Methods: 43 college students volunteered to participate in this study, 35 participants completed the study, and of these participants, 27 met the recommended exercise guidelines of 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day (age: 20.5 + 1.64 years; height: 167.52 + 9 ...


Commotio Cordis: Prevention And Survival, Megan Graff May 2018

Commotio Cordis: Prevention And Survival, Megan Graff

Senior Honors Theses

Commotio cordis is a rare yet potentially fatal event. Young athletes are more susceptible to CC due to their pliable, underdeveloped chest wall. It is the second most common cause of death in young athletes. After a projectile strikes an athlete over the precordial area and ventricular fibrillation occurs, the individual has minutes before their chance of mortality is greater than their chance of survival. Survival of CC relies on immediate recognition, and early CPR and defibrillation with an AED. Increased awareness and education of CC, as well as CPR and AED training is imperative. As these survival factors continue ...


Impact Of Physical Activity And Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption On Arterial Stiffness, Randi Snopkowski May 2017

Impact Of Physical Activity And Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption On Arterial Stiffness, Randi Snopkowski

Senior Honors Theses

Purpose: Previous research has indicated that physical inactivity (PI) is linked to arterial stiffness. Similarly, a significant link between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and poor cardiovascular health has been identified. The majority of previous research relating to arterial stiffness has involved studying older populations. However, few studies have examined college students. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of PI and SSB consumption on arterial stiffness in college students. Methods: 10 male college students (age 22.0±1.8 yrs, height 175.7±6.3 cm, weight 75.0±12.1kg) and 7 female college students (age 20 ...


The Effect Of A Neuromuscular Training Program On Rate Of Force Development And Knee Joint Stability In Men And Women, Jonathan Hanscom May 2017

The Effect Of A Neuromuscular Training Program On Rate Of Force Development And Knee Joint Stability In Men And Women, Jonathan Hanscom

Senior Honors Theses

Neuromuscular adaptations to resistance training account for improvement in explosive movements by increasing neural drive and efficiency, recruitment of fast twitch muscle fibers, and rate of force development. These adaptations result in the ability to generate a greater amount of muscle force over a shorter period of time, enabling a person to respond more quickly to the demands of the surrounding world. In this way, an increase in rate of force development also increases joint stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a neuromuscular training program, designed to increase rate of force development, on knee ...


Treatment And Rehabilitation Of Femoral Acetabular Impingement, Emily Bannister May 2017

Treatment And Rehabilitation Of Femoral Acetabular Impingement, Emily Bannister

Senior Honors Theses

Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) is a complex disorder of the hip that involves damage to the bones of the coxofemoral joint typically as a result of repetitive movements near the end range of the hip. The etiology, pathology, and prognosis of the disorder will be discussed in addition to clinical techniques used to recognize and diagnose the injury. Treatment options will also be examined including both a conservative treatment and a surgical intervention. The rehabilitation protocol will follow a step-by-step progression which will start immediately post-operation and progress through the months that follow all the way until the individual returns ...


Who Matters? The Perceived Motivational Climates Created By Coaches, Peers, And Team Captains And The Effect On Trait Self-Confidence And Enjoyment In High School & College Athletics, Bryan Urquhart Dec 2016

Who Matters? The Perceived Motivational Climates Created By Coaches, Peers, And Team Captains And The Effect On Trait Self-Confidence And Enjoyment In High School & College Athletics, Bryan Urquhart

Senior Honors Theses

Sport is a source of overall well-being in young individuals with regards to health, learning to cooperate, and having fun among other areas. However, the degree to which young athletes are motivated to perform varies greatly based on a number of factors. This study focused on the influence that significant others in the athletes’ lives had on their motivation levels while in sport. Specifically, the study looked at which motivational climate created, coaches, peers, or team captains, had the most significant influence on high school and collegiate athletes. The focus was on the motivational climate’s impact on enjoyment, self-confidence ...


Physical Activity Guidelines For Children During And After Cancer Treatment, Ellie Astruc May 2016

Physical Activity Guidelines For Children During And After Cancer Treatment, Ellie Astruc

Senior Honors Theses

The purpose of part one of this thesis was to synthesize previous research and information about cancer, children and cancer, exercise and cancer, and the long and short-term effects of cancer. After synthesizing previous research, the second part of this thesis was to integrate that research and create a set of safe and effective physical activity guidelines for children during and after cancer treatment. Lastly, a sample exercise prescription was created. This prescription was tailored for a fictional young child in a pediatric cancer rehabilitation program. The design of the pediatric cancer rehabilitation program was based on meeting the needs ...


Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Rachel Deppa May 2016

Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Rachel Deppa

Senior Honors Theses

This study was centered on low level laser therapy (LLLT) and its effects on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is an inflammatory response in muscle tissue characterized by pain, stiffness, and fatigue in the muscle post-exercise. DOMS results from bouts of eccentric exercise (the lengthening phase of muscle contraction). Symptoms usually reach their peak intensity between 24 and 72 hours post-exercise and subside within 5-7 days. LLLT is a type of therapeutic modality which is used to treat body dysfunctions by introducing light energy into the body. LLLT has been gaining popularity as a new treatment for DOMS, but ...


Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Breanna Fortney May 2016

Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Breanna Fortney

Senior Honors Theses

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is a phenomenon that is experienced frequently in the active population. As the name implies, the onset of muscle soreness occurs at a point in time long after the bout of exercise was performed. DOMS may hinder athletic performance through decreases in strength and range of motion (ROM) and may cause considerable pain upon movement. The goal of this paper is to investigate different therapeutic modalities as treatment for DOMS and determine which intervention produces the most desirable results by way of treating the signs and symptoms associated with delayed onset muscle soreness.


Sedentary Behavior In Honors College Freshmen, Laura Hintermeier Apr 2016

Sedentary Behavior In Honors College Freshmen, Laura Hintermeier

Senior Honors Theses

Introduction: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are sitting/reclining activities requiring low energy expenditure such as watching television, reading and desk work. The average person spends eight hours sitting per weekday. Current literature suggests SB may contribute to the development of risk factors for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. The first year of college is a transition period for freshmen as it provides a new level of independence and freedom to determine how they spend their time. Therefore it is of particular interest to determine their time spent engaging in SB as their life time habits become established. Purpose: To examine the amount ...


Responsive Kinetic Training Positively Increases Knee Joint Stability, Bryonne Herring May 2015

Responsive Kinetic Training Positively Increases Knee Joint Stability, Bryonne Herring

Senior Honors Theses

Neuromuscular adaptations are primarily responsible for more explosive movements through recruitment of fast twitch muscle fibers; and as a result, rate of force development increases, which may increase joint stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of neuromuscular training on joint stability. Using the Ariel Computerized Exercise System (ACES), a 4-week training program was developed. Ten participants performed squats, leg drives, lateral squats, and deadlifts twice a week, for three sets of ten seconds each, at 50% of maximal velocity. Pre and post-tests were performed using the Landing Error Scoring System in Real Time (LESS-RT). Results ...


Effects Of Childhood Cancer And Hospitalization On Preschool Aged Children: Benefits Of Movement Programming In Child Life Departments, Abigail N. Graham May 2015

Effects Of Childhood Cancer And Hospitalization On Preschool Aged Children: Benefits Of Movement Programming In Child Life Departments, Abigail N. Graham

Senior Honors Theses

Child Life departments have been prominent in most children‘s hospitals to provide psychosocial care for children experiencing time in a hospital environment. This presentation will demonstrate the impact of Child Life intervention in pediatric oncology as well as promote new ideas for movement/dance therapy Child Life programming. New methods for healthcare therapies have been rapidly increasing especially in cancer treatment centers. The creative arts have been implemented into pediatric hospitals as a form of therapy for children and families undergoing treatments. The overview of play therapy and the developmental purpose it provides for preschool aged children is essential ...


Effects Of Physical Activity And Aquatics Programs On Problem Behaviors In Children With Diagnosed Disabilities And Behavior Disorders, Katharine Dartt May 2015

Effects Of Physical Activity And Aquatics Programs On Problem Behaviors In Children With Diagnosed Disabilities And Behavior Disorders, Katharine Dartt

Senior Honors Theses

The aim of this study was to determine the potential benefits physical activity, specifically aquatic based programs, could provide in minimizing problem behaviors that are common with certain disabilities or behavior disorders. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were the two disabilities examined, as these are becoming more commonly diagnosed in our society. A literature review was completed examining the effects aquatics programs and physical activity in general could provide to typical problem behaviors, such as trouble with social interaction, self-stimulatory behaviors, attention, and communication. The aim of the program and how the program was administered, the ...


Yoga’S Effect On Pain And Functional Disability In Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Literature Review, Alexa Ducharme May 2015

Yoga’S Effect On Pain And Functional Disability In Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Literature Review, Alexa Ducharme

Senior Honors Theses

Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most prominent causes of functional disability worldwide. A systematic review observed 18.3 percent (±12.7) of survey takers having a current diagnosis of CLBP (11). In the United States, 90 percent of reported cases are deemed unspecific, due to unknown pathologies (31). The estimated cost of treating this widespread disability in the United States is $4.3 billion (18). Due to the prevalence and the associated cost of CLBP, several cost effective alternative and complementary treatments have been found to effectively treat CLBP. Yoga is a common treatment for a ...


Determination Of The Effectiveness Of The Zetroz Wearable Ultrasound Device (Sam) For The Post-Exercise Clearance Of Lactic Acid, Theresa Rakiewicz Dec 2014

Determination Of The Effectiveness Of The Zetroz Wearable Ultrasound Device (Sam) For The Post-Exercise Clearance Of Lactic Acid, Theresa Rakiewicz

Senior Honors Theses

Athletes performing in multiple round competitions seek rapid recovery from exercise and restoration of optimal muscle function. The increase in blood lactic acid concentration while performing intense exercise has been well documented; however interventions have not demonstrated the ability to significantly improve lactate removal beyond that of passive recovery. Low intensity therapeutic ultrasound has been previously shown to increase blood flow, fluid circulation, vasodilation, and cellular metabolism. PURPOSE: To determine if wearing a long-duration ultrasound therapy device on muscles can accelerate lactic acid kinetics to promote clearance from blood. METHODS: A randomized, double blind cross-over study utilizing a lactate-inducing circuit ...


Board Of Certification Examination Pass/Fail Analysis, Matthew R. Jones May 2013

Board Of Certification Examination Pass/Fail Analysis, Matthew R. Jones

Senior Honors Theses

Athletic training is a growing field of work and study. In this senior honors thesis the author examines the current trends of students taking the Board of Certification (BOC) examination. In recent years the number of athletic training students has been on the rise. In order for athletic trainers to legally practice they must pass the BOC examination. In addition to the number of students studying athletic training increasing, the caliber of the students has also been improving. The percentage of students who pass the BOC examination on the first attempt has surged. From the year 1997 to 2007 the ...


Comparative Study Of Army Physical Readiness Protocol Tc 3-22.20 Vs. Rotc Crossfit Training, Richard Lafountain May 2012

Comparative Study Of Army Physical Readiness Protocol Tc 3-22.20 Vs. Rotc Crossfit Training, Richard Lafountain

Senior Honors Theses

The purpose of this research study was to compare two premier training programs’ effectiveness in college-aged ROTC cadets at the College at Brockport. Ten volunteer participants, five from each test group, were asked to complete a battery of tests, including Biodex System II Isokinetic Dynamometer, Sit and Reach, Push-Up to Failure, and Forestry Step Test, to evaluate their lower body strength, flexibility, upper body strength, muscle endurance, metabolic, and flexibility improvements after training for four weeks. Cadets (n=5) in their first or second year of ROTC (19.6±0.54), known as MSI’s and MSII’s, using the ...


Lower Back And Lower Limb Injury In Ballet Dancers: Incidence And Implications, Jennifer Battisti May 2011

Lower Back And Lower Limb Injury In Ballet Dancers: Incidence And Implications, Jennifer Battisti

Senior Honors Theses

While ballet looks graceful and soft, there is a real threat of injury to the ballet dancer. This senior honors thesis looks at common injuries suffered by the dancers, their cause, and ways to avoid them. The first danger explained is over-exerting children. Children have growing bodies, with underdeveloped bones and muscles. Because of this, they should not be expected to perform certain movements that adult ballet dancers are capable of. Often child dancers will attempt unmodified techniques that are unsafe for people at their developmental level.

The thesis continues to explore injuries commonly shared among ballet dancers of all ...


Effect Of Plyometric Training On The Time-Course Of Adaptations To The Elastic Properties Of Tendons, Thomas P. Robertson Jr. Apr 2011

Effect Of Plyometric Training On The Time-Course Of Adaptations To The Elastic Properties Of Tendons, Thomas P. Robertson Jr.

Senior Honors Theses

No abstract provided.