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Concentration Characteristics And Batting Performance In Collegiate Baseball And Softball, Daniel Samess Jan 2004

Concentration Characteristics And Batting Performance In Collegiate Baseball And Softball, Daniel Samess

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This study examined relationships between batting performance, trait anxiety, and concentration style. A predictive analysis was also formed to determine the combination of subscales that may best explain variance in batting performance. To accurately measure these variables, the Sport Competition Anxiety Test (SCAT; Martens, Vealey, & Burton, 1990) and the Batting-specific Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style (B-TAIS; Albrecht & Feltz, 1987) were employed. Participants consisted of both male collegiate baseball and female collegiate sofitball players located in the southeastern section of the United States. Participants' 2003 batting statistics were utilized to assess batting performance, and participants must have compiled at least 40 or more at-bats during the 2003 season to participate in the ...


An Examination Of Psychological Variables Affecting Injured Athletes Prior To Returning To Play, Jessica Marie Meyers Jan 2004

An Examination Of Psychological Variables Affecting Injured Athletes Prior To Returning To Play, Jessica Marie Meyers

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Injury occurs in a variety of different sports and affects athletes in a number of different ways. Following injury, athletic identity is often lost, bringing upon feelings of anger and depression (Brewer, 1993; Fortunato & Marchant, 1999). As athletes begin to re-enter sports, lower levels of sport-confidence are exhibited (Johnston & Carroll, 1998). Social support has been shown to motivate individuals as well as aid in the overall progress of rehabilitation (Ford & Gordon, 1999; Magyar & Duda, 2000). The purpose of the current study was to determine psychological factors that may influence returning to a sport in which injury had occurred. A deliberate sample of northeastern and southeastern NCAA Division I, II, and III student-athletes were examined. The criterion for inclusion was that each participant must have sustained an acute musculoskeletal injury due to participation in a sport, and miss at least one week of competition and/or practice, or participate in modified activity at the certified athletic trainer's (ATC) discretion (Granito, 2002; Johnston & Carroll, 2000). As an injured athlete became ready to return to play and met the criteria for inclusion in this study, an ATC contacted the researcher within one week prior to the return to play. Prior to a rehabilitation session with the certified ATC, athletes were asked to complete a questionnaire packet containing the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS; Brewer & Cornelius, 2001), Trait Sport-Confidence Inventory (Vealey, 1986), Modified-Social Support Survey (Barefield & McCallister, 1997), Modified-Outcomes Measure Scale (Albohm & Wilkerson, 1999), and a demographic questionnaire. The ATC was asked to complete the Sport Injury Rehabilitation Adherence Scale (Brewer, et al., 2002) to rate participant adherence. Results indicated that satisfaction with one type of support was related to satisfaction with any other type of support. The ...


Life Values In Youth Sport: A Qualitative Analysis, Carla J. Schmitt Jan 2003

Life Values In Youth Sport: A Qualitative Analysis, Carla J. Schmitt

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A qualitative analysis was used to examine the life values gained and enhanced through participation in youth soccer from the player, coach, and parent perspectives. Nine players, nine coaches, and nine parents were interviewed for this study. Participants were placed in groups according to classification and availability, and participants not available for the group times, were individually interviewed. The interview guides consisted of 11 questions, and two separate guides were used, one for players and one for coaches and parents. All interviews were hand, audio, and video recorded. Triangulation, involving the primary researcher and two additional researchers familiar with qualitative ...


The Prevalence Of Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Sorority Versus Non-Sorority Women, Angela Lynn Guzman Jan 2003

The Prevalence Of Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Sorority Versus Non-Sorority Women, Angela Lynn Guzman

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Eating disorders among college women is a serious psychological problem. Disordered eating behaviors were examined and diagnosed at a mid-sized university in southeast Georgia. The target group of this study was university sororities. The purpose of this study was to examine sorority versus nonsorority women to determine if there was a higher prevalence for those involved in sororities to develop disordered eating behaviors.

Surveys were distributed to both sorority and non-sorority women to determine the prevalence of disordered eating behaviors among each group. A quantitative, quasi-experimental design was used in conjunction with the Eating Attitudes Test (Gamer & Garfmkle, 1979).

The ...


A Comparison Of Youth Participation Motives In Organized Sports, Kirsty L. Carrihill Jan 2003

A Comparison Of Youth Participation Motives In Organized Sports, Kirsty L. Carrihill

Legacy ETDs

Youth participation in organized physical activity has increased by more than 5 million in the last decade (Smith & Smoll, 2002). Of the 48 million youth 8 to 16 years old in the United States, 20 million participated in organized sport (Gould & Petlichkoff, 1998; Seefeldt & Ewing, 1997; Smith & Smoll, 2002). Currently, the average age for youth to begin participating in organized sports in, or outside of, school is 11 years old (Klint & Weiss, 1986; Smith & Smoll, 2002). Although participation rates have increased, there are significant numbers of youth who drop out of sport. Over one-third of all participants between the ages of 10 and 17 years of age withdraw from sport every year (Linder, Johns, & Butcher, 1991). Past research has shown there were gender differences in reasons for participating in sports and that boys were more likely than girls to participate in sports (Ewing, 1996). The purpose of this study was to investigate participation ...


Organizing Learning And Practice To Enhance The Acquisition Of Psychomotor Skills In Athletic Training, Ansley Y. Hendrick Jan 2002

Organizing Learning And Practice To Enhance The Acquisition Of Psychomotor Skills In Athletic Training, Ansley Y. Hendrick

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No abstract provided.


Determining The Termination Percentage Of Heart Rate Maximum For Submaximal Testing, Julia A. Valentour Jan 2001

Determining The Termination Percentage Of Heart Rate Maximum For Submaximal Testing, Julia A. Valentour

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BACKGROUND: In the Fourth Edition of the American College of Sports Medicine's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription (1991). the protocol for the ACSM's submaximal bike test was to terminate the test at 65-70% of the age predicted maximal heart rate. In the Fifth Edition, this was changed to 85% of the age-predicted maximal heart rate.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to find out, by using the ACSM submaximal cycle ergometer test (see Appendix A) if the 85% heart rate maximum termination provides a more accurate estimate of maximal aerobic capacity than the 70% heart rate ...


The Relationship Between Jealousy And Self-Esteem In Collegiate Athletes, Paula M. Parker Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Jealousy And Self-Esteem In Collegiate Athletes, Paula M. Parker

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Previous research has found contradictory results when examining the possible relationship between jealousy and self-esteem (Guerrero & Afifi, 1998, Mathes & Severa, 1981; Mikulincer, Bizman, & Aizenberg, 1989, Peretti & Pudowski, 1997; Stewart & Beatty, 1985; White, 1981). Jealousy has been most often researched in romantic relationships (Peretti & Pudowski, 1997; Salovey & Rodin, 1986) and social comparison situations (Bers & Rodin, 1984, Mikulincer, Bizman, & .Aizenberg, 1989). Few studies have examined jealousy in an athletic setting. Sport jealousy has received little attention because until recently, there was no reliable instrument to measure jealousy in sport. Pease (1987) investigated the relationship between social comparison jealousy and team cohesion using the Social Comparison Jealousy Scale (SCJ, Pease, 1987) and found a nonsignificant negative correlation between jealousy and team cohesion. Schelling and Huddleston (1999) administered the Sport Jealousy Scale (SJS; Schelling & Huddleston, 1999)), a sport-specific measure of jealousy, to track and field athletes and found they were "moderately jealous." Kamphoff(2000) utilized a newer version ofthe scale, the Revised Sport Jealousy Scale (SJS-IV), and found a significant negative correlation between jealousy and team cohesion, as well as gender differences in jealousy. The purpose of the present investigation was to further examine differences in jealousy among collegiate athletes. Differences ...


The Reliability And Validity Of The Pacer For 3rd And 4th Grade Males, Jennifer A. Hinely Jan 2001

The Reliability And Validity Of The Pacer For 3rd And 4th Grade Males, Jennifer A. Hinely

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BACKGROUND: FITNESSGRAM recommends the use of the PACER, a 20-meter shuttle run, to assess the aerobic ability of children in physical education classes.

OBJECTIVES: To examine the reliability and validity of the PACER for 3rd and 4th grade males. In addition, the reliability and validity of the criterion-referenced standards will be examined.

METHODS: 22 students ran 3 trials of the FITNESSGRAM PACER while wearing the Cosmed K4b2 system.

RESULTS: From the 22 students, the intraclass correlation for the number of laps for trial 2 to trial 3 was 0.81. The reliability of the estimated VO2 from trial 2 to ...


The Effects Of Aerobic And Resistance Training On Mood State And Self-Esteem In Cardiac Rehabilitation, Cyndee M. Lee Jan 1999

The Effects Of Aerobic And Resistance Training On Mood State And Self-Esteem In Cardiac Rehabilitation, Cyndee M. Lee

Legacy ETDs

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise training, aerobic and a combination of aerobic and resistance, on mood state and selfesteem in a sample of cardiac rehabilitation patients. A secondary purpose was to examine the influence of activity level on the psychological benefits received from the training programs. This study was conducted in a pretest/post-test format over an eight week period. Ten phase III participants (male = 9 and female = 1) volunteered from four cardiac rehabilitation centers in Georgia for participation in this study. Each participant read and signed an informed consent form prior ...


Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Arthrography, And Ultrasound In Diagnosing Rotator Cuff Tears: An Evaluation Of Agreement, Andrea Solsona Jan 1998

Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Arthrography, And Ultrasound In Diagnosing Rotator Cuff Tears: An Evaluation Of Agreement, Andrea Solsona

Legacy ETDs

Eleven patients who had a clinical suspicion of a rotator cuff tear were referred for a magnetic resonance imaging exam, an arthrographic exam or both. Additionally, all patients received a diagnostic ultrasound exam. The results of the imaging studies were compared to surgical or clinical diagnosis. Arthrography had 100% positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity. Magnetic resonance imaging had 100% PPV, 60% NPV, 78% accuracy, 100% specificity, and 67% sensitivity. Ultrasound had 80% PPV, 50% NPV, 64% accuracy, 75% specificity, and 57% sensitivity. Based on these results, taking into consideration the national average costs ...


The Effects Of A Goal Setting Intervention And Dispositional Optimism/Pessimism On Selected Golf Skills: A Qualitative Design, Matthew James Wilson Jan 1998

The Effects Of A Goal Setting Intervention And Dispositional Optimism/Pessimism On Selected Golf Skills: A Qualitative Design, Matthew James Wilson

Legacy ETDs

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a goal setting intervention on selected golf skills over the course of a competitive golf season. A secondary purpose of this study was to investigate a comparison of optimism and pessimism in relationship to goal attainment. Subjects (n=7) were elite golfers from a university men's golf team. A two-month goal setting intervention was implemented consisting of the individual golfers selecting three golf skills from five separate categories (fairways in regulation, greens in regulation, total putts per round, up and downs conversion rate, and putts per green in ...


The Effects Of Aerobics And Walking On Social Physique Anxiety And Self-Esteem Of Female College Students, Jessica L. Lloyd Jan 1998

The Effects Of Aerobics And Walking On Social Physique Anxiety And Self-Esteem Of Female College Students, Jessica L. Lloyd

Legacy ETDs

The purpose of this investigation was to explore the effectiveness of walking and aerobics as a way of modifying body image apprehension and self-esteem of female college students. Participants from this study comprised 88 (25 African Americans and 63 Caucasians) students from a Southeastern university. The participants were administered the 9-item Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) (Martin, Rejeski, Leary, McAuley, & Bane, 1997) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (Rosenberg, 1979). Body composition, body weight, body height, and body mass index (BMI) were also evaluated. The participants performed in a 9-week walking or aerobics physical activity class. At the completion of ...


Quadriceps Strengthening Daily Adjustable Progressive Resistance Exercise (Dapre) Technique Versus Delorme's Progressive Resistive Exercises (Pre) Techniques, Paul R. Cleveland Jan 1994

Quadriceps Strengthening Daily Adjustable Progressive Resistance Exercise (Dapre) Technique Versus Delorme's Progressive Resistive Exercises (Pre) Techniques, Paul R. Cleveland

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The purpose of this study was to determine if the DAPRE technique would significantly improve strength in the non dominant quadriceps muscle as opposed to Delorme's PRE technique for strengthening. Using a pretest posttest Cybex II strength test and applying a t-test for independent samples, it was found that after four weeks there was no significant difference between Group A (N=10) who exercised using Delorme's technique and Group B (N=10) who used the DAPRE technique It was concluded that possibly because of the low sample number, the short length of the exercise intervention, and using normal ...


Sport, Popularity, And Academic Achievement In Relation To Student Preference, Peer Acceptance, And Perception To Parental Preference Of Elementary School Children, Hugh Troy Buchanan Jr. Jan 1974

Sport, Popularity, And Academic Achievement In Relation To Student Preference, Peer Acceptance, And Perception To Parental Preference Of Elementary School Children, Hugh Troy Buchanan Jr.

Legacy ETDs

No abstract provided.


The Identification And Analysis Of Factors Which Influenced Georgia Southern College Recreation Major Graduates Who Have Taken Full Time Recreation Positions To Leave The Recreation Profession, Wayne Lamar Gay Jan 1973

The Identification And Analysis Of Factors Which Influenced Georgia Southern College Recreation Major Graduates Who Have Taken Full Time Recreation Positions To Leave The Recreation Profession, Wayne Lamar Gay

Legacy ETDs

No abstract provided.