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Theses/Dissertations

Kinesiology

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Obesity

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Anti-Fat Attitudes And Weight Bias Internalization: An Investigation Of How Bmi Impacts Perceptions, Opinions And Attitudes, Laurie Schrider Mar 2016

Anti-Fat Attitudes And Weight Bias Internalization: An Investigation Of How Bmi Impacts Perceptions, Opinions And Attitudes, Laurie Schrider

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Americans hold negative and judgmental attitudes towards obese and overweight individuals and these anti-fat attitudes and weight stigma have become a damaging form of discrimination. The internalization of weight bias and anti-fat attitudes contributes to negative health outcomes including: feelings of devalue, self-hate, anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction and eating disturbances. The purpose of this study was to investigate weight bias internalization in individuals who perceive themselves as overweight as well as to examine differences in anti-fat attitudes among normal and overweight individuals. A sample of 202 male and females completed an online survey that assessed anti-fat attitudes via the Anti-Fat ...


Sedentary Lifestyle And Obesity In Adults, Youngwon Kim Jan 2015

Sedentary Lifestyle And Obesity In Adults, Youngwon Kim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Excessive time spent on sedentary behavior (SB) can increase the risks of obesity, regardless of engagement in physical activity (PA). Subjective and objective measures are both available to assess SB but little is known about the relative utility of these measures for epidemiological research. The purposes of this dissertation were to 1) evaluate the accuracy of 24-hour Physical Activity Recall (24PAR) relative to SenseWear Armband (SWA) for assessing SB, 2) characterize the context of SB by demographic indicators, and 3) determine the independent/joint associations of SB and PA with obesity by the 24PAR versus SWA.

The first study demonstrated ...


Assessment Of Contributors To The Metabolic Syndrome Among Law Enforcement Officers, Hyelim Yoo Jan 2011

Assessment Of Contributors To The Metabolic Syndrome Among Law Enforcement Officers, Hyelim Yoo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The metabolic syndrome has received increased attention in the past few years. The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors including central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and glucose intolerance. Due to higher prevalence of obesity, lack of physical activity, and high stress levels, law enforcement officers (LEOs) may be at high risk for the metabolic syndrome. However, the risk factors for the metabolic syndrome in this specific occupation have not been fully examined. The purpose of this dissertation was to assess the contributors to the metabolic syndrome among LEOs. This dissertation consists of a series of manuscripts which focus ...


Using A Social-Ecological Model To Examine Obesity Interventions, Susan Lee Brown Jan 2011

Using A Social-Ecological Model To Examine Obesity Interventions, Susan Lee Brown

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Nutrition and Physical Activity Program to Prevent Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention employs a five-level Social-Ecological Model (SEM) to address and understand the issues of overweight and obesity (Hamre et al., 2006). The model suggests that there are multiple levels of influence, and that effective prevention and reduction programs should address each of these levels. This research evaluated the effectiveness of programs and institutions with an emphasis on reducing childhood overweight and obesity. The first study evaluated the effectiveness of the Trim Kids program (Sothern, von Almen & Schumacher, 2001), a program ...


Affective Responses To Physical Activity In Obese Women: A High-Intensity Interval Bout Vs. A Longer Isocaloric Moderate-Intensity Bout, Emily Sue Decker Jan 2009

Affective Responses To Physical Activity In Obese Women: A High-Intensity Interval Bout Vs. A Longer Isocaloric Moderate-Intensity Bout, Emily Sue Decker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of obesity and inactivity continue to increase worldwide, the need for effective intervention strategies remains. Despite the well-known benefits of leading a physically active lifestyle, of those individuals classified as obese, only 3.0% of the women and 6.4% of the men trying to lose weight actually meet the 60 min/day physical activity guidelines for weight management (Bish et al., 2005). With lack of time being one of the most oft-cited reasons for not being active (King et al., 2000), the use of short-duration, high-intensity interval training (HIT) has been suggested as a time-efficient ...