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Theses/Dissertations

Kinesiology

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Affect

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Psychological Responses To High-Intensity Interval Training Exercise: A Comparison Of Ungraded Running And Graded Walking, Abby Fleming Mar 2019

Psychological Responses To High-Intensity Interval Training Exercise: A Comparison Of Ungraded Running And Graded Walking, Abby Fleming

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of ungraded running and graded walking as modalities of HIIT on enjoyment, perceived exertion, and affect. 29 healthy males and females (aged 23.3 ± 5.1) volunteered to participate in the study. Participants completed six visits to the laboratory: the first was a medical screening to ensure safety of the participants. For the second and third visits, participants completed two maximal treadmill exercise tests, one running and one walking. On the fourth visit, the speed needed for the run HIIT (running speed: 6.9 ± 1.2mph) and the grade needed for the walk HIIT (walking ...


Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortical Hemodynamics, Cognitive Inhibition, And Affective Responses To Exercise Among Children: Implications For Pediatric Exercise Prescription, Matthew A. Ladwig Jan 2019

Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortical Hemodynamics, Cognitive Inhibition, And Affective Responses To Exercise Among Children: Implications For Pediatric Exercise Prescription, Matthew A. Ladwig

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Preliminary evidence suggests that children may report decreasing pleasure throughout incremental exercise tests. This pattern of affective responses might be related to the deviation of incremental and prolonged patterns of exercise from the innate propensity of children for intermittent movement. Furthermore, the self-regulation of affective responses during exercise may require cognitive strategies underpinned by cortical networks still under development during childhood. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to examine (1) whether dorsolateral prefrontal cortical (dlPFC) activity is associated with affective responses during an incremental cycling exercise test, and (2) whether theoretically relevant covariates moderate affective responses and dlPFC activation ...


Reimagining Fitness Practice In Schools: An Experimental Study On Self-Perceptions And Motivational Outcomes In Youth, Amanda Beth Mischo Jan 2015

Reimagining Fitness Practice In Schools: An Experimental Study On Self-Perceptions And Motivational Outcomes In Youth, Amanda Beth Mischo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Physical fitness testing in physical education (PE) is mandatory in several US states, based on the promise that testing will "assist students in establishing lifelong habits of regular physical activity." However, in actuality, the influence of fitness practice for testing, as commonly implemented in schools, on motivational outcomes remains largely unknown. Modifying the experience of fitness practice testing by translating psychological theory into practice may represent untapped potential in the effort to promote physical activity in childhood. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to examine the effect of different structures of fitness practice (traditional versus needs supporting ...


The Effects Of Acute Self-Paced Exercise And Respiration Biofeedback On Anxiety And Affect In High-Stress University Students, Nathan Meier Jan 2013

The Effects Of Acute Self-Paced Exercise And Respiration Biofeedback On Anxiety And Affect In High-Stress University Students, Nathan Meier

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

High rates of stress-related problems in college students and low utilization of treatment options show a need for simple, effective interventions for stress management. Both exercise and breathing biofeedback have proven effective in reducing state anxiety in the past, but have never been compared. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of brief exercise and breathing biofeedback interventions on altering state anxiety and affect in high-stress, college students. Thirty-two participants (mean age=21.5±3.2 years; 21 female) experienced the following 10-minute interventions on separate days: self-paced walk (EX), breathing biofeedback (BF) and a placebo condition ...


Influence Of Affective Response At The End Of Exercise On Future Exercise Choice In Low-Active, Overweight Participants, Shenbaga Soundarapandian Jan 2009

Influence Of Affective Response At The End Of Exercise On Future Exercise Choice In Low-Active, Overweight Participants, Shenbaga Soundarapandian

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

PURPOSE: Approximately 35-50% of individuals who start an exercise program have been reported to drop-out within the first few months (e.g., Dishman & Buckworth, 1997). Suggestions have been made that affective experience of exercise is linked to adherence, but only a limited amount of research has been conducted in this area. Also, none of these studies measured the influence of affective experiences during exercise on future choice. Identifying exercise that results in a positive affective experience may increase adherence. A theory that has found support in other fields is the Peak-End hypothesis (Kahneman et al., 1993). It suggests that individuals ...


Affective Responses To Physical Activity In Obese Women: A High-Intensity Interval Bout Vs. A Longer Isocaloric Moderate-Intensity Bout, Emily Sue Decker Jan 2009

Affective Responses To Physical Activity In Obese Women: A High-Intensity Interval Bout Vs. A Longer Isocaloric Moderate-Intensity Bout, Emily Sue Decker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of obesity and inactivity continue to increase worldwide, the need for effective intervention strategies remains. Despite the well-known benefits of leading a physically active lifestyle, of those individuals classified as obese, only 3.0% of the women and 6.4% of the men trying to lose weight actually meet the 60 min/day physical activity guidelines for weight management (Bish et al., 2005). With lack of time being one of the most oft-cited reasons for not being active (King et al., 2000), the use of short-duration, high-intensity interval training (HIT) has been suggested as a time-efficient ...


The Role Of An Audio-Visual Attentional Stimulus In Influencing Affective Responses During Graded Cycling Exercise, Erik Lind Jan 2008

The Role Of An Audio-Visual Attentional Stimulus In Influencing Affective Responses During Graded Cycling Exercise, Erik Lind

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to: (a) identify a range of exercise intensity in which an attentional focus strategy is and is no longer effective as a cognitive manipulation and (b) investigate the effect of an attentional dissociative and attentional associative cognitive strategy on affective responses during graded cycle ergometer exercise. Thirty-four participants (17 men, 17 women), who met the criteria for involvement, underwent an initial familiarization trial and three subsequent experimental trials on separate days, approximately one week apart. During the familiarization trial, participants were given an explanation of the procedures of the study, completed required paperwork, and ...