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Daily Melatonin Supplementation Influence On Body Composition And Sleep Quality Over An Eight-Week Experimental Trial, Nathan Oakes Jan 2019

Daily Melatonin Supplementation Influence On Body Composition And Sleep Quality Over An Eight-Week Experimental Trial, Nathan Oakes

Ithaca College Theses

Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder that affects all genders, ages, races, and socioeconomic levels, and increases the likelihood of developing other physiological or metabolic diseases. Considering its adipogenic inhibitory characteristics, its effect on sleep, and sleep’s effect on physical activity, supplementary melatonin may help combat this metabolic disorder. The purpose of this study was to identify trends in how supplementary melatonin affects sleep quality, physical activity, and body composition. To that end, a 14-week intervention study following an ABA single-subject design was conducted consisting of Ithaca College staff and faculty between ages of 40-59 years, with a BMI ...


The Effects Of A Sleep Extension On Reactive Strength And Decision Making In Agility Tasks, Michael Wenger Jan 2019

The Effects Of A Sleep Extension On Reactive Strength And Decision Making In Agility Tasks, Michael Wenger

Ithaca College Theses

This study examined the effect of extended sleep on reactive strength index (RSI) performance and decision-making skills of agility tasks. Participants (N = 15) volunteered for the study providing informed consent and were varsity student-athletes at Ithaca College. Participants attended five lab sessions over a six-week period with testing occurring at four of the lab sessions. Performance was measured by trials of the reactive strength index-drop jump test (RSI-DJ), a pre-planned change of direction (COD) test, and a reactive agility test (RAT). Participants were familiarized with testing protocols that were followed by a baseline period where habitual sleep patterns were recorded ...


Virtual Vs. Reality: Comparing Resistance Exercise Session Efficacy Using A Fitness App Or A Fitness Professional, Matthew William Limoges Jan 2019

Virtual Vs. Reality: Comparing Resistance Exercise Session Efficacy Using A Fitness App Or A Fitness Professional, Matthew William Limoges

Ithaca College Theses

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of using a fitness software application (APP) compared to a fitness coach (COACH) on resistance exercise (RE) session efficacy. Methods: Sixteen healthy, college-aged males and females volunteered and completed a self-directed (SELF) RE condition using Cybex resistance machines for the leg press (LP), chest press (CP), seated row (SR), and shoulder press (SP) exercises. Participants were then randomized in counter-balanced fashion to complete a RE session with a COACH and another using an APP. Total and individual exercise volume was measured for each condition, along with ratings of perceived ...


Power Characteristics Of Conventional And Hexagonal Barbell Jump Squats, Josh Kieffer Jan 2019

Power Characteristics Of Conventional And Hexagonal Barbell Jump Squats, Josh Kieffer

Ithaca College Theses

Training to develop power typically involves performing a combination of slow-moving resistance exercises against heavy loads (e.g., back squats) and/or fast-moving exercises against light loads (e.g., jump squats). Hexagonal barbell exercises such as hexagonal barbell deadlift (HBD) and hexagobal barbell jump squats (HBJS) are commonly used alternatives to conventional barbell exercises such as the back squat (BS) and jump squat. The change in load position with these hexagonal barbell exercises appears to allow for greater force, velocity, and power compared to conventional barbell exercises, however knowledge on hexagonal barbell exercises is limited by lack of studies. The ...


Active Recovery Vs. Cold Water Immersion With Neoprene For Exercise Recovery, Edward Mussi Jr. Jan 2018

Active Recovery Vs. Cold Water Immersion With Neoprene For Exercise Recovery, Edward Mussi Jr.

Ithaca College Theses

Purpose: Active recovery (AR) and cold-water immersion (CWI) are currently the gold standards for intermittent exercise recovery and recovery across days, respectively. The localized cooling of cold water immersion inhibits its beneficial effects during intermittent recovery by decreasing power. Cold water immersion wearing a lower body neoprene suit (CWIN), however, reduces localized cooling and may potentiate beneficial effects, perhaps making CWI useful for intermittent recovery. Therefore, this project compared the effects of AR and CWIN on repeated sprint cycling performance. Methods: Ten physically active individuals volunteered to participate in the study; their mean and SD for age, height and weight ...


Psychological Predictors Of Injury In Division Iii Collegiate Student-Athletes, Jacob Raymond Schlierf Jan 2017

Psychological Predictors Of Injury In Division Iii Collegiate Student-Athletes, Jacob Raymond Schlierf

Ithaca College Theses

This study examined five psychological variables that have been reported to predict injury in collegiate athletes at the Division I level in an NCAA Division III population. It was hypothesized that 1) injuries sustained and the number of days missed due to injury would be predicted by life stress, social support, coping resources, trait anxiety, and hardiness; and 2) that life stress would be the strongest psychological predictor. Male and female participants (n = 125) from six Division III sport teams completed surveys measuring each variable, as well as demographical questions regarding gender, sport type, year in school, and previous injury ...


The Effect Of Foam Rolling Duration On Subsequent Power Performance, Jake Phillips Jan 2017

The Effect Of Foam Rolling Duration On Subsequent Power Performance, Jake Phillips

Ithaca College Theses

The use of a foam roller has become increasingly popular among athletes and casual exercisers; however, few studies have investigated the effects of foam rolling on subsequent exercise performance. This study was conducted using 24 healthy participants between the ages of 18 and 35 years who exercised at least three times a week. They each completed a familiarization with baseline and post-condition measurements made in the vertical jump test (VJ), pro-agility test (PA), modified weight bearing lunge test (WBL) and modified kneeling lunge test (MKL). In a partially randomized but balanced order, each subject was asked to perform three conditions ...


The Abdominal Musculature And Cycling Performance, Tamara Meuwissen Jan 2016

The Abdominal Musculature And Cycling Performance, Tamara Meuwissen

Ithaca College Theses

Purpose: The purpose was to determine if abdominal power and endurance were related to anaerobic and aerobic cycling performance and if abdominal fatigue influences cycling parameters. Methods: Twenty-three college aged subjects, whose X̅ ± SD for age, height, and weight, were 19.17 ± 1.0 years, 170.4 ± 7.5 cm, and 74.5 ± 14.1 kg, completed the front abdominal power throw and ACSM Crunch test so we could evaluate their abdominal power and endurance, respectively. The tests were completed twice across 48 hours to attenuate any learning effects. Twelve of the subjects completed the Wingate anaerobic power test on ...


The Effect Of Exercise Combined With Meditation On Blood Pressure, Adi Amit Jan 2015

The Effect Of Exercise Combined With Meditation On Blood Pressure, Adi Amit

Ithaca College Theses

Hypertension (HTN) is a highly influential risk factor for developing chronic disease, particularly cardiovascular disease (CV). Exercise has both an acute and chronic effect on blood pressure (BP) and can cause hypotension 5 min post-activity that can last for hours. Meditation is another effective HTN treatment but there are no existing studies testing the acute effects of combining meditation with exercise on BP. The main purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of practiced mindfulness meditation combined with exercise on both systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). A secondary purpose was to evaluate the ...


'Pouring Everything That You Are': Musician Experiences Of Optimal Performances, Jessica Ford Jan 2015

'Pouring Everything That You Are': Musician Experiences Of Optimal Performances, Jessica Ford

Ithaca College Theses

Flow is an elusive state of consciousness associated with enjoyment and total absorption in a task (Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; Sinnamon, Moran, & O’Connell, 2012). When in a state of flow, actions are effortless and intrinsically motivated. Because being in flow – or “the zone” – is associated with an optimal performance state, flow has been studied extensively in athletics (Jackson & Marsh, 1996). It is argued that flow is also important in artistic activities like music performance due to the focused and goal oriented attention needed for peak performance (Csikszentmihalyi, Abuhamdeh, & Nakamura, 2005; Perry, 1999; Sawyer, 1992). Yet, when compared to athletics, the flow experience has been rarely studied within the domain of music (Sinnamon et al., 2012). Empirical research examining flow in music suggests a need for in-depth interviews to better understand the essence of the flow experience. Semi-structured phenomenological interviews with musicians were conducted to illuminate aspects of flow presented during an optimal performance experience and to identify antecedents of flow. The data was compared to Csikszentmihalyi’s flow theory constructs ...


The Effectiveness Of Back Squats And Depth Jumps On Eliciting Postactivation Potentiation, Julie Landrigan Jan 2015

The Effectiveness Of Back Squats And Depth Jumps On Eliciting Postactivation Potentiation, Julie Landrigan

Ithaca College Theses

PURPOSE: Data show that heavy preload stimuli preceding a sprint can improve performance by eliciting postactivation potentiation (PAP), an increased intramuscular sensitivity to calcium that enhances cross-bridge cycling, thereby acutely enhancing force production and strength. The aim of this study was to compare depth jumps (DJ) to back squats (BS) as a means to elicit PAP in college aged female rowers. METHODS: Twenty Division III collegiate female athletes, whose mean ± SD for age, height, weight, and VO2 Max were, respectively, 18.9 ± 0.9y, 1.5 ± 0.05m, 60.7 ± 21.4kg and 42.8 ± 4.44 ml.kg ...


"I'M Still Molding Myself Into The Person I Want To Be": An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Of Physical Activity Within The Transition To Adulthood, William Way Jan 2014

"I'M Still Molding Myself Into The Person I Want To Be": An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Of Physical Activity Within The Transition To Adulthood, William Way

Ithaca College Theses

Across the lifespan, marked declines in daily physical activity (PA) have been found to coincide with the transition to adulthood (Zick et al., 2007). However, little is known about how emerging adults think about and engage in PA within the developmental context of their lives. An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (Smith et al., 2009) was conducted to inductively explore the experiential impact of PA within the transition to adulthood. Six highly physically active (MPA = 19 hrs/week; range = 7-27 hrs/week) emerging adults (3 male, 3 female; Mage = 25.5 years, range = 23-28) participated in semi-structured interviews. Analyses revealed three sub-themes ...


Examination Of Current Vo2max Criteria And The Necessity Of A Verification Phase Following A Maximal Incremental Ramp Test To Confirm Vo2max, Sarah Simunovich Jan 2012

Examination Of Current Vo2max Criteria And The Necessity Of A Verification Phase Following A Maximal Incremental Ramp Test To Confirm Vo2max, Sarah Simunovich

Ithaca College Theses

Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the criteria established to determine whether a true maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) has been measured. Specifically, this study aims to determine whether a verification phase following a VO2max test is necessary to confirm that a true VO2max has been measured in a non-athlete collegiate population. Background: Accurate measurement of VO2max is critical when used as a descriptive variable in exercise physiology research. Therefore, a number of criteria have been established for identification of true max measurement. However, a subject's ability to elicit ...


The Effect Of Betaine On Nitric Oxide And Cardiovascular Response To Exercise, J. Luke Pryor Jan 2010

The Effect Of Betaine On Nitric Oxide And Cardiovascular Response To Exercise, J. Luke Pryor

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute betaine (BT) supplementation, and exercise, on plasma nitric oxide (NO) levels and the related cardiovascular response (CVR).

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


The Effects Of An Erotic Video On Exercise, Joey Durgin Jan 2010

The Effects Of An Erotic Video On Exercise, Joey Durgin

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated how an erotic video affects submaximal and maximal exercise in heterosexual college-aged men.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Energy Expenditure Of Structural Firefighters During A Typical Work Shift, Kimberly J. Affeldt Jan 2010

Energy Expenditure Of Structural Firefighters During A Typical Work Shift, Kimberly J. Affeldt

Ithaca College Theses

This study examined the energy expenditure and heart rate of structural firefighters. Subjects included nine (N=9) full-time firefighters from Ithaca, NY, ranging in age from 21-48 years. All subjects completed four test days. Test day 1 included measurement of VO2max and anthropometric data. During test days 2-4, activity count to estimate energy expenditure (EE) and heart rate (HR) were measured simultaneously using an Actiheart Monitor. During each shift (test days 2-4), subjects were required to document all activity at 15 minute increments. Activities were subsequently classified as emergency response (ER), simulation training (ST) or other shift activities (SA ...


Manipulating The Extent Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Ankita Dubey Jan 2010

Manipulating The Extent Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Ankita Dubey

Ithaca College Theses

Purpose: The purpose of study was to determine if three discrete levels of soreness can be identified using various magnitudes of eccentric triceps exercise in non-resistance trained, college-aged students. Methods: Male (n=12) and female (n=12) subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to a 20-, 40-, or 60-repetition group (n=8). Subjects performed maximal eccentric triceps contraction at 90''s-1 on a Cybex isokinetic dynamometer. Measurement of peak torque (PT), arm circumference (2, 6, and 9 cm), relaxed arm angle (RANG), elbow range of motion (ROM), descriptor differential scale (DDS) (sensation and unpleasantness), and creatine kinase (CK) were done ...


Effect Of Distraction On Exercise Steady State, Jigar Shah Jan 2009

Effect Of Distraction On Exercise Steady State, Jigar Shah

Ithaca College Theses

This study was conducted to determine if distraction during exercise affects the exercise steady state. If distraction affected the exercise steady state, then a secondary purpose was to determine if coping strategies (cognitive training) improve task focus thus maintaining steady state. Forty participants volunteered and a repeated measures design was employed. All participants exercised on an elliptical trainer (self-paced device) during Visit I and distractions were initiated while they were exercising. On the second day (Visit 2) participants were divided into a treatment and control group and followed the Visit I procedure exactly except that the treatment group received cognitive ...


Optimizing Power Output By Varying Repetition Tempo, Riana Czapla Jan 2009

Optimizing Power Output By Varying Repetition Tempo, Riana Czapla

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated how varying interrepetition rest and eccentric velocity affected power output and the number of repetitions performed during a set of bench press. Subjects were 24 resistance trained males recruited from Ithaca College. Subjects completed I repetition maximum (1 RM) testing and on six subsequent days completed a set of bench press at 80% 1 RM until failure. Each set of bench press was at a different tempo involving varying eccentric phases (1 or 4 s), bottom rest (0 or 3 s), and interrepetition rest (0 or 4 s) intervals. A reflective marker on the bar tracked positional ...


The Influence Of Sleep And Exercise On Cognitive Function In College-Aged Students, Thomasita Collins-Reynolds Jan 2008

The Influence Of Sleep And Exercise On Cognitive Function In College-Aged Students, Thomasita Collins-Reynolds

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated how low intensity exercise affects sleep deprivation induced cognitive deficit in college-aged students.


The Effect Of Respiratory Muscle Training On 20km Cycling Time Trial Performance, Chad Butts Jan 2007

The Effect Of Respiratory Muscle Training On 20km Cycling Time Trial Performance, Chad Butts

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of concurrent inspiratory and expiratory muscle training (CRMT) on maximal and sub-maximal exercise performance. [This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


The Effect Of Cycling Cadence On The Cycle-Run Transition In Triathletes, Sharon L. Fitzgerald Jan 2007

The Effect Of Cycling Cadence On The Cycle-Run Transition In Triathletes, Sharon L. Fitzgerald

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated the effect of deviating from triathletes' preferred cycling cadence (PC) on triathlon cycle-run transition and 10 km run performance.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Sex Differences In Central And Peripheral Factors Of Skeletal Muscle Fatigue, Sally A. Gore Jan 2007

Sex Differences In Central And Peripheral Factors Of Skeletal Muscle Fatigue, Sally A. Gore

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in muscle fatigue between male and female athletes matched for muscle mass.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Oxygen Consumption Of Firefighters During Occupationally Specific Tasks, Kelly Brady Jan 2007

Oxygen Consumption Of Firefighters During Occupationally Specific Tasks, Kelly Brady

Ithaca College Theses

This study evaluated the physiological costs of specific occupational firefighter (FF) tasks. Subjects were 30 active FF's (>20 hours/month on duty) with a mean age of 34+8.69 years. Measurements including oxygen consumption and heart rate (HR) were recorded while a subject performed occupational tasks designed to simulate the challenges of firefighting. These tasks are typically components of a mandatory, pre-employment physical fitness assessment. Each subject completed two days of testing. Day one included a VO2max test on a treadmill. On day two, HR and oxygen consumption were measured during two FF tasks including a stair ...


Heart Rate Measurements After Group Exercise, Dinesh John Jan 2006

Heart Rate Measurements After Group Exercise, Dinesh John

Ithaca College Theses

The purposes of this study were to measure the typical delay in obtaining palpated postexercise heart rate (HR) by participants in a group exercise class and to determine if actual exercise HR can be predicted from immediate HR recovery (HRR) measures by examining the linearity of HR decline postexercise,

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


An Analysis Of Motor Coordination In Fit Versus Less Fit Young Adult Males, Joshua M. Mccaig Jan 2006

An Analysis Of Motor Coordination In Fit Versus Less Fit Young Adult Males, Joshua M. Mccaig

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the motor coordination components of movement between young adult males who are physically fit versus those who are less fit.


Effects Of The Menstrual Cycle On Strength And Power In Female Collegiate Athletes, Christine A. Nabinger Jan 2006

Effects Of The Menstrual Cycle On Strength And Power In Female Collegiate Athletes, Christine A. Nabinger

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of the menstrual cycle on elements of power and strength as required in the aforementioned sports [soccer, field hockey, and lacrosse].


High-Intensity Interval Training In Well-Trained Cyclists : Consecutive Days Versus Alternating Days, Micah A. Gross Jan 2006

High-Intensity Interval Training In Well-Trained Cyclists : Consecutive Days Versus Alternating Days, Micah A. Gross

Ithaca College Theses

Purpose: This study compared the effects of 3 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on well-trained cyclists when three weekly HIT sessions were performed on either consecutive or non-consecutive days. Methods: Fifteen well-trained cyclists volunteered to participate in the study. They performed a 5-km time-trial (TT5k) and an incremental test to assess peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and peak aerobic power output (PPOa), and were divided into two matched-pair groups based on TT5k performance. For 3 weeks, one group (N=9) performed three HIT sessions per week on consecutive days, while the other group (N=6) did ...


Factors That Influence The Confidence Of Elite Junior Olympic Female Volleyball Players, Carolyn Bell Jan 2005

Factors That Influence The Confidence Of Elite Junior Olympic Female Volleyball Players, Carolyn Bell

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to assess and describe those factors that influenced the confidence level of elite level Junior Olympic female volleyball players 18 years of age.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Comparison Of Rowing On A Stationary And Dynamic Ergometer, Aaron Benson Jan 2005

Comparison Of Rowing On A Stationary And Dynamic Ergometer, Aaron Benson

Ithaca College Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between rowing on a stationary (SE) and dynamic (DE) ergometer.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]