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The Effect Of Yoga On The Total Number Of Off-Task Behaviors For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Ashley N. Jovick Jan 2019

The Effect Of Yoga On The Total Number Of Off-Task Behaviors For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Ashley N. Jovick

Theses and projects

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disability. Signs will usually appear during early childhood and affect a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a ‘spectrum condition’ that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees. Two major behaviors associated with ASD are poor motor skills and sensory activities.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation is to examine the effectiveness of yoga on reducing off-task behaviors in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

METHODS: Off-task behavior data will be taken in Baseline and Intervention Phases. Video ...


Application Of The Predicted Repetitions-To-Failure Perceived Exertion Scale For The Nfl-225lb Bench Press Test, Anthony G. Ratto Jan 2019

Application Of The Predicted Repetitions-To-Failure Perceived Exertion Scale For The Nfl-225lb Bench Press Test, Anthony G. Ratto

Theses and projects

PURPOSE: To assess how accurately Division II NCAA football players can predict repetitions-to-failure (RTF) during the bench press exercise using an absolute load of 225-lbs by comparing predicted repetitions-to-failure with actual repetitions-to-failure. METHODS: Twenty football players (age 20 ± 2 years; height 1.85 ± .06 m; weight 110.1 ± 19.3 kg) without muscular or skeletal injuries were tested for their 1repetition maximum (1-RM) in the bench press, and then performed 1 set to concentric failure with 225-lbs. Subjects predicted how many repetitions they could perform after the warm-up and again after the fourth, eighth, twelfth repetitions. A general regression analysis ...


The Effects Of Circuit Training On Decreasing Off-Task Behaviors For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Juan C. Hernandez Jan 2019

The Effects Of Circuit Training On Decreasing Off-Task Behaviors For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Juan C. Hernandez

Theses and projects

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing developmental disability according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Prevalence shows that 1 in 59 children are born with Autism Spectrum Disorder, and having this population engage in physical activity will reduce off-task behavior. The purpose of this study is to determine the benefits of circuit training on decreasing off-task behavior while improving health for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, and encourage parents, teachers, and specialist to incorporate similar drills, activities, and exercises with the ASD population. In this study, a special education high school teacher and APE instructor will ...


The Effect Of Interval Intensity On Time To Exhaustion During High Intensity Interval Training (Hiit) Running In Recreational Male Runners, Andrew M. Hahn Jan 2019

The Effect Of Interval Intensity On Time To Exhaustion During High Intensity Interval Training (Hiit) Running In Recreational Male Runners, Andrew M. Hahn

Theses and projects

High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) has become extremely popular in recent years, however, current HIIT prescriptions lack guidelines regarding interval intensities and associated margins. The purpose of this study is to investigate Run Time to Exhaustion (Te) and provide insight regarding HIIT intensities for future aerobic exercise programming. Ten healthy adult male recreational runners (Age=22.9 ± 2.5 yr., Ht=1.72 ± 0.1m, BM=74.1 ± 7.4 kg) measured maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) (52.4 ± 6.1ml/kg/min) with a graded exercise test (GXT). Running speed was determined using ACSM running equation for exercise metabolism. Protocols ...


Exercise And The Effects Of Off-Task Time Behavior During Academic Time Among Children With Disabilities, Morgan L. Wood Jan 2019

Exercise And The Effects Of Off-Task Time Behavior During Academic Time Among Children With Disabilities, Morgan L. Wood

Theses and projects

BACKGROUND: Physical activity participation has decreased, especially for the special education community. With no time for exercise, or the proper exercise, on task time for children with intellectual disabilities can be a very challenging time.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a physical activity program (i.e., yoga) on the total number of off-task behaviors and total time on-task for children with I.D. during their academic period.

METHODS: On task time data will be collected during control and experimental sessions. Statistical analysis will be conducted to determine if exercise before instructional time effects ...


Changing Parental Perceptions Of Children With Disabilities Physical Capability In Physical Activity Through A Family Fitness Program, Katelyn R. A. Knupper Jan 2018

Changing Parental Perceptions Of Children With Disabilities Physical Capability In Physical Activity Through A Family Fitness Program, Katelyn R. A. Knupper

Theses and projects

Children with disabilities are not participating in enough physical activity to meet the recommendations for health benefits. Parental perceptions of their child’s physical competence has a role in influencing physical activity levels. Parental perceptions can be improved through observations of their children in successful physical situations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze change in parental perceptions of their child’s physical competence after participating in a family-centered physical activity program. Five parents with a child aged six to 21 years with a disability participated in this study. Parental perceptions were assessed with the Perceived Competence Scale ...


The Effect Of Stride Frequencies On Running Performance At The Velocity Of Vo2max, Boram Lim Jan 2018

The Effect Of Stride Frequencies On Running Performance At The Velocity Of Vo2max, Boram Lim

Theses and projects

Running economy(RE) is considered to be a critical factor to improve running performance. Stride frequency(SF) is an important variable for determining RE. The importance of SF has gained more attention in recent years, especially for recreational runners. However, no previous research has investigated the interaction between running performance and SF at the velocity of VO2max. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of five different SF variations on running performance until volitional fatigue at the velocity of VO2max. METHODS: Fourteen male recreational runners (Age = 25.8 ± 4.96 years, Height = 171 ± 6.2cm, Body Mass = 71 ...


Hobby Preferences And Physical Activity Participation Among Children With And Without Autism Spectrum Disorder, Scott M. Russell Jan 2018

Hobby Preferences And Physical Activity Participation Among Children With And Without Autism Spectrum Disorder, Scott M. Russell

Theses and projects

BACKGROUND: Children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit low physical activity levels and are at an increased risk for health problems related to sedentary behaviors. Hobby preferences have been shown to influence physical activity participation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the hobby preferences of children with ASD and determine if there are differences depending on the children’s physical activity level and the nature of their preferred activities. A secondary purpose is to describe the hobby preferences of children with ASD. METHODS: Participants include 98 nine-year-old children (with and without ASD) from the National Growing ...


The Effects Of Prophylactic Ankle Bracing On Knee And Hip Mechanics In Basketball Players During Jump Landing, Riann Thayer Jan 2018

The Effects Of Prophylactic Ankle Bracing On Knee And Hip Mechanics In Basketball Players During Jump Landing, Riann Thayer

Theses and projects

Background: Many athletes of various sports have been required to wear ankle braces for prophylactic uses. Ankle braces have been shown to decrease range of motion in all directions, which means the main force absorption mechanism of the ankle may be inhibited. This decrease in force absorption at the ankle may increase the mechanical demands at the more proximal knee and hip joints. In this study, the change in knee, hip and lower back mechanics will be investigated to gain understanding as to whether bracing the ankle could create a higher injury potential. Methods: In this study, 12 intercollegiate basketball ...


Reliability And Validity Of A Modified Anaerobic Speed Test To Determine Anaerobic Capacity In Ncaa Division Ii Soccer Players, Kenji Murao Jan 2017

Reliability And Validity Of A Modified Anaerobic Speed Test To Determine Anaerobic Capacity In Ncaa Division Ii Soccer Players, Kenji Murao

Projects

Anaerobic capacity is an important performance variable for soccer athletes to compete at higher levels of competition. The purpose of this study was to develop a sports-specific anaerobic capacity test for soccer players that could be administered on commercial treadmills found in most exercise facilities. The Wingate Anaerobic test (WAnT) is the most common test for anaerobic capacity, however it is a cycle ergometer test, which is not sports-specific to running type athletes. The Anaerobic Speed Test (AST) is an anaerobic capacity test on a treadmill, however the testing protocol (20% incline) cannot be done on commercial treadmills because they ...


The Health, Fitness, And Anthropometric Characteristics Of Firefighters On The North Coast Of California, Gil Spitz Jan 2017

The Health, Fitness, And Anthropometric Characteristics Of Firefighters On The North Coast Of California, Gil Spitz

Theses and projects

ABSTRACT

THE HEALTH, FITNESS AND ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FIREFIGHTERS ON THE NORTH COAST OF CALIFORNIA

Gil Spitz

Limited research has been conducted on the health-related physical fitness level of rural firefighters on the northern coast of California. The geographic isolation of rural firefighters creates unique challenges, including staffing shortages placing individual firefighters under unusual physiological stress.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the health-related physical fitness status of rural firefighters.

METHODS: 20 male firefighters (mean±sd, age = 32±7 yr, height = 180±5 cm, body mass = 96±16 kg, fire service = 9±7 yr) on the northern ...


The Facilitators And Barriers To Physical Activity: The Perspective Of Adults With Disabilities, Elizabeth K. Keener Jan 2017

The Facilitators And Barriers To Physical Activity: The Perspective Of Adults With Disabilities, Elizabeth K. Keener

Theses and projects

Children and adults with disabilities are at greater risk of developing higher levels of obesity, and chronic diseases associated with obesity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014). Physical activity is crucial to maintaining health, mobility, and slowing disease progression for all people, especially those experiencing disability. Despite this fact, physical activity levels in individuals with disabilities are very low (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2006). Lower physical activity levels in are the result of a complex interactions of personal and environmental factors that unfold across a lifespan. Research on the facilitators and barriers to physical activity ...


The Differences In Academic Achievement In Fit, Healthy, And Unfit 7th Grade Students, David Pauls Jan 2017

The Differences In Academic Achievement In Fit, Healthy, And Unfit 7th Grade Students, David Pauls

Theses and projects

There is an abundance of research showing significant positive relationships between academic achievement and physical fitness. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between academic achievement and different levels of physical fitness. The participants were 283 7th grade students from a small, rural middle school in Northern California during 2011/12, 2012/13, 2014/15 academic school years. Academic achievement data came from the STAR (Standardized Testing and Reporting) test and CAASPP (California Assessment of Student Learning and Progress) test. Physical fitness data came from the FITNESSGRAM Physical Fitness Test. A MANOVA was performed on the ...


The Effect Of Workload Reductions On Anaerobic Work During High Intensity Running, Taylor Keith Kennon Jan 2017

The Effect Of Workload Reductions On Anaerobic Work During High Intensity Running, Taylor Keith Kennon

Theses and projects

Anaerobic capacity has implications in health and sport. Sprint interval training improves anaerobic capacity, aerobic factors, as well as performance performance. Optimal durations for taxing anaerobic capacity have been shown to be 60 seconds, and have been elicited using the Anaerobic Speed Test. In order to maintain this optimal duration for multiple sets, a decreasing workloads method must be used as fatigue increases following each set. These work-loading methods must be compared to determine which protocol allows for the maximum exercise volume to be achieved. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of three different workload protocols ...


Effects Of A Post-Activation Potentiation Warm-Up On Submaximal Parallel Back Squat Volume, Rating Of Perceived Exertion, Peak Velocity, And Peak Power, Carlton Wei Jan 2017

Effects Of A Post-Activation Potentiation Warm-Up On Submaximal Parallel Back Squat Volume, Rating Of Perceived Exertion, Peak Velocity, And Peak Power, Carlton Wei

Theses and projects

Resistance training (RT) is effective for improving athletic performance, with specific training loads and volumes dictating the adaptations. A warm-up is necessary to safely and effectively engage in RT: typically with a low intensity aerobic activity, stretching, and movement specific potentiating exercises. Post-activation potentiation (PAP) acutely increases muscular power following a conditioning contraction, though limited research has assessed its use for RT. The purpose of this study was to assess how a PAP warm-up protocol affects volume, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and peak velocity and power with 75%1RM in the barbell parallel back squat (PBS) exercise across 4 ...


The Effects Of A Concussion On Dynamic Stability And Cognitive Performance During Single And Dual Task Tandem Gait, Erin Lodwick Jan 2017

The Effects Of A Concussion On Dynamic Stability And Cognitive Performance During Single And Dual Task Tandem Gait, Erin Lodwick

Theses and projects

PURPOSE: It is estimated that between 1.6 and 3.8 million concussions occur in the United States every year during competitive sports. To limit the risk of returning an athlete to play too soon a sensitive and reliable assessment is needed. Static balance assessments that are used currently only detect very short term balance deficits (1-3 days). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a concussion on dynamic stability and more specifically if those effects are seen to a greater degree with the addition of a secondary cognitive task. METHODS: This study used 18 Humboldt ...


Physical Health And Physical Self-Concept: A Comparison Of Physical Activity Electives At The Middle School Level, Lisa J. Jennings Jan 2017

Physical Health And Physical Self-Concept: A Comparison Of Physical Activity Electives At The Middle School Level, Lisa J. Jennings

Theses and projects

ABSTRACT

Physical Health and Physical Self-Description: A Comparison of Physical Activity Electives at the Middle School Level

Lisa Jennings

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare traditional physical education with Zumba to determine which method is the most appropriate and beneficial to the psychological development and well-being of children and adolescents, as well as the ability to increase the activity rates and levels in the United States.

Design: Survey/Questionnaire and Observation Experimental

Methods: Participants included a total of 53 students, currently enrolled in one of two PA elective courses, physical education or Zumba dance class. Participants included ...


The Effectiveness Of Physical Activity Interventions On Young Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Meta-Analysis, Adam Nacario Jan 2016

The Effectiveness Of Physical Activity Interventions On Young Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Meta-Analysis, Adam Nacario

Theses and projects

Objective: The purpose of the study is to examine the efficacy of physical activity interventions and practices on psychomotor, cognitive, or affective outcomes on young individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

Methods: Standard meta-analytical procedures determining inclusion criteria, literature searches in electronic databases, coding procedures, and statistical methods were used to identify and synthesize articles retained for analysis. Cohen’s d (1988) will be utilized in order to interpret effect sizes and quantify research findings. The impact was assessed using coding procedures that categorize independent variables.

Results: A total of 23 independent samples (N=896) were utilized in this ...