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Theses/Dissertations

Kinesiology

Boise State University

Breast hypertrophy

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Differences In Upper Body Posture And Postural Muscle Activation In Females With Larger Breast Sizes, Mindy Bennett May 2009

Differences In Upper Body Posture And Postural Muscle Activation In Females With Larger Breast Sizes, Mindy Bennett

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Breast hypertrophy is a common medical condition whose morbidity has increased over recent decades. Symptoms of breast hypertrophy often include musculoskeletal pain in the neck, back and shoulders, and numerous psychosocial health burdens. To date, reduction mammaplasty (RM) is the only treatment shown to significantly reduce the severity of the symptoms associated with breast hypertrophy. However, due to a lack of scientific evidence in the medical literature justifying the medical necessity of RM, insurance companies often deny requests for coverage of this procedure. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate biomechanical differences in the upper body of women ...