Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Theses/Dissertations

Food Science

2015

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 110

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Hd2d Is A Regulator Of Abscisic Acid Responses In Arabidopsis, Joshua A. Farhi Dec 2015

Hd2d Is A Regulator Of Abscisic Acid Responses In Arabidopsis, Joshua A. Farhi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Histone deacetylases have important roles in development and stress response in plants. To further investigate their function, the HD2D gene, of the plant specific HD2 family, was studied. An hd2d-1 mutant and two HD2D overexpression lines were used in this study. Germination was delayed in hd2d-1 and HD2D overexpression seeds only in the presence of ABA. HD2D was found to positively regulate the expression of members of the ABA-response pathway (ABI1, ABI5, and RD29A) leading to increased resistance to drought and salinity treatments. Furthermore, HD2D expression delayed flowering by positively regulating FLC expression. Using bimolecular fluorescence complementation, the HD2D protein ...


Hospital Practices Related To Breastfeeding In Mississippi: A Socio-Ecological Approach, Amir Alakaam Dec 2015

Hospital Practices Related To Breastfeeding In Mississippi: A Socio-Ecological Approach, Amir Alakaam

Dissertations

Mississippi continues to have one of the lowest rates and the weakest support in respect to breastfeeding in the nation (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014a). Hospital practices supporting breastfeeding such as the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding (TSSB) can dramatically increase breastfeeding rates and duration (Rosenberg, Stull, Adler, Kasehagen, & Crivelli-Kovach, 2008). The aim of this study was to explore breastfeeding practices in Mississippi hospitals based on two levels of the Socio-Ecological Model: the organizational level (phase I) examined the hospital practices based on the level of implementation of the TSSB; the individual level (phase II) examined knowledge and practices related to breastfeeding, and interest to adopt the TSSB among maternity nurses in the hospitals. Correlations among the variables were also measured. Moreover, the researcher was interested in identifying the barriers and facilitators to implementing the TSSB in maternity practices ...


Influence Of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Isolated From “Amabere Amaruranu” Cultured Milk On Adipogenesis, Justin E. Kotala Dec 2015

Influence Of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Isolated From “Amabere Amaruranu” Cultured Milk On Adipogenesis, Justin E. Kotala

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study was performed to test the in vitro effects of a Lactobacillus rhamnosus isolate from “amabere amaruranu”, a traditional Kenyan cultured milk, on 3T3-L1 and Caco-2 cell lines. Cultures of fully mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with bacterial isolate cell extract (CE), filtered spent broth (FSB) from overnight bacterial culture, or with a PBS control. Expression levels of PPAR³1 and 2, C/EBP±, and ATGL proteins in 3T3-L1 cells were upregulated by FSB treatment. CE treatment did not affect protein expression levels. Expression of MTTP and SREBP-1c proteins in Caco-2 cells showed no change with either treatment. Optical density ...


Microbial Safety, Shelf Life Stability, Quality Preservation, And Consumer Acceptance Of Vacuum-Infused, Irradiated Chicken Breast Meat Treated With Natural Plant Extracts And Organic Acids, Kenneth Franklin Over Dec 2015

Microbial Safety, Shelf Life Stability, Quality Preservation, And Consumer Acceptance Of Vacuum-Infused, Irradiated Chicken Breast Meat Treated With Natural Plant Extracts And Organic Acids, Kenneth Franklin Over

Theses and Dissertations

Contamination of poultry products with food borne pathogens is a consistently recurring problem in the United States and the world. Recalls associated with chicken contamination are responsible for considerable economic losses to the poultry industry. Many decontamination steps are currently in place to reduce the likelihood of contaminated products reaching the consumer, but despite these safeguards, contamination events are still uncomfortably frequent. Irradiation is a safe and effective means of ensuring the safety of both ready-to-cook and ready-to-eat poultry but is not utilized in the United States. This is due, in part, to certain irradiation dose-dependent quality characteristic defects associated ...


A Simulation Platform For Accurate Prediction Of In-Bin Drying And Storage Of Rough Rice, Houmin Zhong Dec 2015

A Simulation Platform For Accurate Prediction Of In-Bin Drying And Storage Of Rough Rice, Houmin Zhong

Theses and Dissertations

Natural air (NA), in-bin drying and storage of rough rice generally maintains high grain quality, but the associated slow movement and occasional stagnation of the drying front during the process may result in problems of rice quality reduction, mold growth, and mycotoxin development, especially for rough rice in the top layers of the bin. Using modeling techniques to simulate in-bin rough rice drying in typically-encountered field scenarios may provide a tool for rapidly predicting the grain condition as drying progresses. The objectives for this study were to (1) investigate accurate models for predicting equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of rough rice ...


Development And Testing Of Supplemental Materials For An Undergraduate Healthy Food Product Development Curriculum, Breanne Halteman Dec 2015

Development And Testing Of Supplemental Materials For An Undergraduate Healthy Food Product Development Curriculum, Breanne Halteman

All Theses

ABSTRACT The goal of this research project was three-fold: (1) to follow up with students who had taken the Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development (AIPD) course two years prior to assess the long-term effect of the course on perceived self-confidence in product development skills, connectedness with the department, and preparedness to enter the industry; (2) to design, implement, and evaluate course materials educating undergraduate students about the subjects of herbs, spices, and sensory science; and (3) to evaluate the success of dissemination of a sophomore-level hybrid course on healthy food product development. A Subject Knowledge Assessment (SKA) was designed to measure ...


Effects Of Semi-Rigid Plastic Tray Geometry On Thermal Processing And Quality Factors In Retorted Foods, Curtis Stowe Dec 2015

Effects Of Semi-Rigid Plastic Tray Geometry On Thermal Processing And Quality Factors In Retorted Foods, Curtis Stowe

All Dissertations

This research studied the effect of packaging geometry changes on heat penetration and quality attributes of a food system processed in a rotary retort vessel. Studies were conducted to determine the effect of package geometry in a rotary retort on heat penetration, analytical, and physical properties of a model food system processed at optimum conditions. Additionally, heat mapping for each shape was used to determine the heating profiles during retorting. Retort-able trays were filled with a tomato based food simulate and thermally processed in a water immersion, automated batch retort system (ABRS) using rotational speeds of 6 RPM and 11 ...


Chemical Disinfectants For The Inactivation Of The Emerging Foodborne Aichi Virus, Andres Ignacio Arreaza Dec 2015

Chemical Disinfectants For The Inactivation Of The Emerging Foodborne Aichi Virus, Andres Ignacio Arreaza

Masters Theses

Aichi virus (AiV) is an emerging virus responsible for gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. Improved decontamination methods are being researched to control AiV spread. The effects of common hard surface disinfectants including benzalkonium chloride (BAC), potassium peroxymonosulfate (KPMS), tribasic sodium phosphate (TSP) as well as sodium metasilicate (SMS) and calcium hypochlorite (Ca(ClO)2) [calcium hypochlorite] against AiV need to be explored. The objective of this research was to determine their effects against AiV using suspension and carrier tests over various contact times at room temperature. Phosphate buffered saline (pH 7.2 as control), 0.64% BAC, 10% KPMS, 10% TSP, 0 ...


Evaluation Of A Natural Antimicrobial-Based Sanitizer As An Alternative To Chlorine For Reducing Foodborne Pathogenic Bacteria On Organic Produce, Ellen Rebecca Simmons Dec 2015

Evaluation Of A Natural Antimicrobial-Based Sanitizer As An Alternative To Chlorine For Reducing Foodborne Pathogenic Bacteria On Organic Produce, Ellen Rebecca Simmons

Masters Theses

There is a need for the development of a “natural” sanitizing agent to reduce or eliminate foodborne pathogens that meets USDA organic standards, as an alternative to chlorine. The sanitizer needs to eliminate foodborne pathogens and prevent cross contamination in rinse liquids in the presence of organic matter. In this study, the focus was to evaluate a natural antimicrobial-based sanitizing (NABS) agent in rinse liquids to determine if it was capable of eliminating foodborne pathogens on organic produce through cross-contamination studies. Five-serovar/strain cocktails of pathogenic bacteria were combined to form an inoculum cocktail, which was used to inoculate the ...


Improving Extraction Of Allergenic Soy Proteins From Soy Products, Amma Konadu Amponsah Dec 2015

Improving Extraction Of Allergenic Soy Proteins From Soy Products, Amma Konadu Amponsah

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With recent increase in the utilization of soy proteins, there are mounting concerns of the escalation of soy allergies. It is, therefore, important to improve current methods of allergen detection to ensure accurate labeling of foods, produce more reliable and representative results in studies to create hypoallergenic food and establish allergen thresholds. The conditions used to extract proteins from foods are important determinants for appropriate detection and interpretation of the allergenicity of food materials. The extraction of soy proteins for soy allergen detections is conventionally performed with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) buffer for an extraction period of at least 2 ...


Extraction, Purification And Characterization Of A Pure Peptide From Soybean To Demonstrate Anti-Proliferation Activity On Human Cancer Cells And Test The Ability Of Soy Peptide Fractions In Reducing The Activity Of Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme, Srinivas Jairam Rayaprolu Dec 2015

Extraction, Purification And Characterization Of A Pure Peptide From Soybean To Demonstrate Anti-Proliferation Activity On Human Cancer Cells And Test The Ability Of Soy Peptide Fractions In Reducing The Activity Of Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme, Srinivas Jairam Rayaprolu

Theses and Dissertations

Proteins are of major interest for nutritional value, functionality and sensory characteristics in foods, and biological activity as health-promoting ingredients. A large number of potential biological activities are encrypted within the primary structures of animal and plant proteins. This research has been based on utilizing a legume by-product, soybean meal, to obtain value-added protein products. Forty four Arkansas grown soybean lines were subjected to analysis for protein and amino acid (profile) content to select lines that have high protein attributes. Three soybean lines, R95-1705 (high yielding, non-transgenic and high protein), N98-445A and S03-543CR (bred for high oleic acid - monounsaturated fatty ...


Impacts Of Feedstock And Parboiling Conditions On Quality Characteristics Of Parboiled Rice, Kanokporn Leethanapanich Dec 2015

Impacts Of Feedstock And Parboiling Conditions On Quality Characteristics Of Parboiled Rice, Kanokporn Leethanapanich

Theses and Dissertations

Parboiling involves soaking, steaming, and drying, and is known to improve head rice yield (HRY), remove chalkiness, and retain nutrients. Because of an increasing number of rice cultivars developed, commingling of rice may happen during harvesting, distributing, or storage. Using commingled rice with a wide range of gelatinization temperatures (To) as a feedstock may cause inconsistent parboiled rice products. Therefore, this study was aimed at investigating the effect of soaking temperature and steaming duration on the quality of parboiled, commingled rice. Rough rice samples of individual or commingled rice cultivars with different To ranges were soaked at different temperatures (25 ...


Composition Of Four Selected Arkansas-Grown Non-Gmo Soybean Cultivars And The Development Of High Protein Beverage Using A Selected Soybean Protein Hydrolysate, Quyen Tran Phuong Nguyen Dec 2015

Composition Of Four Selected Arkansas-Grown Non-Gmo Soybean Cultivars And The Development Of High Protein Beverage Using A Selected Soybean Protein Hydrolysate, Quyen Tran Phuong Nguyen

Theses and Dissertations

Protein beverages made with non-genetically modified (non-GM) ingredients have been in demand due to the increasing consumers’ interest in healthy eating habit. Beverages formulated with non-GM soy protein are rare in the United States market since 93% soybeans planted in U.S (2013) are labeled as GM. This study aimed to develop protein hydrolysate beverages using one cultivar among the four Arkansas grown non-GM soybean cultivars including Osage, R95-1705, R08-4004 and R05-4969. R08-4004 was selected since it had the highest amounts of the three branched amino acids including Phenylalanine (51.4 mg/g), Leucine (74.9 mg/g), and Isoleucine ...


Application Of Bacteriophage Cocktail In Leafy Green Wash Water To Control Salmonella Enterica, Andrea W. Lo Nov 2015

Application Of Bacteriophage Cocktail In Leafy Green Wash Water To Control Salmonella Enterica, Andrea W. Lo

Masters Theses

Produce is responsible for 46% of all foodborne illnesses in the USA. Salmonella enterica causes 19,000 hospitalizations each year, and has been associated with produce. Presently, chlorine based sanitizers are most often used, however organic matter reduces its antimicrobial activity. Bacteriophage treatments are an all-natural, alternative method for pathogen inactivation. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a five-strain bacteriophage treatment against a S. enterica cocktail in simulated wash waters at different temperatures. Bacteriophage and S. enterica were enumerated in simulated wash water solutions. One set of experiments studied bacteriophage and S. enterica growth in ...


Development Of Nanoemulsion-Based Delivery Systems For Evaluation Of Triglycerides Bioactivity In Caernohabditis Elegans, Jose D. Colmenares Nov 2015

Development Of Nanoemulsion-Based Delivery Systems For Evaluation Of Triglycerides Bioactivity In Caernohabditis Elegans, Jose D. Colmenares

Masters Theses

Digestion and absorption of bioactive free fatty acids have been studied using the nematode Caernohabditis elegans (C. elegans). However, fatty acids mostly occur in foods in the form of triglycerides, which are highly hydrophobic molecules with low water-solubility, thereby making it difficult to study the fate of ingested fatty acids in C. elegans. The purpose of this research was to develop a method to deliver hydrophobic bioactives, including triglycerides, into C. elegans. Nanoemulsions containing triglyceride nanoparticles were prepared by sonication, and nanoparticle ingestion was confirmed by optical and confocal microscopy, and quantified by spectrometry. Changes in fatty acid composition were ...


Biotransformation Of Polymethoxyflavones By Gut Microbiome And Molecular Characterization Of Polymethoxyflavones By Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Changchu Ma Nov 2015

Biotransformation Of Polymethoxyflavones By Gut Microbiome And Molecular Characterization Of Polymethoxyflavones By Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Changchu Ma

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs), a unique class of flavonoids found in citrus fruits has shown beneficial bioactivities. Biological fate of PMFs in the gastrointestinal tract is critical for their bioactivities. PMFs can be biotransformed to produce various metabolites with different bioactivities, and PMFs can also interact with the food matrix, which in turn affects their bioactivities. Therefore, we investigated the biotransformation of two PMFs, namely nobiletin (NBT) and 5-hydroxylnobiletin (5HN) by the gut microbiome. Mice were fed with NBT or 5HN, and small intestinal contents were collected and subjected to anaerobic fermentation by gut microbiome isolated from mice and human volunteers. HPLC ...


Fabrication, Characterization And Biological Fate Of Phytochemical Delivery System, Jingjing Chen Nov 2015

Fabrication, Characterization And Biological Fate Of Phytochemical Delivery System, Jingjing Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymethoxyflvones (PMFs) are a group compounds with promising cancer preventing activities and many other health benefits. There's a growing interest in fabricating delivery systems for PMFs as well as other phytochemicals due to their low water solubility. Firstly, we use nanoemulsion delivery system to encapsulate β-carotene. Sonication assisted method was developed to dissolve β-carotene to ensure minimum degradation. Powdered nanoemulsion was obtained after spray dry and freeze dry. Sample obtained after freeze dry showed better physiochemical characteristics. Then we use protein nanoparticle delivery system to encapsulate PMFS. The nanoparticle delivery system was fabricated by mixing the aqueous phase ...


Pro- And Antioxidant Effects Of Phospholipids On Lipid Oxidation In Bulk Oil, Leqi Cui Nov 2015

Pro- And Antioxidant Effects Of Phospholipids On Lipid Oxidation In Bulk Oil, Leqi Cui

Doctoral Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to explore how phospholipids at concentrations similar as in refined vegetable oils impact bulk oil lipid oxidation. The possible formation of association colloids and synergism with primary antioxidants are considered. The results provided a better understanding of the pro- and antioxidant activities of phospholipids.

Lipid oxidation leads to quality deterioration by generating off-flavor, nutrient loss, color alteration, texture changes, and even generation of potential toxic products. Phospholipids are important minor components in edible oil that play a role in lipid oxidation. Surface active phospholipids have an intermediate hydrophilic–lipophilic balance value, which allows them ...


Role Of Lipid-Based Delivery Systems In The Biological Fate Of Lipophilic Nutraceuticals And Inorganic Nano-Particles In The Gastrointestinal Tract, Mingfei Yao Nov 2015

Role Of Lipid-Based Delivery Systems In The Biological Fate Of Lipophilic Nutraceuticals And Inorganic Nano-Particles In The Gastrointestinal Tract, Mingfei Yao

Doctoral Dissertations

The oral bioavailability of lipophilic bioactive molecules can be greatly increased by encapsulating them within engineered lipid nanoparticles, such as micelles, microemulsions and nanoemulsions. After ingestion these engineered lipid nanoparticles are disassembled in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and then reassembled into biological lipid nanoparticles (mixed micelles) in the small intestine. These mixed micelles solubilize and transport lipophilic bioactive components to the epithelium cells. The mixed micelles themselves are then disassembled and reassembled into yet another form of biological lipid nanoparticle (chylomicrons, CMs) within the enterocyte cells. The CMs carry the bioactive components into the systemic (blood) circulation via the lymphatic ...


Effects Of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (Cla) On Skeletal Muscle Metabolism, Yoo Kim Nov 2015

Effects Of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (Cla) On Skeletal Muscle Metabolism, Yoo Kim

Doctoral Dissertations

Although it is well known that increased physical activity can help reduce incidences of obesity, physical activity can be influenced by complex issues, making it difficult to use universal means to control obesity. Recent discoveries of the effects of exercise at the cellular level opened up the unique opportunity to develop compounds with ‘exercise-like’ effects. In fact, CLA has been shown to promote voluntary activity and endurance capacity in mice. Thus, the purpose of these studies is to determine the mechanisms of conjugated linoleic acid on muscle metabolism via the modulation of biochemical events including mitochondrial biogenesis and the alternation ...


Structural Design Approaches For Creation Of Reduced Fat Products, Bicheng Wu Nov 2015

Structural Design Approaches For Creation Of Reduced Fat Products, Bicheng Wu

Doctoral Dissertations

In awake of the health issues related with high-calorie diet, there was a strong focus in the development of reduced-fat products in the food industry. However, fat plays an important role in determining the quality attributes of food products such as texture, appearance, flavor and stability, therefore there has been limited success for reduced-fat products. This thesis project thus targeted liquid and semi-solid products such as dressings, sauces, and aimed to address problems associated with low-fat by utilizing structural designed approach.

The first part of this project focused on using controlled aggregation of protein-stabilized lipid droplets to regulate the microstructure ...


Method Development For Vitamin C Quantification In Two Complex Matrices, Hannah D. Hutt Aug 2015

Method Development For Vitamin C Quantification In Two Complex Matrices, Hannah D. Hutt

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The following liquid chromatographic (LC) method developments and applied research studies were done using two complex food matrices, potatoes and elderberries, which are common to the state of Maine. Potatoes are Maine’s largest agricultural crop, a staple food in most U.S. households, and are, from an analytical standpoint, considered a complex matrix due to the high starch content that can be difficult to remove without degrading or removing nutrients in the process. Elderberries are an emerging crop in the U.S. because of their antioxidant and anti-viral properties and are found growing wild, throughout Maine. Elderberries are also ...


Physicochemical And Toxicological Assessment Of Antimicrobial Ε-Polylysine-Pectin Complexes, Cynthia L. Lopez Pena Aug 2015

Physicochemical And Toxicological Assessment Of Antimicrobial Ε-Polylysine-Pectin Complexes, Cynthia L. Lopez Pena

Doctoral Dissertations

ε-Polylysine is an appealing FDA-approved, all natural antimicrobial biopolymer effective against a wide range of microorganisms. Its implementation is greatly limited by its strong cationic charge, which has been linked to instability in food systems, perceived astringency and bitterness, and the ability to inhibit lipid digestion. Previous studies have shown that controlled complexation of ε-polylysine with anionic pectin is able to prevent instability and astringency in simplified model food systems, while maintaining the antimicrobial character of polylysine. Isothermal titration calorimetry, micro-electrophoresis, microscopy, and turbidity analyses of the stability of electrostatic pectin-polylysine complexes in the presence of strongly anionic κ-carrageenan, and ...


Improving Antimicrobial Activity Of Lauric Arginate By Combination With Essential Oils For Novel Applications, Qiumin Ma Aug 2015

Improving Antimicrobial Activity Of Lauric Arginate By Combination With Essential Oils For Novel Applications, Qiumin Ma

Doctoral Dissertations

Lauric arginate (LAE) and essential oils (EOs) are highly efficacious in broth media but are required at much higher concentrations in food products to inhibit foodborne pathogens. Because high levels of LAE and EOs affect organoleptic properties of food products, this dissertation was studied for the potential of lowering their usage concentrations by using them in combination. Antimicrobial activities of LAE and EO used alone or in combination were characterized in Chapter 2. Synergistic and antagonistic effects of LAE-EO combinations and cinnamon leaf oil/eugnol/thymol were observed for inhibiting Gram-positive Listeria monocytogenes and Gram-negative Salmonella Enteritidis and Escherichia coli ...


Self-Assembled Casein Nanostructures To Deliver Novel Functionalities, Kang Pan Aug 2015

Self-Assembled Casein Nanostructures To Deliver Novel Functionalities, Kang Pan

Doctoral Dissertations

The nanoscale micellar structure of caseins can be manipulated by mechanical forces, solvent quality, and pH to reduce turbidity, encapsulate hydrophobic compounds, and improve dispersion stability and rheological properties. The goal of this dissertation was to control the nanostructure of self-assembled caseins to deliver functionalities. The combination of treatments at pH 11.0 and acidification with citric acid was first studied to produce translucent skim milk dispersions at pH 5.5-7.0, resulting from the significantly reduced dimensions of reassembled casein nanoparticles. Using sodium caseinate (NaCas), soluble soybean polysaccharide (SSPS), and high-speed homogenization, a food grade delivery system was studied ...


Salmonella In Low Water Activity Foods: Physiological, Genetic Modification And Control Methods, Wei Chen Aug 2015

Salmonella In Low Water Activity Foods: Physiological, Genetic Modification And Control Methods, Wei Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of fatty acid associated genes (fabA, fabD and cfa) of five serovars of Salmonella exposed to sugar over a 14-day period. Changes in the fatty acid composition of Salmonella Tennessee in glycerol solutions of different water activity (aw) (1.0-0.6) and the relationship between survival and fatty acid modification (as altered by exogenously supplied fatty acids) at aw 1.0-0.6 were also determined. Furthermore, the antimicrobial activities of carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, and lauric arginate (LAE) alone or in combination against Salmonella Tennessee in a laboratory model of ...


Blueberry Polyphenols As Natural Antimicrobial Agents Against Foodborne Viruses: Towards Understanding Their Mechanism And Applications In Food Systems, Snehal Shrikant Joshi Aug 2015

Blueberry Polyphenols As Natural Antimicrobial Agents Against Foodborne Viruses: Towards Understanding Their Mechanism And Applications In Food Systems, Snehal Shrikant Joshi

Doctoral Dissertations

Foodborne viruses are recognized as public health concerns worldwide and therefore effective strategies to control their spread are being researched. Blueberries are known for their health benefits and antimicrobial properties. This study aimed to (1) determine the antiviral effects of blueberry juice (BJ) and blueberry proanthocyanidins (B-PAC) against the infectivity of hepatitis A virus (HAV), Aichi virus (AiV) and human norovirus surrogates (feline calicivirus (FCV-F9) and murine norovirus (MNV-1)) at 37oC over 24-h using standard plaque assays; (2) evaluate antiviral effects in model foods (apple juice (AJ) and 2% milk) and simulated gastrointestinal conditions at 37oC ...


Development And Evaluation Of Novel Vaccination Strategies For Campylobacter Control In Poultry, Xiang Liu Aug 2015

Development And Evaluation Of Novel Vaccination Strategies For Campylobacter Control In Poultry, Xiang Liu

Masters Theses

Chicken is the primary natural host of Campylobacter, the leading bacterial cause of human enteritis in the US and other developed countries. Thus, mitigation of Campylobacter in chicken using innovative approaches, such as vaccination, will have a significant impact on food safety and public health. Our previous studies have demonstrated that the two outer membrane proteins, CmeC (the essential component of the CmeABC multi-drug efflux pump) and CfrA (a ferric enterobactin receptor), are feasible candidates for immune intervention against Campylobacter. DNA vaccine has appeared to offer various advantages for poultry, particularly when combined with in ovo vaccination. Chitosan-encapsulated subunit vaccines ...


Evaluation Of The Thermal Inactivation Kinetics Of Surrogate Vegetative Bacteria, Amber Lynne Parham Renix Aug 2015

Evaluation Of The Thermal Inactivation Kinetics Of Surrogate Vegetative Bacteria, Amber Lynne Parham Renix

Masters Theses

Microbial surrogates are defined as non-pathogenic organisms with behavioral and/or survival characteristics correlating to those of specific pathogens. The purpose of this study was to determine the thermal inactivation kinetics (D and z-values) of Lactobacillus bulgaricus ATCC 11842, Lactobacillus fructivorans ATCC 8288, Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 4008, Listeria innocua ATCC 33091, ATCC 51742, and 11/97, and Staphylococcus carnosus CS-299 as potential surrogates for hepatitis A virus (HAV; D72°C = 0.9 min). Additionally, the effect of sub-lethal heat on increasing the thermotolerance of L. bulgaricus was investigated. All strains were tested in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) as a ...


Gallic Acid-Grafted Chitosan Films As Antioxidant Food Packaging, Ping Guo Aug 2015

Gallic Acid-Grafted Chitosan Films As Antioxidant Food Packaging, Ping Guo

Masters Theses

Chitosan is the second most abundant natural polysaccharide in the nature. Due to its biodegradability and film forming ability, chitosan has the potential to be used as an alternative to petroleum-based polymers for food packaging. The presence of a primary amine as well as primary and secondary hydroxyl groups enable chitosan to be chemically modified with various functional groups. Gallic acid (GA) is a natural occurring antioxidant (AOX), which can be grafted to chitosan using by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). The first project deals with the effect of ethanol (EtOH) concentration on efficiency of grafting GA onto ...