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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effect Of Storage Temperature On The Survival Or Growth Of Listeria Monocytogenes On Whole And Fresh-Cut Produce, Juan F. Moreira Calix Nov 2019

Effect Of Storage Temperature On The Survival Or Growth Of Listeria Monocytogenes On Whole And Fresh-Cut Produce, Juan F. Moreira Calix

LSU Master's Theses

Whole and fresh-cut produce are minimally processed and, therefore susceptible to microbial contamination. This study examined the survival or growth of Listeria monocytogenes on whole, and fresh-cut produce at different storage temperatures. Fresh fruits (cantaloupes, pears, pineapples, papayas, and watermelon) and vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce, kale, and green bell peppers) were cut into 25 g pieces and were spot inoculated with 0.5 mL (8 Log CFU/mL) of Listeria monocytogenes. Inoculated fresh-cut samples were stored at 4°C or 13°C for 6 days. To represent the outer surface of the produce, cantaloupes and green bell pepper disks (20 ...


Influences Of Spiciness And Visual Color Cue On Salty Taste Intensity Perception In Reduced-Sodium Cheese Dips, Valentina Rosasco Silva Jul 2018

Influences Of Spiciness And Visual Color Cue On Salty Taste Intensity Perception In Reduced-Sodium Cheese Dips, Valentina Rosasco Silva

LSU Master's Theses

The current high levels of dietary sodium intake are negatively affecting consumers’ health. Reducing sodium consumption to the recommended amount could help prevent around 2.5 million deaths yearly and save up to $18 billion dollars in health care costs worldwide. The main objective of this research was to evaluate the possibility of increasing the saltiness perception and acceptability of reduced-sodium cheese dips by using the multisensory approach and analyzing gender differences towards salty taste expectations. Two experiments were conducted: I) The combined effects of gender and visual color cue on salty taste expectations, liking, and purchase intent (PI) of ...


Whole Tart Cherry Improves Disease Activity Index In Rat Model Of Dextran Sulfate Solution – Induced Ulcerative Colitis By Downregulating The Janus 1 And Janus 3 Kinases And Tnf - Alpha, Johana Alexandra Coronel Apr 2018

Whole Tart Cherry Improves Disease Activity Index In Rat Model Of Dextran Sulfate Solution – Induced Ulcerative Colitis By Downregulating The Janus 1 And Janus 3 Kinases And Tnf - Alpha, Johana Alexandra Coronel

LSU Master's Theses

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disabling inflammatory bowel disease. UC is characterized by chronic, relapsing inflammation of the colon and rectum. Current treatments such as monoclonal antibodies against TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12/p40, adhesion molecules, Janus kinases (JAK) inhibitors have side effects or lose their effects over time. Alternative approaches with fewer side effects for patients are needed. Montmorency tart cherries (Prunus cerasus) are a good source of anti-inflammatory flavonoids. We hypothesized that regular consumption whole tart cherry (TC) standardized to its major anthocyanin content, namely cyanidin-3-glucosyl-rutinoside, would be effective in reducing inflammation in UC. The aim of this research was ...


Effect Of Hot Water Conditioning On Microbial Safety And Quality Of In-Shell Pecans, Karuna Kharel Nov 2017

Effect Of Hot Water Conditioning On Microbial Safety And Quality Of In-Shell Pecans, Karuna Kharel

LSU Master's Theses

Hot water conditioning of in-shell pecans is one common practice followed by industries to facilitate shelling. It also acts as a preventive control for potential microbiological contamination that might occur during pre- and post-harvest processes. However, heat treatment may have an effect on the eating quality of nuts. The main objectives of the study were to develop a post-harvest hot water treatment intervention as a kill step to destroy foodborne pathogens on in-shell pecans and evaluate the effect of treatments on physicochemical properties, consumer acceptance and purchase intent of dehulled and roasted pecans. The time (1-5 min) and temperature (70 ...


Heat, Acid And Osmotic Stress Tolerance Of Leuconostoc Mesenteroides As Influenced By Prior Exposure To Various Mild Stress Conditions, Ingrid C. Osorio Rodriguez Nov 2017

Heat, Acid And Osmotic Stress Tolerance Of Leuconostoc Mesenteroides As Influenced By Prior Exposure To Various Mild Stress Conditions, Ingrid C. Osorio Rodriguez

LSU Master's Theses

The importance of Leuconostoc mesenteroides is recognized for its contribution to taste in cultured dairy products. It has been cited for its potential role as a probiotic. Consumer demand exists for new dairy products with health benefits. In the manufacture of probiotic-products survival of Leuconostoc mesenteroides would depend on its ability to tolerate challenging processing and storage conditions. Improved viability by prior exposure to mild stresses can increase stress tolerance toward a more severe stress. Furthermore, it can result in cross-protection due to connection of several proteins in response to stresses. Objective was to evaluate the effect of prior exposure ...


Interaction Of Cocoa Powder With Intestinal Microbiota, Martha M. Escoto Sabillon Oct 2017

Interaction Of Cocoa Powder With Intestinal Microbiota, Martha M. Escoto Sabillon

LSU Master's Theses

Cocoa is the fully fermented and dried seed of the cacao tree (Theobroma cacao L.) which has prebiotic properties, due to their high concentration of polyphenols. Therefore, the ingestion of cocoa could cause changes in the proportions of the intestinal microbiota that can influence the intestinal immune response. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of alkalization process of the cocoa bean in the diversity of the gut microbiota. The samples were “lavado” unprocessed cocoa powder, “natural” unprocessed cocoa powder, “D-11-S” as alkalized cocoa powder, “D-11-B” heavily alkalized cocoa powder, and raw cocoa “shells” and a control ...