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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Development And Performance Evaluation Of An Antibody-Based Technology For Detection Of E. Coli O157 In Meat Samples And Its Potential Evolution Using Antibody Engineering, Yadira Tejeda Saldaña Sep 2016

Development And Performance Evaluation Of An Antibody-Based Technology For Detection Of E. Coli O157 In Meat Samples And Its Potential Evolution Using Antibody Engineering, Yadira Tejeda Saldaña

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Escherichia coli O157 is a persistent pathogen linked to food and waterborne infectious outbreaks with severe health consequences such as hemorrhagic colitis and hemolyticuremic syndrome (HUS). Because it is considered one of the major pathogens that contributes to the global burden of foodborne disease, its early detection within the food chain is an important milestone towards reducing foodborne diseases and economic losses due to contaminated food. Herein, the development and validation of a lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) point-of-care (POC) device is described. Application of the LFIA test kit was focused on detection of E. coli O157 in raw meat products ...


Hd2d Is A Regulator Of Abscisic Acid Responses In Arabidopsis, Joshua A. Farhi Dec 2015

Hd2d Is A Regulator Of Abscisic Acid Responses In Arabidopsis, Joshua A. Farhi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Histone deacetylases have important roles in development and stress response in plants. To further investigate their function, the HD2D gene, of the plant specific HD2 family, was studied. An hd2d-1 mutant and two HD2D overexpression lines were used in this study. Germination was delayed in hd2d-1 and HD2D overexpression seeds only in the presence of ABA. HD2D was found to positively regulate the expression of members of the ABA-response pathway (ABI1, ABI5, and RD29A) leading to increased resistance to drought and salinity treatments. Furthermore, HD2D expression delayed flowering by positively regulating FLC expression. Using bimolecular fluorescence complementation, the HD2D protein ...


Clinical And Mechanistic Insights Into Novel Probiotic Functions And Formulations, Jordan Bisanz Jul 2015

Clinical And Mechanistic Insights Into Novel Probiotic Functions And Formulations, Jordan Bisanz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Using a combination of hypothesis and discovery based approaches, the goal of this thesis was to better describe novel probiotic functions and their mechanisms while striving to better understand the effect of formulation on Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis, Lactobacillus paracasei and L. rhamnosus.

Using RNA-Seq, a bacterial metatranscriptome analysis of a commonly consumed probiotic yogurt showed that the organisms adapted to storage time and flavor additions. This led to the discovery that in addition to the probiotic health benefits, members of the L. casei group (L. rhamnosus and L. paracasei) produce volatile sulfur compounds mediated by a novel sulfur/taurine ...


Interesting Shapes Of Vegetables: Is It A Strategy To Promote Consumption Among Preschool Children?, Salma H. Alhabshi Apr 2014

Interesting Shapes Of Vegetables: Is It A Strategy To Promote Consumption Among Preschool Children?, Salma H. Alhabshi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study highlighted the low intake of vegetables by preschool children and determined whether changing the shape of vegetables increased their level of consumption. A new strategy of repeated exposure to interesting-shaped vegetables was a step aimed at increasing vegetable consumption by increasing the fun element in having vegetables as snacks. Vegetables are the less desirable food in comparison to more attractive unhealthy choices available to children, and discovering a strategy to promote vegetables is considered an important step in nutrition. The primary aim was to explore the effect of repeated exposure (eight times) of shaped vegetables on consumption by ...


Uncovering The Molecular Link Between Mir156.Spl15 And Carotenoid Accumulation In Arabidopsis, Davood Emami Meybodi Oct 2013

Uncovering The Molecular Link Between Mir156.Spl15 And Carotenoid Accumulation In Arabidopsis, Davood Emami Meybodi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenases (CCDs) are an enzyme family that cleaves specific double bonds in carotenoids. MicroR156 in Arabidopsis regulates a network of genes by repressing 10 SPL genes, among which, SPL15 was found to regulate shoot branching and carotenoid accumulation. The expression of CCD1, CCD4, CCD7, CCD8, NCED2, NCED3, NCED5, NCED6, NCED9 and SPL15 was evaluated in siliques at 10 days post anthesis and in 10-day-old roots in Arabidopsis wild type, sk156 (miR156 overexpression mutant), RS105 (miR156 overexpression line), spl15 (SPL15 knockout mutant) and two 35S:SPL15 lines. Results showed that most of CCD/NCED genes were affected ...


Photocalytic Degradation Of Malic Acid Under Thin Coated Tio2, Vanessa Silveira Rodgher Dec 2012

Photocalytic Degradation Of Malic Acid Under Thin Coated Tio2, Vanessa Silveira Rodgher

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Opaque fluids have a limited irradiation transmission. Thus, their decontamination employing near UV irradiation poses significant technical challenges. In the present study, a thin UV-transparent/waterproof glue layer coated with a 1.5 wt% of TiO2 and a new PhotoReactor Cell were implemented. TiO2 irradiation in the PhotoReactor Cell was effected on the TiO2 particle side, not directly in contact with the fluid, allowing the postulation of an “h+” site mobility mechanism on photocatalysis.

Photocatalytic degradation experiments with malic and malonic acid in water at 10, 20, 30 and 40 ppm showed the complete degradation of malic ...