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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Nano-Dispersing Lipophilic Antimicrobials For Improved Food Safety, Bhavini Dipak Shah Dec 2011

Nano-Dispersing Lipophilic Antimicrobials For Improved Food Safety, Bhavini Dipak Shah

Doctoral Dissertations

Naturally occurring food antimicrobials such as plant essential oils are receiving tremendous interest as intervention systems to enhance microbiological safety and quality. Poor water solubility of essential oils makes it difficult to incorporate them in foods, impacting visual appearance, antimicrobial effectiveness, and possibly organoleptic properties. Engineered nanoscale delivery systems can principally solve these challenges, but those based on low-cost food ingredients and inexpensive and scalable processes are currently scarce. This dissertation presents a simple and scalable two-step technology to prepare nano-delivery systems. The first encapsulation step, based on emulsion-evaporation, involves preparing emulsions composed of an oil phase with thymol or ...


Antimicrobial Activity Of Aqueous Yerba Mate Extracts, Kellie Parks Burris May 2011

Antimicrobial Activity Of Aqueous Yerba Mate Extracts, Kellie Parks Burris

Doctoral Dissertations

Ilex paraguariensis, is used in the preparation of a widely popular tea beverage (Yerba Mate) mainly produced and consumed in the countries of Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil. Dialyzed aqueous extracts were screened for antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus and S. pseudintermedius, and Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato.

Using a concentrated extract, S. aureus was found to be the more sensitive to extracts than E. coli O157:H7. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was defined as the lowest concentration of extract tested that did not allow bacterial growth (inhibition) above the original inoculums of approximately ...