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Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenase-Mediated Lipid Metabolism In Obesity And Colon Tumorigenesis, Weicang Wang Oct 2019

Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenase-Mediated Lipid Metabolism In Obesity And Colon Tumorigenesis, Weicang Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

Colon cancer is a major public health issue: it is expected to have 140,250 new cases and 50,630 deaths during 2018, making colon cancer the third most common type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Obesity is associated with enhanced colonic inflammation, which is a major risk factor of colorectal cancer. Currently, more than 35% of adults and nearly 17% of children are obese. Considering the obesity and colon cancer epidemic in the United States, there is an urgent need to identify novel therapeutic targets for obesity and colon cancer ...


Silver Mirror Substrate And Rolling Method For Improved Surface-Enhanced Raman Spesctroscopic Analysis In Food, Yanqi Qu Oct 2019

Silver Mirror Substrate And Rolling Method For Improved Surface-Enhanced Raman Spesctroscopic Analysis In Food, Yanqi Qu

Doctoral Dissertations

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, short for SERS, is an emerging technology with great potential in food analysis due to rapid detection, high sensitivity, portable instrumentation, and simple sample preparation. However, it is always a bottleneck to obtain reproducible SERS measurements in real analytical cases due to the complicity of food systems and inhomogeneous aggregation of colloidal nanoparticles. To improve its performance for practical applications in food analysis, efforts have been made in improving the reproducibility, enhancing the selectivity and reducing the matrix interference to the analyte. Herein, a self-assembly silver nanoparticles mirror substrate was fabricated to improve the and the quantitative ...


Determining Kinetic Parameters Of Thiamine Degradation In Three Nasa Spaceflight Foods In Thermal Processing And Long-Term Storage And Methods For Analyzing Microstructure And Precipitant Development In Real And Model Wines, Timothy R. Goulette Jul 2019

Determining Kinetic Parameters Of Thiamine Degradation In Three Nasa Spaceflight Foods In Thermal Processing And Long-Term Storage And Methods For Analyzing Microstructure And Precipitant Development In Real And Model Wines, Timothy R. Goulette

Doctoral Dissertations

The current NASA spaceflight food program encompasses a wide variety of commercial and custom-made edible products. These foods are designed to ensure each crewmember receives the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of vitamins and minerals to maintain adequate health during the entire spaceflight mission. With the desire for long-duration and exploration-class missions, such as the impending mission to Mars, the retention of important nutrients such as labile vitamins in spaceflight foods is critically important. For this reason, multiple studies were conducted to determine the vitamin degradation behavior of thiamine (vitamin B1) within three spaceflight foods which demonstrated both significant presence ...


Hybridized Polymeric Nano-Assemblies: Key Insights Into Addressing Mdr Infections, Ryan Landis Mar 2019

Hybridized Polymeric Nano-Assemblies: Key Insights Into Addressing Mdr Infections, Ryan Landis

Doctoral Dissertations

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria contribute to more than 700,000 annual deaths world-wide. Millions more suffer from limb amputations or face high healthcare treatment costs where prolonged and costly therapeutic regimens are used to counter MDR infections. While there is an international push to develop novel and more powerful antimicrobials to address the impending threat, one particularly interesting approach that has re-emerged are essential oils, phytochemical extracts derived from plant sources. While their antimicrobial activity demonstrates a promising avenue, their stability in aqueous media, limits their practical use in or on mammals. Inspired by the versatility of polymer nanotechnology and the ...


Biotransformation Of Resveratrol And Its Implications In Biological Activities In The Colon, Fang Li Nov 2018

Biotransformation Of Resveratrol And Its Implications In Biological Activities In The Colon, Fang Li

Doctoral Dissertations

Resveratrol (RES) is a natural polyphenol compound with a wide range of health-promoting activities, including protective effects against colon cancer and renal disease. However, the premise of these benefits has been dampened since RES shows a poor oral bioavailability due to its rapid and extensive biotransformation after oral consumption. The paradox (low bioavailability but high bioactivity) warrants further investigations to determine the contribution of RES metabolites to the health benefits associated with RES. We identified 11 metabolites of RES in mice with high-resolution HPLC-MS/MS, then quantified two major metabolites - dihydro-resveratrol (DHR) and lunularin (LUN). To further understand the chemopreventative ...


Combination Regimens Using Dietary Components For The Chemoprevention Of Colorectal Cancer And Inflammation, Christina Dimarco-Crook Nov 2018

Combination Regimens Using Dietary Components For The Chemoprevention Of Colorectal Cancer And Inflammation, Christina Dimarco-Crook

Doctoral Dissertations

ABSTRACT

COMBINATION REGIMENS USING DIETARY COMPONENTS FOR THE

CHEMOPREVENTION OF COLORECTAL CANCER

AND INFLAMMATION

September 2018

CHRISTINA DIMARCO-CROOK, B.S., IMMACULATA UNIVERSITY

M.S., DREXEL UNIVERSITY

Ph.D., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Professor Hang Xiao

Dietary components have been found to effectively modulate multiple deregulated signaling pathways associated with the initiation and progression of carcinogenesis and inflammation in cellular and animal models. However, clinical studies have shown mixed results when examining the efficacy of individual dietary components, perhaps suggestive of the synergism that exists between multiple components within a particular food and the diet as a whole. Additional ...


Interaction Between Dietary Components And Gut Microbiota And Its Implication In Bioactivities And Metabolism In Colon, Min Gu Oct 2018

Interaction Between Dietary Components And Gut Microbiota And Its Implication In Bioactivities And Metabolism In Colon, Min Gu

Doctoral Dissertations

The microbial cells that colonize the human body, including mucosal and skin environments, are at least as abundant as our somatic cells and certainly contain far more genes than our human genome. Gut microbiota dysbiosis is associated with the onset and progress of several diseases, like diabetes, obesity, inflammatory bowel disease. One of the environmental factor-diet intervention can modulate the compositions of gut microbiota, which in turn may contribute to altered health outcomes such as changes in the risks of chronic diseases. Orange peel has been a traditional herb in China, and some of its compounds has shown health benefits ...


In Situ And Real-Time Monitoring And Characterization Of Pesticide Residues On And In Fresh Produce Using Sers, Tianxi Yang Jul 2018

In Situ And Real-Time Monitoring And Characterization Of Pesticide Residues On And In Fresh Produce Using Sers, Tianxi Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

Understanding of the behavior and fate of pesticides in fresh produce is of great significance for effectively applying pesticides and minimizing pesticide residues in food. There is lack, however, of an effective method that can monitor and characterize pesticide behaviors including penetration, persistence and translocation. Herein, we developed a novel method for real-time and in situ monitoring of pesticide behaviors in fresh produce based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) mapping method. Taking advantage of penetrative gold nanoparticles as probes to enhance the internalized pesticide signals, the internal signals from pesticides were successfully obtained in situ. We found that systemic pesticides ...


Imidacloprid, A Neonicotinoid Insecticide, Impairs Lipid And Glucose Metabolism, Quancai Sun Nov 2017

Imidacloprid, A Neonicotinoid Insecticide, Impairs Lipid And Glucose Metabolism, Quancai Sun

Doctoral Dissertations

Emerging evidence suggests that environmental pollutants, including insecticides, are linked to excessive weight gain and altered glucose homeostasis. However, there is currently limited knowledge regarding the biochemical mechanisms by which exposure to insecticides contribute to obesity and its associated pathologies. We first studied the influence of fipronil (a phenylpyrazole family insecticide) on 3T3-L1 adipogenesis. Recently imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid insecticide, was reported to potentiate adipogenesis and insulin resistance in vitro. The current studies also determined the effects of imidacloprid exposure and its interaction with dietary fat in the development of adiposity and insulin resistance using both male and female C57BL/6J ...


A Transcriptomic Analysis Of Salmonella Enterica Newport In Planta And After Postharvest Sanitization, Laurel Lynn Dunn Aug 2017

A Transcriptomic Analysis Of Salmonella Enterica Newport In Planta And After Postharvest Sanitization, Laurel Lynn Dunn

Doctoral Dissertations

The consumption of fresh produce is increasingly linked to incidence of foodborne illness. Pathogens including Salmonella enterica, Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes are exposed to produce crops through direct human or animal contact, contaminated agricultural water, bioaerosols, run-off, and improperly treated compost. S. enterica has demonstrated exceptional tolerance to the stresses encountered in the environment, on plant tissue, and from postharvest antimicrobial mitigation strategies. Understanding the transcriptomic mechanisms S. enterica employs to survive these hazards is integral for the development of more effective preventive controls and post-harvest steps to prevent the pathogen from infecting consumers.


Understanding The Impact Of Oxygen Concentration And Active Packaging On Controlling Lipid Oxidation In Oil-In-Water Emulsions, David Johnson Jul 2017

Understanding The Impact Of Oxygen Concentration And Active Packaging On Controlling Lipid Oxidation In Oil-In-Water Emulsions, David Johnson

Doctoral Dissertations

Consumer concern over synthetic food antioxidants have led researchers to seek alternative natural, or ‘clean’ label, solutions to prevent lipid oxidation. Unfortunately, natural antioxidants are often not as effective as their synthetic counterparts. As a result, there remains a need to develop active packaging strategies and maximize current antioxidant strategies in food applications.

Active packaging, or packaging that has a function beyond being an inert barrier, is an attractive strategy to limit lipid oxidation in foods. Active packaging performs the work of an antioxidant without appearing on the package label. The work presented here builds upon active packaging development as ...


Utilization Of Natural Emulsifiers And Their Derivatives To Formulate Emulsion-Based Delivery Systems For Hydrophobic Nutraceuticals, Cansu Gumus Jul 2017

Utilization Of Natural Emulsifiers And Their Derivatives To Formulate Emulsion-Based Delivery Systems For Hydrophobic Nutraceuticals, Cansu Gumus

Doctoral Dissertations

There is increasing consumer demand for food products that are more natural, sustainable, and environmentally friendly. Industry has responded by trying to identify natural alternatives to synthetic functional ingredients within these products. In this study, the ability of Maillard conjugation products, and several legume proteins were investigated to act as nature-derived or natural emulsifiers in oil-in-water emulsions fortified with hydrophobic nutraceuticals.

Casein-coated oil droplets enriched with lutein were highly unstable to flocculation near their isoelectric point due to the reduction in electrostatic repulsion. However, casein-dextran-coated droplets were stable, which was attributed to strong steric repulsion by the dextran moiety. The ...


Effects Of Permethrin, A Pyrethroid Insecticide, On Glucose And Lipid Metabolism, Xiao Xiao Jul 2017

Effects Of Permethrin, A Pyrethroid Insecticide, On Glucose And Lipid Metabolism, Xiao Xiao

Doctoral Dissertations

Over the last few decades, the decline of using organochlorine and organophosphorus insecticides has partially contributed to the rising utilization of newer synthetic insecticides, which are considered as less harmful and more environmental friendly than the older generation of insecticides. Pyrethroid insecticides are one of the newer insecticide classes reported with better biodegradability and low mammalian toxicity without sacrificing its insecticidal efficacy. Permethrin is one of the most widely used pyrethroid insecticides with structural similarity with natural pyrethrin insecticide from the flowers of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Since its introduction in the 1970’s, permethrin has been extensively used in medicine, military ...


Potential Enhancement Of Dietary Isothiocyanates Combination On Biological Activities, Kanyasiri Rakariyatham Jul 2017

Potential Enhancement Of Dietary Isothiocyanates Combination On Biological Activities, Kanyasiri Rakariyatham

Doctoral Dissertations

Isothiocyanates (ITCs) such as allyl isothiocyanate (AIT) and sulforaphane (SFN) are well-known bioactives with wide range of beneficial properties, which may be consumed simultaneously through diets containing cruciferous vegetables. However, biological activities of ITCs in combinations had not been well defined. The present study evaluated the potential efficacy of AIT, SFN and their combinations on three important biological properties: anticancer, anti-inflammation and antioxidant.

Our results showed that the combination between AIT and SFN led to a stronger growth inhibition on A549 non-small cell lung cancer cells than treatments with the individual compounds. The enhanced effect was proved to be synergistic ...


Chemopreventive Effects Of Cranberry In Association With The Alteration Of Gut Microbiota, Xiaokun Cai Nov 2016

Chemopreventive Effects Of Cranberry In Association With The Alteration Of Gut Microbiota, Xiaokun Cai

Doctoral Dissertations

Accumulating evidence showed that microbiota play important roles in colonic inflammation and inflammation-associated colon carcinogenesis. Fruits and vegetable are known to have protective effects against colon carcinogenesis. Cranberry fruit contains large amount of flavonoids, phenolic acids and dietary fiber, which has been studied for their potential chemopreventive effect from in vitro model. To better understand the effect, we studied the protective effects of whole cranberry powder against colitis in mice treated with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and inflammation-associated colon carcinogenesis in mic treated with azoxymethane (AOM) and DSS, and its impact on gut microbiota.

In DSS-induced colitis mice model, 1 ...


Biopolymer Electrospun Nanofiber Mats To Inactivate And Remove Bacteria, Katrina Ann Rieger Nov 2016

Biopolymer Electrospun Nanofiber Mats To Inactivate And Remove Bacteria, Katrina Ann Rieger

Doctoral Dissertations

The persistence of antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens remains a primary concern for immunocompromised and critically-ill hospital patients. Hospital associated infections can be deadly and reduce the successes of medical advancements, such as, cancer therapies and medical implants. Thus, it is imperative to develop materials that can (i) deliver new antibiotics with accuracy, as well as (ii) uptake pathogenic microbes. In this work, we will demonstrate that electrospun nanofiber mats offer a promising platform for both of these objectives because of their high surface-to-volume ratio, interconnected high porosity, gas permeability, and ability to contour to virtually any surface. To provide ...


Label-Free And Aptamer-Based Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy For Detection Of Food Contaminants, Shintaro Pang Nov 2016

Label-Free And Aptamer-Based Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy For Detection Of Food Contaminants, Shintaro Pang

Doctoral Dissertations

The development of analytical methods to detect food contaminants is a critical step for improving food safety. Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an emerging detection technology that has the potential to rapidly, accurately and sensitively detect a wide variety of food contaminants. However, SERS detection becomes a challenge in real complex matrix, such as food, since non-specific matrix signals have the potential to drown out target associated Raman peaks. In this dissertation, we focused on the development and application of label-free, aptamer-based SERS in order to improve the accuracy and specificity of target contaminant detection in food. To accomplish ...


Bacteriophage-Based Colorimetric Detection Of Escherichia Coli In Drinking Water, Juhong Chen Nov 2016

Bacteriophage-Based Colorimetric Detection Of Escherichia Coli In Drinking Water, Juhong Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

One of the major safety causes in drinking water is from the bacteria contamination, especially in developing countries and resource-limited settings. Although many of these Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains in drinking water are nonpathogenic, they sever as the indicator for bacterial contamination. And, the more widely used method to detect E. coli in drinking water is to determine the activity of β-galactosidase (β-gal), which is released by E. coli. Rapid, sensitive and inexpensive detection of E. coli in drinking water can reduce the risk of food-borne bacteria infection and stop the disease widely spreading.

In this degree research, phage-based ...


Characterizing Colorectal Cancer Cells And Their Interactions With Polymethoxyflavones By Raman Microscopy, Hua Zhang Nov 2016

Characterizing Colorectal Cancer Cells And Their Interactions With Polymethoxyflavones By Raman Microscopy, Hua Zhang

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs), especially Nobiletin (NBT) and 5-demethylnobiletin (5DN), have been widely studied and proved to have anti-cancer effects. However, their exact modes of action against cancer cells are not fully understood. Raman spectroscopy is a molecular vibrational spectroscopy can be used to measure overall biochemical function of single cells noninvasively and without adding any chemical labels. Herein, we characterized the cellular responses of human colorectal cancer HT29 and HCT116 cells, that grow on the gold coated slides, to the treatments of NBT and 5DN using Raman microscopy. Raman microscopic images obtained indicated the different modes of action of these two ...


Functionalized Electrospun Nanofibers For Food Science Applications, Minhui Dai Jul 2016

Functionalized Electrospun Nanofibers For Food Science Applications, Minhui Dai

Doctoral Dissertations

This work is separated into two individual parts. The first part demonstrates the ability to electrospin reagents into water-soluble nanofibers resulting in a stable on-chip enzyme and a microphage storage format.

1a) Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) nanofibers were spun incorporating the enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Scanning electron microscopy of the spun nanofibers was used to confirm the non-woven structure with an average diameter of 155±34 nm. The HRP containing fibers were tested for a change in activity following electrospinning and during storage. A colorimetric assay was used to characterize the activity of HRP reacting with the nanofiber mats in a microtiter ...


Novel Advancements For Improving Sprout Safety, Kyle S. Landry Jul 2016

Novel Advancements For Improving Sprout Safety, Kyle S. Landry

Doctoral Dissertations

All varieties of bean sprouts (mung bean, alfalfa, broccoli, and radish) are classified as a “super-food” and are common staples for health conscious consumers. Along with the proposed health benefits, there is also an inherent risk of foodborne illness. When sprouts are cooked, there is little risk of illness. The purpose of this dissertation was to explore novel techniques to minimize or prevent the incidence of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of sprouts. Three areas were investigated: 1) the use of a biocontrol organism, 2) the use of a novel spontaneous carvacrol nanoemulsion, and 3) the influence of the ...


Synthesis And Applications Of Non-Migratory Metal Chelating Active Packaging, Maxine J. Roman Jul 2016

Synthesis And Applications Of Non-Migratory Metal Chelating Active Packaging, Maxine J. Roman

Doctoral Dissertations

Many packaged foods use synthetic chelators (e.g. ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, EDTA) to inhibit metal promoted oxidation and/or microbial growth that may cause food spoilage. Consumer demand for foods without synthetic additives has prompted growing interest in alternative preservation methods. Our research group has previously developed non-migratory metal chelating active packaging materials by surface immobilization of polymeric chelators and demonstrated their ability to inhibit lipid oxidation in model food emulsions. The work presented in this dissertation investigates the synthesis, performance stability, and practical application of metal chelating surface modifications to optimize design of non-migratory metal chelating active packaging materials.

Metal ...


Enzyme Stabilization In Hierarchical Biocatalytic Food Packaging And Processing Materials, Dana Erin Wong Jul 2016

Enzyme Stabilization In Hierarchical Biocatalytic Food Packaging And Processing Materials, Dana Erin Wong

Doctoral Dissertations

The partnership of biocatalysts and solid support materials provides many opportunities for bioactive packaging and bioprocessing aids beneficial to the agricultural and food industries. Biocatalysis, or reactions modulated by enzymes, allows bioactive materials to assist in bringing a substrate to product. Enzymes are proteins which catalyze reactions by lowering the activation energy required to drive the production of a desired product. Enzymes are commonly utilized in food processing as catalysts with specificity in order to enhance product quality through the production of beneficial food components, and to break down undesirable components that may be harmful or may decrease product quality ...


Structuring Solid/Oil/Water Emulsions To Deliver Water-Soluble Bioactive Food Ingredients, Yun Zhang May 2016

Structuring Solid/Oil/Water Emulsions To Deliver Water-Soluble Bioactive Food Ingredients, Yun Zhang

Doctoral Dissertations

Numerous delivery systems are studied for lipophilic bioactive compounds, but much work is needed for bioactive food ingredients soluble or dispersible in water. The overall hypothesis of this dissertation is that structured solid/oil/water (S/O/W) emulsions can be used to encapsulate water-soluble/dispersible ingredients to retain their release during processing and storage and control their release during simulated digestions. The encapsulation principle is to prepare spray-dried powder of water-soluble/dispersible compounds as the solid core that is coated by an oil layer emulsified by food biopolymers. The oil layer isolates the compounds from the continuous aqueous phase ...


Optimization Of The Fabrication, Stability, And Performance Of Food Grade Nanoemulsions With Low And High Energy Methods, Jennifer Komaiko Mar 2016

Optimization Of The Fabrication, Stability, And Performance Of Food Grade Nanoemulsions With Low And High Energy Methods, Jennifer Komaiko

Doctoral Dissertations

There is interest in the production of emulsions by low-energy methods because no expensive equipment is required thus making emulsion formation inexpensive and simple to implement. The goal of this research is to establish the major factors that affect emulsion formation using low-energy methods and possible applications of the emulsions and nanoemulsions formed by this method. Lastly, the use of natural emulsifiers with low- and high-energy methods was investigated.

Initially, formation of nanoemulsions using isothermal low energy methods was investigated with a model system (hexadecane, Brij 30). Preliminary experiments showed that nanoemulsions could only be formed when the surfactant was ...


Biotransformation Of Polymethoxyflavones By Gut Microbiome And Molecular Characterization Of Polymethoxyflavones By Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Changchu Ma Nov 2015

Biotransformation Of Polymethoxyflavones By Gut Microbiome And Molecular Characterization Of Polymethoxyflavones By Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Changchu Ma

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs), a unique class of flavonoids found in citrus fruits has shown beneficial bioactivities. Biological fate of PMFs in the gastrointestinal tract is critical for their bioactivities. PMFs can be biotransformed to produce various metabolites with different bioactivities, and PMFs can also interact with the food matrix, which in turn affects their bioactivities. Therefore, we investigated the biotransformation of two PMFs, namely nobiletin (NBT) and 5-hydroxylnobiletin (5HN) by the gut microbiome. Mice were fed with NBT or 5HN, and small intestinal contents were collected and subjected to anaerobic fermentation by gut microbiome isolated from mice and human volunteers. HPLC ...


Fabrication, Characterization And Biological Fate Of Phytochemical Delivery System, Jingjing Chen Nov 2015

Fabrication, Characterization And Biological Fate Of Phytochemical Delivery System, Jingjing Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymethoxyflvones (PMFs) are a group compounds with promising cancer preventing activities and many other health benefits. There's a growing interest in fabricating delivery systems for PMFs as well as other phytochemicals due to their low water solubility. Firstly, we use nanoemulsion delivery system to encapsulate β-carotene. Sonication assisted method was developed to dissolve β-carotene to ensure minimum degradation. Powdered nanoemulsion was obtained after spray dry and freeze dry. Sample obtained after freeze dry showed better physiochemical characteristics. Then we use protein nanoparticle delivery system to encapsulate PMFS. The nanoparticle delivery system was fabricated by mixing the aqueous phase ...


Pro- And Antioxidant Effects Of Phospholipids On Lipid Oxidation In Bulk Oil, Leqi Cui Nov 2015

Pro- And Antioxidant Effects Of Phospholipids On Lipid Oxidation In Bulk Oil, Leqi Cui

Doctoral Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to explore how phospholipids at concentrations similar as in refined vegetable oils impact bulk oil lipid oxidation. The possible formation of association colloids and synergism with primary antioxidants are considered. The results provided a better understanding of the pro- and antioxidant activities of phospholipids.

Lipid oxidation leads to quality deterioration by generating off-flavor, nutrient loss, color alteration, texture changes, and even generation of potential toxic products. Phospholipids are important minor components in edible oil that play a role in lipid oxidation. Surface active phospholipids have an intermediate hydrophilic–lipophilic balance value, which allows them ...


Role Of Lipid-Based Delivery Systems In The Biological Fate Of Lipophilic Nutraceuticals And Inorganic Nano-Particles In The Gastrointestinal Tract, Mingfei Yao Nov 2015

Role Of Lipid-Based Delivery Systems In The Biological Fate Of Lipophilic Nutraceuticals And Inorganic Nano-Particles In The Gastrointestinal Tract, Mingfei Yao

Doctoral Dissertations

The oral bioavailability of lipophilic bioactive molecules can be greatly increased by encapsulating them within engineered lipid nanoparticles, such as micelles, microemulsions and nanoemulsions. After ingestion these engineered lipid nanoparticles are disassembled in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and then reassembled into biological lipid nanoparticles (mixed micelles) in the small intestine. These mixed micelles solubilize and transport lipophilic bioactive components to the epithelium cells. The mixed micelles themselves are then disassembled and reassembled into yet another form of biological lipid nanoparticle (chylomicrons, CMs) within the enterocyte cells. The CMs carry the bioactive components into the systemic (blood) circulation via the lymphatic ...


Effects Of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (Cla) On Skeletal Muscle Metabolism, Yoo Kim Nov 2015

Effects Of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (Cla) On Skeletal Muscle Metabolism, Yoo Kim

Doctoral Dissertations

Although it is well known that increased physical activity can help reduce incidences of obesity, physical activity can be influenced by complex issues, making it difficult to use universal means to control obesity. Recent discoveries of the effects of exercise at the cellular level opened up the unique opportunity to develop compounds with ‘exercise-like’ effects. In fact, CLA has been shown to promote voluntary activity and endurance capacity in mice. Thus, the purpose of these studies is to determine the mechanisms of conjugated linoleic acid on muscle metabolism via the modulation of biochemical events including mitochondrial biogenesis and the alternation ...