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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Effect Of Spice Powder On Blood Glucose, Lipid Profile And Body Composition In Adults At Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease: A Controlled, Randomized, Single-Blind, Parallel-Design Study, Dana Hasan Mustafa Alkhatib Nov 2018

The Effect Of Spice Powder On Blood Glucose, Lipid Profile And Body Composition In Adults At Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease: A Controlled, Randomized, Single-Blind, Parallel-Design Study, Dana Hasan Mustafa Alkhatib

Philosophy Dissertations

A cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus have become known as the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). In the United Arab Emirates, 42% of the population was diagnosed with MetS. Previous researchers observed the anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and antiantitumorigenic properties of spices on body composition, blood parameters and blood pressure. The aim of the study was to assess the macronutrient, micronutrient, sugar and caffeine content for seven commonly consumed spices. Moreover, the aim of the study was to measure the effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale), cinnamon (Cinnamomum) and black seed (Nigella sativa) consumption on blood ...


Study Of Rheological, Chemical, And Microbiological Properties Of Chami, A Traditional Emirati Soft Chees, Aysha Othman Abdullah Al Katheeri Apr 2018

Study Of Rheological, Chemical, And Microbiological Properties Of Chami, A Traditional Emirati Soft Chees, Aysha Othman Abdullah Al Katheeri

Theses

In this work, ten Emirati Chami cheese samples were collected and analyzed to determine their chemical composition, texture, rheology, and microbiological properties. Chami cheeses showed large variations in moisture (60.9–84.1%), protein (7.5–14.6%), fat (0.5–7.8%), and ash (3.4–8.0%) contents as well as in pH (3.6–4.4), and water activity (0.977–0.999%). The variation in fat content of samples suggested that extra fat was added; this added fat was either butter or vegetable oil as indicated by the fatty acid composition. The different samples showed peaks ...


Characterization And Bioactive Properties Of Camel Whey Protein Hydrolysate Generated With Gastric And Pancreatic Proteases, Sabika Jafar Apr 2018

Characterization And Bioactive Properties Of Camel Whey Protein Hydrolysate Generated With Gastric And Pancreatic Proteases, Sabika Jafar

Food Science Theses

Camel milk has been used for its nutritional and therapeutic benefits since ancient times. Previously, whole camel milk and casein proteins have been explored for their potential bioactive properties. However, studies on camel milk whey proteins and their hydrolysates are still scarce. Hence, the aim of the proposed thesis was to evaluate camel whey proteins and their hydrolysates for potential bioactivities like antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and anti-cholesterol properties. Production of the hydrolysates was carried out using three digestive enzymes – pepsin, trypsin and chymotrypsin for 3 and 6 h of hydrolysis time. Hydrolysates were characterized by degree of hydrolysis (DH ...


Effect Of Heat Treatment On Camel Milk Proteins, Crystal Dcosta Clement Apr 2018

Effect Of Heat Treatment On Camel Milk Proteins, Crystal Dcosta Clement

Food Science Theses

Camel milk is important in the dry and arid lands because of its cultural, nutritional, and therapeutic properties. Milk proteins are known to be affected by various treatments including heating. The structure of proteins are known to change upon exposure to temperatures due to unfolding/folding and intra- and inter-molecular interactions. The aim of this thesis was to study the effect of various heating temperatures (60-130 °C) and times (0, 1, 10, and 30 min) on camel milk proteins. Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), free thiol groups, and hydroxymethylfurfural were used to observe the changes in proteins after the heat treatments. It was ...


Physicochemical Characteristics Of Mono Floral Emirati Honey., Maryam Mohammed Alyammahi Apr 2018

Physicochemical Characteristics Of Mono Floral Emirati Honey., Maryam Mohammed Alyammahi

Food Science Theses

Honey is a sugar solution used as a food and as a food ingredient. According to Codex standards, honey from different floral sources is regulated by its content of sugar (>60 %), moisture (<20 %), acidity (<50 meq/kg), and hydroxymethylfurfural (<40 mg/kg) and (80 mg/kg) of honey of declared origin from countries or regions with tropical ambient temperatures. The aim of this thesis was to study the physicochemical composition of four types of monofloral honeys collected in UAE: sider (Ziziphus spina-christi), samar (Acacia tortilis), ghaf (Prosopis juliflora), and neem (Azadirachta indica). Twelve pure honey samples (5 sider, 5 samar, 1 ghaf, and 1 neem) were tested for their main physicochemical parameters including sugar composition, moisture content, pH/free acidity, minerals, total phenolic compounds, hydroxymethylfurfural, texture, viscosity, and glass transition temperature. Results of all samples were found to fall within the accepted levels in the Codex honey standards ...


Probiotic Characterization Of Lactic Acid Bacteria (Lab) Isolated From Dried Emirati Fish And The Health Promoting Benefits Of Fermented Fish Sausages By Selected Isolates, Nadya Salem Sultan Saeed Al Kalbani Apr 2018

Probiotic Characterization Of Lactic Acid Bacteria (Lab) Isolated From Dried Emirati Fish And The Health Promoting Benefits Of Fermented Fish Sausages By Selected Isolates, Nadya Salem Sultan Saeed Al Kalbani

Food Science Theses

Probiotics have great positive impacts on human health. Therefore, finding new probiotics possess novel probiotic characteristics would be greatly appreciated by medical, scientific and food industrial societies. This study aimed to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from traditionally dried fishes, assess their safety aspects, characterize their probiotic features, and investigate their potential health-promoting benefits of fish sausage fermented by selected LABs, in-vitro.

Out of one hundred and fifty (150) isolates, 85 isolates were considered as a potential probiotic. The 85 isolates achieved a reduction under gastric juicy ranged from 0.5-5.2 log10 CFU/mL during 2h of incubation and ...


Assessment Of Nutrition Knowledge And Dietary Behaviors Of Post Bariatric Surgery Patients Attending The Outpatient Clinic Of Rashid Hospital, Dubai, Souheir Mahmoud Alia Mar 2018

Assessment Of Nutrition Knowledge And Dietary Behaviors Of Post Bariatric Surgery Patients Attending The Outpatient Clinic Of Rashid Hospital, Dubai, Souheir Mahmoud Alia

Food Science Theses

Obesity is regarded as an increasingly prevalent public health problem, with enormous adverse health consequences. It also increases the risk for co-morbidities. There are several means to treat obesity, and bariatric surgery has emerged as one of the most prevalent ways to treat obesity. Despite the vast research assessing nutrition knowledge of patients regarding several health conditions, existing research assessing the nutrition knowledge of post-bariatric surgery patients is limited, although this category of patients is very susceptible to malnutrition post-surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the patients’ general nutrition knowledge and the knowledge specific to the dietary ...


Glycemic Index Of Foods, Adiposity And Metabolic Syndrome Risk In Emirati Young Adults, Maysm Nezar Mohamad Nov 2016

Glycemic Index Of Foods, Adiposity And Metabolic Syndrome Risk In Emirati Young Adults, Maysm Nezar Mohamad

Philosophy Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with determining the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Emirati females aged 17–25 years and its relation to overweight and obesity. It also aims to determine the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values for traditional Emirati foods that have not been tested yet.

In a cross-sectional study design, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and biochemical measurements were collected from a total of 555 Emirati female college students and the prevalence of MetS was concluded. Furthermore, at least fifteen healthy subjects participated in the measurement of GI and GL values for each of the twenty-three ...


Safaa Ahmed Hamdan Alghasyah Aldhanhani, Safaa Ahmed Hamdan Alghasyah Aldhanhani Sep 2016

Safaa Ahmed Hamdan Alghasyah Aldhanhani, Safaa Ahmed Hamdan Alghasyah Aldhanhani

Theses

Sudan grass (Sorghum x drummondii) is commonly grown for the production of animal fodder in the UAE. Cyperus conglomeratus (locally termed 'Thenda') is a sedge native to the UAE, and one of the very few plants that colonize soils of shifting desert dunes. The native plant is grazed by camels, and may thus have a potential for animal feed production. While Sudan grass is a mycotrophic plant that normally lives in symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for facilitation of nutrient uptake, C. conglomeratus is a non-host to these root symbionts. In the deseli sedges rhizosheaths comprising of dense coats of ...


Biofilm Production By Food-Transmitted Bacteria And Their Control By Selected Nanoparticles, Mariam Al Shamsi May 2015

Biofilm Production By Food-Transmitted Bacteria And Their Control By Selected Nanoparticles, Mariam Al Shamsi

Theses

Biofilm is a population of bacteria attached to any types of surfaces and impeded in a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances. Biofilm exhibit up to 1000 fold antibiotic increased resistance to a broad range of antimicrobial agents. Several food-transmitted microorganisms are capable of forming biofilms and considered as a major source of contamination, transmission and infection. In the last few decades, nanoparticles has gained a great attention for their potential applications as antimicrobial agents. The aim of this work was to assess the biofilm formation capacity of food-transmitted bacteria under various environmental conditions and to investigate the efficacy of ...


Studies On The Initial Stage Of Lipid Oxidation In Bulk Oils., Elizabeth Budilarto. Dec 2014

Studies On The Initial Stage Of Lipid Oxidation In Bulk Oils., Elizabeth Budilarto.

Theses

During the oxidation of bulk oils, oxidation products (i.e. peroxide values, conjugated dienes and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) are formed gradually and increased sharply at the end of the induction period. Tocophero1s were consumed, some water was formed, and micelles increased in size during the induction period of vegetable oils oxidized in bulk. The evidence that the evolution of micellar size was in parallel with the end of induction period corroborates the recognition that micelles are the active site of oxidation. The interaction of α-tocophero1 and three synergists: ascorby1 palmitate, phosphatidy1choline and L-lysine were studied in cod liver oil ...