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Modulating Mcm Levels Causes Differential Loading At Origins Of Replication And Changes Replication Timing, Livio Dukaj Dec 2019

Modulating Mcm Levels Causes Differential Loading At Origins Of Replication And Changes Replication Timing, Livio Dukaj

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

DNA replication is a highly complex part of cell metabolism that ensures safe propagation of the genome through tight regulation of the expression, localization, and activity of a large number of factors. Replication starts from distinct sites in the genome and initiation events are temporally ordered in a manner that is, on average, highly reproducible across cell populations. The specific order with which different parts of the genome are replicated has been proposed to be important to processes such as gene expression, cell differentiation, development, and genome evolution. Nevertheless, the fundamental mechanisms that are responsible for establishing these timing programs ...


Characterization Of The Nuclear Pore Complex In Red Alga, Cyanidioschyzon Merolae, Michelle Veronin Dec 2019

Characterization Of The Nuclear Pore Complex In Red Alga, Cyanidioschyzon Merolae, Michelle Veronin

Health and Kinesiology Theses

Cyanidioschyzon merolae (C. merolae) is a primitive, unicellular species of red alga that is considered to be one of the simplest self-sustaining eukaryotes. The highly elementary nature of C. merolae makes it an excellent model organism for studying evolution as well as cell function and organelle communication. In our study, we hypothesize that C. merolae contains the minimal assembly of proteins to make up their Nuclear Pore Complexes (NPCs), and hence are the first ancestral NPCs. NPCs are essential for basic nuclear transport in the cell. They are embedded in the double membrane of the nucleus, the nuclear envelope (NE ...


Rotational Tuning Of Transmembrane Helix Properties Based On The Precise Placements Of Aromatic And Charged Residues, Matthew J. Mckay Dec 2019

Rotational Tuning Of Transmembrane Helix Properties Based On The Precise Placements Of Aromatic And Charged Residues, Matthew J. Mckay

Theses and Dissertations

Designed model transmembrane peptides and oriented 2H and 15N solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were used to analyze how simple sequence modifications can influence peptide structure, behavior and dynamics as well as for determining the pKa of glutamic acid at the membrane interface. The GW5,19ALP23 (acetyl-GGALW(LA)6LWLAGA-amide) peptide framework adopts a well-defined tilted orientation in lipid bilayers (DLPC, DMPC and DOPC) and undergoes low amounts of dynamic motion. The sequence was initially modified by moving the Trp residues outwards to positions 4 and 20. This new sequence GW4,20ALP23 (acetyl-GGAW(AL)7AWAGA-amide) displays high amounts of signal ...


Investigating The Effects Of Excitotoxic Stimuli On The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, Rachel A. Brandes Dec 2019

Investigating The Effects Of Excitotoxic Stimuli On The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, Rachel A. Brandes

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Cell Separation Delay And Membrane Trafficking Defects In Cdc42 Gap Mutants, Haylee Young Dec 2019

Cell Separation Delay And Membrane Trafficking Defects In Cdc42 Gap Mutants, Haylee Young

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Structure And Bioactivity Of A Rationally Designed Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Antagonist Targeting The Alpha-3 Beta-2 Subtype, Leanna Marquart Dec 2019

Structure And Bioactivity Of A Rationally Designed Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Antagonist Targeting The Alpha-3 Beta-2 Subtype, Leanna Marquart

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The work presented in this thesis contributes to ongoing development of an efficient workflow for identification of lead compounds, based on the molecular scaffold of α-conotoxin MII, for drug therapies targeting nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are pentameric, ligand-gated ion channels with distribution throughout the central nervous system and are implicated in a variety of neurological diseases including schizophrenia, nicotine addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. However, ligand effect on nAChR function is not well understood. Consequently, drug therapies for neurological diseases either do not exist, or have short-lasting efficacy and/or severe side effects. Barriers ...


Rna Recognition By The Glucocorticoid Receptor Dna-Binding Domain, Nicholas Victor Parsonnet Nov 2019

Rna Recognition By The Glucocorticoid Receptor Dna-Binding Domain, Nicholas Victor Parsonnet

Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Regulation of gene expression by transcription factors (TFs) and their co-regulatory molecules forms much of the basis of how cells interact with their environment. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as a new class of co-regulatory factors, exploiting diverse sequence and structure motifs to interact directly with TFs. An outstanding prototype of this model is glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a TF which binds multiple RNAs in vivo and typifies the molecular decoy model—competitive binding between RNA and DNA at the TF DNA-binding domain. For example, GR binds the noncoding RNA Gas5, a tumor suppressor and growth arrest-specific RNA, via its ...


Engineering Self-Assembling Proteins To Produce A Safe And Effective Vaccine For Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome, Ondre H. Harper Oct 2019

Engineering Self-Assembling Proteins To Produce A Safe And Effective Vaccine For Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome, Ondre H. Harper

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Commercially available vaccines for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) provide some control over the virus but none are ideal since they either are not completely safe for use, lack efficacy in promoting long-lasting immunity or provide no protection from heterologous PRRSV strains. Innovative approaches to designing vaccines are being pursued to overcome these drawbacks. One example is the use of nanoparticles to present a dense array of antigenic epitopes to the immune system which can effectively stimulate antibody producing cells (B cells) and T cells, resulting in long-lasting immunity. Here, I genetically fused antigenic epitopes from PRRSV to ...


The Characterization Of The Rat Bone Sialoprotein Knockout Phenotype, Benjamin Harvey Oct 2019

The Characterization Of The Rat Bone Sialoprotein Knockout Phenotype, Benjamin Harvey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is an extracellular phosphoprotein that has been associated with mineralizing tissues, such as the periodontium, the fibrocartilaginous enthesis, and long bone formation. In this study, we characterized the phenotype of BSP-deficient rats. Histomorphometric analysis discovered a thinning of the acellular cementum in both 20 and 50 week-old Bsp-/- rats with no related periodontal defects and an organized periodontal ligament. Analysis of the mature quadriceps tendon (QCT) enthesis determined that BSP and osteopontin are present in the calcified fibrocartilage of wild-type rats at 14 weeks. The developing QCT enthesis of Bsp-/- rats appears similar in mineral content, collagen ...


Excess No Stabilizes The Luminal Domain Of Stim2 In A Cys-Specific Manner Thereby Regulating Basal Calcium Homeostasis And Store-Operated Calcium Entry, Matthew Novello Sep 2019

Excess No Stabilizes The Luminal Domain Of Stim2 In A Cys-Specific Manner Thereby Regulating Basal Calcium Homeostasis And Store-Operated Calcium Entry, Matthew Novello

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Stromal-interaction molecule 2 (STIM2) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane-inserted Ca2+-sensing protein which, together with the plasma membrane Ca2+ channel Orai1, regulates basal Ca2+ homeostasis and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Recent evidence suggests that S-nitrosylation, which is the covalent attachment of a nitric oxide (NO) moiety to a cysteine thiol, can attenuate the function of the paralog STIM1 protein. Compared to STIM1, STIM2 also functions as a basal Ca2+ homeostatic feedback regulator. Therefore, the objective of my study was to evaluate the susceptibility of STIM2 to S-nitrosylation and the effects that this ...


Synthesis Of Crosslinkable Poly(Ester Amide)S For Cell Encapsulation And Delivery, Yu Ting (Natalie) Liang Sep 2019

Synthesis Of Crosslinkable Poly(Ester Amide)S For Cell Encapsulation And Delivery, Yu Ting (Natalie) Liang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tissue engineering using adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) shows promise for soft tissue regeneration. Biodegradable polymers are potential biomaterials as they support the growth and delivery of cells. Specifically, poly(ester amide)s (PEAs) are a class of biodegradable polymers with tunable structures that have been shown to exhibit low cytotoxicity and support the growth of various cell types. This thesis involved the development of new water soluble amino acid-based PEAs with crosslinkable moieties to enable formation of hydrogel scaffolds for ASC encapsulation. These hydrophilic phenylalanine-based and alanine-based PEAs were synthesized by solution polycondensation and photo-crosslinked into a series of hydrogels ...


Minimalistic Peptide-Based Supramolecular Systems Relevant To The Chemical Origin Of Life, Daniela Kroiss Sep 2019

Minimalistic Peptide-Based Supramolecular Systems Relevant To The Chemical Origin Of Life, Daniela Kroiss

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

All forms of life are based on biopolymers, which are made up of a selection of simple building blocks, such as amino acids, nucleotides, fatty acids and sugars. Their individual properties govern their interactions, giving rise to complex supramolecular structures with highly specialized functionality, including ligand recognition, catalysis and compartmentalization. In this thesis, we aim to answer the question whether short peptides could have acted as precursors of modern proteins during prebiotic evolution. Using a combination of experimental and computational techniques, we screened a large molecular search space for peptide sequences that are capable of forming supramolecular complexes with adenosine ...


Engineering Of Escherichia Coli 2-Oxoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex With Mechanistic And Synthetic Goals, Joydeep Chakraborty Aug 2019

Engineering Of Escherichia Coli 2-Oxoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex With Mechanistic And Synthetic Goals, Joydeep Chakraborty

Dissertations

The Escherichia coli 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDHc) compromises multiple copies of three enzymes - 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E1o), dihydrolipoyl succinyltransferase (E2o), and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3). OGDHc is found in the Krebs cycle and catalyzes the formation of the all-important succinyl-Coenzyme A (succinyl-CoA). OGDHc was engineered to understand the catalytic mechanism and optimized for chemical synthetic goals.

Succinyl-CoA formation takes place within the catalytic domain of E2o via a transesterification reaction. The succinyl group from the thiol ester of S8-succinyldihydrolipoyl-E2o is transferred to the thiol group of CoA. Mechanistic studies were designed to investigate enzymatic transthioesterification. His375 and Asp374 was shown to be ...


Early Warning Of Global Change Effects On Catchment Nutrient Exports, Haibin Dong Aug 2019

Early Warning Of Global Change Effects On Catchment Nutrient Exports, Haibin Dong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Global change scientists seek sentinels of change. On forested landscapes, first-order catchments serve as sentinels of global stressors and their effects on downstream surface waters. Here, I explored global stressors – including climate warming, hydrological intensification, and recovery from atmospheric acidic deposition – and their effects on nutrient exports in 22-year stream chemistry records from 41 forested first-order catchments in a network of North American long-term monitoring sites. First, I used multivariate autoregressive models to establish relationships between changes in global stressors and changes in catchment nutrient exports. Second, I analyzed the residuals of these relationships to determine if there was evidence ...


Assessing The Structure-Function Relationships Of The Apolipoprotein(A) Kringle Iv Sub-Type 10 Domain, Matthew J. Borrelli Aug 2019

Assessing The Structure-Function Relationships Of The Apolipoprotein(A) Kringle Iv Sub-Type 10 Domain, Matthew J. Borrelli

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Elevated plasma lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is the most prevalent heritable risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease. The apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) component of Lp(a) is strongly implicated in the pathogenicity of Lp(a). It is hypothesized that the inflammatory potential of Lp(a)/apo(a) is mediated by the lysine binding ability of the apo(a) kringle IV10 (KIV10) domain, along with its covalently bound oxidized phospholipid (oxPL). Using targeted mutagenesis, two novel null alleles for the LPA gene that generate non-secretable apo(a) species have been identified, resulting from amino acid substitutions in the KIV10 ...


Understanding Excitation Energy Quenching In Isia, Hui-Yuan Steven Chen Aug 2019

Understanding Excitation Energy Quenching In Isia, Hui-Yuan Steven Chen

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophic organisms that contribute a significant amount of global primary productivity. They are found in freshwater, marine and even some extremely severe environments. Among those environments, iron deficiency is one of the most common stress conditions in cyanobacterial habitats. To survive, cyanobacteria have evolved and developed several strategies to alleviate the damage caused by iron deficiency.

Iron stress-inducible protein (IsiA) is a chlorophyll-binding membrane protein found in cyanobacteria grown in iron-deficient conditions. During the past decades, considerable effort has been put on understanding how IsiA functions to help cyanobacteria survive iron deficiency. It has been reported that IsiA ...


Understanding Excitation Energy Quenching In Isia, Hui-Yuan Steven Chen Aug 2019

Understanding Excitation Energy Quenching In Isia, Hui-Yuan Steven Chen

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophic organisms that contribute a significant amount of global primary productivity. They are found in freshwater, marine and even some extremely severe environments. Among those environments, iron deficiency is one of the most common stress conditions in cyanobacterial habitats. To survive, cyanobacteria have evolved and developed several strategies to alleviate the damage caused by iron deficiency. Iron stress-inducible protein (IsiA) is a chlorophyll-binding membrane protein found in cyanobacteria grown in iron-deficient conditions. During the past decades, considerable effort has been put on understanding how IsiA functions to help cyanobacteria survive iron deficiency. It has been reported that IsiA ...


Electron Decoupling With Chirped Microwave Pulses For Magic Angle Spinning Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Edward Paul Saliba Aug 2019

Electron Decoupling With Chirped Microwave Pulses For Magic Angle Spinning Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Edward Paul Saliba

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is a method of generating hyperpolarization of nuclear spins for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Coherent, time domain techniques make the possibility of DNP directly to spins of interest at room temperature and higher feasible in magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR, allowing for optimal experimental repetition times to be limited by the T_1 of the electron, rather than a much longer T_1DNP, with excellent resolution. The strong hyperfine couplings that make such direct DNP transfers possible, however, can lead to short nuclear relaxation times that result in broadening of nuclear resonances and reduce sensitivity. This dissertation ...


Fast-Forward Protein Folding And Design: Development, Analysis, And Applications Of The Fast Sampling Algorithm, Maxwell Isaac Zimmerman Aug 2019

Fast-Forward Protein Folding And Design: Development, Analysis, And Applications Of The Fast Sampling Algorithm, Maxwell Isaac Zimmerman

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Molecular dynamics simulations are a powerful tool to explore conformational landscapes, though limitations in computational hardware commonly thwart observation of biologically relevant events. Since highly specialized or massively parallelized distributed supercomputers are not available to most scientists, there is a strong need for methods that can access long timescale phenomena using commodity hardware. In this thesis, I present the goal-oriented sampling method, Fluctuation Amplification of Specific Traits (FAST), that takes advantage of Markov state models (MSMs) to adaptively explore conformational space using equilibrium-based simulations. This method follows gradients in conformational space to quickly explore relevant conformational transitions with orders of ...


Structural And Functional Characterization Of Deinococcal Dna Damage Response A (Ddra), Filip Todorovic Aug 2019

Structural And Functional Characterization Of Deinococcal Dna Damage Response A (Ddra), Filip Todorovic

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Deinococci exhibit a remarkable resilience toward DNA damage through the actions of several unique proteins, including DdrA. Although DdrA is critical for damage resistance, little is known about its mechanism of action. Despite sharing sequence similarity with Rad52, DdrA has been reported to lack single-stranded DNA annealing activity. In order to better characterize DdrA, structural studies were undertaken with the primary objective of gaining insight into the mechanism by which DdrA functions. Significant progress was made toward elucidating the X-ray crystal structure; in particular, identifying suitable DdrA domain boundaries for successful expression, purification and crystallization. In addition, we demonstrate for ...


Parallel Multipole Expansion Algorithms And Their Biology Applications, Jiahui Chen Aug 2019

Parallel Multipole Expansion Algorithms And Their Biology Applications, Jiahui Chen

Mathematics Theses and Dissertations

N-body pairwise interactions are ubiquitous in scientific areas such as astrophysics, fluids mechanics, electrical engineering, molecular biology, etc. Computing these interactions using direct sum of an O(N) cost is expensive, whereas multipole expansion methods, such as the fast multipole method (FMM) or treecode, can reduce the cost to O(N) or O(N log N). This thesis focuses on developing numerical algorithms of Cartesian FMM and treecode, as well as using these algorithms to directly or implicitly solve biological problems involving pairwise interactions. This thesis consists of the following topics. 1) A cyclic parallel scheme is developed to handle ...


Investigation Of The Electrode Polarization Effect For Biosensor Applications, Anil Koklu Aug 2019

Investigation Of The Electrode Polarization Effect For Biosensor Applications, Anil Koklu

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

My research focuses on electrokinetic transport. Particularly, in this dissertation, we focus on fabrication and testing of micro electrodes with nanostructured surfaces to minimize the electrode polarization (EP) effects for biosensor applications. In the first study, electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on to planar gold electrodes was used to generate rough surfaces. Dendritic nanostructures that reduced EP up to two orders of magnitude was obtained by optimizing the deposition conditions. These structures also enhanced dielectrophoresis (DEP) response of our bio-chips, making them usable in physiological buffers. In further studies we discovered a universal scaling of EP in the frequency domain ...


Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly; In Vivo Analysis Of The Methanogenic Suf System, Evan Dunkle Aug 2019

Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly; In Vivo Analysis Of The Methanogenic Suf System, Evan Dunkle

LSU Master's Theses

Iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters are among the most ancient and prevalent of all biological cofactors. Their assembly into associated proteins is a tightly regulated process with many organisms employing multiple cluster assembly pathways. Much is known about Fe-S cluster assembly in aerobic organisms such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) but little is known in regards to cluster assembly in more ancient organisms such as methanogens. Methanogens are members of the domain of Archaea and are defined by their ability to generate methane as a byproduct of their main energy generating pathway. Methanogens also have significantly higher Fe-S cluster content compared to ...


The Gsk-3Β-Fbxl21 Axis Regulates Tcap Via Ubiquitin-Mediated Proteasomal Pathway In The Cytoplasm, Jiah Yang Aug 2019

The Gsk-3Β-Fbxl21 Axis Regulates Tcap Via Ubiquitin-Mediated Proteasomal Pathway In The Cytoplasm, Jiah Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Protein turnover is one of the most essential mechanisms controlling circadian rhythms. F-Box and Leucine Rich Repeat Protein21 (FBXL21) is a circadian E3 ligase which shows oscillatory mRNA transcripts and protein levels. It was previously found to perform subcellular compartment-specific E3 ligase activities targeting the core clock proteins CRYPTOCHROME(CRY)1/2. Here we identified a new sarcomeric target substrate, Telethonin(TCAP), which also shows circadian oscillation in its mRNA transcript and protein expression and, importantly, interaction with FBXL21 in an anti-phasic manner. Via computational and pharmacological tests, we identified Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3β(GSK-3β) as a regulator of FBXL21. Biochemical ...


Does Thermotolerance In Daphnia Depend On The Mitochondrial Function?, Rajib Hasan Aug 2019

Does Thermotolerance In Daphnia Depend On The Mitochondrial Function?, Rajib Hasan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Thermotolerance limit in aquatic organism is set by the ability to sustain aerobic scope to sudden temperature shifts. This study tested the genetic and plastic differences in thermotolerance of Daphnia that can be explained by the differences in the ability to retain mitochondrial integrity at high temperatures. Five genotypes with different biogeographic origins were acclimated to 18C and 25C. We developed a rhodamine 123 in-vivo assay to measure mitochondrial membrane potential and observed higher fluorescent in heat damaged tissues as the disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential. Significant effects on temperature tolerance were observed with CCCP ...


Two Human Mitochondrial Pyruvate Carrier Mutations Reveal Distinct Mechanisms Of Molecular Pathogenesis, Lalita Oonthonpan Aug 2019

Two Human Mitochondrial Pyruvate Carrier Mutations Reveal Distinct Mechanisms Of Molecular Pathogenesis, Lalita Oonthonpan

Theses and Dissertations

The Mitochondrial Pyruvate Carrier (MPC) occupies a central metabolic node by transporting cytosolic pyruvate into the mitochondrial matrix, thereby linking glycolysis with mitochondrial metabolism. Two reported human MPC1 mutations cause developmental abnormalities, neurological problems, metabolic deficits, and for one patient, early death. We aimed to understand biochemical mechanisms by which the human patient c.C289T and c.T236A MPC1 alleles disrupt MPC function. MPC1 c.C289T encodes two protein variants, a mis-spliced, truncation mutant (A58G) and full-length point mutant (R97W). MPC1 c.T236A encodes a full-length point mutant (L79H). Using human patient fibroblasts and complementation of CRISPR-deleted, MPC1 null mouse ...


The Dynamin-Like Protein Vps1 Stimulates Endosome-To-Golgi Fusion In Vitro, Jared Christopher Smothers Aug 2019

The Dynamin-Like Protein Vps1 Stimulates Endosome-To-Golgi Fusion In Vitro, Jared Christopher Smothers

MSU Graduate Theses

Intracellular membrane fusion events can be reconstituted by exploiting isolated organelles from cellular hosts or artificial membranes made of purified phospholipid components. Artificial construction of membranes provides two significant advantages. First, cellular isolation of the endosome-derived vesicles and TGN (trans-Golgi Network) compartments needed for the fusion assay would be extremely challenging. Second, reconstituting the membranes provides the added benefit of controlling size and lipid compositions to functionally mimic the individual membrane architectures and introduce only the purified proteins that are under investigation. For these reasons, I have developed the first simultaneous lipid and content mixing fusion assays that measures the ...


Hybrid Fusion Protein For Inhibition Of Multiple Proteases For Chronic Wound Healing, Graham L. Strauss Jul 2019

Hybrid Fusion Protein For Inhibition Of Multiple Proteases For Chronic Wound Healing, Graham L. Strauss

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many diseases display a multitude of relevant factors that contribute to the persistence of the disease and difficulty treating it. The multifactorial characteristics of some diseases lead to the requirement of combination of treatments in order to restore health. The latter may necessitate the mixing of treatments, medications, and therapeutics to first halt the disease, then assist the human body in returning itself to a state of normality. For example, chronic wounds exhibit this multifactor characteristic in which there exist many factors that lead to the body’s inability to properly heal in a timely manner. This presents a further ...


Regulation Of Rna Stability By Terminal Nucleotidyltransferases, Christina Z. Chung Jul 2019

Regulation Of Rna Stability By Terminal Nucleotidyltransferases, Christina Z. Chung

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The dysregulation of RNAs has global effects on all cellular pathways. The regulation of RNA metabolism is thus tightly controlled. Terminal RNA nucleotidyltransferases (TENTs) regulate RNA stability and activity through the addition of non-templated nucleotides to the 3′-end. TENT-catalyzed adenylation and uridylation have opposing effects; adenylation stabilizes while uridylation silences or degrades RNA. All TENT homologs were initially characterized as adenylyltransferases; the identification of caffeine-induced death suppressor protein 1 (Cid1) in Schizosaccharomyces pombe as an uridylyltransferase led to the reclassification of many TENTs as uridylyltransferases. Cid1 uridylates mRNAs that are subsequently degraded by the exonuclease Dis-like 3′-5′ exonuclease ...


Electron Transfer Activity Of Mitochondria Neet-Proteins, Yiming Wang Jul 2019

Electron Transfer Activity Of Mitochondria Neet-Proteins, Yiming Wang

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Mitochondrial NEET proteins are recently discovered iron-sulfur proteins that are localized within mitochondria. There are three NEET proteins: mitoNEET, a type II diabetes drug pioglitazone binding target, a mitoNEET related protein 1 (Miner1 or NAF-1), and a mitoNEET-related protein 2 (Miner2). While both mitoNEET and Miner1 are mitochondrial outer membrane proteins, Miner2 is a mitochondrial matrix protein. All three NEET proteins bind at least one [2Fe-2S] cluster via CDGSH (Cys-Asp-Gly-Ser-His) motif. In this work, we have investigated the electron transfer activity of mitoNEET, and found that the CDGSH-type [2Fe-2S] clusters of mitoNEET can be reduced by the reduced flavin mononucleotide ...