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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 369

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Laser-Induced Photon-Branched Chain Reaction In A Chemically-Active Gas-Dispersed Medium, Thomas F. George, Renat R. Letfullin, Galen C. Duree Dec 2008

Laser-Induced Photon-Branched Chain Reaction In A Chemically-Active Gas-Dispersed Medium, Thomas F. George, Renat R. Letfullin, Galen C. Duree

Thomas George

A promising avenue in the development of high-energy pulsed chemical HF/DF lasers and amplifiers is the utilization of a photon-branched chain reaction initiated in a two-phase active medium, that is, a medium containing a laser working gas and ultradispersed passivated metal particles. These particles are evaporated under the action of IR laser radiation which results in the appearance of free atoms, their diffusion into the gas, and the development of a photon-branching chain process, which involves photons as both reactants and products. The key obstacle here is the formation of a relatively large volume (in excess of 10^3 ...


Insig2 Gene Polymorphism Is Associated With Increased Subcutaneous Fat In Women And Poor Response To Resistance Training In Men, Funda Orkunoglu-Suer, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Priscilla Clarkson, Paul Thompson, Theodore Angelopoulos, Paul Godron, Niall Moyna, Linda Pescatello, Paul Visich, Robert Zoeller, Brennan Harmon, Richard Seip, Eric Hoffman, Joseph Devaney Dec 2008

Insig2 Gene Polymorphism Is Associated With Increased Subcutaneous Fat In Women And Poor Response To Resistance Training In Men, Funda Orkunoglu-Suer, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Priscilla Clarkson, Paul Thompson, Theodore Angelopoulos, Paul Godron, Niall Moyna, Linda Pescatello, Paul Visich, Robert Zoeller, Brennan Harmon, Richard Seip, Eric Hoffman, Joseph Devaney

Priscilla M. Clarkson

Background A common SNP upstream of the INSIG2 gene, rs7566605 (g.-10,1025G>C, Chr2:118,552,255, NT_022135.15), was reported to be associated with obesity (Body Mass Index, [BMI]) in a genome-wide association scan using the Framingham Heart Study but has not been reproduced in other cohorts. As BMI is a relatively insensitive measure of adiposity that is subject to many confounding variables, we sought to determine the relationship between the INSIG2 SNP and subcutaneous fat volumes measured by MRI in a young adult population. Methods We genotyped the INSIG2 SNP rs7566605 in college-aged population enrolled in a ...


Gokilaht®-S 5ec Testing On Culex Quinquefasciatus Say Larvae For An Early Detection In Esterase And Monooxygenase Resistance System, Soam Prakash, Gavendra Singh Dec 2008

Gokilaht®-S 5ec Testing On Culex Quinquefasciatus Say Larvae For An Early Detection In Esterase And Monooxygenase Resistance System, Soam Prakash, Gavendra Singh

Soam Prakash

In this paper, we have studied the efficacy of
Gokilaht®-S 5EC (d,d-trans-cyphenothrin), a synthetic
pyrethroid, when applied on all larval instars of Culex
quinquefasciatus Say in laboratory conditions. We could
observe this with six statistically significant concentrations
at 0.0005, 0.0025, 0.075, 0.075, 0.1, and 0.2 μL/L,
respectively. The esterase was detected by SDS-PAGE
analysis and monooxygenase with microtiter plate assay.
The esterase and monooxygenase were detected at concentrations
of 0.005 and 0.075 μL/L, respectively. The outcome
of these assays was discussed and we could see a pattern for ...


Giant Sequoia Insect, Disease, And Ecosystem Interactions, Douglas D. Piirto Dec 2008

Giant Sequoia Insect, Disease, And Ecosystem Interactions, Douglas D. Piirto

Douglas D. Piirto

Individual trees of giant sequoia (Sequoia gigantea [Lindl.] Decne.) have demonstrated a capacity to attain both a long life and very large size. It is not uncommon to find old-growth giant sequoia trees in their native range that are 1,500 years old and over 15 feet in diameter at breast height. The ability of individual giant sequoia trees to survive over such long periods of time has often been attributed to the species high resistance to disease, insect, and fire damage. Such a statement, however, is a gross oversimplification, given broader ecosystem and temporal interactions. For example, why isn ...


Efficacy Of Herbicide Application Methods Used To Control Tanoak (Lithocarpus Densiflorus) In An Uneven-Aged Coast Redwood Management Context, Douglas D. Piirto, Brenda Smith, Eric K. Huff, Scott T. Robinson Dec 2008

Efficacy Of Herbicide Application Methods Used To Control Tanoak (Lithocarpus Densiflorus) In An Uneven-Aged Coast Redwood Management Context, Douglas D. Piirto, Brenda Smith, Eric K. Huff, Scott T. Robinson

Douglas D. Piirto

Three methods of tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus [Hook. & Arn.] Rehd.) control involving the application of the amine or ester form of triclopyr were evaluated in this coast redwood uneven-aged forest management study of herbicides. A cut-stump application with the amine form of triclopyr (Garlon 3A), frill cut with the amine form of triclopyr, basal-bark (outer surface) with the ester form of triclopyr (Garlon 4), and an untreated control were replicated three times. The tanoak control results in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii [Mirb.] Franco) and/ or coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens [D. Don] Endl.) predominated stands obtained in earlier studies in northern California and ...


Cost-Effective Fire Management For Southern California's Chaparral Wilderness: An Analytical Procedure, Chris A. Childers, Douglas D. Piirto Dec 2008

Cost-Effective Fire Management For Southern California's Chaparral Wilderness: An Analytical Procedure, Chris A. Childers, Douglas D. Piirto

Douglas D. Piirto

Fire management has always meant fire suppression to the managers of the chaparral covered southern California National Forests. Today, Forest Service fire management programs must be cost effective, while wilderness fire management objectives are aimed at recreating natural fire regimes. A cost-effectiveness analysis has been developed to compare fire management options for meeting these objectives in California's chaparral wilderness. This paper describes the analytical procedure using examples from a study currently being conducted for the Los Padres National Forest, and discusses some preliminary results.


Differential Requirements Of Two Reca Mutants For Constitutive Sos Expression In Escherichia Coli K-12, Steven Sandler, Jarukit Edward Long, Nicholas Renzette, Richard Centore Dec 2008

Differential Requirements Of Two Reca Mutants For Constitutive Sos Expression In Escherichia Coli K-12, Steven Sandler, Jarukit Edward Long, Nicholas Renzette, Richard Centore

Steven Sandler

Background Repairing DNA damage begins with its detection and is often followed by elicitation of a cellular response. In E. coli, RecA polymerizes on ssDNA produced after DNA damage and induces the SOS Response. The RecA-DNA filament is an allosteric effector of LexA auto-proteolysis. LexA is the repressor of the SOS Response. Not all RecA-DNA filaments, however, lead to an SOS Response. Certain recA mutants express the SOS Response (recAC) in the absence of external DNA damage in log phase cells. Methodology/Principal Findings Genetic analysis of two recAC mutants was used to determine the mechanism of constitutive SOS (SOSC ...


Comparative Pollination Biology Of Sympatric And Allopatric Andean Iochroma (Solanaceae)1, Steven J. Hall, Stacy Dewitt Smith, Pablo R. Izquierdo, David A. Baum Dec 2008

Comparative Pollination Biology Of Sympatric And Allopatric Andean Iochroma (Solanaceae)1, Steven J. Hall, Stacy Dewitt Smith, Pablo R. Izquierdo, David A. Baum

Steven J. Hall

Field studies were conducted for 15 species of Iochroma Benth. and the nested genus Acnistus Schott to quantify the diversity of pollination systems and to assess the potential contribution of pollinator behavior to the persistence of closely related species in sympatry. We combined measures of pollinator visitation and pollen deposition to estimate the importance of major groups of pollinators for each species, and we calculated proportional similarity in the pollinator assemblage among species. We found that 12 species of Iochroma, encompassing a range of flower colors and sizes, were principally pollinated by hummingbirds and, in many cases, by the same ...


Flowability And Handling Characteristics Of Bulk Solids And Powders—A Review With Implications For Ddgs, V. Ganesan, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan Dec 2008

Flowability And Handling Characteristics Of Bulk Solids And Powders—A Review With Implications For Ddgs, V. Ganesan, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan

Kurt A. Rosentrater

Much research regarding handling and storage characteristics of bulk solids has been conducted over the years. Physical properties of granular solids play a significant role in their resulting storage and flow behaviour, and are therefore essential to design appropriate, efficient, and economic bulk solids handling and storage equipment and structures. Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) is a bulk material that has been widely used as a protein source for ruminants and non-ruminants for more than two decades. Distillers grains are energy and nutrient dense, and are often used as a replacement for corn in animal diets. With the exponential ...


Distribution Patterns Of Sciurus Niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel) Leaf Nests Within Woodlots Across A Suburban/Urban Landscape, Carmen M. Salsbury Nov 2008

Distribution Patterns Of Sciurus Niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel) Leaf Nests Within Woodlots Across A Suburban/Urban Landscape, Carmen M. Salsbury

Carmen M. Salsbury

To determine habitat characteristics that influence Sciurus niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel) abundance and distribution within a suburban/urban landscape in the midwestern United States, I documented the density and placement of fox squirrel leaf nests in 20 woodlots in the Indianapolis metropolitan area. Marion County, IN. The woodlots varied in size (0.94 to 19.5 ha), approximate age, shape, and degree of isolation from other woodlots and suitable squirrel habitat in the surrounding area. Only 8.0% of nests were located in a tree with another nest, and nests were randomly distributed in all but one woodlot, where they ...


Objectively Measured Physical Activity In Urban Alternative High School Students, John R. Sirard, Martha Y. Kubik, Jayne A. Fulkerson, Chrisa Arcan Nov 2008

Objectively Measured Physical Activity In Urban Alternative High School Students, John R. Sirard, Martha Y. Kubik, Jayne A. Fulkerson, Chrisa Arcan

John Sirard

Introduction—Alternative high school students are an underserved population of youth at greater risk for poor health behaviors and outcomes. Little is known about their physical activity patterns. Purpose—The purpose of this study was to describe 1) physical activity levels of students attending alternative high schools (AHS) in St. Paul/Minneapolis, MN and 2) compliance with wearing a physical activity accelerometer. Methods—Sixty-five students (59% male, 65% <18 years>old, 51% African-American, 17% Caucasian, 32% mixed and other) wore an accelerometer during all waking hours for seven days as part of the baseline assessment for a school-based physical activity and dietary ...


In Vivo Lumbo-Sacral Forces And Moments During Constant Speed Running At Different Stride Lengths, Joseph Seay, W. Scott Selbie, Joseph Hamill Nov 2008

In Vivo Lumbo-Sacral Forces And Moments During Constant Speed Running At Different Stride Lengths, Joseph Seay, W. Scott Selbie, Joseph Hamill

Joseph Hamill

The aim of this study was to introduce a Newton–Euler inverse dynamics model that included reaction force and moment estimation at the lumbo-sacral (L5-S1) and thoraco-lumbar (T12-L1) joints. Data were collected while participants ran over ground at 3.8 m s71 at three different stride lengths: preferred stride length, 20% greater than preferred, and 20% less than preferred. Inputs to the model were ground reaction forces, bilateral lower extremity and pelvis kinematics and inertial parameters, kinematics of the lumbar spine and thorax and inertial parameters of the lumbar segment. Repeated measures ANOVA were performed on the lower extremity sagittal ...


Melamine Contamination Of Infant Formula In China: The Causes, Food Safety Issues And Public Health Implications, Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa Nov 2008

Melamine Contamination Of Infant Formula In China: The Causes, Food Safety Issues And Public Health Implications, Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Professor Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

No abstract provided.


Biological Invasions And Biocultural Diversity: Linking Ecological And Cultural Systems, Jeanine M. Pfeiffer, Robert A. Voeks Nov 2008

Biological Invasions And Biocultural Diversity: Linking Ecological And Cultural Systems, Jeanine M. Pfeiffer, Robert A. Voeks

Jeanine M. Pfeiffer

Study of the ecological and economic effects of invasive species has paralleled their progressively pervasive influence worldwide, yet their cultural impacts remain largely unexamined and therefore unrecognized. Unlike biological systems, where the ecological consequences of biological invasions are primarily negative, from an ethnoscientific standpoint, invasive species' impacts on cultural systems span a range of effects. Biological invasions affect cultural groups in myriad, often unpredictable and at times contradictory ways. This review groups case studies into a conceptual matrix suggesting three categorically different cultural impacts of invasive species. Culturally impoverishing invasive species precipitate the loss or replacement of culturally important native ...


Two Leucine-Rich Repeat Receptor Kinases Mediate Signaling, Linking Cell Wall Biosynthesis And Acc Synthase In Arabidopsis, Shou-Ling Xu, Abidur Rahman, Tobias Baskin, Joseph J. Kieber Nov 2008

Two Leucine-Rich Repeat Receptor Kinases Mediate Signaling, Linking Cell Wall Biosynthesis And Acc Synthase In Arabidopsis, Shou-Ling Xu, Abidur Rahman, Tobias Baskin, Joseph J. Kieber

Tobias Baskin

The plant cell wall is a dynamic structure that changes in response to developmental and environmental cues through poorly understood signaling pathways. We identified two Leu-rich repeat receptor-like kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana that play a role in regulating cell wall function. Mutations in these FEI1 and FEI2 genes (named for the Chinese word for fat) disrupt anisotropic expansion and the synthesis of cell wall polymers and act additively with inhibitors or mutations disrupting cellulose biosynthesis. While FEI1 is an active protein kinase, a kinase-inactive version of FEI1 was able to fully complement the fei1 fei2 mutant. The expansion defect in ...


Efficacy Of Bacillus Sphaericus Against Larvae Of Malaria And Filarial Vectors: An Analysis Of Early Resistance Detection, Soam Prakash, Gavendra Singh Nov 2008

Efficacy Of Bacillus Sphaericus Against Larvae Of Malaria And Filarial Vectors: An Analysis Of Early Resistance Detection, Soam Prakash, Gavendra Singh

Soam Prakash

We are reporting in this paper the control of
Anopheles stephensi Liston and Culex quinquefasciatus Say
using Bacillus sphaericus. These have been now considered
with a practical solution because of its specific and
prolonged killing action against mosquito larvae. The
efficacy of B. sphaericus were assessed against all instars
of A. stephensi and C. quinquefasciatus separately. During
the experiments, the mortalities were not found highly
effective in dose concentration of LC90 0.01 mg/l. It is
recommended by the World Health Organizations in all
instars of larvae of A. stephensi and C. quinquefasciatus.
Thereafter, six different concentrations were used ...


Effect Of Post Composting On Vermicompost Of Spent Mushroom Substrate, Adi Ainurzaman Jamaludin, Noor Zalina Mahmood Nov 2008

Effect Of Post Composting On Vermicompost Of Spent Mushroom Substrate, Adi Ainurzaman Jamaludin, Noor Zalina Mahmood

Adi Ainurzaman Jamaludin

By using Lumbricus rubellus, vermicomposting started after 3 weeks of pre composting. Five treatments in different ratio of cow dung : spent mushroom substrate were prepared as feed materials with four replicates for each treatment namely; 80:20 (T1), 60:40 (T2), 50:50 (T3), 40:60 (T4) and 20:80 (T5). After 7 weeks of vermicomposting, macronutrient elements of vermicompost produced were measured and the process continues with composting when all the earthworms were taken out from the treatments. Macronutrient elements of compost produced were also measured after 20 weeks of composting. The data reveals that 7 weeks for vermicomposting ...


Impact Of An External Energy On Staphylococcus Epidermis [Atcc –13518] In Relation To Antibiotic Susceptibility And Biochemical Reactions – An Experimental Study, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Nov 2008

Impact Of An External Energy On Staphylococcus Epidermis [Atcc –13518] In Relation To Antibiotic Susceptibility And Biochemical Reactions – An Experimental Study, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Purpose:

While spiritual and mental energies are known to man, their impact has never been scientifically measurable in the material world and they remain outside the domain of science. The present experiment on Staphylococcus epidermis [ATCC –13518], validate the effects of such energy transmitted through a person, Mahendra Trivedi, which has produced an impact measurable in scientifically rigorous manner.

Methods:

Staphylococcus epidermis strains in revived and lyophilized state were subjected to spiritual energy transmitted through thought intervention and/or physical touch of Mahendra Trivedi to the sealed tubes containing strain, the process taking about 3 minutes and were analyzed within ...


Leading Firms As Knowledge Gatekeepers In A Networked Environment, Deogratias Harorimana Mr Nov 2008

Leading Firms As Knowledge Gatekeepers In A Networked Environment, Deogratias Harorimana Mr

Dr Deogratias Harorimana

This chapter introduces the role of the knowledge gatekeeper as a mechanism by which knowledge is created and transferred in a networked environment. Knowledge creation and transfer are essential for building a knowledge based economy. The chapter considers obstacles that inhibit this process and argues that leading firms create a shared socio-cultural context that enables the condivision of tacit meanings and codification of knowledge. Leading firms act as gatekeepers of knowledge through the creation of shared virtual platforms. There will be a leading firm that connects several networks of clients and suppliers may not interact directly with one another, but ...


Understanding Consumer Preference For Functional Barley Tortillas Through Sensory, Demographic, And Behavioral Data, Ayako Toma, Maria Botero Omary, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Elizabeth A. Arndt, Naruemon Prasopsunwattana, Sutida Chongcham, Rolando A. Flores Nov 2008

Understanding Consumer Preference For Functional Barley Tortillas Through Sensory, Demographic, And Behavioral Data, Ayako Toma, Maria Botero Omary, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Elizabeth A. Arndt, Naruemon Prasopsunwattana, Sutida Chongcham, Rolando A. Flores

Kurt A. Rosentrater

Consumption of whole grains as part of a health-promoting diet is encouraged among Americans due to beneficial nutrients and phytochemicals. The main objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of whole barley flour particle size on consumer acceptance of whole grain and soluble fiber-enriched tortillas; to examine the effect of demographic and behavioral data on consumer acceptance; and to establish relationships between consumer acceptance and survey results to identify market opportunities among particular groups of consumers. Four experimental tortillas and two representative commercial brands were tested by 95 untrained panelists using a 9-point hedonic scale for appearance, color ...


Determination Of Machining Parameters Of Corn Byproduct Filled Plastics, Kurt A. Rosentrater Nov 2008

Determination Of Machining Parameters Of Corn Byproduct Filled Plastics, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Kurt A. Rosentrater

In a collaborative project between the USDA and Northern Illinois University, the use of ethanol corn processing by-products as bio-filler materials in the compression molding of phenolic plastics has been studied. This paper reports on the results of a machinability study in the milling of various grades of this material. Three types of samples were studied: 100%, 75% and 50% phenolic samples. The milling operation was carried out with a fixed depth of cut of 2.0 mm using a 12.5 mm diameter two-fluted end-mill. The cutting speed was varied between 120 and 160 m/min at feeds between ...


No Evidence That Bacillus Thuringiensis Genes And Their Products Influence The Susceptibility Of Corn Residue To Decomposition, R. Michael Lehman, Shannon L. Osborne, Kurt A. Rosentrater Nov 2008

No Evidence That Bacillus Thuringiensis Genes And Their Products Influence The Susceptibility Of Corn Residue To Decomposition, R. Michael Lehman, Shannon L. Osborne, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Kurt A. Rosentrater

The possibility that Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn (Zea mays L.) residues resist decomposition compared to non-Bt residues would present direct (soil carbon turnover times) and indirect (changes in tillage practices) effects on carbon budgets in agricultural systems. We evaluated the relative decomposition of residue from two pairs of Bt and non-Bt corn hybrids from different seed manufacturers buried in the root zone of adjacent Bt and non-Bt corn plots over a period of 384 d. We found no persistent differences in residue decomposition among the different hybrids regardless of the seed manufacturer or the presence of the Bt genes (both ...


Local Chef Inspires Healthy And Economical Cooking -- In A Flash, Madeleine K. Charney Nov 2008

Local Chef Inspires Healthy And Economical Cooking -- In A Flash, Madeleine K. Charney

Madeleine K. Charney

Local chef, Leslie Cerier, offers thought-provoking workshops about eating whole foods.


Impact Of An External Energy On Staphylococcus Epidermis [Atcc –13518] In Relation To Antibiotic Susceptibility And Biochemical Reactions – An Experimental Study, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Shrikant Patil Oct 2008

Impact Of An External Energy On Staphylococcus Epidermis [Atcc –13518] In Relation To Antibiotic Susceptibility And Biochemical Reactions – An Experimental Study, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Shrikant Patil

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Purpose
While spiritual and mental energies are known to man, their impact has never been scientifically measurable in the material world and they remain outside the domain of science. The present experiment on Staphylococcus epidermis [ATCC –13518], validate the effects of such energy transmitted through a person, Mr. Mahendrakumar Trivedi, which has produced an impact measurable in scientifically rigorous manner.

Methods
Staphylococcus epidermis strains in revived and lyophilized state were subjected to spiritual energy transmitted through thought intervention and/or physical touch of Mr. Trivedi to the sealed tubes containing strain, the process taking about 3 minutes and were analyzed ...


Infant-Feeding Practices Of Low-Income Vietnamese American Women, Yashmi Mistry, Marjorie R. Freedman, Kathleen Sweeney, Clarie Hollenbeck Oct 2008

Infant-Feeding Practices Of Low-Income Vietnamese American Women, Yashmi Mistry, Marjorie R. Freedman, Kathleen Sweeney, Clarie Hollenbeck

Marjorie R. Freedman

Healthy People 2010 breastfeeding goals include 50% exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months. In California, US, Santa Clara County Women, Infants, and Children (SCCWIC) data indicated Asian participants had low (5.6%) 6-month breastfeeding rates. To examine infant-feeding practices, Vietnamese breastfeeding peer counselors surveyed 133 Vietnamese SCCWIC participants (≥ 18 years old, nonpregnant, < 28 months postpartum) using a structured questionnaire regarding intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms toward breastfeeding. Results indicated that 75% initiated breastfeeding in the hospital (33% exclusively, 42% partially), and 25% exclusively formula fed. At survey time, 49% had terminated breastfeeding (average duration 4.4 months). Feeding intentions during pregnancy ...


Flow Properties Of Ddgs With Varying Soluble And Moisture Contents Using Jenike Shear Testing, V. Ganesan, Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan, Kurt A. Rosentrater Oct 2008

Flow Properties Of Ddgs With Varying Soluble And Moisture Contents Using Jenike Shear Testing, V. Ganesan, Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Kurt A. Rosentrater

Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) are an excellent source of energy, minerals, and bypass protein for ruminants and are used in monogastric rations as well. With the remarkable growth of the US fuel ethanol industry in the past decade, large quantities of distillers grains are now being produced. Flow of DDGS is often restricted by caking and bridging during its storage and transportation. In our previous works, the Carr powder tester was used to measure various flow properties of DDGS. The objective of this study was to measure the flow properties (cohesion, effective angle of friction, internal angle of ...


Intercourse Between Cell Wall And Cytoplasm Exemplified By Arabinogalactan Proteins And Cortical Microtubules, Azeddine Driouich, Tobias Baskin Oct 2008

Intercourse Between Cell Wall And Cytoplasm Exemplified By Arabinogalactan Proteins And Cortical Microtubules, Azeddine Driouich, Tobias Baskin

Tobias Baskin

How does a plant cell sense and respond to the status of its cell wall? Intercourse between cell wall and cytoplasm has long been supposed to involve arabinogalactan proteins, in part because many of them are anchored to the plasma membrane. Disrupting arabinogalactan proteins has recently been shown to disrupt the array of cortical microtubules present just inside the plasma membrane, implying that microtubules and arabinogalactan proteins interact. In this article, we assess possibilities for how this interaction might be mediated. First, we consider microdomains in the plasma membrane (lipid rafts), which have been alleged to link internal and external ...


In Vitro Clonal Propagation Of Bael (Aegle Marmelos Corr.) Cv. Cishb1 Through Enhanced Axillary Branching, Rajesh Pati Oct 2008

In Vitro Clonal Propagation Of Bael (Aegle Marmelos Corr.) Cv. Cishb1 Through Enhanced Axillary Branching, Rajesh Pati

Rajesh Pati

Rapid clonal micropropagation protocol of Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. cv. CISH-B1 was achieved by nodal stem segment of mature bearing tree. Three centimeter long shoots having one axillary bud excised from 10-15th nodal region of shoots during September gave quick in vitro bud burst (5.33 days) when cultured on MS medium supplemented with BAP, 8.84 μM + IAA 5.7 μM. The maximum number of proliferated shoots (9.0/explant) were obtained on same medium supplemented with BAP 8.84 μM + IAA 5.7 μM. The micro shoots were rooted (100 %) on ½ strength MS medium supplemented with IBA ...


Curriculum Vitae, Robert P. Lane Oct 2008

Curriculum Vitae, Robert P. Lane

Robert P. Lane

No abstract provided.


In Vitro Regeneration And Genetic Fidelity Testing Of Aegle Marmelos (Corr.) Plants, Rajesh Pati Oct 2008

In Vitro Regeneration And Genetic Fidelity Testing Of Aegle Marmelos (Corr.) Plants, Rajesh Pati

Rajesh Pati

No abstract provided.