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The Influence Of Chromium Supplementation On The Insulin Pathway, Carcass Traits, And Meat Quality Of Feedlot Steers, Heather Rode Jan 2017

The Influence Of Chromium Supplementation On The Insulin Pathway, Carcass Traits, And Meat Quality Of Feedlot Steers, Heather Rode

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chromium supplementation (Cr) can increase efficiency of growth in livestock by amplifying insulin signaling. Previous research showed Cr increases nutrient utilization and changes in muscle growth and fat deposition. Therefore, the objective of this research was to determine how Cr affects carcass traits, meat quality, and the insulin pathway in feedlot steers. Calf-fed steers were allotted to 0 ppb (CON) or 400 ppb Cr propionate (Cr400) for 210d in experiment 1. Two longissimus muscle (LM) biopsies were collected to examine protein abundance and gene expression after adaptation to a terminal implant and after adaption to ractopamine hydrochloride (RAC). A follow ...


The Effect Of Copper And Zinc Source On Pre-Weaning Performance Of Cows, Health And Performance Of Suckling Calves, And Post-Weaning Feedlot Performance, Carcass Composition, And Meat Quality Of Calves, Jesse Fulton Jan 2016

The Effect Of Copper And Zinc Source On Pre-Weaning Performance Of Cows, Health And Performance Of Suckling Calves, And Post-Weaning Feedlot Performance, Carcass Composition, And Meat Quality Of Calves, Jesse Fulton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

During gestation an elevated level of nutrient intake is required by the cow in order to meet the requirements of the maturing fetus and if these requirements are not met, changes in fetal development can occur. However, little is understood about the effects of gestational manipulation of specific nutrients, such as minerals, on progeny growth, performance and carcass traits. Previous research supports the hypothesis that minerals provided in an organic form should be more soluble and readily available to the body for absorption. Therefore the objectives of this study were to determine if source of gestational and post-natal Cu and ...


Early Weaning Reduces Rangeland Herbage Disappearance, Patricia Johnson, Kenneth C. Olson, Roger N. Gates, Hubert H. Patterson, Mindy Hubert, Douglas Landbloom, Janna J. Kincheloe, Heather A. Richter, Allison V. Grove Jul 2015

Early Weaning Reduces Rangeland Herbage Disappearance, Patricia Johnson, Kenneth C. Olson, Roger N. Gates, Hubert H. Patterson, Mindy Hubert, Douglas Landbloom, Janna J. Kincheloe, Heather A. Richter, Allison V. Grove

Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications

Early weaning of beef calves reduces nutrient and forage demand in a cow–calf enterprise, potentially contributing to reduction in forage utilization on the pasture from which calves are removed by a nonlactating cow vs. a cow–calf pair. Research was conducted to evaluate weaning beef calves 90 days early (EW) vs. normal weaning (NW) on pasture herbage disappearance in mixed-grass prairie pastures in the northern Great Plains. Spring-calving cows (n = 48) were utilized in each study year (2003, 2004, and 2006) from the date of early weaning (August) until the date of normal weaning (November). Cow–calf pairs were ...


Comparison Of Three Cidr-Based Fixed-Time Ai Protocols In Beef Heifers, G.A. Bridges, J.A. Walker, S.L. Lake, S.G. Kruse, S.L. Bird, B.J. Funnell, R. Arias, J.K. Grant Nov 2014

Comparison Of Three Cidr-Based Fixed-Time Ai Protocols In Beef Heifers, G.A. Bridges, J.A. Walker, S.L. Lake, S.G. Kruse, S.L. Bird, B.J. Funnell, R. Arias, J.K. Grant

Animal Science Faculty Publications

Several effective fixed-time AI (FTAI) protocols have been developed to facilitate AI in beef heifers that circumvent the need for estrus detection. Among these are the 5-d CO-Synch + controlled intravaginal progesterone insert (CIDR) protocol (5dCO), PGF2α (PG) 6-d CIDR protocol (PG-6dCIDR), and 14-d CIDR-PG protocol (14dCIDR-PG). Although each of these protocols varies in duration and approach to synchronizing estrus and ovulation, each has been reported as an effective method to facilitate FTAI in beef heifers. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare FTAI pregnancy rates in beef heifers synchronized with these 3 CIDR-based protocols. Virgin beef heifers (n ...


Trained And Consumer Evaluations Of Five Different Beef Muscles With Or Without Ph Enhancement Using Ammonium Hydroxide, Tim Nath Jan 2006

Trained And Consumer Evaluations Of Five Different Beef Muscles With Or Without Ph Enhancement Using Ammonium Hydroxide, Tim Nath

The Journal of Undergraduate Research

Research was conducted in two phases: first to determine optimal pump percentage for each of five pH-enhanced beef muscles and then to determine the effect of pH enhancement on consumer acceptability of beef steaks. Phase I was a 5 x 4 factorial design with five muscles: longissimus lumborum (LL), gluteus medius (GM), triceps brachii (TB), biceps femoris (BF), and psoas major (PM) and four pump percentages: 0, 10, 20, and 30% to determine optimum pump percentage for each muscle using an 8- member trained sensory panel. Phase II was a 5 x 2 factorial design with the same five muscles ...


Intramuscular Tenderness Variation Within Four Muscles Of The Beef Chuck, G.A. Searls, R.J. Maddock, D.M. Wulf Dec 2005

Intramuscular Tenderness Variation Within Four Muscles Of The Beef Chuck, G.A. Searls, R.J. Maddock, D.M. Wulf

Animal Science Faculty Publications

The i.m. tenderness variation was examined within four beef chuck muscles, the infraspinatus (IF), supraspinatus (SS), triceps brachii (TB), and serratus ventralis (SV). The IF, SS, TB, and SV muscles were cut into 2.5 cm thick steaks perpendicular to the long axis of the muscle. An identification tag was placed on each steak, consisting of a muscle identification number, steak number, and orientation of the steak. Steaks were vacuum-packaged and stored at −22°C until subsequent analysis. Steaks were thawed at 1°C and cooked on electric broilers to an internal temperature of 71°C. One core was ...


Determining The Optimum Beef Longissimus Muscle Size For Retail Consumers, K.K. Sweeter, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock Nov 2005

Determining The Optimum Beef Longissimus Muscle Size For Retail Consumers, K.K. Sweeter, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock

Animal Science Faculty Publications

Research was conducted in two phases to determine the optimum beef LM size for retail consumers. In Phase I, 50 USDA Choice beef carcass sides were selected at a commercial packing plant and assigned to five different categories (10 sides per category) based on LM size: 61 to 68 cm2 (A), 70 to 78 cm2 (B), 80 to 90 cm2 (C), 92 to 103 cm2 (D), and 105 to 119 cm2 (E). Ribeye rolls were retrieved from all carcass sides. Steaks (2.5-cm thick; 14 per ribeye roll) were cut as needed and transported in groups of 35 steaks (seven ...


Evaluating Consumer Acceptability And Willingness To Pay For Various Beef Chuck Muscles, A.C. Kukowski, R.J. Maddock, D.M. Wulf, G.L. Taylor Nov 2005

Evaluating Consumer Acceptability And Willingness To Pay For Various Beef Chuck Muscles, A.C. Kukowski, R.J. Maddock, D.M. Wulf, G.L. Taylor

Animal Science Faculty Publications

In-home consumer steak evaluations, followed by centralized laboratory-setting auctions, were used to determine consumer (n = 74 consumers) acceptability and willingness to pay for various beef chuck muscles. The infraspinatus (IF), serratus ventralis (SV), supraspinatus (SS), and triceps brachii (TB) from the beef chuck were evaluated against LM steaks from the rib to determine price and trait differentials. Muscles from USDA Choice, boneless, boxed-beef subprimals were aged 14 d, frozen, and cut into 2.5-cmthick steaks. Consumers received two steaks from each muscle for in-home evaluations of uncooked steak appearance and cooked steak palatability. After in-home evaluation of steaks, consumers participated ...


Evaluating Consumer Acceptability Of Various Muscles From The Beef Chuck And Rib, A.C. Kukowski, R.J. Maddock, D.M. Wulf Feb 2004

Evaluating Consumer Acceptability Of Various Muscles From The Beef Chuck And Rib, A.C. Kukowski, R.J. Maddock, D.M. Wulf

Animal Science Faculty Publications

One hundred thirty-eight consumers evaluated steaks from the complexus (CX), infraspinatus (IF), serratus ventralis (SV), supraspinatus (SS), and triceps brachii (TB) from the wholesale beef chuck; the deep pectoral (DP) from the wholesale brisket; and the longissimus thoracis (LT) from the wholesale rib. The LT was used as a reference for comparison to the other muscles. Ten USDA Choice and ten USDA Select boneless boxed beef subprimals were used for each muscle. Subprimals were aged 14 d from box date, frozen, and cut into 2.5-cm-thick steaks. Consumers rated the IF highest (P < 0.05) for overall like, tenderness, juiciness, and flavor, and assigned it the highest (P < 0.05) price/0.45 kg. The TB also was rated higher (P < 0.05) than the LT for overall like, tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and price/0.45 kg. The SV and CX were rated as being similar (P < 0.05) to the LT for overall like, tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and price/0.45 kg. Consumers rated the SS lower (P < 0.05) than the LT for tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and price. The DP was rated as the toughest, driest, and blandest (P < 0.05), resulting in assignment of the lowest (P < 0.05) price/0.45 kg. Differences in palatability ratings due to quality grade were found for several muscles; USDA Choice SV and SS were rated higher (P < 0.05) for overall like, tenderness, and juiciness than USDA Select SV and SS. For the IF, USDA Choice was rated higher (P < 0.05) for tenderness and juiciness than USDA Select. The USDA Choice TB was rated higher (P < 0.05) for juiciness, and the USDA Choice DP was rated higher (P < 0.05) for overall like, than their USDA Select counterparts. Tenderness, juiciness, and flavor ratings were correlated with overall like ratings (r = 0.84, 0.77, and 0.76, respectively) and with price (r = 0.73, 0.70, and 0.68, respectively). These results indicate the IF, TB, SV, and CX were acceptable, whereas and the SS and DP were unacceptable as steaks.


Effects Of Fasting And Transportation On Pork Quality Development And Extent Of Postmortem Metabolism, J.M. Leheska, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock Dec 2003

Effects Of Fasting And Transportation On Pork Quality Development And Extent Of Postmortem Metabolism, J.M. Leheska, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock

Animal Science Faculty Publications

One hundred seventy-seven pigs were used to determine the interaction effects of fasting and length of transport prior to harvest on pork muscle quality. The study design was a 2 × 2 × 3 factorial, which involved two genetic sources, fasting (F) or no fasting (N) of pigs 48-h prior to harvest, and three transport times (0.5, 2.5, or 8.0 h) on a semitrailer to the packing plant. Genetic source was a significant source of variation (P < 0.05) for most composition and muscle quality variables. Fasting reduced hot carcass weight 3.6% (P < 0.05), but length of transport did not affect hot carcass weight (P > 0.05). There were no differences (P > 0.05) in percent lean among fasting and transport treatments. Fasted pigs had higher longissimus ...


The Efficacy Of Three Objective Systems For Identifying Beef Cuts That Can Be Guaranteed Tender, T.L. Wheeler, D. Vote, J.M. Leheska, S.D. Shackelford, K.E. Belk, D.M. Wulf, B.L. Gwartney, M. Koohmaraie Dec 2002

The Efficacy Of Three Objective Systems For Identifying Beef Cuts That Can Be Guaranteed Tender, T.L. Wheeler, D. Vote, J.M. Leheska, S.D. Shackelford, K.E. Belk, D.M. Wulf, B.L. Gwartney, M. Koohmaraie

Animal Science Faculty Publications

The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of three objective systems (prototype BeefCam, colorimeter, and slice shear force) for identifying guaranteed tender beef. In Phase I, 308 carcasses (105 Top Choice, 101 Low Choice, and 102 Select) from two commercial plants were tested. In Phase II, 400 carcasses (200 rolled USDA Select and 200 rolled USDA Choice) from one commercial plant were tested. The three systems were evaluated based on progressive certification of the longissimus as “tender” in 10% increments (the best 10, 20, 30%, etc., certified as “tender” by each technology; 100% certification would mean no ...


Mapping Intramuscular Tenderness Variation In Four Major Muscles Of The Beef Round, B.J. Reuter, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock Oct 2002

Mapping Intramuscular Tenderness Variation In Four Major Muscles Of The Beef Round, B.J. Reuter, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock

Animal Science Faculty Publications

The objective of this study was to quantify intramuscular tenderness variation within four muscles from the beef round: biceps femoris (BF), semitendinosus (ST), semimembranosus (SM), and adductor (AD). At 48 h postmortem, the BF, ST, SM, and AD were dissected from either the left or right side of ten carcasses, vacuum packaged, and aged for an additional 8 d. Each muscle was then frozen and cut into 2.54- cm-thick steaks perpendicular to the long axis of the muscle. Steaks were broiled on electric broilers to an internal temperature of 71°C. Location-specific cores were obtained from each cooked steak ...


Technical Note: The Effect Of Freezing On Warner-Bratzler Shear Force Values Of Beef Longissimus Steaks Across Several Postmortem Aging Periods, B.C. Shanks, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock Aug 2002

Technical Note: The Effect Of Freezing On Warner-Bratzler Shear Force Values Of Beef Longissimus Steaks Across Several Postmortem Aging Periods, B.C. Shanks, D.M. Wulf, R.J. Maddock

Animal Science Faculty Publications

The objective of this study was to compare fresh and frozen protocol procedures for Warner- Bratzler shear force (WBSF) determination on steaks aged for different periods of time. The fresh protocol consisted of measuring WBSF on steaks cooked on the exact day the aging period ended. The frozen protocol consisted of measuring WBSF on steaks that were aged, frozen (−16°C) for approximately 2 mo, thawed for 24 h, and then cooked. Twenty-two strip loin steaks from each of 20 crossbred heifers and steers were individually vacuum-packaged and assigned to either the fresh or frozen protocol and one of 11 ...


Relationships Among Glycolytic Potential, Dark Cutting (Dark, Firm, And Dry) Beef, And Cooked Beef Palatability, D.M. Wulf, R.S. Emnett, J.M. Leheska, S.J. Moeller Jul 2002

Relationships Among Glycolytic Potential, Dark Cutting (Dark, Firm, And Dry) Beef, And Cooked Beef Palatability, D.M. Wulf, R.S. Emnett, J.M. Leheska, S.J. Moeller

Animal Science Faculty Publications

One hundred beef carcasses were selected at three packing plants and were used to determine the relationship between glycolytic potential (GP) and dark, firm, and dry (DFD) beef and to determine the effects of DFD status and GP on cooked beef palatability. Eight individual muscles were excised from one hindquarter of each carcass at d 7 postmortem: longissimus lumborum, psoas major, gluteus medius, tensor fasciae latae, rectus femoris, semimembranosus, biceps femoris, and semitendinosus. Ultimate pH, colorimeter readings, and Warner-Bratzler shear force were determined for all eight muscles at d 7 postmortem. A ninemember trained sensory panel evaluated cooked longissimus lumborum ...


Increasing Tenderness Of Beef Round And Sirloin Muscles Through Prerigor Skeletal Separations, B.C. Shanks, D.M. Wulf, B.J. Reuter, R.J. Maddock Jan 2002

Increasing Tenderness Of Beef Round And Sirloin Muscles Through Prerigor Skeletal Separations, B.C. Shanks, D.M. Wulf, B.J. Reuter, R.J. Maddock

Animal Science Faculty Publications

Crossbred steers (n = 30) were used to explore and compare tenderness improvements in beef round and sirloin muscles resulting from various methods of pre-rigor skeletal separations. Animals were slaughtered according to industry procedures, and at 60 min postmortem one of six treatments was applied to each side: A) control, B) saw pelvis at the sirloin round junction, C) separate the pelvic-femur joint, D) saw femur at mid-point, E) combination of B and C, and F) combination of B and D. After 48 h, the following muscles were excised from each side: semi-membranosus, biceps femoris, semi-tendinosus, and adductor from the round ...


Evaluating The Point Of Separation, During Carcass Fabrication, Between The Beef Wholesale Rib And The Beef Wholesale Chuck, B.J. Reuter, D.M. Wulf, B.C. Shanks, R.J. Maddock Jan 2002

Evaluating The Point Of Separation, During Carcass Fabrication, Between The Beef Wholesale Rib And The Beef Wholesale Chuck, B.J. Reuter, D.M. Wulf, B.C. Shanks, R.J. Maddock

Animal Science Faculty Publications

This study determined whether there is a logical point of value change, related to either tenderness or consumer acceptance, at which to separate the beef carcass within the rib/chuck region. Rib/chuck rolls (RCR); (n = 30) consisting of the ribeye roll and chuck eye roll subprimals (2nd through 12th rib locations) were cut into 22 steaks each (two steaks per rib location), and Warner-Bratzler shear force and consumer purchase preference were evaluated for steaks at each rib location. Steaks from different locations of the RCR were composed of differing proportions of several muscles: longissimus muscle (LM), spinalis dorsi and ...


Effects Of Heating Rate And Endpoint Temperature On The Palatability And Storage Stability Of Precooked Beef Roasts, C.M. Chen, P.S. Dezeeuw, W.J. Costello Jan 1987

Effects Of Heating Rate And Endpoint Temperature On The Palatability And Storage Stability Of Precooked Beef Roasts, C.M. Chen, P.S. Dezeeuw, W.J. Costello

South Dakota Beef Report, 1987

The primary objective of this study was to determine the optimal cooking rate and endpoint temperature of a precooking regime for beef roasts which maximizes consumer acceptability and storage stability. Percentage cooking loss and TEA values were minimized when roasts were precooked to the lowest endpoint temperature (45 C, 112 F). I n addition, long-term cooking (heating rate = 16 min/C) improved TEA values (Thiobarbituric acid, a test for oxidative rancidity) for precooked beef roasts. Sensory qualities did not differ (P>.05) due to cooking rate or endpoint temperature. Findings suggest that a low-temperature long-term cooking method optimizes (Pc.05 ...


1987 South Dakota Beef Report, Department Of Animal And Range Sciences, South Dakota State University, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University, Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University Jan 1987

1987 South Dakota Beef Report, Department Of Animal And Range Sciences, South Dakota State University, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University, Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University

South Dakota Beef Report, 1987

This is the complete 1987 South Dakota Beef Report.


South Dakota Custom Feeding Program, J.J. Wagner Jan 1986

South Dakota Custom Feeding Program, J.J. Wagner

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Seventy-five preconditioned steer calves representing 14 different owners and a variety of breeds were placed on feed at Longacre Farms. Wentworth. South Dakota. in late November and early December. Average days on feed for the 15 groups of five head was 191 (range 181-2071. Average daily gain was 2.6 lb head per day (range 2.26-2.83). Feed efficiency was 8.2 lb dry matter per pound of gain. Feed cost averaged $35.53 per cwt. gain and nonfeed cost averaged $11.84 per cwt. gain. Average cost of gain excluding interest was $47.37 per cwt. (range 43 ...


Respiratory Viruses And Antibodies In Preconditioned South Dakota Feeder Calves, M.L. Vickers, R.H. Pritchard Jan 1986

Respiratory Viruses And Antibodies In Preconditioned South Dakota Feeder Calves, M.L. Vickers, R.H. Pritchard

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Nasal swabs and blood samples were taken from a t o t a l of 400 calves on a preconditioning evaluation program during 2 years. Fifty calves from each of four South Dakota ranches were divided into preconditioned (PC) and control (CO) groups and sampled both on the ranch and in the feedlot. The preconditioning program followed the recommendations of the South Dakota Beef Cattle Improvement Association and the Extension Service and included vaccination with live virus vaccines for infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) and parainfluenza-3 virus (PI3). In both years, viruses were isolated from calves on ...


Mechanical Treatment And Burning For High Quality Range Forage, F.R. Gartner, E.M. White, R.I. Butterfield Jan 1986

Mechanical Treatment And Burning For High Quality Range Forage, F.R. Gartner, E.M. White, R.I. Butterfield

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Annual yields of western wheatgrass and total vegetation were increased on a clayey range site following mechanical treatment. More important to the range manager, year t o year variability in forage production was reduced, since soil moisture is stabilized. Yields of Japanese brome, an annual grass, increased from the second through the fourth growing seasons after treatment. Three consecutive years of abundant fall precipitation beginning in 1980 probably triggered seed germination of this invader plant. Prescribed burning of the mechanical range treatments drastically reduced production of Japanese brome and increased forage quality. Both quantity and quality of western wheatgrass increased ...


Pricklypear Cactus Control In Western South Dakota, J.R. Johnson, W.L. Tucker, C.E. Stymiest, E.J. Bowker Jan 1986

Pricklypear Cactus Control In Western South Dakota, J.R. Johnson, W.L. Tucker, C.E. Stymiest, E.J. Bowker

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

In a range improvement study, both liquid and pelleted forms of Picloram were effective in controlling pricklypear cactus. Higher rates of chemical hastened control and gave more complete control. At lower rates, cactus was recovering in 1985, the fourth year of study, suggesting that higher rates may be most cost effective. In 1983 noncactus vegetation response was minor. In 1984, "all perennial grass" production increased by more than 50% (312 lb/A) at higher rates of Picloram. Shifts in "cool season" and “warm season" grass components were nonsignificant. In 1985, "cool season grass" was not generally affected by treatments, but ...


Effects Of Body Condition On Reproductive Performance Of Beef Cows, P.A. Momont, R.J. Pruitt Jan 1986

Effects Of Body Condition On Reproductive Performance Of Beef Cows, P.A. Momont, R.J. Pruitt

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Cows were fed differing nutritional levels before and after calving to create a wide range of cow body condition or fleshiness prior t o calving and at the beginning of the breeding season. Cows that were fleshier prior t o calving and when turned on pasture in early May (30 days prior t o the beginning of the breeding season) had a higher cycling rate in early May, June and July. Cows maintaining or increasing slightly in body condition (precalving to early May) tended to have a higher cycling rate during the breeding season than cows which lost body condition ...


Effects Of Bull Exposure On Postpartum Intervals And Reproductive Performance In Beef Cows: A Progress Report, C.D. Naasz, H.L. Miller, B.A. Petijean, R.H. Haigh Jan 1986

Effects Of Bull Exposure On Postpartum Intervals And Reproductive Performance In Beef Cows: A Progress Report, C.D. Naasz, H.L. Miller, B.A. Petijean, R.H. Haigh

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

The effects of bull exposure on time from calving until estrus, conception rates and calving interval were studied for mature beef cows. In the spring of I985 and 1986, cows were randomly allotted to one of two treatment groups. Cows were exposed to vasectomized bulls after calving until breeding or no bull exposure. Cows were heat detected twice daily and blood samples were collected weekly to determine progesterone levels. Heat detection data and progesterone levels indicated onset of estrous cycles occurred earlier in bull exposed cows than non-exposed cows. Conception rates to a timed insemination were not different between the ...


Flow Cytometry Evaluation Of Testis And Sperm Cells And Growth Performance Of Bulls Implanted With Zeranol, B.E. Ballachey, H.L. Miller Jan 1986

Flow Cytometry Evaluation Of Testis And Sperm Cells And Growth Performance Of Bulls Implanted With Zeranol, B.E. Ballachey, H.L. Miller

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Effects of preweaning zeranol implants on reproductive function and growth performance were studied in 45 Simmental-Angus bulls. At slaughter, flow cytometry measurements were made on testicular and sperm cells to determine the effects of zeranol on spermatogenesis. There were no differences in weaning or slaughter weights due to implants. Nonimplanted bulls had larger scrota1 circumferences and heavier testicular weights than bulls given one or two implants. The testes of implanted bulls had a lower proportion of developing germ cells relative to nonimplanted bulls. The DNA in sperm from implanted bulls was structurally less stable (i.e., more susceptible to denaturation ...


Evaluation Of Holstein Bull Sperm Quality By Flow Cytometry, B.E. Ballachey, L.K. Jost, D.P. Evenson Jan 1986

Evaluation Of Holstein Bull Sperm Quality By Flow Cytometry, B.E. Ballachey, L.K. Jost, D.P. Evenson

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Frozen semen samples from Holstein bulls were measured by the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), a new procedure utilizing flow cytometry for the valuation of sperm quality. Fertility ratings of the bulls were known based on their use in artificial insemination matings. Values obtained by the SCSA were highly correlated (r= -.58 P<.01 with bull fertility ratings. Results of this research indicate the SCSA may be a valuable technique for measurement of sperm cell quality and detection of suboptimal fertility in bulls.


Performance Of Flank Spayed Rumen Autografted Heifers, David L. Whittington Jan 1986

Performance Of Flank Spayed Rumen Autografted Heifers, David L. Whittington

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Flank spaying of intact yearling heifers has been a routine procedure for ranchers for several years. Most recently a new technique called rumen autografting has created a lot of interest with ranchers. The technique involves implanting or grafting a small piece of ovarian tissue into the outside lining of the rumen wall. A trial was initiated on May 14, 1986, to compare summer grazing performance of intact flank spayed and rumen autografted heifers with and without a growth implant. The 231 crossbred heifers were randomly allotted to the trial and grazed together for 99 days as one herd. The results ...


Effects Of Anabolic Implants On Reproductive Function, Carcass Characteristics And Performance In Postweaned Beef Bulls, S.J. Gordon, H.L. Miller, D.H. Gee, B.A. Petithean Jan 1986

Effects Of Anabolic Implants On Reproductive Function, Carcass Characteristics And Performance In Postweaned Beef Bulls, S.J. Gordon, H.L. Miller, D.H. Gee, B.A. Petithean

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Angus bulls averaging 620 lb were used to study the effects of implants on performance, carcass characteristics and reproductive parameters of intact males. Sixty-six bulls were randomly assigned to four treatments. These treatments were (1) nonimplanted, (2) implanted with 36 mg of Ralgro every 60 t o 70 days, (3) implanted with 220 mg of Synovex-S every 60 t o 70 days, (4) implanted with 24 mg of Compudose every 180 days. Body weights were taken a t the initiation of the trial and every 28 days. Blood samples were collected v i a jugular venipuncture weekly for 9 weeks ...


Comparison Of Ralgro, Compudose And Synovex-C Implants On The Growth Performance Of Yearling Steers, D.L. Whittington Jan 1986

Comparison Of Ralgro, Compudose And Synovex-C Implants On The Growth Performance Of Yearling Steers, D.L. Whittington

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Growth response to a single implant was measured in yearling steers grazing native range on two ranches in South Dakota. The steers (724 head) were randomly allotted on each ranch to either a Ralgro, Compudose, Synovex-S or no implant treatment. Implants were administered according to manufacturers recommendations. The yearlings were weighed at the time of implanting in the spring and again 116 t o 148 days later. The ears of the steers receiving Compudose were palpated at the end of the trial to determine retention. The weight advantage of implanted steers over controls ranged from 12.1 t o 30 ...


Comparison Of Ralgro, Compudose And Synovex-C Implants On The Growth Performance Of Suckling Calves, D.L. Whittington Jan 1986

Comparison Of Ralgro, Compudose And Synovex-C Implants On The Growth Performance Of Suckling Calves, D.L. Whittington

South Dakota Beef Report, 1986

Growth response to a single implant was measured in suckling steer and heifer calves grazing native range on three ranches in South Dakota, The steers (628 head) were randomly allotted on each ranch to either a Ralgro, Compudose, Synovex-C or no implant treatment. The heifers (714 head) were randomly allotted on each ranch to either a Ralgro, Synovex-C or no implant treatment. Implants were administered according to manufacturers' recommendations. The calves were weighed at the time of implanting and again 163 days later at weaning. The ears of steers receiving a Compudose implant were palpated at weaning to determine retention ...