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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Validation Of Practical Tools To Identify Walking Cadence To Reach Moderate Intensity, Spencer F.C. Smith, Matthew A. Short, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard Nov 2019

Validation Of Practical Tools To Identify Walking Cadence To Reach Moderate Intensity, Spencer F.C. Smith, Matthew A. Short, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1244-1253, 2019. It is recommended that adults get at minimum 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in bouts of 10 minutes or greaterevery week. Walking cadence (steps per minute) is one easy way to estimate intensity required, however tools that claim to quantify walking intensity via walking cadence have not been validated in adults. We aimed to validate: 1- the accuracy of walking cadence measurement by the Piezo RxD pedometer, Polar Stride Sensor Bluetooth Smart foot pod, and Garmin Ant+ foot pod at different speeds and slopes and 2- the ability of the ...


The Acute Effect Of Walking On Ultrasound Measurements From The Achilles Insight Ultrasonometer In College-Aged Individuals, Kristin J. Heumann, Jacob Cimolino, Jeremy R. Hawkins, Robert W. Pettitt, Steven Ross Murray Oct 2016

The Acute Effect Of Walking On Ultrasound Measurements From The Achilles Insight Ultrasonometer In College-Aged Individuals, Kristin J. Heumann, Jacob Cimolino, Jeremy R. Hawkins, Robert W. Pettitt, Steven Ross Murray

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(4): 491-496, 2016. The Achilles InSight bone ultrasonometer is a portable ultrasound device for quantitatively measuring bone composition both safely and inexpensively via the calcaneus. The effect of acute, brisk walking as a possible source of error on the reliability of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements was investigated. Forty-seven participants (17 women, 30 men; age M ± SD = 20.44 ± 1.16) had their calcaneus measured with the Achilles InSight both before and after a 15-min bout of walking at (5.63 km·h-1 (3.5 mph). The Achilles InSight was deemed reliable via a test-and-retest ...


Pre-Prandial Vinegar Ingestion Improves Two-Hour Glucose Control In Older, Type Ii Diabetics More Than Post-Prandial Walking, Sarah J. Taylor, Matthew J. Garver, Anna E. Ciufo, Taylor G. Flowers, Chase M. Harbach, Austin A. Ray, Cory M. Scheadler Feb 2015

Pre-Prandial Vinegar Ingestion Improves Two-Hour Glucose Control In Older, Type Ii Diabetics More Than Post-Prandial Walking, Sarah J. Taylor, Matthew J. Garver, Anna E. Ciufo, Taylor G. Flowers, Chase M. Harbach, Austin A. Ray, Cory M. Scheadler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Background: Exercise engagement benefits diabetic patients through an insulin-like effect on muscle. Literature indicates that vinegar consumption may lower blood glucose levels. It is not currently clarified whether a relative amount of vinegar ingestion or a walking bout is more effective at controlling glucose in older, Type II diabetics during the acute phase following a meal. Purpose: The aim was to directly compare the impact of preferred-pace walking (15 min, postprandial) versus ingestion of a relative quantity of vinegar (0.3 g/kg) on two-hour glucose control. Methods: The two arms of the trial were completed in a randomized, crossover ...


Measuring Activity Energy Expenditure: Accuracy Of The Gt3x+ And Actiheart Monitors, David Mcminn, Rijan Acharya, David A. Rowe, Stuart R. Gray, Julia L. Allan Jul 2013

Measuring Activity Energy Expenditure: Accuracy Of The Gt3x+ And Actiheart Monitors, David Mcminn, Rijan Acharya, David A. Rowe, Stuart R. Gray, Julia L. Allan

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 6(3) : 217-229, 2013. The purpose was to determine the accuracy of the GT3X+ and Actiheart monitors for estimating energy expenditure (EE) and steps. Additionally, to investigate agreement between waist- and wrist-mounted GT3X+ EE outputs. Nineteen participants (mean age=30) completed three treadmill walking trials at self-selected slow, medium, and fast speeds while wearing two GT3X+ (waist and wrist) and an Actiheart. Activity monitor EE was compared to indirect calorimetry criterion EE using Pearson correlations and ANOVAs. A Bland-Altman plot was used to investigate agreement between GT3X+ waist- and wrist-determined EE. GT3X+ determined steps were ...


Comparative Analysis Of The Energy Expenditure In Walking And The Running In Young Men, Lucas De Castro Cardoso, Marcelo De Castro Cesar, Pamela Roberta Gomes Gonelli, Claudio Alexandre Gobatto Mar 2012

Comparative Analysis Of The Energy Expenditure In Walking And The Running In Young Men, Lucas De Castro Cardoso, Marcelo De Castro Cesar, Pamela Roberta Gomes Gonelli, Claudio Alexandre Gobatto

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Walking below 6 km/h and running above 8 km/h are efficient effort intensities to maintain the economy of energy expenditure in the mechanical work. However, in the intermediate range (between the transition of the walking to running), the mechanical work against the energy expenditure still requires analysis. So, the purpose of the present study was to compare the energy expenditure between walking and running in the load work immediately below of the inversion point in the caloric expenditure. Ten young male subjects participated of the study (24.2 ± 2.04 years; 180.7 ± 3.8 cm; 79.5 ...


Neuromuscular Responses Of The Vastus Lateralis To Slow Walking With Vascular Restriction., Robert Cardenas, Charity Cavazos, Jose A. Leal Jr., Yoshiaki Sato, Michael G. Bemben, Murat Karabulut Feb 2011

Neuromuscular Responses Of The Vastus Lateralis To Slow Walking With Vascular Restriction., Robert Cardenas, Charity Cavazos, Jose A. Leal Jr., Yoshiaki Sato, Michael G. Bemben, Murat Karabulut

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Motor unit recruitment of individual muscles could substantially differ with changes in speed and load. However, the recruitment patterns associated with low intensity walk training with vascular restriction at sustained loads and constant speed could be different than normal walking. Vascular restricted (VR) walk training is an effective method for increasing muscular strength; however the changes in motor unit recruitment and firing frequency have not been investigated to understand the mechanisms underlying the neuromuscular adaptations. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze differences in electrical activity of the vastus lateralis during VR and non vascular restricted (non-VR) walking ...


A Comparison Of Hypertrophy Potential Between The Vastus Lateralis And Rectus Femoris During Level Walking In Combination With Vascular Restriction., Jose A. Leal Jr., Charity Cavazos, Robert Cardenas, Yoshiaki Sato, Bemben G. Michael, Murat Karabulut Feb 2011

A Comparison Of Hypertrophy Potential Between The Vastus Lateralis And Rectus Femoris During Level Walking In Combination With Vascular Restriction., Jose A. Leal Jr., Charity Cavazos, Robert Cardenas, Yoshiaki Sato, Bemben G. Michael, Murat Karabulut

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Recent research has found that by compressing blood flow to working muscle during lower body exercise involving short bouts of walk training results in an increased muscle volume and improved quadriceps strength. However, the effects of vascular restriction (VR) during walking on neuromuscular adaptations as assessed by electromyography (EMG) activity may provide insight on how low intensity training with vascular restriction can be applied to various modes of exercise. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore and compare muscle activation changes of the quadriceps muscles during walking using EMG with and without blood flow restriction. METHODS: EMG electrodes ...


Walking Class Step Average, Step Intensity, Distance Covered And Leisure Physical Activity Of College Students, Kimberly D. Tallent Mar 2010

Walking Class Step Average, Step Intensity, Distance Covered And Leisure Physical Activity Of College Students, Kimberly D. Tallent

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between stepping levels in and outside of a prescribed walking class and leisure time physical activity (PA) of college students. METHOD. Participants in the study were twenty three male (n = 9) and female (n = 14) enrolled in a walking class that met Monday through Friday for five weeks during the summer. Students completed the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) at the beginning and end of the course and followed the prescribed walking times during class. Step counts were ascertained both in and outside class and ...