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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Relationships Of Physical Performance Tests To Military-Relevant Tasks In Women, Tunde K. Szivak, William J. Kraemer, Bradley C. Nindl, Lincoln A. Gotshalk, Jeff S. Volek, Ana L. Gomez, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, David P. Looney, Brett A. Comstock, David R. Hooper, Shawn D. Flanagan, Carl M. Maresh Oct 2013

Relationships Of Physical Performance Tests To Military-Relevant Tasks In Women, Tunde K. Szivak, William J. Kraemer, Bradley C. Nindl, Lincoln A. Gotshalk, Jeff S. Volek, Ana L. Gomez, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, David P. Looney, Brett A. Comstock, David R. Hooper, Shawn D. Flanagan, Carl M. Maresh

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Purpose: This investigation sought to determine the most predictive measures of performance on a repetitive box lifting task (RBLT) and load bearing task (LBT) among 123 women (aged 23±4 years, height 165±7 cm, body mass 64±10 kg).

Methods: To determine the relationship of various predictors to performance on the RBLT and LBT, multiple regression analysis was conducted on body mass, height, leg cross-sectional area, upper and lower body muscular strength, lower body explosive power, upper and lower body local muscular endurance, and aerobic capacity.

Results: The mean±SD (range) number of repetitions for the RBLT was 86 ...


The Relationship Between The Functional Movement Screen™ And Countermovement Jump Height, Joshua Keegan Conlon Aug 2013

The Relationship Between The Functional Movement Screen™ And Countermovement Jump Height, Joshua Keegan Conlon

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Pre-participation measures of functional movement and functional performance are commonly used to gauge injury risk and performance baselines before engaging in activity. Functional movement can be evaluated using the Functional Movement ScreenTM (FMSTM). Performance on the FMSTM has been shown to be related to injury risk by previous researchers. Functional performance can be evaluated with countermovement jump (CMJ) testing; performance on a CMJ demonstrates transferable power to athletic tasks. Performance literature has shown that there are movement factors that influence CMJ height. However, to date a significant relationship between performance on functional movement and functional performance tests has not ...


The Ergogenic Effects Of Glucose And Fructose Coingestion During Prolonged Cycling, Daniel A. Baur May 2013

The Ergogenic Effects Of Glucose And Fructose Coingestion During Prolonged Cycling, Daniel A. Baur

Masters Theses, 2010-2019

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of glucose and fructose coingestion on cycling time trial performance and physiological responses to exercise. Eight trained male cyclists (age: 25 ± 6.2 yrs, height: 180.2 ± 4.3 cm, weight: 76.9 ± 9.2 kg, and VO2max: 61.9 ± 6.2 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) completed the study. Subjects ingested either an artificially-sweetened placebo (PL), a moderate-glucose beverage (MG: 1.0 g•min-1), a high-glucose beverage (HG: 1.5 g•min-1), or a glucose and fructose beverage (GF: 1.5 g•min-1; 2:1 ratio) during ~3 hrs of exercise ...


Cycling Time Trial Performance Is Not Enhanced By Either Whey Protein Or L-Alanine Intake During Prolonged Exercise, Adam B. Schroer May 2013

Cycling Time Trial Performance Is Not Enhanced By Either Whey Protein Or L-Alanine Intake During Prolonged Exercise, Adam B. Schroer

Masters Theses, 2010-2019

Previous studies have reported that adding protein (PRO) to a carbohydrate (CHO) solution can enhance endurance performance. This ergogenic effect may be a function of additional calories from supplemental protein/amino acids, but this thesis has not been directly examined. Additionally, L-alanine (ALA) is readily oxidized when provided during exercise; the impact that this has on metabolism and prolonged endurance performance is unknown. The purpose of this investigation was to assess performance and various cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes during prolonged cycling, to independently gauge the efficacy of whey PRO hydrolysate and ALA supplementation. Eight trained male and female cyclists (age ...


Functional Movement Screentm Scores In Collegiate Track And Field Athletes In Relation To Injury Risk And Performance, Ronald G. Budnar Jr, Robert Birdwell, Christopher Moody, David W. Hill, Anthony A. Duplanty, Allen W. Jackson, Jakob L. Vingren Feb 2013

Functional Movement Screentm Scores In Collegiate Track And Field Athletes In Relation To Injury Risk And Performance, Ronald G. Budnar Jr, Robert Birdwell, Christopher Moody, David W. Hill, Anthony A. Duplanty, Allen W. Jackson, Jakob L. Vingren

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Functional Movement Screentm (FMS) scores, injury rate, and performance in collegiate track and field athletes. Methods: Forty seven male (n=17) and female (n=30) competitive track and field athletes at an NCAA Division I university volunteered for this study. As part of their regular team assessment, the athletes were evaluated on three separate occasions using the FMS tool: in August, one week prior to the start of university organized practice for the fall (T1); in December, one week prior to the end of the fall academic ...


The Acute Effects Of Kinesio Tape™ On Athletic Performance In Healthy Individuals, Kara F. Solomon, Scott P. Mclean, Jimmy Smith Feb 2013

The Acute Effects Of Kinesio Tape™ On Athletic Performance In Healthy Individuals, Kara F. Solomon, Scott P. Mclean, Jimmy Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings


Kinesio Tape™ (KT) is an elastic therapeutic tape used to facilitate treatment of sports injuries. Use of KT to facilitate performance in healthy individuals is growing in popularity despite a lack of evidence to support this use. PURPOSE: To investigate the acute effects of using KT on performance in agility, sprinting, and strength tasks. METHODS: Eight female college athletes (20.2±1.7 yrs, 75.5±9.6 kg, 165.1± 9.1 cm) performed a 40 yard linear sprint, a 20 yard agility run, and a maximal effort isokinetic knee extension task under three taping conditions; KT, placebo KT ...


Effects Of Different Antagonist Protocols On Repetition Performance And Muscle Activation, Andrade Paz, Jeffrey Willardson, Roberto Simao, Humberto Miranda Jan 2013

Effects Of Different Antagonist Protocols On Repetition Performance And Muscle Activation, Andrade Paz, Jeffrey Willardson, Roberto Simao, Humberto Miranda

Jeffrey Willardson

Objective: To investigate the acute effects of different antagonist manipulation protocols on maximal repetition performance and muscle activation during seated row (SR) exercise. Methods: Fifteen men (22.4 ± 1.1 years old, height 175 cm ± 5.5, weight 76.6 kg ± 7, and 12.3 ± 2.1 of body fat percentage) with previous resistance training experience (3.5 ± 1.2 years) performed four experimental protocols: (TP) one set to repetition failure of SR exercise; (AS) Antagonist static stretching for the pectoralis major (PM) followed by one set of SR; (PNFA) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation for PM followed by one set of ...


Effects Of Different Antagonist Protocols On Repetition Performance And Muscle Activation, Andrade Paz, Jeffrey Willardson, Roberto Simao, Humberto Miranda Jan 2013

Effects Of Different Antagonist Protocols On Repetition Performance And Muscle Activation, Andrade Paz, Jeffrey Willardson, Roberto Simao, Humberto Miranda

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

Objective: To investigate the acute effects of different antagonist manipulation protocols on maximal repetition performance and muscle activation during seated row (SR) exercise.

Methods: Fifteen men (22.4 ± 1.1 years old, height 175 cm ± 5.5, weight 76.6 kg ± 7, and 12.3 ± 2.1 of body fat percentage) with previous resistance training experience (3.5 ± 1.2 years) performed four experimental protocols: (TP) one set to repetition failure of SR exercise; (AS) Antagonist static stretching for the pectoralis major (PM) followed by one set of SR; (PNFA) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation for PM followed by one set of ...