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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Walking For Health During Pregnancy: A Literature Review And Considerations For Future Research, Christopher P. Connelly, Scott A. Conger, Alexander H.K. Montoye, Mallory R. Marshall, Rebecca A. Schlaff, Sylvia E. Badon, James M. Pivarnik Sep 2019

Walking For Health During Pregnancy: A Literature Review And Considerations For Future Research, Christopher P. Connelly, Scott A. Conger, Alexander H.K. Montoye, Mallory R. Marshall, Rebecca A. Schlaff, Sylvia E. Badon, James M. Pivarnik

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Walking is the most commonly chosen type of physical activity (PA) during pregnancy and provides several health benefits to both mother and child. National initiatives have promoted the importance of walking in general, but little emphasis is directed toward pregnant women, the majority of whom are insufficiently active. Pregnant women face a variety of dynamic barriers to a physically active lifestyle, some of which are more commonly experienced during specific times throughout the pregnancy experience. Walking is unique in that it appears resistant to a number of these barriers that limit other types of PA participation, and it can be ...


Early Changes In Memory, Motor Coordination And Strength In The Transgenic Rat Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Tgf344-Ad, Mark Andrew Winslow Aug 2019

Early Changes In Memory, Motor Coordination And Strength In The Transgenic Rat Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Tgf344-Ad, Mark Andrew Winslow

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and an estimated 5.7 million American’s are currently suffering from this disease resulting in $277 billion in health care costs as of 2018. As the number of cases and cost are expected to double by 2050, new approaches are needed to properly identify at-risk individuals prior to irreversible changes to the brain caused by this disease. Purpose: Through the use of a novel rodent model, this study assessed early changes in muscular coordination and strength relative to cognitive decline due to AD, as well as providing ...


Validity Of The Polar M430 Among Females Of Varying Fitness Levels, Body Fat Percentage, And Reported Physical Activity, Kevin Earl Miller Aug 2019

Validity Of The Polar M430 Among Females Of Varying Fitness Levels, Body Fat Percentage, And Reported Physical Activity, Kevin Earl Miller

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: The Polar M430 is a heart rate monitor that uses a non-exercise prediction method to predict one’s V̇O2max. Research has revealed that this method will overestimate predicted V̇O2max among females. Studies have investigated the validity of this method, however, these studies have not taken into account how physical activity (PA) levels, body fat percentage, or measured V̇O2max could affect the prediction value. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the Polar M430 in predicting V̇O2max amongst females of varying PA levels, body fat percentages, and ...


The Relationship Between Perfectionism And Self-Determined Motivation In Collegiate Division I Athletes, Christian Sengfelder May 2019

The Relationship Between Perfectionism And Self-Determined Motivation In Collegiate Division I Athletes, Christian Sengfelder

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: An athlete’s performance is dependent on both psychological and physical factors. Perfectionism and motivation are two psychological factors that can influence performance of athletes in a positive or negative manner. The relationship between perfectionism and motivation has been studied previously, but the relationship has not been studied with sport specific measurements and the collegiate athlete population has largely been ignored. Purpose: To investigate the levels of perfectionism and motivation in collegiate Division I student-athletes and determine how the forms of perfectionism (adaptive versus maladaptive) are related to the different levels of motivation (controlled vs autonomous forms) in this ...


Sex And Limb Impact Biomechanics Associated With Risk Of Injury During Drop Landing With Body Borne Load, Kayla D. Seymore, Auralea C. Fain, Nicholas J. Lobb, Tyler N. Brown Feb 2019

Sex And Limb Impact Biomechanics Associated With Risk Of Injury During Drop Landing With Body Borne Load, Kayla D. Seymore, Auralea C. Fain, Nicholas J. Lobb, Tyler N. Brown

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Increasing lower limb flexion may reduce risk of musculoskeletal injury for military personnel during landing. This study compared lower limb biomechanics between sexes and limbs when using normal and greater lower limb flexion to land with body borne load. Thirty-three participants (21 male, 12 female, age: 21.6±2.5 years, height: 1.7±0.1 m, weight: 74.5±9.0 kg) performed normal and flexed lower limb landings with four body borne loads: 20, 25, 30 and 35 kg. Hip and knee biomechanics, peak vertical ground reaction force (GRF), and the magnitude and direction of the GRF vector ...


Assessment, Evaluation, Metacognition, And Grading In Pogil, Shawn R. Simonson Jan 2019

Assessment, Evaluation, Metacognition, And Grading In Pogil, Shawn R. Simonson

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

I truly believe no matter the level of student, all students can participate and learn in this form. Set your expectations that all students can learn this way and don't underestimate them. By doing POGIL you can actually see your students learning and it is wonderful!

—A POGIL practitioner

How does POGIL fit inro grading schemes for assignments, tests, and the course? POGIL activities are not designed robe graded as assessments; rather, they are intended as learning tools. However, one of the principle process skills targeted by POGIL is assessment—specifically self-assessment. Thus, much of the grading and assessment ...


Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Of The Chinese Version Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Scale Across Gender And Education Levels, Han Chen, Jun Dai, Yong Gao Jan 2019

Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Of The Chinese Version Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Scale Across Gender And Education Levels, Han Chen, Jun Dai, Yong Gao

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Self-efficacy has been identified as an important determinant of youth’s behavior change including physical activity (PA) participation. However, the dimensionality check of a PA self-efficacy scale has rarely been conducted in China. The current study aims to examine (1) the unidimensionality of a shortened Chinese version of PA self-efficacy scale (S-PASESC); (2) the measurement invariance of S-PASESC across gender and levels of education; (3) the latent factor mean difference between gender and levels of education; (4) the direct effects of self-efficacy on PA by different gender and education levels; and (5) the comparisons of the direct effects of ...


Increased Sod2 In The Diaphragm Contributes To Exercise-Induced Protection Against Ventilator-Induced Diaphragm Dysfunction, Stephanie E. Hall Jan 2019

Increased Sod2 In The Diaphragm Contributes To Exercise-Induced Protection Against Ventilator-Induced Diaphragm Dysfunction, Stephanie E. Hall

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving intervention for many critically ill patients. Unfortunately, prolonged MV results in rapid diaphragmatic atrophy and contractile dysfunction, collectively termed ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction (VIDD). Recent evidence reveals that endurance exercise training, performed prior to MV, protects the diaphragm against VIDD. While the mechanism(s) responsible for this exercise-induced protection against VIDD remain unknown, increased diaphragm antioxidant expression may be required. To investigate the role that increased antioxidants play in this protection, we tested the hypothesis that elevated levels of the mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) is required to achieve exercise-induced protection against VIDD ...