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A 4-Year Profile Of Game Demands In Elite Women's Division I College Basketball, Lynda B. Ransdell, Teena Murray, Yong Gao, Paul Jones, Dierdra Bycura Mar 2020

A 4-Year Profile Of Game Demands In Elite Women's Division I College Basketball, Lynda B. Ransdell, Teena Murray, Yong Gao, Paul Jones, Dierdra Bycura

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Workload for a Division I women’s collegiate basketball team (0.817 win percentage) was examined by: (a) season, (b) player position, and (c) game outcome (wins vs. losses). Female athletes (n = 6, mean 19.7 ± 1.5 years, at beginning of study) wore Catapult S5 units during 91.8% of games over a 4-year period. Average PlayerLoad, PlayerLoad per minute (PL·min-1), high inertial movement analysis (high-IMA), and jumps were quantified using Catapult Openfield software (version 1.14.1+). Data were checked for normality and log- or square-root-transformed when they were non-normal. A series of linear mixed model ...


Walking For Health During Pregnancy: A Literature Review And Considerations For Future Research, Christopher P. Connelly, Scott A. Conger, Alexander H.K. Montoye, Mallory R. Marshall, Rebecca A. Schlaff, Sylvia E. Badon, James M. Pivarnik Sep 2019

Walking For Health During Pregnancy: A Literature Review And Considerations For Future Research, Christopher P. Connelly, Scott A. Conger, Alexander H.K. Montoye, Mallory R. Marshall, Rebecca A. Schlaff, Sylvia E. Badon, James M. Pivarnik

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Walking is the most commonly chosen type of physical activity (PA) during pregnancy and provides several health benefits to both mother and child. National initiatives have promoted the importance of walking in general, but little emphasis is directed toward pregnant women, the majority of whom are insufficiently active. Pregnant women face a variety of dynamic barriers to a physically active lifestyle, some of which are more commonly experienced during specific times throughout the pregnancy experience. Walking is unique in that it appears resistant to a number of these barriers that limit other types of PA participation, and it can be ...


Early Changes In Memory, Motor Coordination And Strength In The Transgenic Rat Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Tgf344-Ad, Mark Andrew Winslow Aug 2019

Early Changes In Memory, Motor Coordination And Strength In The Transgenic Rat Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Tgf344-Ad, Mark Andrew Winslow

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and an estimated 5.7 million American’s are currently suffering from this disease resulting in $277 billion in health care costs as of 2018. As the number of cases and cost are expected to double by 2050, new approaches are needed to properly identify at-risk individuals prior to irreversible changes to the brain caused by this disease. Purpose: Through the use of a novel rodent model, this study assessed early changes in muscular coordination and strength relative to cognitive decline due to AD, as well as providing ...


Validity Of The Polar M430 Among Females Of Varying Fitness Levels, Body Fat Percentage, And Reported Physical Activity, Kevin Earl Miller Aug 2019

Validity Of The Polar M430 Among Females Of Varying Fitness Levels, Body Fat Percentage, And Reported Physical Activity, Kevin Earl Miller

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: The Polar M430 is a heart rate monitor that uses a non-exercise prediction method to predict one’s V̇O2max. Research has revealed that this method will overestimate predicted V̇O2max among females. Studies have investigated the validity of this method, however, these studies have not taken into account how physical activity (PA) levels, body fat percentage, or measured V̇O2max could affect the prediction value. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the Polar M430 in predicting V̇O2max amongst females of varying PA levels, body fat percentages, and ...


The Relationship Between Perfectionism And Self-Determined Motivation In Collegiate Division I Athletes, Christian Sengfelder May 2019

The Relationship Between Perfectionism And Self-Determined Motivation In Collegiate Division I Athletes, Christian Sengfelder

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: An athlete’s performance is dependent on both psychological and physical factors. Perfectionism and motivation are two psychological factors that can influence performance of athletes in a positive or negative manner. The relationship between perfectionism and motivation has been studied previously, but the relationship has not been studied with sport specific measurements and the collegiate athlete population has largely been ignored. Purpose: To investigate the levels of perfectionism and motivation in collegiate Division I student-athletes and determine how the forms of perfectionism (adaptive versus maladaptive) are related to the different levels of motivation (controlled vs autonomous forms) in this ...


Sex And Limb Impact Biomechanics Associated With Risk Of Injury During Drop Landing With Body Borne Load, Kayla D. Seymore, Auralea C. Fain, Nicholas J. Lobb, Tyler N. Brown Feb 2019

Sex And Limb Impact Biomechanics Associated With Risk Of Injury During Drop Landing With Body Borne Load, Kayla D. Seymore, Auralea C. Fain, Nicholas J. Lobb, Tyler N. Brown

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Increasing lower limb flexion may reduce risk of musculoskeletal injury for military personnel during landing. This study compared lower limb biomechanics between sexes and limbs when using normal and greater lower limb flexion to land with body borne load. Thirty-three participants (21 male, 12 female, age: 21.6±2.5 years, height: 1.7±0.1 m, weight: 74.5±9.0 kg) performed normal and flexed lower limb landings with four body borne loads: 20, 25, 30 and 35 kg. Hip and knee biomechanics, peak vertical ground reaction force (GRF), and the magnitude and direction of the GRF vector ...


Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Of The Chinese Version Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Scale Across Gender And Education Levels, Han Chen, Jun Dai, Yong Gao Jan 2019

Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Of The Chinese Version Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Scale Across Gender And Education Levels, Han Chen, Jun Dai, Yong Gao

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Self-efficacy has been identified as an important determinant of youth’s behavior change including physical activity (PA) participation. However, the dimensionality check of a PA self-efficacy scale has rarely been conducted in China. The current study aims to examine (1) the unidimensionality of a shortened Chinese version of PA self-efficacy scale (S-PASESC); (2) the measurement invariance of S-PASESC across gender and levels of education; (3) the latent factor mean difference between gender and levels of education; (4) the direct effects of self-efficacy on PA by different gender and education levels; and (5) the comparisons of the direct effects of ...


Assessment, Evaluation, Metacognition, And Grading In Pogil, Shawn R. Simonson Jan 2019

Assessment, Evaluation, Metacognition, And Grading In Pogil, Shawn R. Simonson

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

I truly believe no matter the level of student, all students can participate and learn in this form. Set your expectations that all students can learn this way and don't underestimate them. By doing POGIL you can actually see your students learning and it is wonderful!

—A POGIL practitioner

How does POGIL fit inro grading schemes for assignments, tests, and the course? POGIL activities are not designed robe graded as assessments; rather, they are intended as learning tools. However, one of the principle process skills targeted by POGIL is assessment—specifically self-assessment. Thus, much of the grading and assessment ...


Increased Sod2 In The Diaphragm Contributes To Exercise-Induced Protection Against Ventilator-Induced Diaphragm Dysfunction, Stephanie E. Hall Jan 2019

Increased Sod2 In The Diaphragm Contributes To Exercise-Induced Protection Against Ventilator-Induced Diaphragm Dysfunction, Stephanie E. Hall

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving intervention for many critically ill patients. Unfortunately, prolonged MV results in rapid diaphragmatic atrophy and contractile dysfunction, collectively termed ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction (VIDD). Recent evidence reveals that endurance exercise training, performed prior to MV, protects the diaphragm against VIDD. While the mechanism(s) responsible for this exercise-induced protection against VIDD remain unknown, increased diaphragm antioxidant expression may be required. To investigate the role that increased antioxidants play in this protection, we tested the hypothesis that elevated levels of the mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) is required to achieve exercise-induced protection against VIDD ...


Transitioning Out Of Sport: Perspectives Of Student-Athlete Support Or Development Services, Alison Ohashi May 2018

Transitioning Out Of Sport: Perspectives Of Student-Athlete Support Or Development Services, Alison Ohashi

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Despite the substantial amount of literature on career transitions in sport, there is insufficient research examining the social support system within college athletics as it is an important resource for student-athletes, especially for their success later in life. Likewise, there are currently no studies exploring athletic retirement from the perspective of student-athlete support or development services, a section of athletic departments that provides programming for the success of their student-athletes. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the implications of athletic retirement from the perspective of directors and/or associate directors of student-athlete support or development services ...


The Association Between The Coach-Athlete Relationship And Burnout Among High School Coaches, Scott Westfall, Eric M. Martin, Daniel Gould Jan 2018

The Association Between The Coach-Athlete Relationship And Burnout Among High School Coaches, Scott Westfall, Eric M. Martin, Daniel Gould

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Burnout is a term that continues to raise considerable concern among high school coaches and administrators (Raedeke, 1997) and has shown to have negative effects on coaches and athletes alike (Price & Weiss, 2000; Vealey, Armstrong, & Comar, 1998). While burnout has shown to have significant adverse effects, few studies have examined how the coach-athlete relationship may affect a coach s level of perceived burnout. This study sought to understand if the coach-athlete relationship predicted coach burnout. High school coaches (69 males, 62 females) completed the Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q; Jowett & Ntoumanis, 2004), the Coaching Burnout Questionnaire, a modified version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABO; Raedeke & Smith. 2001), as well as demographic and background assessments. Results of a multivariate multiple regression indicated that coaches who perceived themselves as committed and had complementary goals with their athletes, showed significantly lower levels o f burnout on all three dimensions. Results indicate that coaches should strive to ensure that they have goals that align with their athletes ’goals and develop a sustained and committed ...


Acute Effects Of The Training Mask On Short-Term Recovery During Rowing Intervals, Hayden W. Hess Dec 2017

Acute Effects Of The Training Mask On Short-Term Recovery During Rowing Intervals, Hayden W. Hess

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of the Training Mask 2.0 (TM) on performance (m), blood lactate, heart rate recovery (HRR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (Q̇), heart rate variability (HRV), and breath rate recovery (BRR) when used during short-term recovery. Methods: Seven trained males completed two interval training conditions (TM and Sham TM). Each condition consisted of five, 1-min, max effort rows with 3-min recoveries. The TM (or Sham TM) was worn during each 3-min recovery. A repeated measures 2x5 (condition x interval) ANOVA was used to determine significant main effects for condition ...


Sport Experiences Of Division I Collegiate Athletes And Their Perceptions Of The Importance Of Specialization, Eric M. Martin, Martha E. Ewing, Evelyn Oregon Dec 2017

Sport Experiences Of Division I Collegiate Athletes And Their Perceptions Of The Importance Of Specialization, Eric M. Martin, Martha E. Ewing, Evelyn Oregon

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of the current study was to investigate Division I athletes’ prior sport participation and athletes’ perceptions regarding sport specialization. Athletes (N = 1041) completed self-report surveys and indicated that participation in their collegiate sport began around nine years of age (M = 9.10, SD = 3.83). Athletes played a large number of sports in elementary and middle school with participation decreasing during high school. For those athletes who specialized in one sport, specialization occurred typically at 12.5 years of age. In addition, athletes past sport background and perceptions of specialization differed depending on their college sport with some ...


Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka Nov 2017

Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

With provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act, attention to physical education (PE) programs in school will be crucial for developing well-rounded students. We assessed the availability of resources that have the potential to impact PE (staffing, continuing education, annual PE equipment budgets) in a nationally-representative sample of 640 U.S. public elementary schools. Higher student-to-PE teacher ratios were associated with students not receiving adequate instruction. Equipment budgets were minimal (median = $500) and 30% of schools had no budget at all. Additional financial support from federal and state education agencies would help schools to better meet recommendations for PE.


Improving Power Output In Older Adults Utilizing Plyometrics In An Alterg Treadmill, Tyler Dobbs Aug 2016

Improving Power Output In Older Adults Utilizing Plyometrics In An Alterg Treadmill, Tyler Dobbs

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare functional strength and power output in older adults who completed plyometric training in an AlterG treadmill compared to older adults who completed traditional resistance training. Methods: Twenty-three older adults were randomized to a strength (SG), plyometric (PG), or control group (CG). SG and PG exercised 3x/week for 8 weeks while CG performed no exercise. Measures of a timed sit-to-stand, stair climb, estimated maximal muscular strength, and isokinetic power were taken at pre and post testing. A repeated measures 2x3 (time x group) ANOVA was used to determine if there was a ...


Impact Of An Active Educational Video Game On Children's Motivation, Science Knowledge, And Physical Activity, Haichun Sun, Yong Gao Jun 2016

Impact Of An Active Educational Video Game On Children's Motivation, Science Knowledge, And Physical Activity, Haichun Sun, Yong Gao

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Active educational video games (AVGs) appear to have a positive effect on elementary school students’ motivation leading to enhanced learning outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of an AVG on elementary school students’ science knowledge learning, physical activity (PA) level, and interest-based motivation.

Methods: In this randomized controlled study, 53 elementary school students were assigned to an experimental condition or a comparison condition. The experimental condition provided an AVG learning environment, whereas the comparison condition was based on sedentary educational video games.

Results: The results of repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) on the ...


The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem J. Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Sae-Hwan Park, Yong Gao, Stephen Hermann, Gregory J. Norman Apr 2016

The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem J. Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Sae-Hwan Park, Yong Gao, Stephen Hermann, Gregory J. Norman

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Many studies have examined the consequences of prolonged television viewing, but few studies have examined the psychological states that contribute to this behavior. In this study, we evaluated the construct and predictive validity of psychosocial correlates of television viewing in a population of African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS).

Methods: AA BCS (N = 342, Mean age = 54 years) completed measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, family support, and time spent watching television online. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) was used to examine the construct and predictive validity as well as the differential item functioning of the instruments among population ...


The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Instruments Measuring The Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem J. Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Sae-Hwan Park, Yong Gao, Stephen D. Herrmann, Gregory J. Norman Apr 2016

The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Instruments Measuring The Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem J. Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Sae-Hwan Park, Yong Gao, Stephen D. Herrmann, Gregory J. Norman

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Many studies have examined the consequences of prolonged television viewing, but few studies have examined the psychological states that contribute to this behavior. In this study, we evaluated the construct and predictive validity of psychosocial correlates of television viewing in a population of African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS).

Methods: AA BCS (N = 342, Mean age = 54 years) completed measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, family support, and time spent watching television online. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) was used to examine the construct and predictive validity as well as the differential item functioning of the instruments among population ...


Randomized And Blinded Study For The Treatment Of Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Of Motion Restriction: The Prone-­Passive Stretching Technique, Dave Hammons, John W. Mcchesney, Michael Curtin, Ronald Pfeiffer, Keith W. Thiede Oct 2015

Randomized And Blinded Study For The Treatment Of Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Of Motion Restriction: The Prone-­Passive Stretching Technique, Dave Hammons, John W. Mcchesney, Michael Curtin, Ronald Pfeiffer, Keith W. Thiede

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Prior research has focused on specific interventions to reduce the symptoms of glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) and posterior glenohumeral (GH) tightness; however, clinicians often utilize a prone stretching technique instead for which a lack of evidence exists to support the use of. Hypothesis: Improvements in GH Internal rotation (IR) range of motion (ROM) will be greater in a group of overhead athletes using a prone-passive stretching technique than for overhead athletes using a cross-body stretching technique. Design: Randomized and blinded comparative research study Methods: 34 asymptomatic overhead athletes exhibiting ≥ 10˚ of GH IR deficit randomly received either 12 ...


Validity And Reliability Of Eating Disorder Assessments Used With Athletes: A Review, Zachary Pope, Yong Gao, Nicole Bolter, Mary Pritchard Sep 2015

Validity And Reliability Of Eating Disorder Assessments Used With Athletes: A Review, Zachary Pope, Yong Gao, Nicole Bolter, Mary Pritchard

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) among college-aged athletes has risen in recent years. Although measures exist for assessing EDs, these measures have not been thoroughly reviewed in athletes. This study reviewed the validity and reliability evidence of the commonly used measures for assessing EDs in athlete populations aged 18‒26 years.

Methods: Databases were searched for studies of regarding ED on male and/or female athletes. Inclusion criteria stated the study (a) assessed EDs in an athlete population 18‒26 years of age and (b) investigated EDs using a psychometric measure found valid and/or reliable in a non-athlete ...


Effects Of Attentional Focus On An Underhand Tossing Task Among Young Children, Amanda B. Seneri May 2015

Effects Of Attentional Focus On An Underhand Tossing Task Among Young Children, Amanda B. Seneri

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Research has shown that externally focused instruction and feedback has positive effects on skill acquisition and performance outcomes among adults (Wulf, 2007, 2013). However, in children, there are mixed findings as to whether an external or internal focus of attention is most effective (Chiviacowsky, Wulf, & Ávila, 2013; Emanuel, Jarus, & Bart, 2008; Perreault, 2013; Thorn, 2006; Wulf, Chiviacowsky, Schiller, & Ávila, 2010). Currently, there is a gap in the attentional focus literature and a need to research young children, under the age of eight, whose cognitive development is not as matured as older children or adults (Gallagher & Thomas, 1980, 1984, 1986). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of attentional focused instruction and feedback on the performance outcome of an underhand tossing task among first graders. It was hypothesized the external focused group would perform with better outcome scores compared to the internal focused group. Three intact classes of first graders were recruited from a local elementary school in the Northwest. Within each class participants were quasi-randomly divided into two treatment groups (either external or internal attentional focus), with an equal representation of gender in each group. Twenty-five participants (M = 6.26 yrs, SD = 0.45) engaged in pretest, acquisition, retention and transfer trial blocks, each completing a total of 80 tosses over a three-week period. Performance outcomes were assessed using a circular target similarly used by Chiviacowsky et al. (2013) and Saemi, Porter, Wulf, Ghotbi-Varzaneh, & Bakhtiari vi (2013). Outcome scores during acquisition were analyzed using a 2 (Group: Int., Ext.) X 6 (Pretest, Acquisition Trial Blocks) ANOVA with repeated measures on the last factor. Outcome scores during acquisition trial block 5, retention, and transfer was analyzed using a 2 (Group: Int., Ext.) X 3 (Acquisition Block 5, Retention, Transfer) ANOVA with repeated measures on the last factor. No significant differences were found between groups during the pretest and acquisition (p = 0.56) or during acquisition trial block 5, retention and transfer (p = 0.71). Although non-significant, the internal focus group performed the task with slightly better performance outcome scores during acquisition, retention and transfer trial blocks. There was a significant difference within groups during acquisition trial block 5, retention and transfer trial blocks (p < 0.005). Both groups exhibited a decrease in scores during the transfer trial block. The results from this study did not support the hypothesis or previous research (Chiviacowsky et al., 2013; Perreault, 2013, Exp. 2; Saemi et al., 2013; Thorn, 2006; Wulf, Chiviacowsky, et al., 2010). However, these results demonstrated similar findings to Emanuel and colleagues (2008) and Perreault (2013, Exp. 1). Future research should continue to focus on this age population to gain a better understanding ...


Physiologic Responses Of Firefighting Training Officers In The Structured Live-Fire Firefighting Training, Takahisa Koide May 2015

Physiologic Responses Of Firefighting Training Officers In The Structured Live-Fire Firefighting Training, Takahisa Koide

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Firefighting is one of the most strenuous and dangerous occupations in the community. Training Officers are senior firefighters who take on the preparation and education of their fellow firefighters. One of the Training Officers’ tasks is structured live-fire training. During live-fire training, they are exposed to the stress of fire and high heat multiple times per day. In spite of this issue, there is no research focusing on Training Officers during the live-fire training evolution. Purpose: The present study was a pilot study to measure the stress experienced in the live-fire training and possibly reduce this stress by managing ...


The Effect Of Attentional Focus Instructions On Golf Swing Performance In Recreational Golfers, Jeffrey D. Eggleston Aug 2014

The Effect Of Attentional Focus Instructions On Golf Swing Performance In Recreational Golfers, Jeffrey D. Eggleston

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Previous research has addressed the effectiveness of attentional focus instructions in improving golf performance with a single training session. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of external (EF) attentional focus instructions on recreational golfers’ performance over a distributed training period and extended retention interval. Performance was measured by club head velocity (CHV) and X-factor as both have been correlated with greater performance. The current study extends the work of An, Wulf, and Kim (2013), by increasing the training period and retention interval. It was hypothesized EF group would have greater CHV and X-factor measurements during ...


Effect Of Weight Loss Training Protocol Using Two Different Treadmills For Obese Individuals, Kristi Lynn Bercier Aug 2014

Effect Of Weight Loss Training Protocol Using Two Different Treadmills For Obese Individuals, Kristi Lynn Bercier

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill allows individuals to walk at reduced body weight by using lower body positive pressure (LBPP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to discern if the AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill was an effective tool to use in a weight loss walking program with obese individuals when compared to walking on a traditional treadmill. METHODS: Fifteen male (n = 3) and female (n = 12) obese participants, aged 18-55 years old with an average body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m2), were randomly assigned to the AlterG treadmill (AlterG; n = 6) and traditional treadmill (TT; n = 9). Participants followed ...


Muscle Synergies During A Single-Leg Drop-Landing In Boys And Girls, Kristof Kipp, Ronald Pfeiffer, Michelle Sabick, Chad Harris, Jeanie Sutter, Seth Kuhlman, Kevin Shea Apr 2014

Muscle Synergies During A Single-Leg Drop-Landing In Boys And Girls, Kristof Kipp, Ronald Pfeiffer, Michelle Sabick, Chad Harris, Jeanie Sutter, Seth Kuhlman, Kevin Shea

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle activation patterns during a landing task in boys and girls through the use of muscle synergies. Electromyographical (EMG) data from six lower extremity muscles were collected from 11 boys and 16 girls while they performed single-leg drop-landings. EMG data from six leg muscles were rectified, smoothed, and normalized to maximum dynamic muscle activity during landing. Data from 100 ms before to 100 ms after touchdown were submitted to factor analyses to extract muscle synergies along with the associated activation and weighing coefficients. Boys and girls both used three muscle synergies. The ...


Learning To Play: A “Hedgehog Concept” For Physical Education, Tyler Johnson Mar 2014

Learning To Play: A “Hedgehog Concept” For Physical Education, Tyler Johnson

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

What is physical education and why does it exist? Despite its relatively long and storied history, consensus about physical education’s existence remains minimal. According to Jim Collins, author of the best-selling book Good to Great, organizations or groups of professionals should determine a “hedgehog concept” or a primary reason for their existence. This article explores three questions developed by Collins to help organizations identify a hedgehog concept: (a) what are we deeply passionate about? (b) what can we be the best in the world at? and/or what can we not be the best in the world at? and ...


Strategies To Decrease Movement Variability In The Ankle Joint In Cyclists, Claudia Guadalupe Chavez Nov 2013

Strategies To Decrease Movement Variability In The Ankle Joint In Cyclists, Claudia Guadalupe Chavez

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Coordination variability is thought to be indicative of a cyclist’s skill level as novices have higher levels of variability than experts (Sides & Wilson, 2012). It was hypothesized that the externally focused instructions with visual feedback group would decrease coordination variability in the ankle joint to a greater extent than those in the internally focused instructions with visual feedback group. Six cyclists (30-40 years) completed a four day acquisition period and a retention test. During this time participants cycled for 10-15 minutes at a power output equal to 2.0-2.5W/kg of body mass. Participants were provided with internally ...


Fitness And Enjoyment Outcomes Of A Physical Education Fitness Conditioning Curriculum, Jane M. Shimon, Tyler Johnson, Scott Moorecroft, Ken Bell Oct 2013

Fitness And Enjoyment Outcomes Of A Physical Education Fitness Conditioning Curriculum, Jane M. Shimon, Tyler Johnson, Scott Moorecroft, Ken Bell

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Project: Health-related fitness and enjoyment outcomes were analyzed on a physical education program that adopted an exclusive fitness conditioning physical education curriculum. Means: Freshmen enrolled in physical education (n = 228; Mean age = 14.12 years ± .91; Females = 117 (51%); Males = 111 (49%)) completed pre and post FitnessGram curl-ups, push-ups, and the PACER, height and weight measurements, a modified Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES), and two open-ended questions (likes and dislikes of PE). Pre and post assessments were analyzed using Paired t-tests, one-way ANOVAs, and qualitative categorizing. Outcome: Significant fitness improvements for females occurred in the push-ups (F(1, 105) = - 5 ...


The Effects Of Game Size On The Physical Activity Levels And Ball Touches Of Elementary School Children In Physical Education, Kenneth Bell, Tyler G. Johnson, Jane Shimon, John Bale Oct 2013

The Effects Of Game Size On The Physical Activity Levels And Ball Touches Of Elementary School Children In Physical Education, Kenneth Bell, Tyler G. Johnson, Jane Shimon, John Bale

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of participating in small (3v3), medium (6v6), and large-sided (12v12) games on the physical activity levels (pedometer step counts, accelerometer counts, and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and ball touches of children in physical education class. Participants were 29 students (55% boys and 45% girls) age 10-11 yrs. All participants wore a Yamax SW-200 pedometer and had their ball touches monitored and recorded. Twelve participants also wore an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer. Repeated measure ANOVAs were computed to test for significant differences for each dependant variable with corresponding post hoc tests ...


The Effects Of Functional Fatigue On Ground Reaction Forces Of A Jump, Land, And Cut Task, Mikaela Boham, Mark Debeliso, Chad Harris, Ronald Pfeiffer, John Mcchesney, Joseph M. Berning Oct 2013

The Effects Of Functional Fatigue On Ground Reaction Forces Of A Jump, Land, And Cut Task, Mikaela Boham, Mark Debeliso, Chad Harris, Ronald Pfeiffer, John Mcchesney, Joseph M. Berning

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Rapid acceleration, deceleration, landing and change of direction have been implicated as mechanisms of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. PURPOSE: To examine the ground reaction forces occurring to the knee during non-fatigued and fatigued jump, land and cut maneuvers in three unplanned cutting directions. METHODS: Eleven healthy, adult female collegiate soccer athletes participated in this study (age= 20.3±0.9 years; height= 167.4±4.8 cm; mass= 63.7±7.7 kg). Each subject was instructed to perform 9 jump, land, and cut maneuvers in a pre-fatigued state and fatigued state. The protocols were randomly assigned to ...