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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Health Care Terminology, James Clover Aug 2020

Health Care Terminology, James Clover

Q2S Enhancing Pedagogy

Course outline for the study of basic medical terminology by learning root words, prefixes and suffixes. The course focuses on correct pronunciation, spelling and use of medical terms. Anatomy, physiology, and pathology of disease are discussed yet no previous knowledge of these topics is necessary.


The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer Aug 2020

The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biomechanical and physiological parameters related to running performance are usually studied separately. However, evaluating both aspects together could be beneficial in improving athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to observe the change in peak vGRF and asymmetry as speed increases, while observing physiological responses during a O2maxtest. Data from athlete monitoring of 12 cross-country and triathlon athletes were analyzed. The athlete monitoring protocol included three unweighted countermovement jumps and a O2maxtest performed by the athletes. The athletes had an average O2maxof 53.4 ± 7.7 mL/kg/min, while their average vGRF ...


How Stair Negotiation Affects Knee Joint Contact Forces In Individuals Post-Total Knee Arthroplasty, Todd Leutzinger Mar 2020

How Stair Negotiation Affects Knee Joint Contact Forces In Individuals Post-Total Knee Arthroplasty, Todd Leutzinger

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

This study investigates how walking up and down stairs affects knee joint contact forces in individuals post-total knee arthroplasty compared to overground level walking and healthy controls.


Developing And Testing Of Low-Cost 3d Printed Prostheses To Restore And Improve Function Of Children With Congenital Or Traumatic Amputations, Rahul Raj, Christopher Copeland, Claudia Cortes Reyes, Kaitlin Fraser, David Salazar Mar 2020

Developing And Testing Of Low-Cost 3d Printed Prostheses To Restore And Improve Function Of Children With Congenital Or Traumatic Amputations, Rahul Raj, Christopher Copeland, Claudia Cortes Reyes, Kaitlin Fraser, David Salazar

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The purpose of this investigation was to provide technical considerations and clinical evidence of the possible benefits and obstacles in the use of upper-limb 3D printed prostheses in paediatric populations. This information is crucial for clinicians interested in exploring the use of 3D printed prostheses for their patients. In the present study, children with congenital digit reductions (n=5); absent digits (one traumatic and four congenital) (n=5) and with upper-limb reductions (n=9). The perceived functionality of upper-limbs before the use of the prosthesis and after 4 months of use. In addition, gross dexterity, anthropometric measurements, active range of ...


Determining The Optimal Tension For An Ankle-Foot Assistive Device, Cody Anderson Mar 2020

Determining The Optimal Tension For An Ankle-Foot Assistive Device, Cody Anderson

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Introduction

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is caused by atherosclerosis, a buildup of cholesterol and fatty acid deposits, which blocks blood flow to the arms, legs, and feet. Ankle assistive devices have recently been implemented in various clinical population to improve walking ability. Our group has developed an ankle assistive device to improve walking ability in patients with PAD. This study tested our newly developed assistive device with several tension assistance levels and their effect on metabolic cost.

Methodology

Ten healthy subjects were recruited for this study. A spring was attached to the posterior side of the device parallel to the ...


Provider Reported Implementation Of Nutrition-Related Practices In Childcare Centers And Family Childcare Homes In Rural And Urban Nebraska, Dipti A. Dev, Aileen S. Garcia, David A. Dzewaltowski, Susan Sisson, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Zainab Rida, Natalie A. Williams, Carly Hillburn, Danae Dinkel, Deepa Srivastava, Christina Burger, Emily Hulse, Donnia Behrends, Natasha Frost Mar 2020

Provider Reported Implementation Of Nutrition-Related Practices In Childcare Centers And Family Childcare Homes In Rural And Urban Nebraska, Dipti A. Dev, Aileen S. Garcia, David A. Dzewaltowski, Susan Sisson, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Zainab Rida, Natalie A. Williams, Carly Hillburn, Danae Dinkel, Deepa Srivastava, Christina Burger, Emily Hulse, Donnia Behrends, Natasha Frost

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Approximately 15 million children under age 6 are in childcare settings, offering childcare providers an opportunity to influence children’s dietary intake. Childcare settings vary in organizational structure – childcare centers (CCCs) vs. family childcare homes (FCCHs) – and in geographical location – urban vs. rural. Research on the nutrition-related best practices across these childcare settings is scarce. The objective of this study is to compare nutrition-related best practices of CCCs and FCCHs that participate in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) in rural and urban Nebraska. Nebraska providers (urban n = 591; rural n = 579) reported implementation level, implementation difficulty and ...


A Comparison Of Lower Body Power Characteristics Between Collegiate Athletes From Different Competition Levels., Cody A. Stahl, Keston G. Lindsay, J. Bryan Mann, Margaret Hunt, J. Jay Dawes Feb 2020

A Comparison Of Lower Body Power Characteristics Between Collegiate Athletes From Different Competition Levels., Cody A. Stahl, Keston G. Lindsay, J. Bryan Mann, Margaret Hunt, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 470-479, 2020. The counter-movement jump (CMJ) is frequently utilized by strength and conditioning professionals working with athletes, given its relationship to a multitude of performance variables associated with success in sports. PURPOSE: To examine characteristics of CMJ performance between NAIA and NCAA Division I male and female athletes. METHODS: Archival data for 275 student athletes from two NCAA Division 1 universities (NCAA DI; males = 84, females = 74) and one NAIA university (NAIA; males = 66, females = 51) were utilized for this analysis. The CMJ was performed utilizing a dual single axis (Pasco PS 2141 ...


Large Inter-Individual Differences In Responses To A Block Of High Intensity Aerobic Interval Training: A Case Series In National-Level Cyclists And Triathletes, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Frank G. Pedersen, Marius N. Haave, Jan Helgerud, Øyvind Støren Feb 2020

Large Inter-Individual Differences In Responses To A Block Of High Intensity Aerobic Interval Training: A Case Series In National-Level Cyclists And Triathletes, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Frank G. Pedersen, Marius N. Haave, Jan Helgerud, Øyvind Støren

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 480-487, 2020. The aim was to investigate individual responses on VO2maxand performance to a block of high intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) in national-level endurance athletes. METHODS: National-level cyclists and triathletes (five men and two women, 31 ± 3.3 years, VO2max65.1 ± 3.3 ml·kg-1·min-1) conducted 14 HIIT sessions (4x4 min uphill running at 90-95% maximal heart rate) in nine days during preseason. VO2maxin running and cycling, lactate threshold (LT) in cycling, oxygen cost of cycling (CC), and a cycling time-trial (TT ...


Comparisons Of The Metabolic Intensities At Heart Rate, Gas Exchange, And Ventilatory Thresholds, Pasquale J. Succi, Taylor K. Dinyer, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom Feb 2020

Comparisons Of The Metabolic Intensities At Heart Rate, Gas Exchange, And Ventilatory Thresholds, Pasquale J. Succi, Taylor K. Dinyer, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 455-469, 2020. PURPOSE: This study compared the O2corresponding to the critical heart rate (CHRO2) and the physical working capacity at the heart rate fatigue threshold (PWChrtO2) to the gas exchange threshold (GET), ventilatory threshold (VT), and respiratory compensation point (RCP). METHODS: Nine runners (mean ±SD, age 23 ±3 years) completed an incremental test on a treadmill to determine O2peak, GET, VT, and RCP. The CHRO2and PWChrtO2were determined from 4 separate constant velocity treadmill runs to exhaustion and ...


Measuring Physical Activity Using Triaxial Wrist Worn Polar Activity Trackers: A Systematic Review, André Henriksen, Jonas Johansson, Gunnar Hartvigsen, Sameline Grimsgaard, Laila A. Hopstock Feb 2020

Measuring Physical Activity Using Triaxial Wrist Worn Polar Activity Trackers: A Systematic Review, André Henriksen, Jonas Johansson, Gunnar Hartvigsen, Sameline Grimsgaard, Laila A. Hopstock

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 438-454, 2020. Collecting objective physical activity data from research participants are increasingly done using consumer-based activity trackers. Several validation studies of Polar devices are conducted to date, but no systematic review of the current level of accuracy for these devices exist. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the accuracy of current wrist-worn Polar devices that equips a triaxial accelerometer to measure physical activity. We conducted a systematic review by searching six databases for validation studies on modern Polar activity trackers. Studies were grouped and examined by tested outcome, i.e ...


Step Count Reliability And Validity Of Five Wearable Technology Devices While Walking And Jogging In Both A Free Motion Setting And On A Treadmill, Jeffrey Montes, Richard Tandy, John Young, Szu-Ping Lee, James Navalta Feb 2020

Step Count Reliability And Validity Of Five Wearable Technology Devices While Walking And Jogging In Both A Free Motion Setting And On A Treadmill, Jeffrey Montes, Richard Tandy, John Young, Szu-Ping Lee, James Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 410-426, 2020. Wearable technology devices are used by millions of people who use daily step counts to promote healthy lifestyles. However, the accuracy of many of these devices has not been determined. The purpose was to determine reliability and validity of the Samsung Gear 2, FitBit Surge, Polar A360, Garmin Vivosmart HR+, and the Leaf Health Tracker when walking and jogging in free motion and treadmill conditions. Forty volunteers completed walking and jogging free motion and treadmill protocols of 5-minute intervals. The devices were worn simultaneously in randomized configurations. The mean of two ...


Ground Contact Time Imbalances Strongly Related To Impaired Running Economy, Dustin P. Joubert, Nicholas A. Guerra, Eric J. Jones, Erica G. Knowles, Aaron D. Piper Feb 2020

Ground Contact Time Imbalances Strongly Related To Impaired Running Economy, Dustin P. Joubert, Nicholas A. Guerra, Eric J. Jones, Erica G. Knowles, Aaron D. Piper

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 427-437, 2020. Running economy (RE) is defined as the oxygen consumption (VO2) or caloric unit cost required to move at a specific velocity and is an important performance marker. Ground contact time (GCT) has been associated with RE; however, it has not been established how GCT imbalances between feet impact RE. Purpose: Determine the relationship between cadence, GCT, and GCT imbalances and RE. Methods: 11 NCAA Division I distance runners (7 male) completed a graded exercise test on a treadmill to determine lactate threshold (LT) and VO2max. Body composition was ...


Comparison Of Acute Cardiometabolic Responses In A 7-Minute Body Weight Circuit To 7-Minute Hiit Training Protocol, Cruz Armas, Robert J. Kowalsky, Christopher M. Hearon Feb 2020

Comparison Of Acute Cardiometabolic Responses In A 7-Minute Body Weight Circuit To 7-Minute Hiit Training Protocol, Cruz Armas, Robert J. Kowalsky, Christopher M. Hearon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 395-409, 2020. To investigate the acute cardiometabolic responses of a 7-minute bodyweight resistance exercise circuit (HICE) compared to a 7-minute high intensity interval training cycle protocol (HIIE). Methods: Twelve apparently healthy and active young adults were enrolled in a randomized crossover study (HICE vsHIIE). The 12 HICE exercises used a 30:5 second exercise to rest ratio, followed by a 3-minute cool-down and was replicated in the HIIE cycle protocol. Following each protocol, subjects were seated for the next hour. Measurements included blood pressure (BP) heart rate, blood glucose and triglycerides, taken ...


Somatosensory Perception Of Running Shoe Mass May Be Influenced By Extended Wearing Time Or Inclusion Of A Personal Reference Shoe, Depending On Testing Method, James G. Saxton, Benjamin R. Mardis, Christopher L. Kliethermes, David S. Senchina Feb 2020

Somatosensory Perception Of Running Shoe Mass May Be Influenced By Extended Wearing Time Or Inclusion Of A Personal Reference Shoe, Depending On Testing Method, James G. Saxton, Benjamin R. Mardis, Christopher L. Kliethermes, David S. Senchina

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 342-357, 2020. Consumers may purchase running shoes on the basis of their masses, yet little is known about shoe mass perceptual abilities. In this multi-part experiment, four groups of twenty-five young adult males (total n= 100) were challenged to gauge the relative masses of five unfamiliar running shoes. The four groups differed by the length of time they were given to wear the shoes (up to 1 minute versus 5 minutes) and whether or not they were able to use their own personal running shoes as a reference. After wearing each individual pair ...


Centesimal Age And Relative Age Effect In Elite Futsal Players, Dayse Dias Da Silva Carraco, Larissa Rafaela Galatti, Marcelo Massa, Irineu Loturco, Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad Feb 2020

Centesimal Age And Relative Age Effect In Elite Futsal Players, Dayse Dias Da Silva Carraco, Larissa Rafaela Galatti, Marcelo Massa, Irineu Loturco, Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 329-341, 2020. To investigate centesimal age (CA) and relative age effect (RAE) in elite male futsal players their date of birth and court-position were accessed through the official FIFA website. The absolute and relative frequency distributions of player births were quantified by quartiles and semesters. The two-way ANOVA and the Chi-Square analysis were applied to check for possible differences. The results showed a mean CA of 27.76 ± 4.11 years with no differences for both playing positions and competitions. In addition, no significant differences were found between quartiles or between semesters. The ...


Outdoor Time Is Not Associated With Metabolically Healthy Overweight And Obesity Phenotype In Canadian Children Aged 6-14 Years, Brittany Rioux, Neeru Gupta, Danielle Bouchard, James Dunbar, Martin Senechal Feb 2020

Outdoor Time Is Not Associated With Metabolically Healthy Overweight And Obesity Phenotype In Canadian Children Aged 6-14 Years, Brittany Rioux, Neeru Gupta, Danielle Bouchard, James Dunbar, Martin Senechal

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 383-394, 2020. A large proportion of children living with obesity have favorable cardiometabolic profiles despite their adiposity levels, who are referred to as metabolically healthy overweight or obese (MHO). However, the contribution of active outdoor time to the MHO phenotype is unknown. The purposeof this study was to investigate the association between outdoor time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with the MHO phenotype. A cross-sectional analysis of overweight/obese children aged 6-14 (n= 386) from the Canadian Health Measures Survey was performed. Outdoor time was self-reported using five questions in relation to ...


Heart Rate Responses During Simulated Fire Ground Scenarios Among Full-Time Firefighters, Quincy R. Johnson, Jonathan Goatcher, Cody L. Diehl, Robert G. Lockie, Robin Marc Orr, Brent Alvar, Doug Smith, J. Jay Dawes Feb 2020

Heart Rate Responses During Simulated Fire Ground Scenarios Among Full-Time Firefighters, Quincy R. Johnson, Jonathan Goatcher, Cody L. Diehl, Robert G. Lockie, Robin Marc Orr, Brent Alvar, Doug Smith, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 374-382, 2020. Simulated fire ground scenarios (SFGS) provide firefighters with an opportunity to maintain skills, receive feedback, and optimize performance. Although there is extensive research on heart rate (HR) changes in the firefighter population, few examine the differences between positions. Firefighters are primarily responsible for fire suppression and control (23), officers for emergency operations and organizational management, paramedics for providing on-scene emergency medical care, and drivers are responsible for driving the fire apparatus. Utilizing HR analysis to quantify the physical demands of SFGS among firefighting crews by position. Sixty-seven male (age: 38.97 ...


Limb Occlusion Pressure: A Method To Assess Changes In Systolic Blood Pressure, Zachary W. Bell, Matthew B. Jessee, Kevin T. Mattocks, Samuel L. Buckner, Scott J. Dankel, J Grant Mouser, Takashi Abe, Jeremy P. Loenneke Feb 2020

Limb Occlusion Pressure: A Method To Assess Changes In Systolic Blood Pressure, Zachary W. Bell, Matthew B. Jessee, Kevin T. Mattocks, Samuel L. Buckner, Scott J. Dankel, J Grant Mouser, Takashi Abe, Jeremy P. Loenneke

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 366-373, 2020. Although often used as a surrogate, comparisons between traditional blood pressure measurements and limb occlusion assessed via hand-held Doppler have yet to be completed. Using limb occlusion pressure as a method of assessing systolic pressure is of interest to those studying the acute effects of blood flow restriction, where the removal of the cuff may alter the physiological response. Purpose: We sought to determine how changes in limb occlusion pressure track with changes in traditional assessments of blood pressure. Basic Procedures: Limb occlusion pressure measured by hand-held Doppler and blood pressure ...


Metabolic Costs Of A 58-Minute Multi-Intensity Exercise Session With And Without Music And Cueing, Cecilia Guerrero, Robbin Tran, Elizabeth Gutierrez, Candice Campbell, Jade Rodgers, Michelle Alencar, Jan Schroeder Feb 2020

Metabolic Costs Of A 58-Minute Multi-Intensity Exercise Session With And Without Music And Cueing, Cecilia Guerrero, Robbin Tran, Elizabeth Gutierrez, Candice Campbell, Jade Rodgers, Michelle Alencar, Jan Schroeder

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 358-365, 2020. It is unclear if the presence or absence of music and cueing influence total energy expenditure (TEE) during a multi-intensity exercise program. The purpose of this study was to determine the difference between TEE with or without music and cueing during a 58-minute exercise session using heart rate estimation (HRe) and indirect calorimetry (IC). Using a randomized crossover design, 22 participants (6 males; 16 females; 27.64 ± 10.33 yrs.) were randomized into two groups (Group A = 11; Group B = 11). All participants performed the same 58-minute exercise session under two ...


Pre- And Post-Activity Stretching Practices Of Collegiate Soccer Coaches In The United States, Lawrence W. Judge, Jason Avedesian, David M. Bellar, Donald L. Hoover, Bruce Craig, Jason Langley, Nicholas Nordmann, Makenzie A. Schoeff, Clark D. Dickin Feb 2020

Pre- And Post-Activity Stretching Practices Of Collegiate Soccer Coaches In The United States, Lawrence W. Judge, Jason Avedesian, David M. Bellar, Donald L. Hoover, Bruce Craig, Jason Langley, Nicholas Nordmann, Makenzie A. Schoeff, Clark D. Dickin

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 260-272, 2020. Current pre- and post-activity stretching guidelines are designed to optimize performance and reduce injury risk. However, it is unclear whether soccer coaches adhere to these recommendations. The purpose of this study was to determine if collegiate soccer coaches’ perceptions and practices align with current scientific recommendations. A total of 781 questionnaires were electronically distributed to soccer coaches from NCAA Division I and III universities.The questionnaire obtained demographic, professional, and educational information, as well as stretching practices. Statistical analysis consisted of computing frequency counts and means where applicable. Pearson's Chi-square ...


The Effect Of Static Stretching, Mini-Band Warm-Ups, Medicine-Ball Warm-Ups, And A Light Jogging Warm-Up On Common Athletic Ability Tests, Bryan Christensen, Colin W. Bond, Ryan Napoli, Kelly Lopez, Jason Miller, Kyle J. Hackney Feb 2020

The Effect Of Static Stretching, Mini-Band Warm-Ups, Medicine-Ball Warm-Ups, And A Light Jogging Warm-Up On Common Athletic Ability Tests, Bryan Christensen, Colin W. Bond, Ryan Napoli, Kelly Lopez, Jason Miller, Kyle J. Hackney

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 298-311, 2020. Proper warm-up is important for facilitating peak athletic performance and reducing injury risk; yet, warm-up procedures vary considerably amongst coaches and athletes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a static stretching, medicine-ball, and mini-band warm-ups relative to a light jogging warm-up only on athletic ability test performance. It was hypothesized that static stretching would negatively affect performance, while medicine-ball and mini-band warm-ups would positively affect performance relative to light jogging only. Twelve female collegiate soccer players (19.3 ± 1.2y, 65.2 ± 7.5kg, 1.67 ...


The Relationship Between Physical Characteristics And Maximal Strength In Men Practicing The Back Squat, The Bench Press And The Deadlift, Pierre-Marc Ferland, Alexander C. Pollock, Ryan Swope, Mark Ryan, Michael Reeder, Kristin J. Heumann, Alain-Steve Comtois Feb 2020

The Relationship Between Physical Characteristics And Maximal Strength In Men Practicing The Back Squat, The Bench Press And The Deadlift, Pierre-Marc Ferland, Alexander C. Pollock, Ryan Swope, Mark Ryan, Michael Reeder, Kristin J. Heumann, Alain-Steve Comtois

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 281-297, 2020. This study was designed to quantify the relationships between physical characteristics and maximal strength in the back squat, the bench press and the deadlift on powerlifters and football players.Eighteen male junior drug-tested classic powerlifters and seventeen NCAA Division II American football players’ anthropometric measurements were taken to compare them with maximal strength results from either a powerlifting meet or testing from their supervised strength and conditioning program. Pearson’s bivariate correlations analysis revealed (statistical significance was set at p<0.05) that individuals with a greater (Wilks points) back squat, generally presented a higher Bodyweight (BW) (r=0.37), Body Mass Index (BMI) (r=0.45), Bodyfat Percentage (BF%) (r=0.36), Hip (r=0.41), Waist (r=0.35) and Torso (r=0.41) Circumference (C), Hip C/Height (r=0.46), Waist C/Height (r=0.39) and Torso C/Height (r=0.45) ratios. The individuals with a greater bench press generally presented a higher BMI (r=0.37), Lean Body Weight (LBW) (r=0.36), Hip C (r=0.39) and Hip C/Height ratio (r=0.39). On the other hand, individuals with a greater deadlift were generally older (r=0.34), shorter (r=-0.41), had shorter thighs (r=-0.52) and trunks (r=-0.36), smaller Thigh Length (L)/Height ratio (r=-0.44), Waist C/Hip C (r=-0.41) and Thigh L/Lower Leg L (r=-0.53) ratios, but a higher Lower Leg L/Height ratio (r=-046). The results of this study should be utilized by strength and conditioning coaches to deepen their comprehension of their athletes’ physical characteristics in order to help them develop strength through their advantages. Further research should focus on evaluating how physical characteristics affect performance in different squat, bench, and deadlift stances.


Accuracy Assessment Of A Gps Device For Maximum Sprint Speed, Kathryn Alphin, Olivia Sisson, Brynn L. Hudgins, Catherine D. Noonan, Jennifer A. Bunn Feb 2020

Accuracy Assessment Of A Gps Device For Maximum Sprint Speed, Kathryn Alphin, Olivia Sisson, Brynn L. Hudgins, Catherine D. Noonan, Jennifer A. Bunn

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 273-280, 2020. Global positioning system (GPS) technology can capture maximum sprint speed (MSS) using fewer resources than electronic timing gates (ETG). Yet,errors with GPS technology are typically 1.01 km∙hr-1for instantaneous velocity, potentially limiting GPS accuracy. The purpose of this study was to compare MSS values obtained from GPS technology to those obtained from ETG. The MSS of 24 female athletes was determined using two tests that both began with a 20-m fly-in followed by: 1) 80-m maximal sprint with ETG placed at the start line, 30 m, 60 ...


The Acute Effect Of A Single Resistance Training Session On The Glycemic Response Among Women With Hiv/Aids, Dayane C. Souza, Pollyana M. Nunhes, Wagner J. Domingues, Kauana Marchini, Lucas F. Hey, Jairo Berti, Michele C. Trindade, Ademar Avelar Feb 2020

The Acute Effect Of A Single Resistance Training Session On The Glycemic Response Among Women With Hiv/Aids, Dayane C. Souza, Pollyana M. Nunhes, Wagner J. Domingues, Kauana Marchini, Lucas F. Hey, Jairo Berti, Michele C. Trindade, Ademar Avelar

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 319-328, 2020. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a single resistance training session on the glycemic and lipid response of women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) treated with Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). The sample consisted of 10 female subjects who underwent one resistance training session involving different muscle groups, that is, three sets of 8-12 repetitions with an interval of 90 seconds between the sets, and 120 seconds between exercises. The loads used in each exercise corresponded to an intensity equivalent to the interval of ...


Effect Of A Commercially Available Low-Dose Capsaicin Supplement On Knee Extensor Contractile Function, Brett Cross, Darell Parker, Sean P. Langan, Gregory J. Grosicki Feb 2020

Effect Of A Commercially Available Low-Dose Capsaicin Supplement On Knee Extensor Contractile Function, Brett Cross, Darell Parker, Sean P. Langan, Gregory J. Grosicki

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 312-318, 2020. Capsaicin, the active pungent ingredient in chili peppers and various spicy foods, is demonstrated to influence a variety of physiological systems including skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study was to examine if a chewable capsaicin supplement (1.2 mg) could enhance isokinetic knee extensor contractile performance. Nine young, recreationally active individuals (5 females/4 males; 23.6 ± 1.5 yrs; 24.2 ± 3.3 kg/m2) participated in this randomized, single-blind crossover study. Following a familiarization session, participants completed two isokinetic knee extensor contractile function assessments, 45 minutes after ...


Site-Specific Effects Of Swimming On Bone Density In Female Collegiate Swimmers, Margaret E. Miller, Sarah Kojetin, Lesley M. Scibora Feb 2020

Site-Specific Effects Of Swimming On Bone Density In Female Collegiate Swimmers, Margaret E. Miller, Sarah Kojetin, Lesley M. Scibora

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(1): 249-259, 2020. While swimming provides numerous cardiovascular and overall health benefits, past research suggests it provides no constructive benefits to bone strength and density at dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measured hip and lumbar spine sites when compared to sedentary individuals. However, little research has focused on skeletal sites stressed by muscle forces during swimming such as the humerus, hip, and radius. The purpose of this study was to investigatesite-specific bone strength adaptations among female collegiate swimmers compared to sedentary controls. Bone geometry and strength were assessed by DXA and peripheral quantitative computed ...


Cupping Therapy Does Not Influence Healthy Adult's Hamstring Range Of Motion Compared To Control Or Sham Conditions, Matthew Schafer, Jessica C. Tom, Tedd Girouard, James W. Navalta, Catherine L. Turner, Kara N. Radzak Feb 2020

Cupping Therapy Does Not Influence Healthy Adult's Hamstring Range Of Motion Compared To Control Or Sham Conditions, Matthew Schafer, Jessica C. Tom, Tedd Girouard, James W. Navalta, Catherine L. Turner, Kara N. Radzak

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 216-224, 2020. Cupping therapy, a form of traditional Chinese medicine, has recently gained popularity as a therapeutic modality among sports medicine clinicians. While the use of cupping therapy to decrease musculoskeletal pain is supported by recent research findings, evaluations on the use of cupping therapy to influence range of motion (ROM) are limited. The purpose of the study was to identify if cupping therapy applied passively for 10 minutes increases flexibility compared to sham treatment or control conditions. Twenty-five participants with hamstring ROM less than 80° and no previous cupping therapy experience completed ...


Commercially Available Capsaicin Supplement Fails To Enhance Time-To-Exhaustion During Cycling, Sean P. Langan, Gregory J. Grosicki Feb 2020

Commercially Available Capsaicin Supplement Fails To Enhance Time-To-Exhaustion During Cycling, Sean P. Langan, Gregory J. Grosicki

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 225-233, 2020. This study examined whether a commercially available low-dose (1.2 mg), chewable capsaicin supplement could enhance endurance cycling performance. Thirteen young (8M/5F), recreationally active individuals (age = 24.2 ± 2.9 yrs, body fat = 21.2 ± 6.1%) participated in the study. The study consisted of three visits, beginning with an initial evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness (37.1 ± 5.5 ml/kg/min). During the second and third study visits, participants completed time-to-exhaustion (TTE) tests on a cycle ergometer at a workload eliciting ~90% VO2max, 45 minutes after ingesting either a ...


Effect Of Jump Direction And External Load On Single-Legged Jump-Landing Biomechanics, Alexander J. Hron, Colin W. Bond, Benjamin C. Noonan Feb 2020

Effect Of Jump Direction And External Load On Single-Legged Jump-Landing Biomechanics, Alexander J. Hron, Colin W. Bond, Benjamin C. Noonan

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(1): 234-248, 2020. External load may increase an individual’s risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury during single-legged jump-landing (SLJL).This study evaluated the effects of jump direction and external load on hip and knee joint motion and time to stabilization (TTS) during SLJL. Seventeen active males (n = 8) and females (22.2 ± 3.0 y, 1.75 ± 0.08 m, 73.4 ± 12.0 kg) participated in this randomized, crossover designed study. Single-legged jump-landings performed in two conditions, including without external load (BW) and with a torso-worn weight vest equal to ...


Injury Surveillance During Competitive Functional Fitness Racing Events, Sean Williams, Joanne Hitchcock, Lewis Davies, Christopher Barnes, Steven Williams, Amy Williams Jan 2020

Injury Surveillance During Competitive Functional Fitness Racing Events, Sean Williams, Joanne Hitchcock, Lewis Davies, Christopher Barnes, Steven Williams, Amy Williams

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 197-205, 2020. High-intensity functional training (HIFT) is an exercise training modality that has grown considerably in popularity over the last decade. More recently, competitive functional fitness racing events have emerged from HIFT, and aim to test athletes’ proficiency across a variety of movements, skills, and energy systems. Whilst the injury risk associated with HIFT has been shown to be low and comparable to other forms of recreational fitness activities, the injury risk associated with competitive functional fitness racing events is currently unknown. A prospective cohort design was used to record medical-attention injuries during ...