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Food Science

Fermentation

Utah State University

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Microstructure Of Idli, Enamuthu Joseph, Shelly G. Crites, Barry G. Swanson Jan 1993

Microstructure Of Idli, Enamuthu Joseph, Shelly G. Crites, Barry G. Swanson

Food Structure

The microstructure of idli prepared from seeds of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and rice, and Indian black gram seeds ( Vigna mungo) and rice in the ratio 1:2 was examined . Intact starch granules and protein bodies were observed in the unfermented idli batter. Starch granules disappeared as fermentation time increased to 18 hours and 36 hours. The surface of idli prepared from 36-hour fermented batter was cohesive , dense and sponge- or foam-like. The microstructure of idli prepared from common beans and rice was similar to the microstructure of idli prepared from Indian black gram and rice. Common beans can be ...


Scanning Electron Microscopy Studies Of The Cellular Changes In Raw, Fermented And Dried Cocoa Beans, A. S. Lopez, P. S. Dimick, R. M. Walsh Jan 1987

Scanning Electron Microscopy Studies Of The Cellular Changes In Raw, Fermented And Dried Cocoa Beans, A. S. Lopez, P. S. Dimick, R. M. Walsh

Food Structure

Cocoa beans are submitted to a curing process of fermentation and drying to develop flavor precursors . The beans must have reached maturity; otherwise, no amount of processing can produce the desired flavor . Early work with cacao cell cultures showed that only when the cells have "matured" co uld a chocolate or cocoa flavor result from further processing. Fermentation is therefore required because unfermented beans may develop little chocolate flavor when roasted . likewise , the outcome of excessive fermentation may also result in unwanted flavor . Thus , the first major post - harvesting phase t o have an impact on flavor development is that ...


Microstructural Changes In Winged Bean And Soybean During Fermentation Into Miso, K. Saio, H. Suzuki, T. Kobayashi, M. Namikawa Jan 1984

Microstructural Changes In Winged Bean And Soybean During Fermentation Into Miso, K. Saio, H. Suzuki, T. Kobayashi, M. Namikawa

Food Structure

Miso was prepared from winged bean, being substituted for soybean. Microstructural changes of winged bean miso at various stages of the manufacturing processes were studied by means of light and transmission electron microscopies. Soybean was also studied for comparison.

After steaming , winged bean and soybean cells were shrunken and intracellular spaces enlarged and cell wall structure was degraded, showing layered structures and aggregated lumps in intraspaces between cell walls during fermentation into misc . At the end of the fermentation , the PAS reaction with cell walls almost disappeared. Surprisingly the thick cel l walls of winged bean degraded as completely as ...


Improved Fermentation Process For Producing Methane From Cheese Whey, Abdulraman Y. Awad May 1982

Improved Fermentation Process For Producing Methane From Cheese Whey, Abdulraman Y. Awad

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two methods of single-stage fermentation were used to produce methane from whey. The first method involved batch fermentation in which the pH was automatically controlled at 7.0. In addition to pH control, the second method was characterized by introducing the substrate continuously into the fermenter along with dilution water to keep the organic acids at a non-toxic level.

The first method did not improve the production of methane compared to the batch fermentation in which a pH control system was not used (41). However, the second method showed that the concentration of organic acids has a major effect on ...


Investigations On The Great Northern Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.): Protein Functionality, Antinutrients, Flatus Factors, Fermentation, And Carbohydrates, Shridhar K. Sathe May 1981

Investigations On The Great Northern Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.): Protein Functionality, Antinutrients, Flatus Factors, Fermentation, And Carbohydrates, Shridhar K. Sathe

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Protein content of the Great Northern beans was 26.10 percent on a dry weight basis. The apparent isoelectric pH of the NaCl extractable proteins was about 4.4. Among the several solubilizing agents, Na2CO3, K2S04, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and NaOH at the respective concentrations of 0.5, 5.0, 5.0 (all w/v), and 0.02 N were the best protein solubilizing agents, solubilizing 93.6 grams Lowry protein per 100 grams Kjeldahl protein. AIbumins and globulins accounted for 21.18 and 73.40 percent, respectively, of the total bean proteins. The bean proteins were fractionated and ...


Influence Of Pre-Fermentation Inoculations With Leuconostoc Mesenteroides And Lactobacillus Plantarum On Physico-Chemical Properties Of Fresh And Dehydrated Sauerkraut, William T. Nabors May 1968

Influence Of Pre-Fermentation Inoculations With Leuconostoc Mesenteroides And Lactobacillus Plantarum On Physico-Chemical Properties Of Fresh And Dehydrated Sauerkraut, William T. Nabors

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The effect Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum has on the physical and chemical properties of fresh and dehydrated sauerkraut was tested. Sauerkraut inoculated with L . plantarum was slower in fermenting and significantly lower in acidity and higher in pH. Dehydration of sauerkraut by freeze-conventional hot-air and micro-wave processes produced a significant loss in volatile components, ascorbic acid , lactic acid and an increase in pH. Each of the dehydration processes caused browning of the sauerkraut . These changes were less with freeze-drying and increased with conventional hot-air drying and microwave drying. Gas-liquid chromatography confirms the loss of volatile components and the production ...