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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Single-Pass Drying Of Rough Rice Using Glass Transition Principles, George Owira Ondier Aug 2012

Single-Pass Drying Of Rough Rice Using Glass Transition Principles, George Owira Ondier

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research was to study the drying characteristics, milling quality, and functional properties of rough rice subjected to single-pass drying while controlling kernel material states. Drying experiments were conducted at 60, 70, and 80C and relative humidities ranging from 13 to 83%. High drying air relative humidities (greater than 63%) maintained both the kernel surface and core in a rubbery state during drying, whereas low drying air relative humidities caused rapid transitioning of the surface layers from a rubbery to a glassy state. Long-grain pureline cultivar, Wells, medium-grain pureline cultivar, Jupiter, and long-grain hybrid cultivar, CL XL729 ...


Development And Utilization Of Resistant Starch In Cooked Rice Grains And Breads, Michaael Reed Jan 2012

Development And Utilization Of Resistant Starch In Cooked Rice Grains And Breads, Michaael Reed

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis consists of two separate studies. The first is titled "Effects of Cooking Methods and Starch Structure on Starch Hydrolysis Rates of Rice", and the second one is "Application of a Novel Resistant Starch in Bread: Composition, Structure and Sensory Analysis". With concerns over diabetes, there is a need to find methods of cooking rice to reduce the rate of glucose release after ingesting. Comparing between steamed, stir-fried and pilaf rice, stir-fried rice displayed the slowest starch-hydrolysis rate and the largest resistant starch (RS) content followed by pilaf rice and steamed rice. RS in food is not readily hydrolyzed ...


Milling Characteristics Of High And Low Quality Rice, Alexandria Huck, Sarah Lanning, Terry Siebenmorgen Jan 2012

Milling Characteristics Of High And Low Quality Rice, Alexandria Huck, Sarah Lanning, Terry Siebenmorgen

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Harvest moisture contents (HMCs) have been proven to play a role in rice quality, especially affecting head rice yield (HRY) due to fissuring or immature kernels. Differences in milling characteristics between samples having high and low level milling quality were studied in this experiment. Two hybrid, long-grain cultivars (CL XL729 and CL XL745) and two pureline, long-grain cultivars (CL 181 and Wells) were harvested at near optimal and low HMCs, representing high and low milling quality, respectively. Lots were dried to approximately 12.5 ± 0.5% and milled in triplicate for durations of 10, 20, 30, and 40 s. Results ...