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Food Science

2010

Antioxidant capacity

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effect Of Hydrothermal Processing On Colour, Antioxidant And Free Radical Scavenging Capacities Of Edible Irish Brown Seaweeds, Gaurav Rajauria, Amit Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Shilpi Gupta Jul 2010

Effect Of Hydrothermal Processing On Colour, Antioxidant And Free Radical Scavenging Capacities Of Edible Irish Brown Seaweeds, Gaurav Rajauria, Amit Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Shilpi Gupta

Articles

The effect of heat processing on change in colour (ΔE), level of bioactive compounds and overall antioxidant capacity in raw and heat processed Irish brown seaweeds was investigated. Raw seaweeds were heated at 85, 95, 100, 110 and 121 °C for 15 min in an autoclave and the samples were extracted with 60% methanol. Total phenol (TPC), total tannin (TTC), DPPH• scavenging and metal chelating ability (FIC) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) at 85 °C while the value of ΔE, total flavonoid (TFC), total sugar (TSC), lipid peroxidation and H2O2 scavenging capacity were higher at 95 °C, as compared to raw seaweeds, in all the species studied. Results showed that heat treatment affects not only the content of bioactive compounds in seaweeds but also beneficial biological activity associated with these compounds which can suggest new processing for the application of seaweeds extract as nutraceutical.


Antioxidant Capacity And Polyphenol Content Of Brown Seaweeds After Heat Processing, Gaurav Rajauria, Shilpi Gupta, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Amit Jaiswal Mar 2010

Antioxidant Capacity And Polyphenol Content Of Brown Seaweeds After Heat Processing, Gaurav Rajauria, Shilpi Gupta, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Amit Jaiswal

Articles

Seaweeds or marine macroalgae are renewable living resources which are also used as food, feed and fertilizer in many parts of the world. They are able to produce a great variety of secondary metabolites characterized by a broad spectrum of biological behavior such as antibacterial and antioxidant activities. The effect of heat treatment was investigated on the level of bioactive compounds and changes in the overall antioxidant capacity of edible Irish brown seaweeds namely Himanthalia elongata, Laminaria saccharina and Laminaria digitata. In order to make the seaweeds safe and edible, they were heated at 85, 95, 100, 110 and 121 ...


Effect Of Drying Method On The Antioxidant Capacity Of Six Larniaceae Herbs, M. Hossain, Catherine Barry-Ryan, Ana Belen Martin-Diana, N. Brunton Jan 2010

Effect Of Drying Method On The Antioxidant Capacity Of Six Larniaceae Herbs, M. Hossain, Catherine Barry-Ryan, Ana Belen Martin-Diana, N. Brunton

Articles

The present study investigated the changes in total phenols (TP), rosmarinic acid content and antioxidant capacity of six Lamiaceae herbs (rosemary, oregano, marjoram, sage, basil and thyme) after three drying treatments (air-, freeze- and vacuum oven-drying) stored for 60 days at −20 °C and compared to fresh samples. Ferric reducing antioxidant property (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) were used as markers for antioxidant capacity. Air-dried samples had significantly (p < 0.05) higher TP, rosmarinic acid content and antioxidant capacity than had freeze-dried and vacuum oven-dried samples throughout the storage period. Fresh samples had the lowest values for the parameters tested. Vacuum oven-drying resulted in higher TP and FRAP values in rosemary and thyme during 60 days of storage than did freeze-drying. In ORAC assay, the difference was significantly higher only in thyme. Storage did not show any effect on the dried samples for the parameters tested.