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The Change In Prevalence Of Campylobacter On Chicken Carcasses During Processing: A Systematic Review, M. T. Guerin, Jan M. Sargeant, L. Waddell, Annette M. O'Connor, Robert W. Wills, R. H. Bailey, J. A. Byrd May 2010

The Change In Prevalence Of Campylobacter On Chicken Carcasses During Processing: A Systematic Review, M. T. Guerin, Jan M. Sargeant, L. Waddell, Annette M. O'Connor, Robert W. Wills, R. H. Bailey, J. A. Byrd

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the change in prevalence of Campylobacter on chicken carcasses during processing. A structured literature search of 8 electronic databases using the key words for "Campylobacter," "chicken," and "processing" identified 1,734 unique citations. Abstracts were screened for relevance by 2 independent reviewers. Thirty-two studies described prevalence at more than one stage during processing and were included in this review. Of the studies that described the prevalence of Campylobacter on carcasses before and after specific stages of processing, the chilling stage had the greatest number of studies (9), followed by washing (6), defeathering (4 ...


The Reflect Statement: Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials In Livestock And Food Safety: Explanation And Elaboration, Jan M. Sargeant, Annette M. O'Connor, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, Ian R. Dohoo, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, Kate Snedeker Mar 2010

The Reflect Statement: Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials In Livestock And Food Safety: Explanation And Elaboration, Jan M. Sargeant, Annette M. O'Connor, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, Ian R. Dohoo, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, Kate Snedeker

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Concerns about the completeness and accuracy of reporting of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and the impact of poor reporting on decision making have been documented in the medical field over the past several decades. Experience from RCTs in human medicine would suggest that failure to report critical trial features can be associated with biased estimated effect measures, and there is evidence to suggest that similar biases occur in RCTs conducted in livestock populations. In response to these concerns, standardized guidelines for reporting RCTs were developed and implemented in human medicine. The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement was first ...


The Reflect Statement: Methods And Processes Of Creating Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials For Livestock And Food Safety By Modifying The Consort Statement, Annette M. O'Connor, Jan M. Sargeant, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, C. E. Dewey, Ian R. Dohoo, R. B. Evans, J. T. Gray, Mattias Greiner, Greg Keefe, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, William Sischo, D. R. Smith, Kate Snedeker, John N. Sofos, M. P. Ward, Robert W. Wills Mar 2010

The Reflect Statement: Methods And Processes Of Creating Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials For Livestock And Food Safety By Modifying The Consort Statement, Annette M. O'Connor, Jan M. Sargeant, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, C. E. Dewey, Ian R. Dohoo, R. B. Evans, J. T. Gray, Mattias Greiner, Greg Keefe, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, William Sischo, D. R. Smith, Kate Snedeker, John N. Sofos, M. P. Ward, Robert W. Wills

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The conduct of randomized controlled trials in livestock with production, health and food-safety outcomes presents unique challenges that may not be adequately reported in trial reports. The objective of this project was to modify the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement to reflect the unique aspects of reporting these livestock trials. A 2-day consensus meeting was held on 18–19 November 2008 in Chicago, IL, USA, to achieve the objective. Prior to the meeting, a Web-based survey was conducted to identify issues for discussion. The 24 attendees were biostatisticians, epidemiologists, food-safety researchers, livestock-production specialists, journal editors, assistant editors and ...


The Reflect Statement: Methods And Processes Of Creating Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials For Livestock And Food Safety, Annette M. O'Connor, Jan M. Sargeant, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, C. E. Dewey, Ian R. Dohoo, R. B. Evans, J. T. Gray, Mattias Greiner, Greg Keefe, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, William Sischo, D. R. Smith, Kate Snedeker, John N. Sofos, M. P. Ward, Robert W. Wills Jan 2010

The Reflect Statement: Methods And Processes Of Creating Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials For Livestock And Food Safety, Annette M. O'Connor, Jan M. Sargeant, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, C. E. Dewey, Ian R. Dohoo, R. B. Evans, J. T. Gray, Mattias Greiner, Greg Keefe, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, William Sischo, D. R. Smith, Kate Snedeker, John N. Sofos, M. P. Ward, Robert W. Wills

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The conduct of randomized controlled trials in livestock with production, health, and foodsafety outcomes presents unique challenges that may not be adequately reported in trial reports. The objective of this project was to modify the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement to reflect the unique aspects of reporting these livestock trials. A two-day consensus meeting was held on November 18–19, 2008 in Chicago, IL, United States of America, to achieve the objective. Prior to the meeting, a Web-based survey was conducted to identify issues for discussion. The 24 attendees were biostatisticians, epidemiologists, food-safety researchers, livestock-production specialists, journal editors ...


Application Of Systematic Review Methodology To Food And Feed Safety Assessments To Support Decision Making, Jonathan J. Deeks, Geoff K. Frampton, Julie M. Glanville, Mattias Greiner, Julian P. T. Higgins, Gabor Lövei, Annette M. O'Connor, Andrew S. Pullin, Andrijana Rajić Jan 2010

Application Of Systematic Review Methodology To Food And Feed Safety Assessments To Support Decision Making, Jonathan J. Deeks, Geoff K. Frampton, Julie M. Glanville, Mattias Greiner, Julian P. T. Higgins, Gabor Lövei, Annette M. O'Connor, Andrew S. Pullin, Andrijana Rajić

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Systematic reviews are commonly used in human health research to provide overviews of existing evidence pertinent to clearly formulated specific questions, using pre-specified and standardised methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report and analyse data from the studies that are included in the reviews. Formal systematic reviews have rarely been used in food and feed safety risk assessments and the existing systematic review methods in other disciplines may not be directly applicable in this field. This Guidance aims to assist the application of systematic reviews to food and feed safety risk assessments in support of ...