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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Chemical Composition And Antioxidant Properties Of Maya Nut (Brosimum Alicastrum), Hatice Kubra Tokpunar Dec 2010

Chemical Composition And Antioxidant Properties Of Maya Nut (Brosimum Alicastrum), Hatice Kubra Tokpunar

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ABSTRACT
Maya nut was investigated in term of its moisture, ash content, antioxidant activities, phenolic components by high pressure liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detector (HPLC-UV) and fatty acid composition by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The results showed that Maya nut was mainly composed of 55.06% linoleic acid (C18:2 n6), 27.2% palmitic acid (C16:0), 6.26% stearic acid (C18:0), 9.9% linolenic acid (C18:3 n3), and 3.36% Cis-11-Eicosenoic (C20:1). Maya nut possesses a higher content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) (linoleic and linolenic acid), but lower content of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) than canola ...


Shelf Life Studies On Processed Peaches, Divija Unhale Dec 2010

Shelf Life Studies On Processed Peaches, Divija Unhale

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A series of experiments were conducted on the preservation of fresh peaches using freezing and heat (hot-filled packaging). In the first experiment, the effects of four calcium salts (calcium chloride, calcium lactate, calcium citrate, calcium phosphate) on the texture of processed peach slices were determined. Peach slices were immersed in solutions containing dissolved calcium salts at levels of 0.5, 1 and 2 % for 1 minute then stored at 4 ¡C for 3 days. Treatments with calcium salts were firmer than non calcium treated peach slices at all levels. Calcium lactate at 2 % level was best in terms of texture ...


Effect Of Crust Freezing On The Quality And Survival Of Escherichia Coli And Salmonella Typhimurium In Raw Poultry Products, Byron Chaves-Elizondo Dec 2010

Effect Of Crust Freezing On The Quality And Survival Of Escherichia Coli And Salmonella Typhimurium In Raw Poultry Products, Byron Chaves-Elizondo

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Industry has widely used freezing as a strategy to halt pathogen growth and more recently, crust freezing has been suggested as a means to improve mechanical operations, quality, and safety of poultry products. Two separate studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of crust freezing (20 min, -85 ¡C) on the survival of Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium and on quality and shelf life of raw chicken breasts, with or without skin. For the first study, ampicillin-resistant E. coli JM 109 and nalidixic acid-resistant S. Typhimurium were used in the experiments. A set of cultures was subjected to cold-shock stress ...


Isolation, Characterization And Application Of Bacteriophage To Treat Hydrogen Sulfide Producing Bacteria In Raw Animal Materials Destined For The Rendering Process, Chao Gong Dec 2010

Isolation, Characterization And Application Of Bacteriophage To Treat Hydrogen Sulfide Producing Bacteria In Raw Animal Materials Destined For The Rendering Process, Chao Gong

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In the United States, billions of pounds of animal by-products are generated by the food processing industry every year. Hydrogen sulfide producing bacteria (SPB) can utilize the sulfur-containing proteins and amino acids in the raw animal materials destined for the rendering process to produce harmful hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas rapidly under the ambient conditions, resulting in hazardous working environments and inferior quality of finished products. In this study, the application of bacteriophage was explored as an effective solution for the elimination of H2S production in the rendering industry. The objectives of this study were to: 1) isolate and characterize strains ...


Effects Of Common Culinary Cooking Techniques On The Antioxidants In Collard Greens, Alexander Clifford Aug 2010

Effects Of Common Culinary Cooking Techniques On The Antioxidants In Collard Greens, Alexander Clifford

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This thesis explores the effects of different cooking techniques on the antioxidant activity in collard greens. Chapter 1 is a literature review covering the topics of antioxidants, nutrition, cooking techniques and the effect of thermal treatment on antioxidants. Chapter 2 is a research manuscript evaluating collard greens from a local South Carolina farm exposed to seven different thermal treatments along with an untreated raw group. The thermal treatments utilized were sautŽ, both long and short simmer, the sautŽ treatment applied to both a long and short simmer treated group and the reserved cooking water from both a long and short ...


Synthesis Of Opinions From The Food Manufacturing Industry, Academia Representatives, And Undergraduate Students Reviewed To Highlight The Skills, Knowledge And Attitudes Applied To The Product Development Process, Emilia Saad Aug 2010

Synthesis Of Opinions From The Food Manufacturing Industry, Academia Representatives, And Undergraduate Students Reviewed To Highlight The Skills, Knowledge And Attitudes Applied To The Product Development Process, Emilia Saad

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Satisfying the market needs for new food products is a challenge that every food processing company faces as consumers have diversified into many groups and necessities. Higher education institutions confront the same challenge in order to deliver
the precise knowledge and skills to prepare students to undertake the challenge of being integrated to industry as new product developers.
Industry and academia were surveyed and responses were used to compare their opinions about the importance of competencies currently taught in product development courses, and their relevance to the process. Fisher's Exact Test was used to compare the
distribution of the ...


Effect Of Refrigerated Vacuum Storage On The Shelf Life Of Comingled Broccoli, Cauliflower, And Carrots, Ashley Spokowski May 2010

Effect Of Refrigerated Vacuum Storage On The Shelf Life Of Comingled Broccoli, Cauliflower, And Carrots, Ashley Spokowski

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The objective of this research was to study the interaction of comingled vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, and carrots) in a refrigerated 30% vacuum system at various temperatures for 15 days. The vegetables were trimmed, washed, and randomly separated into 200 gram lots. They were placed into vacuum chambers and sealed. Each chamber was labeled with a temperature, sampling day, and treatment identification (vacuum vs non-vacuum). Samples were stored refrigerated set at 3, 7, and 11¡C. Samples were evaluated at (0, 5, 10, and 15 days). Analytical testing included; microbial population, texture, color, and gas headspace composition. There was no evidence ...