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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effect Of Sodium Chloride Addition During Diafiltration On The Solubility Of Milk Protein Concentrate, Scott J. Gualco Dec 2010

Effect Of Sodium Chloride Addition During Diafiltration On The Solubility Of Milk Protein Concentrate, Scott J. Gualco

Master's Theses and Project Reports

There is considerable interest among food manufacturers to incorporate protein into food products in both developed and developing countries. Dairy proteins are excellent choices for many different applications, as they are known to have several nutritional and functional benefits. Membrane filtration techniques are often utilized as the preferred method of fractionation, due to the high throughput and continuous nature of the process. One such product produced from membrane filtration of skim milk is called milk protein concentrate. This product is valued for its high protein content, but it has historically exhibited poor solubility when reconstituted into water, which severely restricts ...


Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick Dec 2010

Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Master's Theses and Project Reports

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A LIGHT WEIGHT, ENERGY DENSE, READY TO EAT (RTE) BAR

Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Providing additional calories in the form of an RTE bar to endurance athletes will increase performance and muscle re-synthesis, reduce muscle breakdown, and shorten recovery time. An RTE bar containing a blend of dairy proteins and carbohydrates will create a product with superior functionality, including bioactive and immunity enhancing properties from dairy derived ingredients. The protein will provide benefits in the form of easily digestible calories, essential amino acids and physical satiate.

A formulation was developed and optimized, resulting in a final product ...


Controlling The Mineral Content Of Sweet Whey Powder In An Industrial Setting, Matthew W. Sawyer Dec 2010

Controlling The Mineral Content Of Sweet Whey Powder In An Industrial Setting, Matthew W. Sawyer

Dairy Science

The objective of this project was to reduce the final ash content of sweet whey powder. The data for this project was collected over a two-week period, from July 13th to July 27th 2010 in a dairy plant in the Mid-West of the United States. The data is composed of particle size test, ash test, and pH test. The conclusions of this study are that multiple pre-heat treatment tank changes contribute to mineral content by requiring more buffering than usual. The low pH of this pre-heat liquid forces a need for more buffering. Particle segregation may play a role in ...


The Influence Of Persistent Pathogens On Circulating Levels Of Inflammatory Markers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis, Aydin Nazmi, Ana V. Diez-Roux, Nancy S. Jenny, Michael Y. Tsai, Moyses Szklo, Allison E. Aiello Nov 2010

The Influence Of Persistent Pathogens On Circulating Levels Of Inflammatory Markers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis, Aydin Nazmi, Ana V. Diez-Roux, Nancy S. Jenny, Michael Y. Tsai, Moyses Szklo, Allison E. Aiello

Food Science and Nutrition

Background: Systemic inflammation is linked to cardiovascular risk, but the influence of persistent pathogens, which are conventionally dichotomously categorized, on circulating levels of inflammatory markers is not clear. Antibody levels of pathogens have not been examined in relation to inflammation.
Methods: Using data from a subsample of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, we examined circulating levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen in relation to five common persistent pathogens: cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus-1, Hepatitis A virus, Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae. We tested the hypothesis that the number of seropositive pathogens (based on conventional cut-off points) would not ...


Cross-Sectional And Longitudinal Associations Of Neighborhood Characteristics With Inflammatory Markers: Findings From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis, Aydin Nazmi, Ana Diez Roux, Nalini Ranjit, Teresa E. Seeman, Nancy S. Jenny Nov 2010

Cross-Sectional And Longitudinal Associations Of Neighborhood Characteristics With Inflammatory Markers: Findings From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis, Aydin Nazmi, Ana Diez Roux, Nalini Ranjit, Teresa E. Seeman, Nancy S. Jenny

Food Science and Nutrition

We investigated cross-sectional associations of neighborhood deprivation, problems, safety, and cohesion with circulating levels of fibrinogen, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein (n=5370) and longitudinal associations with changes in IL-6 over a 3–4 year period (n=946). In cross-sectional analyses, higher levels of neighborhood deprivation and problems were associated with higher levels of all three inflammatory markers, whereas higher levels of safety were associated with lower levels. Fibrinogen remained associated with all neighborhood characteristics except cohesion and IL-6 remained associated with safety after adjustment for race and SES. In longitudinal analyses, higher levels of neighborhood deprivation and problems, and lower ...


Quantifying Dissolved Carbon Dioxide Concentrations In Fermenting Red Musts, David M. Goldfarb, Steven D. Colome, Marci Norkin, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jun 2010

Quantifying Dissolved Carbon Dioxide Concentrations In Fermenting Red Musts, David M. Goldfarb, Steven D. Colome, Marci Norkin, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

The concentration of dissolved carbon dioxide (DCOn2) is recognized as being high during alcoholic fermentation, but there is little data to indicate the actual concentrations and how they vary with extent of the fermentation or winemaking operations. The presence of the inert gas is important in protecting the juice or must from oxidation. In addition, carbon dioxide (COn2) is a recognized greenhouse gas, and the contribution of fermenting juice and musts to atmospheric COn2 cannot be put in perspective or modeled unless one has a better idea of DCOn2 and whether supersaturation is occurring throughout fermentation ...


Empirical Study Of Carbon Dioxide Released To The Atmosphere During Commercial Red Grape Fermentation, Steven D. Colome, David M. Goldfarb, Marci Norkin, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jun 2010

Empirical Study Of Carbon Dioxide Released To The Atmosphere During Commercial Red Grape Fermentation, Steven D. Colome, David M. Goldfarb, Marci Norkin, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a pollutant (greenhouse gas) that is emitted during winemaking but not currently regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency. While winery CO2 emissions have been modeled, they have never been measured continuously or confirmed during a commercial fermentation. As international interest increases in greenhouse gases, it is important to know the amount of CO2 release and the determining factors; yeast strain, temperature, and dissolved CO2 are potentially important parameters. The study was designed to quantify emissions and test a theoretical model for atmospheric release of CO2 during alcoholic fermentation in a commercial winery. Gas release was channeled ...


Effect Of Bentonite Additions Prior To Fermentation On Protein Stability In Edna Valley Sauvignon Blanc, Tymari Lore, Matthew Brain, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jun 2010

Effect Of Bentonite Additions Prior To Fermentation On Protein Stability In Edna Valley Sauvignon Blanc, Tymari Lore, Matthew Brain, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

Sauvignon blanc often requires large amounts of bentonite in order to remove haze proteins and make the wine heat stable. However, large bentonite additions can affect the sensory perception of the wine. We studied the effect of adding small amounts of bentonite before fermentation on the subsequent amount required after fermentation to heat stabilize the wine. Protein stability was evaluated in two lots of Sauvignon blanc juice from two blocks of the same Edna Valley vineyard. Bentonite (Volclay KWK, American Colloid Co.), 4.6 g suspended in 200 mL water, was added to 19 L of juice prior to fermentation ...


Lifecourse Socioeconomic Trajectories And C-Reactive Protein Levels In Young Adults: Findings From A Brazilian Birth Cohort, Aydin Nazmi, I. O. Oliveira, Bernardo L. Horta, D. P. Gigante, Cesar G, Victora Apr 2010

Lifecourse Socioeconomic Trajectories And C-Reactive Protein Levels In Young Adults: Findings From A Brazilian Birth Cohort, Aydin Nazmi, I. O. Oliveira, Bernardo L. Horta, D. P. Gigante, Cesar G, Victora

Food Science and Nutrition

Socioeconomic factors are associated with cardiovascular disease. C-reactive protein (CRP) is increasingly implicated as a candidate linking conventional risk factors and atherosclerosis. The impact of early- and later-life socioeconomic status (SES) on CRP levels has not been widely investigated and a handful of studies from high-income countries are inconsistent. We set out to examine the associations between lifecourse socioeconomic indicators (family income at birth, maternal education, family income at age 23 and own education) on CRP levels in young adults belonging to the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study (n = 5914). Early-life SES showed significant and graded associations with CRP ...


How To Read And Understand Nutrition Facts Labels, Marissa S. Leal Mar 2010

How To Read And Understand Nutrition Facts Labels, Marissa S. Leal

Agricultural Education and Communication

More than half of the world’s population is overweight. The numbers have tripled in Europe, Middle East, China, and Pacific Islands. Adult Americans are about two-thirds overweight. The numbers will continue to grow if the population does not take the proper action. America has an overweight problem and the purpose of this paper is to educate the population about nutrition facts labels, and help the world make better food choices.

The author studied a brochure created by the FDA on how to read nutrition facts labels and then create their own based on the previous brochure. The author added ...


Applied Statistics: Experience & Cerification In Quality Assurance, Huey D. Dodson Feb 2010

Applied Statistics: Experience & Cerification In Quality Assurance, Huey D. Dodson

Statistics

The composition of my senior project can be broken down into two parts. The first part of my project, without which the second could not be pursued, involved a 13 week internship at a produce processing facility where I took part in several projects varying in scope and type. The second part was to acquire certification as a Quality Process Analyst from the American Society for Quality.

This document is structured to represent the dichotomous nature of my project; the first section is dedicated to my internship experience, and the second dedicated to the certification examination preparation and completion.


Growth From Birth To Adulthood And Abdominal Obesity In A Brazilian Birth Cohort, D. A. Gonzalez, Aydin Nazmi, C. G. Victoria Jan 2010

Growth From Birth To Adulthood And Abdominal Obesity In A Brazilian Birth Cohort, D. A. Gonzalez, Aydin Nazmi, C. G. Victoria

Food Science and Nutrition

Background: Rapid weight gain in childhood may increase the risk of chronic adult diseases. Few studies have examined the effects of lifecourse weight gain on waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR).
Objective: To evaluate the effects of birthweight and weight gain from birth to age 23 years on WC, HC, and WHR in young adults.
Design: Population-based birth cohort study started in 1982. A sample of 856 individuals was examined in 2006. Conditional growth analyses were carried out with adjustment for confounders. WC and HC were also mutually adjusted.
Results: Weight gains during all age ranges ...


How Can I Protect My Grapes And Juice From Spoilage During Transport To The Winery?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jan 2010

How Can I Protect My Grapes And Juice From Spoilage During Transport To The Winery?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.


How Should I Calculate And Make Water Additions To Facilitate The Fermentation Of Red Musts?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jan 2010

How Should I Calculate And Make Water Additions To Facilitate The Fermentation Of Red Musts?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.


How Can I Estimate When To Fortify A Fermenting Juice To Achieve Desired Sugar And Alcohol Concentrations?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jan 2010

How Can I Estimate When To Fortify A Fermenting Juice To Achieve Desired Sugar And Alcohol Concentrations?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.


How Should I Calculate And Make Additions Of Grape Concentrate To Juice, Musts And Wines?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jan 2010

How Should I Calculate And Make Additions Of Grape Concentrate To Juice, Musts And Wines?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.


What Is Saignée And How Will It Affect My Red Wine?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jan 2010

What Is Saignée And How Will It Affect My Red Wine?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.


What Is Lysozyme And Why Is It Used In Winemaking?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie Jan 2010

What Is Lysozyme And Why Is It Used In Winemaking?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.