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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

A Muscle Hypertrophy Condition In Lamb (Callipyge): Characterization Of Effects On Muscle Growth And Meat Quality Traits, M. Koohmaraie, S. D. Shackelford, T. L. Wheeler, Steven M. Lonergan, M. E. Doumit Jan 1995

A Muscle Hypertrophy Condition In Lamb (Callipyge): Characterization Of Effects On Muscle Growth And Meat Quality Traits, M. Koohmaraie, S. D. Shackelford, T. L. Wheeler, Steven M. Lonergan, M. E. Doumit

Steven M. Lonergan

The present experiment was conducted to determine the effect of the callipyge phenotype on traits affecting muscle growth and meat tenderness. Dorset wethers (n = 40) that were either carriers or non-carriers were fed grain and slaughtered at 169 d of age. Callipyge phenotype did not affect ( P > .05) slaughter weight, hot carcass weight, or weights of the heart, spleen, viscera, kidney-pelvic fat, head, and pelt; however, callipyge lambs had a higher dressing percentage and lighter lungs, liver, and kidneys ( P < .01). Callipyge lambs had reduced fat thickness and marbling score and higher leg scores and longissimus area (34%). Adductor (30%), biceps femoris (42%), gluteus group (31%), longissimus (32%), psoas group (20%), quadriceps femoris (18%), semimembranosus (38%), and semitendinosus (26%) weights were higher in the callipyge phenotype ( P < .01); however, phenotype did not affect ( P > .05) weights of infraspinatus or supraspinatus. Longissimus pH and temperature declines were not affected ( P > .05) by phenotype. Longissimus myofibril ...


Delayed-Incubation Method For Microbiological Analysis Of Environmental Specimens And Samples, James S. Dickson, M. H. Brodsky, C. A. Davidson, M. J. Pettis, T. L. Tieso Jan 1995

Delayed-Incubation Method For Microbiological Analysis Of Environmental Specimens And Samples, James S. Dickson, M. H. Brodsky, C. A. Davidson, M. J. Pettis, T. L. Tieso

James S. Dickson

Five laboratories compared the quantitative recovery of heterotrophic bacteria, yeasts and molds, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus from a variety of naturally contaminated food and water samples, using traditional incubation procedures and a delayed-incubation method. Refrigeration of inoculated media for up to 3 days prior to incubation was shown to be a viable option for many quantitative analyses, but needs to be validated for each application. Some inoculated media withstood refrigeration for up to 7 days prior to incubation without any detrimental effect on the recovery of target cells, while the incubation of other media for similar ...