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Food Science

Food Structure

Light microscopy

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Microstructure And Rheological Properties Of Composites Of Potato Starch Granules And Amylose: A Comparison Of Observed And Predicted Structures, K. Svegmark, A.-M. Hermansson Jan 1993

Microstructure And Rheological Properties Of Composites Of Potato Starch Granules And Amylose: A Comparison Of Observed And Predicted Structures, K. Svegmark, A.-M. Hermansson

Food Structure

Potato starch granules were gelatinised in amylose solution to study the effect of adding amylose to a highswelling granular starch system. The effects of varying the amount of potato starch from 1-10% , added to a solution of 2% amylose, were studied by means of dynamic viscoelastic measurements and light microscopy.

The granules gelatinised in amylose solution had a lower degree of swelling than those gelatinised in water. The restricted swelling in amylose was reflected in a decrease in the complex shear modulus (G*) at 75'C. GeJatinisation in 2% amylopectin also caused a decrease in G*, but gelatinisation in 2 ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Oven Roasting And Oil Cooking On The Microstructure Of Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L. Cv. Florigiant) Cotyledon, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel Jan 1993

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Oven Roasting And Oil Cooking On The Microstructure Of Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L. Cv. Florigiant) Cotyledon, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel

Food Structure

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Florigiant) cotyledon microstructure after oven roasting and oil cooking at 160 C was documented with scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy . Changes in peanut cotyledon microstructure were compared as thermal processing time at 160°C was increased for both oven roasting and oil cooking. The purpose was to evaluate thermal modifications in the cytoplasmic network, protein bodies and cell-to-cell junctions as thermal processing time in creased for each heating method. Principal findings included differences in the times at which these modifications occurred during the two thermal processes. Oven roasting a t 160 ...


Microstructural Approach To Legume Seeds For Food Uses, Kyoko Saio, Michiko Monma Jan 1993

Microstructural Approach To Legume Seeds For Food Uses, Kyoko Saio, Michiko Monma

Food Structure

This review summarizes the microstructures of several seed legumes based on previous work and some new findings. Fifteen species of tropically grown legumes , adzuki bean and soybeans (a leading variety and two local va rietie s) were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy in relation to food uses. Processing of adzuki beans to form Q!l bean paste is dis cussed to illustrate the effects of processing on microstructure of starch g rains. Differences in contents, shape and size of starch grains are emphasized in a comparison of soybeans wi th other legumes.


Food Microscopy And The Nutritional Quality Of Cereal Foods, Suk Hing Yiu Jan 1993

Food Microscopy And The Nutritional Quality Of Cereal Foods, Suk Hing Yiu

Food Structure

The nutritional quality of cereal foods is directly related to the nature of nutrient storage in cereal grains. Most cereal nutrients, such as carbohydrates and minerals , are st ructurally bound. Processing alters the structural organization of the cereal grain. Results obtained from many nutritional studies indicate that the structure and physical form of a cereal food greatly influence the availability of its nutrients.

Using oats and wheat as examples, this review demonstrates how microscopy contributes to understanding the relationship between cereal structures and the availability of nutrients in cereal foods. Various forms of food microscopy play important roles in revealing ...


Liquid Holding Capacity And Structural Changes During Heating Of Fish Muscle: Cod (Gadus Morhua L.) And Salmon (Salmo Salar), Ragni Ofstad, Siw Kidman, Reidar Myklebust, Anne-Marie Hermansson Jan 1993

Liquid Holding Capacity And Structural Changes During Heating Of Fish Muscle: Cod (Gadus Morhua L.) And Salmon (Salmo Salar), Ragni Ofstad, Siw Kidman, Reidar Myklebust, Anne-Marie Hermansson

Food Structure

The loss of water and fat in cod and salmon muscle was studied as a function of heating temperature from 5-70 C. The liquid-holding capacity was measured by a low speed centrifugation net test leading to the separation of released liquid. To obtain a better understanding of the liquid-holding properties, the microscopic changes of the samples were evaluated by light microscopy. Two different preparation techniques were used . Cod lost twice as much water as salmon upon beating. After an initial delay , the water loss increased at 20-35°C, attained a maximum at 45-50°C, and thereafter decreased in both fish ...


Microstructure And Texture Of Khoa, G. R. Patil, A. A. Patel, Paula Allan-Wojtas, Miloslav Kalab Jan 1992

Microstructure And Texture Of Khoa, G. R. Patil, A. A. Patel, Paula Allan-Wojtas, Miloslav Kalab

Food Structure

Khoa, a partially dehydrated milk product indigenous to India, was prepared from buffalo milk by boiling it vigorously in an open pan and reducing its volume to approximately 25% within 30 min. The hot semi-solid product (Khoa pat) was held at 20•c for 3 h (fresh, cooled Khoa) or 48 h (swred Khoa); the products were either worked with a pestle in a mortar for 5 min or were left without working.

Structural features of Khoa were studied by light microscopy and electron microscopy. Freshly prepared coo led Khoa had a granular structure consisting of protein granules several hundred ...


Structure Of Margarines Made With Low Erucic Acid Rapeseed Oil, J. Hojerova, S. Schmidt, J. Krempasky Jan 1992

Structure Of Margarines Made With Low Erucic Acid Rapeseed Oil, J. Hojerova, S. Schmidt, J. Krempasky

Food Structure

Margarine based on hydrogenated low erucic acid rapeseed oil shows a strong tendency to produce an unacceptable grainy structure. This is caused by rapid transition of the B-form into the B-form of fat crystals. Sorbitan esters, monoacylglycerols, and a blend of acylglycerols were investigated as possible B-stabilizers. Polymorphic transitions were evaluated by visual assessment, examination by polarized light microscopy, and x-ray diffraction analysis in margarines prepared on a laboratory scale and containing varying amounts of stabilizers. The evaluation was extended over a 7-week period of storage at 10 C. Sorbitan esters of fatty acids were found to be the most ...


Light Microscopy Measurements Of Ice Recrystallization In Frozen Corn Starch Pastes Using Isothermal Freeze Fixation, C. Ferrero, M. N. Martino, N. E. Zaritzky Jan 1992

Light Microscopy Measurements Of Ice Recrystallization In Frozen Corn Starch Pastes Using Isothermal Freeze Fixation, C. Ferrero, M. N. Martino, N. E. Zaritzky

Food Structure

Isothermal freeze fixation was used to analyze ice recrystallization by light microscopy in a 10 % (W/W) frozen corn starch paste during storage at temperatures in the range of -5 to -20 °C.

Different formulations were tested in order to obtain a suitable fixative for this method of indirect observation of the ice crystals. A solution of formaldehyde, ethanol and water (10:45:45 V:V) was selected because it minimized substitution-induced distortion and contraction of the matrix. The diffusion coefficients of the selected fixative in the frozen system were measured at different temperatures in conditions of unidirectional mass transfer ...


Heat-Induced Structural Changes In Acid-Modified Barley Starch Dispersions, K. Autio, K. Poutanen, T. Suortti, E. Pessa Jan 1992

Heat-Induced Structural Changes In Acid-Modified Barley Starch Dispersions, K. Autio, K. Poutanen, T. Suortti, E. Pessa

Food Structure

The effect of heat treatment on the gel formation and microstructure of barley starch dispersions , hydrolyzed with I M HCI for 0.5, 1.0 and 4.0 hours , was studied by dynamic viscoelastic methods and by light microscopy . The effects of acid hydrolysis on the molecular weight of amylopectin and amylose were studied by high -performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with post-column iodine staining.

Microstructural studies of 8% hydrolyzed barley starch dispersions heated to 90 0 C showed that even a short acid treatment induced considerable changes in the granule structure. The molecular weight of amylopectin decreased substantially. As the ...


Structure And Rheology Of String Cheese, S. Taneya, T. Izutsu, T. Kimura, T. Shioya Jan 1992

Structure And Rheology Of String Cheese, S. Taneya, T. Izutsu, T. Kimura, T. Shioya

Food Structure

String cheese samples ranging in pH from 5.0 to 5.9 were prepared by kneading Mozzarella curd and stretching it 2 to 80 times. Rheological properties were examined by compression, stress relaxation , and flow property tests. Stringiness was tested by a device specifically designed for this purpose: a standardized string was pulled from the sample at a direction perpendicular to the orientation of the curd and the amount of fibres resulting from this process was quantitated using digital image analysis.

Force-deformation curves implied that the curd prepared by kneading may be considered to be an incompressible viscoelastic body similar ...


Comparison Of The Effects Of Three Different Grinding Procedures On The Microstructure Of "Old-Fashioned" Non-Stabilized Peanut Butter, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel Jan 1991

Comparison Of The Effects Of Three Different Grinding Procedures On The Microstructure Of "Old-Fashioned" Non-Stabilized Peanut Butter, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel

Food Structure

Three different grinding procedures were utilized to prepare "old-fashioned" non-stabilized peanut butters. A leading commercial brand of stabilized peanut butter was used for comparison. The microstructure of each non-stabilized peanut butter was then evaluated with light microscopy and compared to the microstructure of the commercial brand of stabilized peanut butter. Major findings include: (1) dense spatial relationships of protein bodies, starch grains, and cell and tissue fragments that exist in "old-fashioned " non-stabilized peanut butter as compared to the well-dispersed spatial relationships which exist in commercially prepared stabilized peanut butter; and (2) degree of homogenization in the nonstabilized peanut butters was ...


Practical Methods For Identification Of Rice Endosperm Protein Bodies And Fecal Protein Particles In Light Microscopy, D. L. Barber, J. N. A. Lott, D. A. Harris Jan 1991

Practical Methods For Identification Of Rice Endosperm Protein Bodies And Fecal Protein Particles In Light Microscopy, D. L. Barber, J. N. A. Lott, D. A. Harris

Food Structure

Indigestible 1-3 ~m protein 'cores', particles that originate from protein bodies of rice endosperm, were examined in bright-field and fluorescence microscopy, using a variety of histological and histochemical procedures. Our application of histological, histochemical and chemical approaches to a study of the feces of aoimals fed rice-containing diets has resulted in the development of methods for routine identification of insoluble rice fecal protein particles. For the specific identification of rice endosperm storage protein, whether protein bodies, cores or fecal protein particles, aqueous eosin Y stain in conjunction with fluorescence microscopy, and a combination of orange G + aniline blue in bright-field ...


Distribution Of Amylose And Amylopectin In Potato Starch Pastes: Effects Of Heating And Shearing, K. Svegmark, A. M. Hermansson Jan 1991

Distribution Of Amylose And Amylopectin In Potato Starch Pastes: Effects Of Heating And Shearing, K. Svegmark, A. M. Hermansson

Food Structure

The microstructure of potato starch pastes and gels in the concentration range 5-10% (w/w) was studied as a function of shear and heat treatment usi.ng light microscopy. Heating induced extensive swelling of potato starch granules, and the swollen granules filled the whole volume of the starch pastes that were subjected to a minimum of shear. The volume of the aqueous phase outside and in the center of the swollen granules is practically negligible compared to the volume occupied by the walls of the swollen granules. The granules with the lowest gelatinization temperatures swelled quickly without restrictions, so that ...


Structure And Rheology Of Dairy Products: A Compilation Of References With Subject And Author Indexes, David N. Holcomb Jan 1991

Structure And Rheology Of Dairy Products: A Compilation Of References With Subject And Author Indexes, David N. Holcomb

Food Structure

No abstract provided.


Rheological And Microstructural Changes Of Oat And Barley Starches During Heating And Cooling, K. Autio Oct 1990

Rheological And Microstructural Changes Of Oat And Barley Starches During Heating And Cooling, K. Autio

Food Structure

Microstructural and rheological changes in barley and oat starch dispersions during heating and cooling were studied by light microscopy and dynamic viscoelastic measurements. The two starch pastes showed similar viscoelastic properties after gelatinization, but during cooling the 20% barley starch pastes heated at 95°C underwent a sharp transition in viscoelastic behaviour probably due to the gelation of amylose. This transition was shifted to lower temperatures at 10% starch concentration.

Microstructural studies of an 8% barley starch dispersion heated to 90°C using the smear technique showed amylose to form a network structure around the granules. The granules in starch ...


Light And Scanning Electron Microscopy Of The Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L. Cv. Florunner) Cotyledon After Roasting, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel Jan 1990

Light And Scanning Electron Microscopy Of The Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L. Cv. Florunner) Cotyledon After Roasting, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel

Food Structure

Changes in the microstructure of peanut (Arachls ~ L. cv Florunner) cotyledons after roasting at a temperature of 160°C (16 min) were investigated with light and scanning electron microscopy. Major changes included: (1) pitting and pock -marking of the epidermis of the cotyledons caused by the escape of steam and on released during roasting; (2) loss of cellular organization of the cytoplasmic network surrounding the Jipid bodies, protein bodies, and starch grains ; (3) alteration of the structures of cytoplasmic network. lipid bodies, and protein bodies; and (4) heat destruction of some middle lamellae of cell - t o-cell junctions.


A Method For The Examination Of The Microstructure Of Stabilized Peanut Butter, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel Jan 1990

A Method For The Examination Of The Microstructure Of Stabilized Peanut Butter, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel

Food Structure

A method for light and scanning electron microscopy of damaged resting peanut seed tissue was adapted as a research tool for evaluating the microstructural features of commercially available stabilized peanut butter. This method was used in the present study to evaluate the degree of homogenization of stabilized peanut butter by examining the spatial relationship which exists among the microstructural features. Light and scanning electron microscopy of three commercially available stabilized peanut butters revealed varying degrees of homogenization of broken cell and tissue fragments, protein bodies, and starch grains within a matrix of stabilized oil.


Fluorescence Microscopy Studies On (1,3) - B-D-Glucan In Barley Endosperm, A. W. Macgregor, G. M. Ballance, L. Dushnicky Jan 1989

Fluorescence Microscopy Studies On (1,3) - B-D-Glucan In Barley Endosperm, A. W. Macgregor, G. M. Ballance, L. Dushnicky

Food Structure

Development of (1,3;1,4)-B-D-glucan and (1,3)-B-D-glucan in kernels of Himalaya and Bonanza barley has been followed by fluorescence microscopy using calcofluor and aniline blue fluorochromes. Specific enzymes were used to confirm the identity of these two polysaccharides in sections of endosperm tissue. All barley lines tested contained both types of B-glucan but (1,3;1,4)-B-glucan was synthesized at an earlier stage of development than was (1,3)-BGlucan. Small bead-like deposits of (1,3)-B-glucan were detected in all cultivars examined. These deposits were present throughout the endosperm and appeared to be associated ...


The Structural Basis Of The Water-Holding, Appearance And Toughness Of Meat And Meat Products, Gerald Offer, Peter Knight, Robin Jeacocke, Richard Almond, Tony Cousins, John Elsey, Nick Parsons, Alan Sharp, Roger Starr, Peter Purslow Jan 1989

The Structural Basis Of The Water-Holding, Appearance And Toughness Of Meat And Meat Products, Gerald Offer, Peter Knight, Robin Jeacocke, Richard Almond, Tony Cousins, John Elsey, Nick Parsons, Alan Sharp, Roger Starr, Peter Purslow

Food Structure

A structural approach greatly clarifies which components of meat are responsible for its tenderness, water-holding and appearance, and the events occurring during processing.

In living muscle, water is held in the spaces between the thick and thin filaments. Changes in the content and distribution of water within meat originate from changes in this spacing. Myofibrils shrink laterally post mortem . The fluid expelled accumulates between fibre bundles and between fibres and is drain ed by gravity forming drip. In pale, soft and exudative meat, shrinkage of the myosin heads on denaturation increases myofibrillar shrinkage. In salt solutions used in meat processing ...


Microstructural Changes In Wheat Starch Dispersions During Heating And Cooling, M. Langton, A. M. Hermansson Jan 1989

Microstructural Changes In Wheat Starch Dispersions During Heating And Cooling, M. Langton, A. M. Hermansson

Food Structure

Microstructural changes in 8-11% wheat starch dispersions during heating, cooling and cold storage have been evaluated by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy.

Heat treatment of wheat starch dispersions gives rise to two stages of swelling and solubilization. During the first phase of swelling, solubilized amylose was observed ln the centre of the granules and, to some extent, outside the granules. Further swelling deformed the granules and more amylose was released. When the temperature treatment took place under shear, the outer layer of the swo llen granules fra ctured at 94°C and above, and amylopectin fragments were dispersed into ...


A Method For Light And Scanning Microscopy Of Drought-Induced Damage Of Resting Peanut Seed Tissue, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel Jan 1989

A Method For Light And Scanning Microscopy Of Drought-Induced Damage Of Resting Peanut Seed Tissue, Clyde T. Young, William E. Schadel

Food Structure

Tissue damage creates numerous problems for the microscopic examination of resting peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. cv . Florunner) seed physical structure. This paper presents a method to deal with specific problems encountered in light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of drought - induced damage of peanut tissue . Major findings include: (1) improved SEM imaging through reduction of charging by increasing coating thickness from 25 nm to 30 nm; (2) improved stain affinity for LM tissue preparations by decreasing osmium tetroxide fixation time from 2 hours to 1 hour; and (3) im proved tissue fixation for LM and SE M by ...


The Size Distribution And Shape Of Curd Granules In Traditional Swiss Hard And Semi-Hard Cheeses, M. Ruegg, U. Moor Jan 1987

The Size Distribution And Shape Of Curd Granules In Traditional Swiss Hard And Semi-Hard Cheeses, M. Ruegg, U. Moor

Food Structure

Curd granule junction patterns in hard (Emmentaler, Gruyere, Sbrinz) and semi-hard cheeses (Appenzeller , Tilsiter, Raclette) were visualized on slices and examined using light microscopy and digital image analysis. Horizontal and vertical sections were cut in different zones of the loaves, in order to obtain information on the orientation of the flattened curd granules.

The frequency histograms of the cross section areas could in most cases adequately be described as a log-normal distribution. The median values ranged from 0.97 to 1.15 mm2 and, from 1.31 to 1.68 mm2 for hard and semi-hard cheeses, respectively.

An elliptical form ...


Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy In Food Research: Some Observations, I. Heertje, P. Van Der Vlist, J. C. G. Blonk, H. A. C. M. Hendrickx, G. J. Brakenhoff Jan 1987

Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy In Food Research: Some Observations, I. Heertje, P. Van Der Vlist, J. C. G. Blonk, H. A. C. M. Hendrickx, G. J. Brakenhoff

Food Structure

Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy (CSLM) has advantages over conventional light microscopy and electron microscopy. In particular the possibility to perform optical sectioning, allowing the disturbance free observation of the three-dimensional internal structure, offers new possibilities in microstructural studies of food systems. The technique is further considered to be very valuable in the study of dynamic processes and transport phenomena. Preliminary results are discussed of an investigation into the microstructure of fat spreads, mayonnaise, cheese and rising dough using this CSLM technique.


Textural Properties And Microstructure Of Process Cheese Food Rework, Miloslav Kalab, Joseph Yun, Suk Hing Yiu Jan 1987

Textural Properties And Microstructure Of Process Cheese Food Rework, Miloslav Kalab, Joseph Yun, Suk Hing Yiu

Food Structure

Process cheese food was made using sodium citrate (2.7%) or trisodium phosphate (TSP, 2.7%) as emulsifying agents. No precooked cheese (rework) was used in some samples whereas in others the rework (20%) consisted of a cheese blend emulsified with sodium citrate (2.7%) and (a) briefly heated to 82 degrees C, (b) heated to 82 degrees C for 1 h, (c) heated to 82 degrees C for 5 h, and (d) heated to 82 degrees C for 5 h, frozen at -10 degrees C for 24 h, and thawed at +4 degrees C. Heating for extended periods of ...


The Influence Of Ingredients And Processing Variables On The Quality And Microstructure Of Hokkien, Cantonese And Instant Noodles, R. Moss, P. J. Gore, I. C. Murray Jan 1987

The Influence Of Ingredients And Processing Variables On The Quality And Microstructure Of Hokkien, Cantonese And Instant Noodles, R. Moss, P. J. Gore, I. C. Murray

Food Structure

Light and scanning electron microscopy have been used as a part of a research program designed to study the influence of flour quality and processing variables on three of the noodle types that are popular in South East Asia . The noodles selected for study were Cantonese, Hokkien and modern instant. They represent the range of cooking and processing variables that are commonly encountered in these products . Flour particle size and the choice of alkaline ingredients influence protein development during the sheeting process . A continuous protein matrix is required in t he raw noodle if it is to have good eating ...


Mucilage In Yellow Mustard (Brassica Hirta) Seeds, I. R. Siddiqui, S. H. Yiu, J. D. Jones, M. Kalab Jan 1986

Mucilage In Yellow Mustard (Brassica Hirta) Seeds, I. R. Siddiqui, S. H. Yiu, J. D. Jones, M. Kalab

Food Structure

Release of mucilage from yellow mustard (brassica hirta, also known as Sinapis alba) seed coats (hulls) was studied by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Micrographs were obtained of the mucilage which had exuded from briefly moistened seeds and dried subsequently in the form of small droplets on the seed surface.

The mucilage collected from the seed surface and mucilage isolated on a larger scale from seed hulls was hydrolyzed with sulfuric acid and the hydrolyzates were analyzed for sugar composition. Galactose, glucose, and galacturonic acid were found to be major components and mannose, arabinose, xylose, and rhamnose were minor components ...


Comparison Of The Microstructure Of Firm And Stem-End Softened Cucumber Pickles Preserved By Brine Fermentation, W. M. Walter Jr., H. P. Fleming, R. N. Trigiano Jan 1985

Comparison Of The Microstructure Of Firm And Stem-End Softened Cucumber Pickles Preserved By Brine Fermentation, W. M. Walter Jr., H. P. Fleming, R. N. Trigiano

Food Structure

Soft and firm stem end tissues of cucumbers fermented at a low concentration of sodium chloride were examined by a combination of light microscopy {LM), transmission electron microscopy { TEM), and scanning electron microscopy { SEM) . When compared to firm tissue, softened tissue cell walls were swollen and striated, and the middle lamellae were poorly stained by the uranyl acetate-1 ead citrate used in TEM . When the tissue was penetrated by a circu l ar punch {1.5 mm diameter), cells in soft tissue tore along the middle l arne ll ae rather than across cell walls, as did cells in firm ...


Effects Of Emulsifying Agents On The Microstructure And Other Characteristics Of Process Cheese - A Review, Marijana Caric, Miroslav Gantar, Miloslav Kalab Jan 1985

Effects Of Emulsifying Agents On The Microstructure And Other Characteristics Of Process Cheese - A Review, Marijana Caric, Miroslav Gantar, Miloslav Kalab

Food Structure

Sodium phosphates , polyphosphates, and citrates are melting salts (emulsifying agents) most commonly used in the manufacture of process cheese either alone or in mixtures . Their role during processing is to sequester calcium in the natural cheese, to solubilize protein and increase its hydration and swelling, to facilitate emul sification of fat , and to adjust and stabilize pH.

Changes taking place in natural cheese during processing can be studied by microscopy. Micrographs demonstrating the emulsification of fat , presence of salt crystals, and partial solubilization of protein in labo ratory- made and commercial process cheeses have been used to illustrate the various ...


Ultrastructural Studies Of Raw And Processed Tissue Of The Major Cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus Bisporus, E. M. Jasinki, B. Stemberger, R. Walsh, A. Kilara Jan 1984

Ultrastructural Studies Of Raw And Processed Tissue Of The Major Cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus Bisporus, E. M. Jasinki, B. Stemberger, R. Walsh, A. Kilara

Food Structure

Commercial mushroom processors currently lose approximately 30 percent of the mushroom weight due to shrinkage during processing (blanching and canning) , resulting in substantial economic losses . Microscopy was used to assess the extent and type of chemical and structural changes induced by processing mushrooms and causing shrinkage. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the processing operations including vacuum hydration , blanching , and thermal treatment do not damage the integrity of the tissue. Light microscopy revealed that the morphology of the tissue, shape and spacing of cells, appear similar for raw and processed mushroom tissue . However, the intra ce ll ular material remained indistinct ...


Microstructural Changes In Winged Bean And Soybean During Fermentation Into Miso, K. Saio, H. Suzuki, T. Kobayashi, M. Namikawa Jan 1984

Microstructural Changes In Winged Bean And Soybean During Fermentation Into Miso, K. Saio, H. Suzuki, T. Kobayashi, M. Namikawa

Food Structure

Miso was prepared from winged bean, being substituted for soybean. Microstructural changes of winged bean miso at various stages of the manufacturing processes were studied by means of light and transmission electron microscopies. Soybean was also studied for comparison.

After steaming , winged bean and soybean cells were shrunken and intracellular spaces enlarged and cell wall structure was degraded, showing layered structures and aggregated lumps in intraspaces between cell walls during fermentation into misc . At the end of the fermentation , the PAS reaction with cell walls almost disappeared. Surprisingly the thick cel l walls of winged bean degraded as completely as ...