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Food Science

University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Escherichia coli

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Thermal Inactivation Of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli In Foods, Malcond David Valladares May 2015

Thermal Inactivation Of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli In Foods, Malcond David Valladares

Doctoral Dissertations

Emerging non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) were recently added to the zero tolerance policy by the USDA-FSIS. Therefore, the precise characterization of their thermal inactivation kinetics in different foods and the effect of stress on thermal inactivation are needed. This research aimed at determining the heat inactivation kinetics of non-O157 and O157 STECs in buffer and model food matrices and the effects of DnaK levels on thermal resistance after acid and heat-shock. Thermal inactivation was carried out in either in 2-ml glass vials or nylon vacuum-sealed bags for buffer and food (spinach, ground-beef, turkey deli-meat, pasta) samples, respectively. Vials ...


The Effect Of Lecithin On Inactivation By Eugenol Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7, Sasha Marie Wilkinson May 2015

The Effect Of Lecithin On Inactivation By Eugenol Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7, Sasha Marie Wilkinson

Masters Theses

Many essential oils and their components are known to have antimicrobial activity. However, their strong aroma, flavor, and hydrophobic nature make them difficult to incorporate into food products. New methods to improve antimicrobial activity at reduced concentrations and/or reduce the influence of food components on antimicrobial activity are needed. In this study, the objective was to combine the emulsifier soy lecithin with eugenol in an attempt to enhance the activity of the latter against the foodborne pathogen Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Eugenol was added to a pH 7.2 sodium phosphate buffer (PBS), PBS with 0.03% (v/v ...